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Volume II. 



JANUARY, 1917. 

1. A Red Rose — Springfield, 1780 and After, by William Nelson 1 

2. The Reformed Protestant Dutch Church in Newark, ' 

by Rev. Dr. Charles E Hart -• . • - - - - 7 

3. New Jersey Historical Society Committees for 1917 - io> 

4 Reminiscences of the War of 1812 - - - - .-20 

5. An Inquiry Relative to Portraits of United States Sen- * 

ATORS -------- _ _ _ 26 

6. Revolutionary Pension Records of Morris County 27 

7. Records of a Hackensack Bible - - - - - - 33 

8. Book Notice - - - - - - - - -..-'" 34 

9. Jedidiah Swan's Orderly Book ------ 35 

10. Bergen County Tombstone Inscriptions 54 

11. Minute on the Death of William C. Mqrton 64 



APRIL, 1917. 

j. New Light on Famous Controversy in tee History of 

Elizabethtown, by William J. Magie 65 

2. Archives of New Jersey, Volume Five, Second Series - 87 

3. 'The State of New Jersey," by Joseph S. Frelinshuysen - 88 

4. New Jersey Revolutionary Soldiers Buried in Ohio - - 97 

5. Revolutionary Pension Records of Morris County (Con- 

tinued) --- 98 

6. Jedidiah Swan's Or rly Book (Continued) - 118 

7. Proceedings of the Society: Minutes of the Board of 

Trustees ----------124 

8. The Ole Style Definite Article "Ye" - - - - 128 


JULY, 1917. 

1. New Light on Famous Controversy in the History of 

Elizabeth, by William J. Magie (Concluded) - 129 

2. The Chalice of Queen Anne, by Rev. W. Northey Jones, 

M. A. 152 

3. Newark Founders Day - 162 

4. Bergen County Tombstone Inscriptions: Van Buskirk 

Burial Ground; Hopper Burial Ground; Old Graveyard 
at New Milford; Voorhis Burial Ground; Garrison 
Burial Ground ------.--164 

5. Jedidiah Swan's Orderly Book (Continued) - 170 

6. Minutes of Trustees --------188 

7. Minute Relating to Death of ex-Chancellor William 

J. Magie ----- 192 


OCTOBER, 1917. 

1. The Lenni Lenape or Delaware Indians, by Edwin Robert 

Walker 193 

2. Proceedings of the Society : Minutes, 219 ; Report of the 

Board of Trustees, 220; Report of the Corresponding Secre- 
tary, 221; Report of the Woman's Branch, 225; Report of 
the Membership Committee, 229; Report of the Library 
Committee, 232; Report of the Treasurer, 234. 

3. Minutes of the Trustees ------- 237 

4. Index to Volume II. New Series 241 

v,,,. ii. NEW SERIES. no i 






I >nt»red us second elasi inaH matter, March ri L913, f»t tba j-n- 1 office nt Patereoa, New J 
under the .*ct of August J4. ItflS. 


JANUARY, 1017. 

I. A Red Rose — SpRl&ertELP, 17no axd Aftf.i;, by William Nelson 1 

2. The Reformed Protestant Dutch Church ix Newark, 

by K<-v. Dr. Castries K. Hart 7 

:?. New Jersey Historical Society Committees for 1017 - 19 

4. Remixiscexces of the War of 1812 - - - 20 

5. Ax inquiry Relative to Portraits of United States 
Sexatoks 26 

G. Revolutionary Pension Records of Moiiris County - 27 

7. Records of a Hackexsack Bible ;;;; 

s. ftooK Notice .... ... 34 

0. Jedidiah Swan's Orderly "Hook ..... 35 

10. Bergen Count? Tombstone Inscriptions - - - 54 

II. Minute on the Death or William ('. Morton - - G-l 

Published quarterly by The New Jersey Historical Society. 
Joseph F. Folsom! Editor. 



New Jersey Historical Society, 

VOL. II. New Srries No. 1 


A Red Rose- Springfield, 1789- And After. 

By the late William Nelson. 

Editorial Note. — For the facts underlying this essay in the field of 
romance Mr. Nelson was indebted to two very rare pamphlets of the 
eighteenth century, now, since the Nelson sale, the property of the New 
Jersey Historical Society. They are "The Trial of Lieut. Col. Thoma .■■.. 
of the First Regiment of Foot-Guards on a Charge exhibited by Lieut. 
Col. Cosmo Gordon, for Aspersing his Character**, London, 1780; and 
"The Trial of the Hon. Col. Cosmo Gordon, of the Third Regiment of 
Foot-Guards for Neglect of Duty before the Enemy. On the 23d of June, 
1780, Near Springfield, in the Jerseys." London, 1783. 

This is the story of a Red, Red Rose, an incident of the 
Battle of Springfield, 1780, and after. There is nothing in it 
of the hat tie itself. And yet this story hinges upon that dash- 
ing raid of Gen. Knyphansen on Jnne 23d, 1780, from Stat en 
Island toward Morristown, whose audacious aim it was to sur- 
prise Washington, crush his little army, and capture the 
paltry stores of his starving men. What need to remind you 
how the beacon fires leaped luridly and the ''Old Sow" 
sounded the rude .alarm from Short Hills, arousing the 
country, and summoning the sturdy militia to the defence of 
their homes and their dear ones? Nor need is there to speak 
of the stubborn resistance of the Continentals and the Jersey 
Blues as they checked the British advance across one bridge, 
and then another, until the baffled Hessians and redcoats, en- 
raged at the unexpected halt, vented their mad rage and lust 
for booty in the burning of the church and nearly every house 
in the little village, and finally, crestfallen, beat an ignomini- 


ous retreat before the i'oe they bad so rashly despised in the 
morning', and were lain to hurry back by night across the 

sullen waters to Staten Island. Of all this yon have read, 
and of how Parson Caldwell, still crazed with grief over the 
dastardly shooting of his wife at Connecticut Farms (Union), 
by these same alien soldiery bill two weeks before, rushed in- 
to the burning church at. a critical moment and gathering up 
an armful of hymn books ran out among the patriot troops and 
cried, ''Put Watts into 'em, boys. Put Watts into 'em". 
But all this has naught to do with this story of a Red, Red 

Among the officers who participated in the affair at 
Springfield was one Colonel Cosmo Gordon.' He was of a 
noble Scottish family, a brother of the Duke of Gordon, and 
had served as a Lieutenant in the 78th Regiment, in America, 
and elsewhere, for eighteen years;* 

As a Scotchman he naturally felt that blood was thicker 
than water, and when the winsome Kitty Alexander went on a 
lark to New York, Col. Gordon assiduously sought her ac- 
quaintance on account of her father, the doughty American 
Major General, who laid claim to the title of Earl of Stirling 
in the Scottish peerage. At least that is what Kitty dutifully 
wrote to her father. We may well believe that the gallant 
Scottish Colonel put it differently to her, with lips and eyes. 
Now, you will recollect that Kitty Alexander was a cousin of 
Gov. William Livingston's daughters. Is it to be supposed 
that when she returned from that famous frolic in New York 
to her quiet home at Baskingridge, where Mrs. Livingston 
and her two unmarried daughters .pent much of the time, she 
did not tell her cousins all about the gallant Scottish Colonel? 
Nav, when the Livingstons returned to Liberlv Hall, onlv a 

*IIc was on service early in the Revolution, and when I-i^ht Horse 
Harry Lee made his daring capture of the Block House at Paulas Hook, 
on August 22, 1779, the British immediately sent over reinforcements, 
with artillery, under Gordon — N. Y. Hist. Soo. Coll. t"or 1875, |>. 101, 
1G5, 252, 254. On March 25, 1780, he was appointed on the part of 
Great Britain to meet with the American commissioners (Maj. Gen. St. 
Clair, Lieut. Col. Alexander Hamilton and Lieut. Col. Carrington), at 
Perth Amboy, to settle a cartel for a general exchange of prisoners. — 
lb. 1G5. 


mile or two out of Elizabethtown, would it be strange if in the 
racing to and fro the curious Scotchman made a polite call at 
yon hospitable mansion to inquire after the fair young maid 
he had met in Xew York ? 

And so it came to pass that when Gen. Knyphausen's 
troops began their march on the morning of June 23, 1780, 
Col. Gordon joined his command of the First Battalion of the 
Guards at three o'clock, and went with them until they were 
within a quarter of a mile of Livingston's house. Solicitous 
for the safety of the fair inmates he cantered on ahead with 
three fellow-officers, and made an unceremonious call upon 
the ladies there. The stay was brief, but five minutes, he says, 
but the ladies were evidently on the qui vive. for Miss Susan 
Livingston bargained with him for a written safeguard to 
protect the premises from the rude soldiery. And with what, 
do you suppose, did she buy this precious document? Why, 
forsooth, with a Red, Red Rose! Moreover, this was to be his 
protection against any prowling patriot, in his venturesome 
fora}' amid a hostile populace. Surely that fair Jersey girl 
must have exercised no common witchery over this quartette 
of British officers, to wheedle out of them so valuable a bit of 
paper, and all for a paltry Rose!* But was Gordon not 
equally sucessful, in winning from her not only a Red, Red 
Rose, but the symbol therein, that he was a friend to certain 
fair Americans, despite his cruel, avowed mission? More- 
over, he says he received from the ladies ''the intelligence 
wished for", whereupon the officers made their bow, and re- 
joined their column, that by this time was passing nearly op- 
posite the house. 

In the meantime the Brigade of Guards had marched from 
Elizabethtown, and reached Springfield at or before daybreak. 

Must three months later there appeared in Rivington's New York 
Gazette the third and last canto of Andre's famous ''Cow Chacc ", 
wherein that connoisseur of female beauty paid his tribute to this same 
winning maid, predicting 

"And all the land around shall glory 
To see the Frenchman caper, 
And pretty Su9an tell the story 
In the next Chatham paper.'' 


The Brigade was under command of Col. Howard; the First 
Battalion was commanded by Col. Cosmo Gordon, whose First 
Compauy was under Lieut. Col. Frederick Thomas. This 
company led the column when the flanking companies were 
sent detached, as they were during the greater of the day, so 
that this company remained under arms and under the fire 
of the American troops until the latter retreated. When he 
had won the heights, Thomas sent to Col. Gordon for further 
orders, but the gallant and susceptible Colonel was not to be 
found. An hour or two after the firing had ceased he rode 
up the hill, with the Red Rose flaunting its beauty on his 
breast, where dainty hands had pinned it before daylight that 
morning. Lieut. Col. Thomas hotly asked where he had been, 
and declared that he had commanded the Guards during the 
fighting. It is easy to imagine the jealousy and the scorn 
with which he pointed at the Red, Red Rose of him who had 
been more fortunate on another field than that of Mars — a 
field where not improbably they had been rivals. This would 
explain Gordon's declaration that the charge of cowardice 
subsequently brought against him had proceeded from "the 
bitter fountain of rancor and private animosity." 

On the retreat that night, in the darkness the brilliancy 
of the Red Rose was obscured. It no longer served as a talis- 
man for the protection of the wearer, and lie was struck by a 
stray bullet. By a curious coincidence this befel just in front 
of the Livingston house, and there the stricken Colonel 
tumbled from his horse. Did he hope that the fair maid who 
had smiled upon him in the morning would take compassion 
on his plight in this dire mishap? And did he see before him 
visions of tender nursing in that hospitable mansion? Alas! 
when he was disabled his scornful junior, Col. Thomas, as- 
sumed the command, just as he had in the fighting, and Gor- 
don w r as carried on to the British camp. He was laid up for 
a month or more. When he reappeared for duty he saw thai 
there was a coldness toward him in his mess. He soon learned 
that Col. Thomas had boon repeating what he had said to his 
face at Springfield — that he had commanded the Guards when 
the Heights were taken. His fellow officers refused to "roll" 


with hiin. He was sent to Coventry. There was nothing for 
him to do but prefer charges against Thomas. This he did, 
accusing him of " secretly and scandalously aspersing hi3 
character, in a manner unlike an officer and a gentleman. M A 
general court martial was held in New York, September 15-25, 
1780, to try the accused. Thomas proved that he had charged 
Gordon to his face, on the field of battle, with having neglect- 
ed his duty ; that he had repeated the declaration openly and 
often, and that on August 2, 1780, a day or two after Gordon 
had resumed duty, he had, in the presence of a meeting of the 
officers of the Brigade of Guards, assembled in the camp on 
the Heights of Fordham, openly accused Gordon of "not do- 
ing his duty before the enemy on the 23d of June, 1780." As 
the charge against Thomas was that he had secretly aspersed 
his Colonel, and as it appeared beyond question that his 
aspersions had been made in the most public manner, he was 
acquitted. But Col. Cosmo Gordon still had at least the 
memory of that stolen interview before daybreak with the 
witching little Rebel, and there lingered yet in his recollection 
the intoxicating perfume of that Red Rose. 

On the other hand, there was the stinging denunciation 
of the contumacious Thomas, and the ill-concealed contempt 
of the mess. His accuser had sailed for England, without 
waiting for the verdict of the court martial. Thither Gordon 
followed him, and challenged him to mortal combat. Thomas 
declined his challenge, on the ground that he did not stand 
in a proper situation to be answered. At last, two years later, 
Col. Gordon sought the vindication of another Court Martial, 
which sat in New York, August 22, to September 4, 17S2, to 
try him on the charge of "not having done his duty before the 
enemy on the 23d of June, 1780." In other words, he was 
charged with cowardice, meaning that he had preferred to en- 
counter the shafts from the eyes of a certain fair girl at the 
Livingston house, to the bullets of the soldiery on the heights 
of Springfield. That he preferred a Red Rose from Beauty's 
bower, to the gory battle field. The Court found him not 
guilty and two months later the finding was approved by the 


He at once sought anew a meeting with his accuser, Lieut. 
Col. Thomas. That gentleman still considered him attainted, 
and avoided an encounter, even ordering his servants not to 
deliver to him any letters from Col. Gordon. Finally, a chal- 
lenge was smuggled into the house and reached the hands of 
Col. Thomas. It was in the most violent terms, and declared 
that if he did not agree to give him the satisfaction of a gen- 
tleman, he would attack him wherever they met. Col. Thomas 
with great reluctance accepted the cartel. lie made his will 
that same night, committing his soul to Almighty Cod, "in 
hopes," he said, "of mercy and pardon for the irreligious 
step I now (in compliance with the unwarrantable customs of 
the wicked world) put myself under the necessity of taking." 
He had no wife nor children, and so left a legacy to his 
servant, and the rest of his modest estate to his brother. As 
he wrote this farewell to the world his mind naturally reverted 
to that day at Springfield, three years before, when his super- 
ior officer arrived on the field, after the fighting, jauntily 
wearing a Red Rose. And who can say what thoughts were 
his of that captivating maiden who unwittingly had been the 
cause of this fatal bitterness between brother officers? 

The two men met at six o'clock on the following morning, 
Thursday, September 4, 1783, in Hyde Park, London. The 
lush grass was still besprinkled with dew, that sparkled like 
jewels from heaven. The soaring larks were yet warbling 
their sweet melody in the sky. The rays of the early sun 
shone pure and bright through the foliage, as though murder 
had never entered the hearts of men. In a few minutes it 
was all over. The "rancor and private animosity" of Col. 
Thomas was expiated in his heart's- blood. Col. Gordon fled 
the field and the country, an outcast, accused by the coroner's 
jury of "wilful murder." The Red Rose had become the 
Mark of Cain. Col. Thomas lingered for just twenty-four 
hours. Death was kinder to him than life, for as the rosy 
dawn looked in upon him the next morning it touched his 
pallid countenance with a crimson tinge, and as he expired his 
hand moved over his wound, the blood welled forth, and lo, he 
clasped a Red, Red Rose ! 

The Reformed Protestant Dutch Church 
in Newark. 

By Rev. Charles E. Hart, D. D. 
Late Professor at Rutgers College. 

It might well be asked why the Protestant Reformed 
Dutch Church should be given a place in the 250th Anniver- 
sary of this old "New England" Town, when not until 1833, 
one hundred and sixty seven years after the town's founda- 
tion was the Dutch Church organized in Newark. But it 
must not be forgotten that the Hollanders were the first 
settlers and rulers of the country; that from New England 
to the Delaware, the country was New Netherlands ; that the 
church established was the Reformed Protestant Dutch 
Church; that the old Church in the mill loft of the Fort in 
New Amsterdam, under the lay readers, Croll and Heyck, and 
afterwards of Michaelins, was the first Protestant Church of 
America, and that the old Church of Bergen, though for 90 
years without a pastor, is the oldest church in New Jei'sey; 
though it yields the distinction of a completely organized 
church to the First Presbyterian Church of Newark. Almost 
all of the oldest of the Dutch churches have already cele- 
brated their 200th Anniversary, and the Church as a whole is 
rapidly approaching its 300th, awaiting its celebration in 

Beginning with their first agricultural settlement at Man- 
hattan in 1623, the Dutch followed the Hudson to Fort Or- 
ange, now Albany, taking up grants of largs tracts of land 
under an almost feudal tenure as patroons. Passing over in- 
to New Jersey, they sailed up and settled upon the Raritan, 
and Passaic, and Ilaekcnsaek rivers. The Dutch jurisdiction 


extended from New England to the Delaware. The settle- 
ments were made under the Dutch West India Co. Though 
their object was purely commercial, and not freedom of con- 
science and worship, they were required by their charter to 
provide their settlements with ministers, churches and schools. 
The established church of Holland was a Reformed Protes- 
tant church and like the Reformed Church of Scotland, it was 
Calvinistic in creed, Presbyterian in its government, a govern- 
ment by elders and deacons constituting a consistory, subor- 
dinate to the higher courts of classis and Synod: — the classis 
of .Amsterdam and the Synod of North Holland. 

The Dutch, from the first settlement in 1623 to 1664, 
when they surrendered to the English, were for forty years in 
possession of the New Netherlands, laying a substantial sub- 
stratum in social and ecclesiastical customs and life for the 
Colonial period. The surrender to the English did not banish 
the Dutch language or customs or institutions. The Dutch 
were secure in their charter of liberties. The immigration 
from Holland was, however, checked, and gave way to that 
of other nationalities. With the English migration came the 
Episcopal Church, but with it came also toleration, so that 
the English shared with the Dutch in the use of the church in 
the Fort and on occasion joined in the same services. The 
Dutch obstinately and atfectionately adhering to their own 
tongue sent the younger generations into the Episcopal 
Church in which we find to this day a multitude of names 
of the best Dutch families. The language also kept out the 
Scotch Presbyterians who otherwise would have found their 
way into a denomination akin to their own. But the English 
conquest did not affect the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the 
Classis of Amsterdam over the churches in the provinces of 
New York and New Jersey. The education, ordination and 
discipline of their ministers was still maintained in the Dutch 
universities and the Dutch Classis, with the disadvantages of 
great and dangerous distance. The Dominies MiehaeliiLS, 
Bogardus, Megalopolensis, Frelinghuysen and others from 
Holland were inadequate to the supply of the increasing set- 
tlements. Theodorus Jacobus Frelinghuysen from Embden 


in East Fricsland came to the Raritan in New Jersey in 1720, 
where he ministered to a parish 200 miles square, row the 
counties of Somerset and Middlesex. He was a man of great 
learning:, indomitable energy and great piety, as described by 
Whitfield and Edwards in the great revival in which ho was 
concerned with them. To meet the demands he created an 
order of "helpers." Many of the churches had depended 
upon lay readers, or as the Dutch called them, "comforters 
of the sick" and "voorlesers." With this aid he was able 
to cover his vast circuit, and to make it as it was called 
"the garden of the Dutch Church." The demand for an 
educated and learned ministry, and an administration inde- 
pendent or that of the mother country became the pressing 
question and disturbed the peace and unity of the Church. 
A body in America called the Coetus was formed, but with 
only advisory power, which was met with the formation of an 
opposing party called the Conference; the Coetus sought the 
establishment of a college with a theological professorship, 
independent of Princeton (Presbyterian) on the one side, and 
of King's College (Episcopal) on the other. A charter for an 
institution at New Brunswick, in 1766, renewed in 1770, was 
procured, named Queens after the queen of George the Third, 
(since 1825, changed to Rutgers) which celebrates this year, 
1916, its 150th Anniversary. In this measure, the Rev. Jno. 
Frelinghuysen was the most active leader. But the opposi- 
tion of the conservative parly still continued. At this critical 
juncture, the Mediator, under Divine providence, came for- 
ward to restore unity and harmony and to give independence 
and autonomy to the distracted church and save it for its 
place and work in the Christian world. This distinction be- 
longs to John II. Livingston, the great grandson of Robert 
Livingston, to whom the patent for the Manor of Livingston 
was granted in 1684. Having, on his graduation from Vale 
College, decided to study for the ministry in the Dutch 
Church, he went to Holland and entered the University of 
Utrecht. Deeply concerned over the unhappy state of the 
Church at home, he conferred with the member* i>£ the CI ass is 
of Amsterdam, and gained their approval of a plan of union 


and organization. On his return to New York to accept a call 
to the Collegiate Church, to preach in English, he laid before 
the ministers the plan he had developed in conference with 
the classis of Amsterdam and gained their consent to a Con- 
vention, held in 1771, at which the plans were presented and 
approved. Another Convention was held in 1773 at which 
the organization of the superior judicatories was effected, and 
again in 1775, at which the appointment of a theological pro- 
fessorship was agreed upon. 

The American Revolution breaking out at this time, inter- 
rupted further action, and not till after the war in 1784 was 
Dr. Livingston appointed to the professorship of Theology, 
afterwards in 181 attached to Queens College, making it the 
oldest theological seminary in America. Tn 1792, the organi- 
zation and constitution were finally ratified and confirmed, 
and its articles of faith and rules of worship and liturgy 
adopted, giving independence and autonomy to the 
denomination. The Dutch language, which was the great 
barrier to the extension of the church, was gradually dropped. 
The Reformed Dutch Church was now in a condition to take 
its place among the American Churches, and to enter upon ex- 
pansion within its own historic limits and in missions at home 
and in the foreign field. 

It was at this period that we place the entrance of the 
Reformed Church into Newark. Newark was surrounded by 
Dutch churches. It was itself within the bounds of the old 
classis of Bergen. The population was moving from the sur- 
rounding Dutch town and communities to this center, and the 
desire was awakened in hearts of those in Newark who had 
communed in the old Dutch church of Belleville, to establish 
a church in Newark. The New England settlers, originally 
Congregational, had become Presbyterian; had come nearer 
to the Reformed order, and as the Dutch had cherished them 
in Delft in Holland for 27 years, it was for them to receive the 
Dutch in their common field of Christian service. The church 
at Belleville in the old Classis of Bergen, which embraced the 
county of Essex, is the link of connection between the presenl 
and the past. We have evidence it was founded before 1700. 


In 1726 Henrietta Coens became pastor. After a period of 
struggle and contention it was, in 1790, incorporated, and on 
the 28th of June was placed under the care of Rev. Peter 
Stryker. Up to this year, the preaching was in Dutch, but 
now the Dutch gave way to English. In 1807 a new stone 
church was erected, and replaced in 1850 by another church, 
which was dedicated in 1853. The present pastor is Rev. J. 
G. llamner, Jr., who reports 154 communicants, 213 Sunday- 
school scholars and $2,156.00 for congregational expenses. 
From the church there have been planted two churches in 
its bounds; the church at Franklin-Xutley, in 1853, now un- 
der the care of Rev. Harold W. Schenck ; and in 1801 at Stone 
House Plains, Brookdale, Essex County, under the care of 
Rev. Charles E. AValdron, pastor. 

First Reformed Dutch Church of Newark. 

In April, 1833, a committee was appointed by Classis of 
Bergen, Rev. B. C. Taylor and Gustavus Abeel, to inquire 
into the propriety of constituting a Reformed Dutch Church 
in Newark based upon the fact that some of the members of 
the Reformed Dutch Church at Belleville had become resi- 
dents of Newark. A church of our faith and order should 
be planted. The Union Academy was secured for meetings, 
and the First and Third Presbyterian Churches were placed 
at their disposal, showing the sympathy and co-operation of 
their sister Presbyterians. Application was made on the 10th 
of September, 1833, to the Classis of Bergen. The members 
in the full communion of the church at Belleville and other 
churches, adhering to the doctrines and forms of government 
of the Reformed Dutch Church, and living in the town of 
Newark in Essex County, are desirous of being organized into 
a church to be known and distinguished as the First Re- 
formed Church of Newark. On the 26th of September, 1833, 
the petitioners met for organization in the Fourth Presby- 
terian Church, and Rev. Ransford Wells, who had been labor- 
ing among them, was called to the pastorate. In May. 1835, 
the church edifice on Market Street having been completed, 
was dedicated. The funds were collected from themselves 


and from citizens of Newark. The period of financial de- 
pression, from 1836 to 1838, was met by self-sacrificing sub- 
scriptions. Eev. Mr. Wells, accepting a call elsewhere, left 
in September, 1842, and in 1843 Rev. Jas. Scott, D. D., was 
called, and an effort was made, with the help of the Collegiate 
Church, New York, to remove the debt, accomplished now af- 
ter seventeen years. They were able to report 513 communi- 
cants. Under Rev. Dr. Edward Payson Terhune's able and 
zealous ministration the church reached its highest efficiency, 
and besides its own self support, it sent forth three colonies. 
The invasion of business into the centre of the town com- 
pelled the church to remove in 1893, under the Rev. T. J. Lee, 
to the southern part of the city. From the sale of its valuable 
property it erected its present handsome edifice at the corner 
of Clinton Avenue and Johnson Street. The Rev. Otis M. 
Trousdale is the present pastor. 

Irvingto n Chu rch . 

The next church to be organized in Newark was in the 
suburb of Clintonville, now Irvington, in 1840, when 67 pe- 
titioners, not connected with any other church, asked for 
organization under the ministry of Rev. Mr. Chapman. Sev- 
en years after, the church erected a new edifice. This was 
the church in which Rev. Mr. Vehslage was pastor for 33 
years. The present pastor is Rev. Uriah Mc Clinchie. 

The Second, Now the N. Y. Avenue Church, 

originated in the establishment of a Sunday School, east of the 
railroad station in Market Street. On the 28th of April the 
certificates of 28 persons were received from the 1st Church. 
The church edifice was dedicated May 8, 1849. Rev. Mr. 
Williamson, who had acted as minister, declined the call on 
account of ill health, and Rev. Dr. Gustavus Abeel was made 
pastor. It was served by a succession of able men, Dr. Brett, 
Dr. Van Vranken, Prof. Mat. B. Riddle. The edifice was re- 
moved to New York Avenue, and is now under the pastoral 
care of Rev. E. E. Davis. On the same meeting of Classis, 
a German Evangelical Church was received, known as the 


Third Reformed Church, under Rev. Francis M. Serenbetz, 
succeeded by Rev. F. Lehlbach, of the Grand Duchy of Baden, 
first as a stated supply, and then, as minister, from 1850 to 
1861, when on his suspension. the church was abandoned. The 
only other German church received was that of the West 
Newark Church in 1866 under the Rev. John Wenish in Blum 
Street. The present pastor is Rev. Carl Girtanner. 

North Church. 

The northern section of the city now seemed to call for 
a church of the Reformed order. A Sunday School under the 
patronage of the First Dutch Church had been fostered un- 
der the superintendence of John A. Miller, which prepared 
the way for a new church enterprise. On the 25th day of 
November, 1856, an application was presented to the Classis 
of Bergen, praying that the Classis would take steps for or- 
ganizing a church in the northern part of the city to be called 
the North Church of Newark. The new church met December 
17, 1856, at the house of Justice Joseph P. Bradley. Thirty- 
five persons presented certificates from the 1st and 2nd Re- 
formed Churches of Newark and the 1st Reformed Church of 
New Brunswick. The work was begun on the church edifice 
early in 1857. It was to be of stone, of Gothic design, a dupli- 
cate of the University Place Church of New York, designed 
by Upjohn. The congregation meanwhile held worship in 
Oraton Hall. A call was made upon Rev. Dr. Abraham 
Polhemus of Hopewell, which being accepted he was installed 
May 3, 1857. Before the completion of the edifice Dr. Pol- 
hemus died. He never preached in the church edifice built 
for him. The church remained vacant until the Rev. H. Du- 
bois, of the Theological Seminary of New Brunswick, was 
called to the pastorate. There have been eight pastors, in- 
cluding the present, Rev. Dr. Charles H. Stewart, from Can- 
ada: Dr. Polhemus, 57-59; Mr. Dubois. 59-61; Dr. J. Dema- 
rest, 63-66; Dr. Hart, 66-80; Dr. Waters, 81-93; Dr. Mackay, 
94-99; Dr. Vance, 1900-1911; Dr. Stewart, 1913. The church 
lias celebrated its semi-centennial. The report for 1915 is 
950 families, 1591 communicants, 4 Sunday Schools, 1900 


scholars ; benevolent contributions $17,000, congregational ex- 
penses $19,078.00, second only to the Collegiate Church of 
New York. The contributions of the church have amounted 
to $1,009,245.00. The Sunday Schools were organized under 
the presidency of Hon. F. T. Frelinghuysen, who had con- 
ducted a Bible class in the First Reformed Church, which 
drew young men from all parts of the city and under a staff 
of most -able and faithful teachers and officers it became fam- 
ous and when the old chapel gave place in 1883 to a more 
spacious one built as a memorial of Mrs. Eliza A. Crane, who 
left a large bequest to the church, and under the superin- 
tendence of Mr. Fred K. Frelinghuysen, it became the largest 
and best organized Sunday School in the city. He was suc- 
ceeded, a few years ago, by Mr. Jas. Polhemus, son of the 
first pastor. The morning infant school, still held after a 
long period of most devoted and efficient service by Mrs. 
Robert F. Ballantine, numbers 600. The afternoon school, 
for a long period, was under the faithful instruction of Miss 
Mary Duryee. A fine parsonage opposite the church on 
Washington Park was presented to the church on the incum- 
bency of Rev. D. Mackay, by Mr. Robert F. Ballantine. A 
mission was sustained for many years in Belleville Avenue in 
a chapel provided by Mr. William Clark. Another institu- 
tional mission, is carried on in a chapel erected in East New^ 
ark. There have gone from the Church three ministers, Rev. 
Hyer Polhemus, son of the first pastor and Prof. Wm. R. Dur- 
yee, D. D. and Dr. Joseph R. Duryee, D. D., sons of Peter S. 
Duryee, one of the founders of the church and one of the 
founders of the industrial prosperity of Newark. 

Clinton Avenue Church. 

In 1868 a movement was made in the first church in 
Market Street, under the special leadership of Mr. S. R. W. 
Heath and Mr. Orson Wilson, to establish a Dutch church in 
the southern part of the City on Clinton Avenue. The church 
was organized, and services were held in a hall until the erec- 
tion of the church. Rev. W. J. R. Taylor, D. D., Secretary 
of the Bible Society, served as a stated supply, until called to 


become its pastor. The church was one of the handsomest 
and largest in the city, located in the residential part of the 
city. Rev. Dr. Taylor remained in the pastorate 21 years un- 
til his resignation in 1S90 when he was succeeded bv Rev. D. 

H. Martin who after a fruitful ministry was succeeded by 
Rev. Albertus T. Broeck, now in charge. The report of 1915 
shows: families, 400; communicants, 799; Sunday School 
scholars, 547; benevolent contributions $4,400.00; congrega- 
tional expenses $11,445.00. 

Trinity Church. 

The east Reformed Church in East Ferry Street was 
organized Oct. 27, 1869. In 1859 a mission maintained in 
the old chapel of the 2nd Reformed Church removed to a lot 
given by Miss Elizabeth Richards, the site of the present 
Trinity Church. In 1869 morning service was begun in the 
chapel. In 1871 a new stone edifice was dedicated, the chapel 
having been removed in 1S70. The name was changed to 
Trinity Reformed Church. In 1901 a new chapel was dedi- 
cated and, in 1908, the church was re-dedicated after repairs 
and renovation. The Rev. Isaac P. Brokaw, D. D. was first 
pastor from 1869 to 1871. The Rev. Charles B. Condii, Sec- 
retary of Classis of Newark, is the present pastor. Communi- 
cants, 387 ; scholars, 408. 

Christ Church. 
In 1871 the Woodside Church in Belleville Avenue was 
organized. From 1872 to 1880 it was in charge of Rev. J. M. 
Macauley, D. D. In 1900 the Rev. Henry M. Mellon became 
pastor and remained until a few years ago, when he resigned. 
It is now reported vacant. 

Linden Church. 

After services held by Rev. Oscar Gesner, with co-opera- 
tion of members of the Classis of Bergen, and with financial 
assistance of Mr. Blancke, the chuch was organized under the 
Rev. Mr. Gesner 's pastoral care and received into the Classis 
of Newark on its organization in 1871. It is now under the 
care of Rev. A. C. Van Raalte. 


The growth of these churches proceeded so far in number 
and strength that the South Classis of Bergen felt forced to 
consider a more efficient division than now existed. 

Classis of Newark. 

The South Classis of Bergen, to which these churches, 
grouped about one great center of population and life, be- 
longed, included a group about another center of population 
and life. These centers were Newark and Jersey City. These 
local institutions and associations were distinct, too distinct to 
clash, yet so distinct as to divide. The old church of Bergen 
in its group and the old church of Second River in Belle- 
ville, in its group, stood like ancient towers over against each 
other. The profoundest unity of Christian love and harmony • * 

of action existed in the Classis, but so strong became the con- 
viction of the necessity of concentration, that the Classis was 
prepared by almost unanimous consent to petition for divi- 

The growth and feeling could not be set forth better 
than in the words of Rev. Dr. Taylor who supported the move- 
ment with his usual zeal. The resolution and petition was 
passed at a meeting of the South Classis held at Lafayette, 
April 18, 1871, and presented to the Particular Synod which 
met at Jersey City May 8, 1S71. 

The petition sets forth that the "Classis now numbers 18 
organized churches, and there is good prospect of other new 
churches and enterprises, within a short period. The growth 
of Essex and Hudson counties is so rapid and substantial, 
that we may reasonably anticipate a denominational growth 
that will be in full proportion to our present advancement 
and to our future zeal and resources for church extension. 
Any proportionate development of church enterprise in the 
direction is sure of large reward. There are now valuable 
openings which should be occupied at once. Our churches 
are nearly all self-supporting and in healthy condition, with 
opportunities for large growth from the increasing popula- 
tion of our suburban region. The classis is at present as 
large as the old Classis of Bergen was, at the time oC division 


in 1841, when nine churches were set of! to form the classis 
of Passaic, leaving nine in the present body. At the time of 
the last division in 1863, the Classis of Bergen numbered 11 
churches, and the South Classis of Bergen was organized with 
thirteen. The divisions now proposed will leave nine churches 
in the South Classis of Bergen, ivith 795 families and 1196 
communicants, according to the report of 1870. It will give 
the new classis nine churches with 1075 families, and 1648 
communicants. Should our anticipation be realized, one 
church at least, Linden, will soon be added. The division 
will make both bodies equal to the average size of the sister 
classes of the Reformed Church." It was in view of the above 

Resolved, that the Particular Synod of New Brunswick 
be requested at its next session to take constitutional action, 
as is in such cases provided, to organize a new classis, to be 
called Classis of Newark, and to be composed of the following 
churches : — Belleville, First Newark, Irvington, Second New- 
ark, Franklin, North Newark, West Newark, Clinton Ave. 
Newark and East Newark. 

Resolved: — that the Reformed Church of Linden, now 
in process of organization by the South Classis of Bergen, 
when organized, be added to the roll of the Classis of New- 

Accordingly this petition was submitted to the particular 
Synod of New Brunswick at its session in Jersey City, May S, 
and a committee was appointed to attend the 1st Church of 
Newark, Tuesday, July 27, 1871, at 3 o'clock P. M., to super- 
intend the enrollment of the churches. On the day appointed 
the committee met and was regularly constituted. The Rev. 
Dr. Abeel, as designated by the Classis, preached the sermon, 
and the Classis of Newark was declared, and constituted by 
the authority of the Synod. 

The effect of the separate organization of the Classis was 
seen in the further extension of the churches chiefly in the 
suburban towns. Though not in the city, they are the fruits 
of the Dutch churches in the city. 


East Orange Church. 

In 1875 the Rev. Dr. George S. Bishop, pastor of the 
First Presbyterian Church of Orange, with a large following 
of his people, applied for admission to the Classis of Newark 
and were received into the Classis. xV church edifice was 
erected in East Orange and sustained by the free offerings of 
the people. The church grew rapidly. Dr. Bishop continued 
to serve the church until he was made pastor emeritus and 
Rev. Dr. AY. "Warren Giles was installed pastor. Communi- 
cants, 495; scholars, 303. 

In the year 1880 Trinity Church, Plainfield, was received 
into the Classis and in 1881 the Rev. Dr. A. V. V. Raymond, 
subsequently called to the Presidency of Union College, was 
made pastor, serving until 1887 when he was succeeded by 
the Rev. Cornelius Schenck; on the loss of his health, Dr. 
Schenck was made emeritus with the Rev. John Y. Brock as 
pastor. Communicants, 832 ; scholars, 1050. These churches 
were not fruits of the missionary efforts of the Classis but 
came of themselves under its care. The German Church of 
Plainfield was received by transfer from Classis of Raritan, 
October 14, 18S4. It is now under the pastoral care of Rev. 
George Hauser, 1894 to 1901. 

The Church of Montclair Heights, Rev. Geo. D. Hulst, 
was organized on March 18, 1897. 

Hyde Pari', East Orange, organized Oct. 27, 1904. Under 
Rev. Charles F. Shibe. 

Nctherwood, Plainfield, organized Jan. 16, 1910. First 
under Rev. Royal A. Stout, and now under Rev. Edward S. 

Marconier, Oak Tree, N. J., organized April 2G, 1912. 
Under Rev. J. T. Lansdale. 

At the 25th Anniversary of the Classis, according to the 
report, the nine or eleven churches had become fifteen; the 
families increased from 1282 to 2372; the communicants from 
1835 to 4582; the Sunday School scholars from 2485 to 5200; 
the sums spent on church support and work from $13,996.74 
to $33,000.00; and the contributions to religious and benevo- 

COMMITTEES FOR 1916—1917 19 

lent purposes from about $30,000 to $54,000, the largest out- 
side of the Metropolitan Collegiate Churehes. At this writ- 
ing the fifteen churches have become nineteen churches with 
a report of 3522 families, 6471 communicants, 7070 scholars, 
benevolence $27,000.00, congregational $93,167.00. 


Committees, 1916 — 1917. 
Appointed by the President on December 4, 1916. 

Finance and Building — Charles M. Lum, Wallace M. Scud- 
der, J. Lawrence Hoggs, William J. Magie, Joseph M. 
Riker, James J. Bergen, Charles B. Bradley. 

Library — Frederick A. Canfield, Joseph F. Folsom, William 
S. Disbrow, J. Lawrence Boggs, Charles W. Parker. 
Miss Altha E. Hatch, Edwin R. Walker, Prank Ber- 
gen, Henry G. Atha. 

Cabinet and Museum — William S. Disbrow, Frederick A. Can- 
field, Hiram E. Deats, Miss Altha E. Hatch. 

Membership — J. Lawrence Boggs, William J. Magie, Austin 
Scott, Edwin S. Lines, Charles W. Parker, Edwin R. 
Walker, Frank Bergen, Henry G. Atha. 

Printing — A. Van Doren Honeyman, Frank Bergen, Joseph 
F. Folsom. 

Genealogy and, Statistics — The Woman's Branch. 

Colonial Documents — Austin Scott, Ernest C. Richardson, 
Joseph F. Folsom, A. Van Doren Honeyman, James 
J. Bergen, Hiram E. Deats. 

Editorial — Joseph F. Folsom, Wallace M. Scudder, Edwin R. 
Walker, William J. Magic, Austin Scott. 

Reminiscences of the War of 1812. 

(Editorial Note: — The following Jettor written to the Editor by a 
eon of the lale Vice Chancellor Amzi Uodd, is self -explanatory of the 
following article.) 

I am Bending you a clipping from the New York Observer. The 
clipping I found among papers that came lo me from other days. It 
was doubtless preserved by one of my great aunts as it mentions my 
father's grandfathers — John Dodd and Parson Grover (Stephen Grover 
of Caldwell). 

The article at a guess was probably printed about 1858 or 1859. 
The author si<:n.s himself ''One of the Veteran*", and the statements 
made were quite sufficient to establish his identity — to my satisfaction 
any way. Here is his military record — quite imposing for such a brief 

Horace ITolden, Major and Aide-de-camp Staff of Brigadier General 
Colfax. Sept. 1, 1814— Dec, 5*, 1814. Lieut. Captain Kilbourn's Com- 
pany, Lieut. Col. John Seward's Begt: William Colfax's Brigade New 
Jersey Detailed Militia*. 

Horace Holden was a son of Lieut. Levi Holden, of Washington's 
Life Guard, Revolutionary Army, long a resident o£ Newark, whoso por- 
trait along with his wife's bangs in the library of the New Jersey His- 
torical Society. The article is written in a bright and interesting way, 
and you will find it entertaining, even if you can not make use of it in 
your weekly column. 

Very truly yours, 

Edward W. Dodd. 

" Revenge is sweet". A few years ago, Congress, it will 
be remembered, granted to the surviving veterans of the war 
of 1812, certain bounty land. Being numbered among those 
valiant defenders of my country, I, of course, received my 
grant for 100 acres of land. 

There lives in this city a certain lady, whom I love more 
than any other, but not having a very just appreciation of 
my valuable, services, she took it into her head to ridicule the 
idea of my receiving any bounty land, as a reward of military 
duty, and almost questioned the propriety of my accepting 
it. This roused my martial spirit. I threatened to be avenged 
of her, by telling the story of my gallant exploits. Not to be 
too prolix in my introduction, I will state the facts of the 


case, and having received and sold my land, "throw myself 
upon the indulgence of my country." 

In August, 1814, everything in our political horizon 
looked gloomy and foreboding, and the dark clouds of war 
passed heavily over the land. Our gallant little navy had 
achieved glorious victories, yet our wide extent of seaboard, 
the insecure state of some of our frontier settlements, and the 
unpopularity of the war in most of the Eastern States, with 
the crippled condition of our finances, greatly embarrassed 
Mr. Madison's administration. A desperate effort was to be 
made to sustain the honor of the country, and defend our 
firesides from an invading foe. 

I was a Federalist, and always have been, and was orig- 
inally opposed to the war, but now the time had come (just 
before I attained my majority) when party feeling must be 
laid aside, and I take some active part. 

The plain matter of fact was, there was no alternative. I 
was obliged to do it. I had just before gone over to Brooklyn 
with all the bar and law students of the city, and my shoulders 
were actually blistered under a scorching sun in June, while 
assisting in throwing up entrenchments on the heights at 
Fort Greene. I had never borne arms a day in my life, and, 
to be candid, I think I had no great courage to boast of: yet 
there was no alternative. All over 18 years of age were liable 
to be drafted, and there was no way of escape for me. I 
therefore joined a uniform company, then under the command 
of Capt. John V. B. Varick, a most worthy gentleman and ex- 
cellent officer. I began to provide myself with the necessary 
accoutrements, when I went to visit my father in New Jersey, 
and tell him what an important matter was engageing the at- 
tention of the young soldier. 

The old man heard my story, and I soon saw the fire 
kindling in his eye. Tie would have preferred that I should 
not be interrupted in my law studies, just drawing toward 
their completion, but I assured him, that, however little my 
taste and inclinations were consulted, I must either join Cap- 
tain Varick 's company, or be drafted. He paused a moment, 
and said — ''Why, my old brother officer of the Revolution, 


General Colfax, has just been summoned from his retirement, 
to take charge of a New Jersey brigade, and as he was the 
first, and 1 second in command of Washington's Life Guard 
for several years, I can procure for you a situation in his 
family, and relieve you of the necessity of going as a private." 
It will not be presumed that 1 was long in yielding my assent 
to the proposition: no sooner said than done. In a very few 
days, I was requested to prepare myself to act as Aid to Gen- 
eral Colfax: Capt. Varick erased my name from his roll. 
Governor Win. S. Pennington gave me a commission in Capt. 
D. Kilbourn's company, and about the 1st of September, with 
a fine steed, duly caparisoned, I entered upon my new duties 
at Jersey City, where the brigade was encamped. 

The news of McDonough's victory arrived shortly after, 
which we celebrated with becoming honors, and immediately 
after, were ordered to the Highlands of Neversink, whither 
we proceeded without delay. 

Here, on these lovely heights, we pitched our tents ; one 
of the most delightful spots ever presented to the human 
eye. I will not stop to describe its beauties; I should fail if 
I attempted it. During our short sojourn at this enchanting 
place, Commodore Jacob Lewis, who commanded at this time 
a flotilla of gun-boats, (Mr. Jefferson's favorite mode of de- 
fence,) stationed in the lower bay within Sandy Hook, polite- 
ly invited us to dine, and promised to entertain us with Gun- 
Boat Turkey, — which being interpreted, I found to mean 
good salt pork. Some of the General's family accepted the 
invitation, and were most kindly received and cared for. I 
recollect I begged to be excused, as I wished to improve the 
time in describing the beauties of the scenery to an absent 

We had enjoyed ourselves here but a very few days, 
when peremptory orders were received from the War De- 
partment, to strike our tents and proceed to Sandy Hook, the 
most inhospitable sand heap that was ever trod upon by the 
foot of man, as I then thought. I have not visited it but 
once for more than forty-four years, — possibly it has im- 
proved in this age of progress. 


On this barren sand heap we pitched our tents, with 
some of the noblest and bravest sons of New Jersey, including 
Vandyke, Neilson, Jos. Warren Scott, of New Brunswick, 
Kicketts, Williamson, of Elizabeth, the Hon. Garret D. Wall, 
of Trenton, General John Dodd, of Bloomfield, and a host of 
other worthies. 

Shall I describe to you, in a few words, General Wm. 
Colfax? He was one of nature's noblemen in appearance, as 
well as in reality. His age was about sixty: rather above the 
medium height; of commanding person; an expressive, intel- 
ligent countenance ; fine high forehead, grey hair, and a most 
benignant smile, blended with heroic firmness. The uniform 
of the General and his staff was buff and blue, the same as 
worn by General Washington. General Colfax was not un- 
like him in his majestic appearance. He looked like one born 
to command. There was but one house on Sandy Hook. It 
was kept by one Schenck at the lighthouse. This we made our 
head-quarters, and were provided with all the comforts we 
could reasonably desire. 

At the extemity of the Hook, looking toward New York, 
was a fort erected, which has since been washed away, manned 
by a motley crew called Sea Fencibles, — (neither seamm nor 
landsmen,) — they were placed under the command of Gen- 
eral Colfax, rather against their will. The dignified bearing 
of the General readily convinced them, that subordination 
and respect to his commands were indispensable, and they 
soon cheerfully acquiesced in his authority. 

The October Term (1814) of the Supreme Court was held 
in this city. I had prepared myself for examination, and al- 
though I was not of age until the succeeding 5th of Novem- 
ber, I presumed upon the indulgence of the court, and in con- 
sideration of my military services, to offer myself for exam- 
ination : having obtained leave of absence for that purpose. 

Major James Fairlie was then the Clerk of the court. On 
examining my papers, he discovered that 1 lacked about Ion 
days of being of age, and with characteristic exactness re- 
fused to place my name upon the list of applicants. 


In this dilemma, I made my appeal to Judge Wm. W. 
Van Ness, who without hesitation ordered my name to be in- 
serted among my fellow students, and having passed the or- 
deal, before 1 was 21, I was duly sworn as an attorney of the 
Supreme Court, and immediately returned to camp. 

Here it is proper to slate, that if there was no bloodshed, 
nor any hard fighting, we saw the enemy every day, but they 
dared not come within gunshot of us. 

The "Bellephoron" and two other British ships of war, 
hove in sight every morning, endeavoring to prevent, our 
merchant vessels and the coasting craft from gaining the 
Narrows, and frequently fired upon them. We most cour- 
ageously returned their shots, with red-hot balls, — but they 
never reached the enemy, and theirs never reached us: they 
came quite near enough to answer my wishes! 

We had some noble officers: one (without disparagement 
to many others) I will mention: Col. John Frelinghuysen, a 
brother of the Hon. Theodore Frelinghuysen. He was a 
lawyer, and a pious man. It was his habit every Sabbath to 
form his regiment into a hollow square, and conduct religious 
services himself: and although Parson Grover, our brigade 
chaplain, was at headquarters, I was among a few who were 
so insubordinate as to leave the regular services for the lay- 
preacher. I suppose, at this late day, I shall be excused for 
m}* preferences in that respect. 

In the early part of November, the weather became very 
cold, and the quarters of the soldiers, accustomed to good 
Lome fare, became uncomfortable: we were gratified with 
orders to repair again to Jersey City. A memorable day was 
at. hand, — the 25th November, — and Gov. Tompkins, who 
then had the command of the forces in this vicinity, had de- 
termined to make a great day of it. All the Jersey troops 
were invited to participate in the celebration. It happened 
to be one of those cloudy, cold, raw days, which pierce you 
through and through. We were early under marching or- 
ders. Gen. Colfax had a beautiful highspirited sorrel horse, 
which he thought would require a little more attention to 
keep in line than he wished to bestow upon him, and he re- 


quested Brigade Major Ward to exchange horses with him 
for that day, which the Major gladly acceded to, as he was an 
expert horseman, and could show himself off to great ad- 

We came to the city and marched up Broadway in fine 
style, beyond the old Sailors' Snug Harbor. Our wing rested 
upon Broadway, near Fourteenth street, and the line extend- 
ed to the Battery. It was late in the afternoon when we 
passed in review of Gov. Tompkins at the City Hall. General 
Colfax and his staff were invited to dine with the Corporation 
upon that occasion. We had as one of our distinguished 
guests John Randolph, of Roanoke, Ya., whom I had never 
seen before, nor ever afterwards. We had a splendid enter- 
tainment, to which ample justice was done by the half frozen 
and half famished Jersey blues: but I must hasten to close 
this sketch. 

There was living at that time, at the corner of Nassau 
and Cedar street, a venerable and pious man, whose memory 
deserves a better tribute than my feeble pen can give him, — 
Captain Christopher Prince. Here he and his amiable wife, 
who was a relative of General Colfax, lived in primitive and 
Christian simplicity. The General determined, in company 
with Major Ward, who was also a relative, to pass the night 
with Capt. Prince. 

After dinner was ended, I escorted the General and Bri- 
gade Major to the house of Captain Prince, where I intended 
to leave them, and return to my own home. The evening was 
pretty well advanced, and very soon Captain Prince, with ex- 
emplary fidelity, commenced family worship. The Brigade 
Major had had a very severe and toilsome day in managing 
the sorrel horse, and it is not to be wondered at that the cold 
and fatigues of the day, after a hearty dinner, rendered him 
rather a sleepy attendant upon evening worship. 

He stood leaning in a reverent posture over the top of 
a chair, inclined forward a little and resting upon two legs, 
while the venerable Captain with unusual fervency was offer- 
ing prayer. Overcome with sleep for a moment, our worthy 
Major lost his balance; his chair slipping from under him, 


glided across the room, while he went plunging after it, ex- 
claiming, as he fell full length upon the floor, "Confound the 
sorrel horse ! ' ' 

Such an affecting incident you may well suppose alarmed 
us all, except the excellent Captain, who continued his prayer 
With unruffled composure. 

At its close I congratulated the Major that it was simply 
a dream, and that the sorrel horse had done no farther 
damage; and respectfully took my leave. 

On the 7th of December I was discharged for that cam- 
paign, expecting to resume my duties in the spring. Here 
my military career ended. This is all I ever did to entitle 
me to my military bounty land; and if I did not earn it, I 
cannot now help it. 

I therefore submit, whether, after such an exhibition of 

military prowess, I am not entitled to more consideration than 

the amiable lady referred to has thought fit to award me. 

One of the Veterans. 



For the Archives of the United States Congress, and for 
the archives of the various States, there is making a collection 
of the portraits of United States Senators by II. J. Gensler of 
Washington. The collection is nearing completion but from 
the older states there are still wanting likeneses of some of the 
Senators. Of New Jersey there cannot as yet be found any 
portrait of Jonathan Elmer, Aaron Kitchell, James Wilson 
and Ephraim Bateman. These men lived before the daguer- 
reotype and the photograph, and their likenesses must, if 
made, have been paintings or drawings, or even silhouettes. 
Descendants of these prominent Jerseymen are requested to 
aid Mr. Gensler in his search. 

Revolutionary Pension Records of 
Morris County. 

(Continued from page 159 of Proceedings of 1916.) 

State of Newjersey 

. Morris County 8s. Be it remembered that on this day per- 
sonally appeared before me Cornelius Voorhies Esquire one of the 
Justices of the Peace for said County of Morris Person Green of 
full age & being duly sworn deposeth and saith that he was well 
acquainted with Jarzel Turner deceased who was a Sergeant in 
Capt. Jonas Ward's company in Col. Oliver Spencer's Regiment 
thai this deponent attended him as a Nurse in his Sickness and 
at the time of his death that he died whilst in the Service of the 
United States on or before the twenty ninth day of July in the 
year of our Lord seventeen hundred and Seventy seven at Pompton 
and further this deponent saith not 

Sworn the 14th day of December AD 1789 

Peirson Green 
before me Cornelius Voorhies J. Peace 

The Court having heard and Considered the said Certificates 
& Affidavits are of an Opinion and do adjudge that the said Sarah 
Turner widow of the said Jarzel Turner deceased is Justly intitled 
to the half pay of her said late husband from the twenty ninth 
day of July in the year of our Lord seventeen hundred and seventy 
seven during the time she shall remain his widow. . . . 

Given under our hands & the seal of the said Court the seven- 
teenth day of December AD 1789 

Samuel Tuthill 
Alexander Carmicael 

At a Court of General Quarter Sessions of the Peace holden at 
Morristown in and for the County of Morris on the eighth day of 
July in the year of our Lord seventeen hundred and ninety 


Samuel Tuthill 

Silas Condict Esquires 

John Carle 
William Woodhull 
Application being made to the Court in favour of Elizabeth 
Wordun widow of Samuel Worden deceased for her late husbands 
half pay the following Certificates and Vouchers were presented 
& read viz. . . . 

Office of Army Accounts 

July 1 1790 

This certifies that it Appears by the Rolls of the 3d Regiment 

of New Jersey that Samuel Wordun Enlisted a sergeant in Capt 

Coxs Co February 20 1777 for the War — and died. Elizth Nordun 

Muster of October 1779 

Joseph Howell Jun. 
Commisr P M Genl. 

This may certify that the above named Sam Worden was an 
inlisted Soldier and listed as Sergeant in the third Jersey regiment 
And that to the best of my Recollection & Information he died 
while in Service 
Eliz. Town July 2nd 1790 

Elias Dayton late Col. 
New Jersey ) 

Morris County ) 

Personally Appeared before me John Deboe one of the 
Justices of the peace for said County Abraham Vanduyn and being 
duly Sworn and Saith that he was personally present about 
twenty five years ago and Saw Samuel Wordon marry Elizabeth 
Young by David Morrinus a Minister of the Gospel and further 
this deponent saith not Sworn before me this oth day of July 1790 

Abrm Vanduyn 
John Deboe J. P. 

We the Subscribers two of the Justices of the peace for the 
County of Morris residing in the Township of Pequanack do certify 
that Elizabeth Wordon was the lawfull wife of Samuel Worden 
and is the real Widow of Samuel Worden by whom She has had 
Seven Children of which five are yet Living and that She has a 
legal settlement in this Town Pequanack July 5th 1790. . . . 

John Deboe J P 
Jacob Gould J P 


Application being made to the Court in favour of Martha 
Treelease late Martha Lyon Widow ot* Henry Lyon Deed for her 
late husbands half pay... the following certificates and Vouchers 
were presented and read Viz. . . 

Office of Army Accounts 

July 1 1790 

N 1 

This certifies that it appears by the muster Rolls of the first 
Regt of New Jersey that Henry Lyon inlisted a P. in Capt Mor- 
rison's Oompy July 24 1777 for three Years, promoted Corpl. March 
1778 and died July following 

Joseph Howell Jun 
Commissr & P M Genl. 
M. Ogden late 1st J. Regt... 

This may certify that Henry Lyon served as a Soldier in Capt 
Isaac Morrisons Company in the first New Jersey Regiment And 
that he died to the best of my knowledge and belief in service 
New Ark July 2d 1790 Jesse Baldwin late 

Lieut in Capt Isaac Morri 
sons Compy 

This is to certify to all it may concern that Richard Treelease 
& Martha Lyon were lawfully Married the tenth day of Mav 17S3 
July 3d 1790 

Test Joseph Grover Paster of 
the Church of Persippening 

State of New Jersey ) 
Essex County Ss. ) 

To all Whom it may concern 

We whose names are hereunto subscribed two of the Justices 
of the peace of the County of Essex and State of New Jersey do 
hereby certify that we was personally Acquainted with Martha 
Lyon now Martha Trelease and that to the best of our knowledge 
she continued Henry Lyons Widow from the time of his death till 
she was married to Richd Treelease on the tenth day of May 17S8 
as witness our hands 

John Peck Justice 
of the peace 
John Lindsly Justice 
of the peace. . . . 
The Court having heard and duly considered the Certificates 
and affidavits in favour of Elizabeth Wordeu are of Opinion and do 
adjudge that the said Elizabeth Worden is entitled to the half pay 


of Samuel Worden her deceased husband. . .and having heard and 
duly considered the Certificates in favour of Martha Trelease late 
the widow of Henry Lyon deceased are of opinion and do adjudge 
that the said Martha Trelease is entitled to the half pay of her 
late husband Henry Lyon deceased for and during the time She 
remained his widow. . . 
New Jersey ) 

Essex County ) 

This Affidavit was left out it ought to have been entered be- 
fore the above Adjudication. E Russell (Clk.) 

Personally appeared before me David Littell one of the 
Justices of the peace for said County Margaret Wade and being 
duly sworn saith that She was personally present some time in the 
Year One thousand Seven hundred & Seventy three and Saw 
Henry Lyon Married to Martha Tomkin (now Martha Treelease) 
by Jacob Green a Minister of the Gospel and further this deponent 
saith not Sworn before me this 5th day of July 1790 
David Littell Justice of the peace 

Margaret X Wade 

Application being made to the Court in favour of Phebe 
Leonard late widow of Squire Lum Deed for late husbands half 
pay the following Certificates and Vouchers were presented and 
read Viz. . . 

This may certify that Squire Lum served as ensign in the 
five months Service in General Ilurds brigade Col Martins Regimen 
and in the company which I had the command of in the year 1770 
untill the sixth day of August on which day lie died with the 
camp sickness in the city of New York. 

David Bates Capt 

We Whose names are under Written two of the Justices of 
the peace for the County of Morris residing in the Township of 
Hanover do certify that Phebe Leonard was the lawfull Wife and 
the real Widow of Squire Lum and that She continued his lawfull 
widow from the time of his death Which was the Sixth day of 
August one thousand Seven hundred & Seventy six untill her 
Mariage with David Leonard the twenty third day of April and 
Y r ear 1778 and that She hath a legal Settlement in this Town 
Hanover July 7/1790 

Hiram Smith J Peace. 
Cornelius Voorhies J Peace. 

This may certify that on November 3 1788 Squire Lum and 
Phebe Ward were Joined in the holy banns of Mariage and pro- 



nounced man and wife by me Timothy Johnes Minister of the 
Gospel Monrifl Town July 8 1790 

The Court having heard & duly considered the Certificates in 
favour of Phebe Leonard late the widow of Squire Lam deed are 
of Oppinion and do Adjudge that the said Phebe Leonard is entitled 
to her late husbands half pay for and during the term she remained 
his Widow. . . 

At a Court of General Quarter Sessions of the peace holden 
at Morristown in & for the County of Morris on Tuesday the 
twenty seventh day of September A D 1791. . . 


Silas Condict 

Jno. Carle 

Alexr. Carmichael Esquires 

David Thompson 

Application being made to the Court in favour of Susanna 
Bowlsby late the widow of John Martin deceased for the half 
pay of her said late husband deceased the following Certificates 
^Vouchers were presented & read Viz 
New Jersey ) 

Morris County ) 

Personally appeared before (me) this 28th Day of September 
EphrainiManning who being duly sworn deposeth & Saith, that 
some time in the fall of the year One thousand seven hundred & 
seventy seven he Said Manning was on a monthly tour of duty at 
Elizabeth Town under command of Major Sealy & he said Manning 
with said John Martin & Joshua Ball being on gard at Cranes 
point Were surprised & taken prisoners by the refugees & con- 
veyed to Staten Island where they remained prisoners of war untill 
General Sullivans army came onto the Island at which time they 
were conveyed to New York & put into the Sugar house shortly 
after which said Ball was liberated on account of his being a young 
lad & that he said Manning & John Martin continued in confine- 
ment & that some time after John Martin was taken sick & sent 
to the hospital & at that time he said Manning heard the Doctor 
tell an Officer that damn them he could kill them as fast as How 
Could send them to him & that Some days after John Martin was 
sent back to Sugar house where he continued a few days & was 
taken Sick again & Sent the second time to the Hospital after 
which he said Manning never heard from him any more. ..further 
this deponent Saith not... (Signed) Ephraim Manning 

Sworn before me this 28th of September 
AD 1791... 

(Signed) Hyeram Smith... 


Personaly appeared before me Hyeram Smith one of the 
Justices of the peace for the County of Morris John Howard who 
being sworn on the holy evangelist of Almight god deposeth & 
saith that soon after Joshua Ball returned from being a prisoner 
in New York he Said Howard saw said Ball & enquired of him 
what became of John Martin who was taken prisoner with him 
his answer was that he had died in Hospital at New York upon 
which Said Howard asked him (Ball) if he was witli him when he 
died, Balls answer was that he w r as not present when Martin died 
but that he said Ball saw him carried on the bier to the grave, & 
that the persons who buried him told him said Ball that it was 
John Martin who died in the Hospital & further this deponent 
Saith not. . . 

Sworn before me this 20th day John Hayward... 

of September 3791. . . 

Hiram Smith 

Hanover September 29th 1791. . . 

This may certify that in the fall of the Year 1777 John Martin 
a young married Industrious man was a soldier in my company on 
a monthly tour of duty at Elizabeth town & was on guard at 
Cranes Point at which place he was taken prisoner by the British 
& carried to New York where to the best of my information & 
belief he died in hospital. . . 

David Bates late Capt. 

This may certify that on July 27. 1777 John Martin & Susanna 
Brant was Joined in the holy bands of Mariage & pronounced man 
& wife bv me Joseph Qrover minister of the Gospel in Percepining 
Septr. 26/1791 

This may certify that on April 1. 17S8 George Bowlsby & 
Susanna Martin late Susanna Brant was Joined in the holy bands 
of Mariage & pronounced man & wife b}- me Joseph Grover Minis- 
ter of the Gospel in Percipining Septr. 26. 179.1 . . . 

We whose names are underwritten two of the Justices of the 
peace for the County of Morris residing in the township of Hanover 
do certify that Susanna Bowlsby late Susanna Martin was the 
Lawful wife of & real widow of John Martin & that She continued 
his lawful widow from the time of his death until her mariage 
with George Bowlsbey & that She hath her legal setlement in this 
town Hyeram Smith 

Hanover Septemr. 29th. 1791... Corns. Voorhies 

The Court having heard & duly considered the. certificates in 
favour of Susanna Bowlsbey late the widow of Martin deed, are 
of Opinion ft do adjudge that the said Susanna Bowlsbey is in- 
titled to her late husband John Martin deceased's half pay for 
& during the time that she remained his Widow. . . 

Rexords of a Hackcnsack Bible. 

Including family names of Ensign, 1710; Stockton, 1730; 
Arnett, 1759; Bennett, 1781; and Taylor . 

(Copied by Mrs. Francis A. Westervelt, President of the 
Bergen County Historical Society.) 


1 — Thomas Stockton— Senr— born — 1730 

2 — Sarah Stockton — his wife b — 1735 

3 — Benjamin Brearley Stockton — Sr — b Aug - 14— 175G 

4 — Sarah Howell Arnett — bom May 17 — 1759 

5 — Thomas Stockton b Aug 27 — 1777 

6 — Susannah Aenett Stockton b June 16 — 1781 

7 — Rebecca Stockton b June 30 — 1783 

8— Hannah White Stockton b Feb 7-- 1879 
9--- Sarah Brearly Stockton b Nov 13 — 17S7 

10 — Benjamin Brearle} Stockton b Jany — 31 — 

11— Mary Hatfield Stockton b Fcby — - — 

12— Abigail Arnett Stockton 1) Aug 18— 179-1 

13 — Isaac Arnett Stockton b Apr — 22 — 1707 

14— Henry Hollock Stockton b June 19— 1790 

15— Sarah Brearley Stockton— J any 4— 1802 

16 — Ensign Dennett b Dec — 17— 1781 

17 — Asahel M Bennett b Apr — 25 — 1783 

18— Elisha Bennett b Jan 30— 1785 

19— Minnie M Bennett b Jany 21— 1787 

20— Olivia Bennett I) Jany 5— 1789 

21— Helen Bennett June 3— 1791 

22— Eliza Bennett b June 11— 1791 

23— Frederick Bennett 1) July 21— 1790 

24— Sally Maria Bennett b July 29— 1798 

25— Nancy Bennett b Jany 27— 1801 
2ti— Elsie* Bennett b Dec 4— 1802 


1— Thomas Stockton — Sr— died Sept 15— 1799 

2— Sarah Stockton his wife d April 9 - 1814 

3— Sarah Brearley Stockton <! Dec - 23— 1795 

4— Elisha Bennett d June 30— 17S7 
o— Edwin Stockton d Mav 12— L822 


6— Hannah W Patty d Feby 24— 1827 

7— Sarah H Stockton d Julv 24 

8— Benjamin B Stockton d Juno 9— 1829 

9— Caroline B Stockton d Sept 0— 1829 

10— Abigail A McDonald d Sept 

11— Henry K Stockton d Sept 4 — J 838 

12— Asabel P Bennett d June 11— 1840 


1 — Benjamin B Stockton was married to Sarah H. Arnett 
April 9— 1778 

2 — Benjamin B Stockton was married to Olivia Bennett 
June 19— 1820 

3 — Rev Hutchins Taylor was married to Eliza Bennett June 

4— Asahel P Bennett was born Feb 20— 1754? or 1774? 

5 — Sally Ensign was born Dec 22 — 1710 

6 — Asahel P Bennett was married to Sally Ensign June 13 — 

7— Edwin Stockton was born July 31— 1821 

8— Bennet Stockton b April 11— 1823 

9__ . Benjamin Stockton b April 23— 1826 

10— Caroline Stockton b Sept 15— 1831 

H_ ri^ Stockton b March 24— 1829 

12— Stockton b July 13— 1834 

Book Notice. 

Edmond Hawes of Yarmouth, Massachusetts, an Emigrant to 
America, in 1G35, bis ancestors, including the Allied families 
of Broine, Colles, Greswold, Porter, Rody, Shirley and Whit- 
field: and some of his Descendants. By James Willia Hawes, 
A. M. The Lyons Genealogical Company, New York, 1914. 
Under this title appears the story of Edmond Hawes of Soli- 
hull, Warwickshire, England, who emigrated to America in 1635) 
and his descendants to the eighth generation. Edmond Hawes 
came to Boston on the ship James of 300 tons burden, the master 
of which was William Cooper. For a while he dwelt in the vicinity 
of Plymouth and of Duxbury and by 164-J had settled at Yarmouth. 
Much of the volume, slightly more than half the pages, is con- 
cerned with the Hawes family in England, but the American sec- 
tion is a valuable Contribution to family histories dealing with 
Massachusetts founders. The pages number 217 which include a 
copious index. 

Jedidiah Swan's Orderly Book. 

From Rev. Dr. David 0. Irving, of East Orange, the 
Historical Society in 1909 received a very interesting gift in 

the orderly book of Captain Jedidiah Swan, of Colonel Philip 
Van Cortlandt's regiment in the Continental Army. The en- 
tries in this interesting book run from July 7, 1776, to Sep- 
tember 24, 1776, and the daily records cover from one to three 
pages. The period was that just previous to and just suc- 
ceeding the Battle of Long Island. Between August 25 and 
80 no entries appear, for during those four days the battle 
raged, and the troops made that masterly crossing to New 
York, to avoid being caught beiweon Howe's army and the 
British naval force. No time under such conditions to write 
up orderly books. Captain Swan was evidently a painstaking 
officer, and he has written down a great mass of interesting 
facts about the army, as such facts came to him for transmis- 
sion to those under his authority. Particularly valuable are 
the addresses of the "General" or commander-in-chief, writ- 
ten out in full to be read to the army. Among these addresses 
is found an account of the attack on Fort Moultrie, near 
Charleston, S. C, and the repulse of the British, news con- 
veyed by Washington to inspire the zeal of the troops await- 
ing Howe's attack on Long Island. 

The orderly book contains 154 pages, of which the entries 
fill 124. The size is G bv Sy 4 inches, and the covers are 

Th e A wt hent ic ity of t h c Bool-. 

Lest anybody in later ages should doubt the authenticity 
of Captain Swan's orderly book, its owner in 1833, Pecom- 
pence Stanberry, of Morris County, went before a justice of 
the peace and swore to the following: 

Before the subscriber, a justice of peace in ami for said County, 
personally appeared Col. Recompence Btanberry, aged 75 years, and be- 
in;: duly swum, saith that this hook which upon its face (title page) 
purports to be a book containing the names ol' the men composing the 
Company of Cap't Jedidiah Swan, and record of transactions connected 
with Cap't Swan's Militia duties and services in the war of the revolu- 
tion, is a book containing original entries made by said Cap't Swan in 
his life time. That this Deponent belonged to said Cap't Swan's com- 



pany and did duty therein, in the lime of ^ai<l war, and w;is intimately 
acquainted with Cap't Swan, who was brother-in-law of this deponent, 

and knows the hand writing to be that of Cap't Swan. That tnJ 
ponent has been in possession of said book for many years, having re- 
ceived it from the Executor or administrator of Cap't Swan. 

Recompence Stanberry. 
Sworn and subscribed before me July 8, 1833. 

Charles Freeman, J. Peace. 

The following is a true copy taken front a page in the 
orderly book of "A List of Capt. Jedidiah Swan's Conipy in 
Colonel Philip Van Cortlandt's Regiment."' 

Capt. Jed Swan; Lt. John Craig; Lt. Sanil. Woodruff; 
Ensg. John Williams. 

Sergts. David Thurston, Jacob Miller. Abm. Lawrence, 
Henry Mills. 

Corp. Kecompcnce Stanberry, Kichardsons Gray, Wm. 
Little, Ebenezer Williams. 

Drum and fife, John Hawkins, 13 Sept. Discharged; Dav- 
id Hubble, in the Ranks. 

Privates, Henry Ralph, Benjamin Meeker, Andrew Den- 
man, Justice Whitehead, Jonathan More, Moses Bonnel, Thos. 
Jones, SamL Vallentine, David Little, John Smith, Josiah 
Frazy, George Jewell, Discharged 1st of Sept.; Lawrence 
Thorp, Nathl. Rodgers, Benjamin Frazy, Saml. Hicks, Daniel 
Squire, Jos. Lambert, John Sanders, Hezckiah Broadbury, 
John Woodruff, Joshua Bud, James Vrelandt, Benjamin 
Scudder, John Daniel, Elihu Campbell, Willra. Woodruff, 
Matthew McDonald, Saml. Maxiield, Jonas DeGramo. Win. 
Elftone, died 19th Oct., Thos. More, Jos. Hetfield, Henry 
Willis, Geo. M. Deeds, John Gray, discharged 25th October; 
Henry McMannus, Nathl. Maxiield, Benj. High, David Bor- 
ows, Joshua Tucker, Saml. Benjamine, Wm. Iloff, Saml. Gray, 
David Thelfey, Ezekiel Ball, David Williams, John Clark, 
James Qilman, George Reed, Peter Covert, Thomas Smith, 
Benj. Clark, John Clark, Genl. David Scudder, John Thezot, 
Norris ('lark, Abraham Sanders, Nathanel Dunham, William 


Head Quarters July 9th 1776 
Parole Countersign 

A working Party of 150 Men properly oftiecr'd to go to 
Kings Bridge To-morrow to march at Six oClock from the 
Parade; they are to take two days provision with them, after 
which they will draw out of the Stores there. To take their 


Arms & Tents with them <& when they get there Genl. Miffin 
• will give them orders. 

As the Enemy may make an Attack early in the morning, 
when there may not be time for the Soldiers to till their Can- 
teen, The Genl. Directs that they be filled every evening. The 
officers to take care that it is not neglected as it is a matter 
of much consequence at this Season. 

James Johnston A Soldier in Capt. Hides Company and 
Coll. Wylly's Regt tried at a Court Martial whereof' Coll. 
Reed was President, for Desertion is found guilty and sen- 
tenced to be whip'd 39 Lashes on his naked Back. Serjnt. 
George Douglass, John Davis, John Cooper, Robert Sawyer. 
George Clarkson, all of Capt Van Wyck's Company, Col Mc 
Dougals Regiment tried at the same Court Martial for mutiny 
and Sedition. Sergnt Gteorge Dnglas is acquited, the others 
severally found Guilty -'Mid Sentenced. Davis to be whiped 
39 Lashes, Cooper 30 Lashes, Sawyer & Clarkson to be whiped 
each 20 Lashes on there Bare Backs for the said offence. The 
Genl. approves of the foregoing Sentence and orders them put 
in Execution at the usual Time & Place. 

Some Persons having Barbarously wounded and maimed 
some Cattle belonging to Leonard Sichenard Esqr on Pryday 
Last the Genl hopes no Soldier in the Army is coneer'd in ^o 
bare & Scandalous an action but if it should appeal* otherwise 
such person may Depend on the Severest punishment — any 
Person who can give any Information in the matter will be 
well rewarded. 

Brigadier for the Day. Genl Spencer 

Field officer for the Piquet Col. Webb — Lieut. Col. Wes- 
sard and Major Shereman 

Brigade Major for the day. Peck. 

Head Quarters July 8th 1770 
Parole Johnston Countersign 

The new from Connecticut & Xew Jersey daily ar- 

riving — a report is to be made every day to the Genl of the 
number arriving by the Commanding officer of each Corps, in 
order that proper Arrangement may be made. 

All officers are required to be earefull that their Men 
are Acquainted with the orders that they may not plead Ig- 

Brigadier for the Day Genl. Lord Stirling 

Field officers for the Piquet Coll. Ward, Lieutt. Coll. 
Stoutenburgh and Major Tuttle 

Brigade Major for the Day, Field 


Head Quarters July 20th 1776 
Parole Countersign 

Daniel Grimes of Capt. Shaws Company Col Maxfield'a 
Regt tried by a Gen Court Martial; whereof Col. Webb wan 
president was found guilty of Desertion but some favourable 
Circumstances appearing in the Prisoners behalf his Punish- 
ment is remitted. The Provost martial is ordered to deliver 
him to Capt. Fulton in order to be put in some Regiment to do 
duty untill a good opportunity offers to send him to his own. 

Brigade Major for the day Hoops 

Brigadier for the day Genl Wadsworth 

Field officer for the Piquet Col Van Cortlandt 

Lieut Col. Willson and Major Drentin 
for Guard 1 Cap 2 Sub 2 Sergt 2 Corp 2D 36 

For Fatigue 1 do 1 do 1 do do 26 

ICap 3S 3S 3C 2D 62 

The Guards to appear upon the 

Head Quarters July 21 1776 
Parole Philadelphia Countersign Quebec 

William Baker of Cap. Johnson's Company in Cor. Mc 
Dougal's Regiment charged with Absenting himself several 
Days from the Camp without. Permission having been Tried 
by a General Court Martial whereof Coll Webb was President 
and found guilty was Sentenced to receive 20 Lashes The 
Genl approves the Sentence and orders it to be Executed at the 
Usual Time and place — 

Sergt Ballard late of Genl Lees Guard now in Custody 
for having presumed to give a pass to a person to Cross the 
East River — Appearing to have done more Thro' Ignorance 
than Design the Genl is pleased to Discharge him but If any 
Inferior officer shall hereafter take such a Liberty he will be 
severely punished. It being again declared that Passes to 
Citizens or Country People are only to be granted by John 
Berrien, Henry Willmot and John Kay Junr or one of them — 
Passes to officers and Soldiers only try a Major General — The 
Brigadier Genl of the Brigade to which the person belongs the 
Adjut General or Gen Secretary or Aid-de-Camp. 

The Genl has great pleasure in Communicating to the 
officers & Soldiers of this Array the Signal Success of the 
American Anns under <.V:i Lee at South Carolina — The En- 
emy having Attempted i< ud at the same Time that a most 
furious Canonade for 12 Hours was made upon the Fortifica- 
tions near CharlesTowij both Meet and Army having been re- 
pulsed with great Loss by , small Number ot' Gallant Troops 


just raised The Enemy have had 172 Men killed and Wound- 
ed Among whom are several officers — Two Capital Ships much 
damaged — One Frigate of 28 Guns entirly lost being aban- 
doned and blown up by the Crew and others so hurt that they 
will want groat Repair before they can be fit for Service — and 
all on the Loss on our Parts of Ten killed and 22 Wounded — 
The firmness, Courage and Bravery of our Troops has 
Crowned them with Immortal Honor — They dying Heroes 
Conjured their Brethren never to Abandon the Standard of 
Liberty— and even those who had lost their Limbs Continued 
at their Posts — Their Gallantry and Spirits extorted applause 
from Their Enemies — Who Dejected and defeated have re- 
tired to their former Station out of the Reach of our Troops — 
This glorious Example of Troops under the like Circum- 
stances with us the General hopes will animate every officer 
and Soldier to Imitate and even Out do them when the Enemy 
shall make the same Attempt on us, With such a bright Ex- 
ample before us of what can be done by brave and Spirited 
Men fighting in Defence of their Country we shall be loaded 
with a double Share of shame and Infamy If we do not Acquit 
ourselves with Courage and a Determined Resolution to Con- 
quer or die — With this hope and Confidence and that this 
Army will have Its equal share of Honor and Success the 
Gcnl most earnestly Exorts every officer and Soldier to pay 
the Utmost Attention to his Arms and Health to have the 
former in the best Order for Action and by Cleanliness and 
Care to preserve the latter — to be exacts in their Discipline 
Obedients to their superiors and Vigilant on Duty — With such 
preparation and a Sitable Spirit There can be no Doubt but 
by the Blessing of Heaven we shall repel our Cruel Invaders 
— preserve our Country and gain the greatest Honor — 

A Working party of 150 Men properly officerd to parade 
to Morrow Morning on the Grand Parade at 6 a Clock with 
their Arms and 1 Days provision to go up to Kingsbridge by 
Water to relieve the party which went up the 15th Inst, to 
apply to Gcnl Putnam for Boats — The Genl is much pleased 
with the Alacrity of Men in doing Fatigue Duty and being re- 
solved to ease them as Much as the Service will admit directs 
that until farther orders the Men who are to go upon Fatigue 
shall be Excused from turning out to their Alarm Post for 
that day Unless in Case of a real Alarm A Working party of 
80 Men properly officerd to Attend Cap Anderson when and as 
long as he shall direct — 
Brigadier for the Day Gen Heath — 
Field oflieers for the'Piquct Coll. 
























and Major Smith — Brigade Major for 1 lie Day 

Wyllya Lieut, Col! 


for Guard on the Parade 

for Kingsbridge 

for Cap. Anderson 

for daily fatigue 

Head Quarters July 22nd 177G 

Parole Richmond Countersign Saroy 

The Orderly Sergeants who attend at Head Quartet's are 
hereafter to brin<>' their Dinner and wait tiil they are regu- 
larly relieved — as it is much to be feared the State of the 
necessary Houses in the City may endanger the Healths of 
the Troops quartered there — it is recommended to the officers 
and Men to guard against it as much <is possible and If any 
Method can be fallen upon to remove or lessen the Inconvin- 
iencies to apply to the Barrack Master for that Purpose. 

The Gen has Noticed with pleasure the Care of the Troops 
in the Encampments on this Subjects — he hopes they will con- 
tinue it for the Sake of their own Healths and Credit of the 
Army — it being represented to the Gen that many Regiments 
would at this Season chuse to lessen their Rations of Meat 
and supply it with Vegitables If they could be permitted i^ 
concerned for the Health of the Troops ami desired to gratify 
them in every reasonable Request Induces him to direct that 
Colls of such Regts as chuse to adopt this plan Signified to 
the Commissary Genl and in 2 Pays afterwards the Quarter 
Masters of such Regis be allowed to draw one Quarter Part of 
the Usual Rations in Money to be laid ou1 in Vegitables Tor his 
Reg, Passes from Coll Knox for the officers and Soldiers for 
the Artillery only to be suffered to pass the Ferrys. 

Brigadier for the Day Genl Spencers held officers for the 
Piquet Coll Bailey 
Lieutl Coll. Wills Major Howell 
Brigade Major for the Day llenlv 

For fatigue 

for Guard 

Capt. Howten — Lieutts Lyon — 


Adjt Cltlfl — to Compose a Court 
Johnson's Quarters to morrow at 10 aClock. 















ial io b 

e hi 

•Ul ai 



Head Quarters July 23 1T7G 
Parole Trenton Countersign Upton 

Cornelius Bradly of Capt Hutchena Company and Coll. 
Ritzman's Regt. tried by a Gen. Court martial whereof Col. 
Webb was President and found guilty of absenting himself 
from Camp & enlisting into another Corps sentenced to re- 
ceive 39 Lashes — Patrick Leonard Nicholas Carna and dames 
Cary of Capt. Claggits — Coll. Hands Reg tried by the same 
Court martial and Convieted of leaving Camp with-OUt leave 
and of riotous drunken Behaviour were sentenced to receive 
Leonard and Carna 30 Lashes and Cary 39 — Jonathan Davis 
of Capt. Haidenburgh's Company Coll. Ritzma's Reg. tried 
by the same Court martial and Convicted of Desertion — Sen- 
tenced to Receive 39 Lashes — the General approves of the 
Sentence & orders them to be Executed at the usual Time and 

Lieut Josiah Fullar of Capt. Bray's Company and 20th 
Regt now Commanded by Lieut. Coll Drake having been tried 
by a Gen Court martial whereof Coll. Webb was president for 
being absent from the Company and Regt. to which he be- 
longed for more than a Month and being linioeulated for the 
Small pox. 

Contrary to Orders — is acquited of the Charge the Gen 
approves Thereof and orders Lieutt Fullar to be Immediately 
discharged. It is with great Astonishment and Surprize the 
Genl learns that Soldiers enlist from one Company to another 
and frequently receive a Bounty and that some officers have 
knowingly Received such Men — so glaring a Fraud upon the 
public ami Injurious to the same will be punished in the most 
Examplary Manner and the Genl most earnestly requests 
and Expects every good officer who loves his Country not only 
to open such practices but to make the offender known that 
they may be brought to Justice.- The Guard at the Ship 
yards to be reinforced with a Capn. and 20 Men 
For Fatigue 1 2 1 1 1 42 Privates 

For Guard 12 11 26 Privates 

An orderly Sergeant to attend at Head Quarters by S a 
(dock Cap. Morris 

A Corporal to attend Genl. Heard by 8 a (dock to morrow 
— Capt. Swan 

Brigadier For the Day Gen. Lord Sterling Field officers 
for tlie piquet 

Col. Baldwin Lieutt. Coll Russel and Major Buel 

Brigade Major for the Day Livingston. 


Head Quarters "July 24 1776. 
Parole Virginia Countersign Wales. 

Three Hundred Men properly officered to parade with 
Arms to Morrow Morning 6 oClock on the Grand parade to 
Relieve the parly that went up to Kingsbridge on the 19th 
Inst, to take One Days provision and go up by Water, attend- 
ing to the Tide. 

Gen. Wardsworth's Brigade to furnish 50 Carpenters 
with A Capt 2 Subs, 4 Sergeants 4 Corps, 1 Drum and fife 
to proceed to Kingsbridge to build Stoves for the Commissary 
and Quarter Master Genl. This Detachment to be allowed 
for in the Detail and to proceed by Water to apply to Genl. 
Putnam iov boats to Parade with Arms and 1 Days Provision 
6 aCJock to morrow morning at the Assistant Quarter Master 
Genl. office and take his Directions. 

Each Brigadier with the Colls, and Commanding officers 
of the Several Regiments in his Brigade are to meet in Order 
to make an Estimate of the Quantity of Paper absolutely 
necessary to serve a Regiment for Returns and other Public 
uses for a Months and make Report Thereof to the Genl. at 
orderly Time on Friday next. That the Quarter Master Genl. 
may be directed to provide and deliver the same Monthly to 
the Colls, for the Use of their respective Regiments. 

The General being Sensible of the Difuculty and Ezpenee 
of Providing Clothing of almost any kind for the troops feels 
an Unwillingness to Recommend, Much More to order any 
kind of Uniform but as it is Necessary that Men should have 
Cloaths and appear Desent and light he Earnestly encourages 
the Use of Hunting with long Breeches made of the same 
Cloth gater fasion about the Legs to all those who are yet un- 
provided no Dress can be had Cheper nor more Convenient as 
the Wearer may be Cool in warm weather and warm in Cool 
weather by puling on Under Cloaths which will not Change 
the outward Dress Winter or Summer, besides which it is a 
Dress which is Justly Supposed to Carry no Small Terror 
to the Enemy who think Every Such person A Compleat 

Some Difficulties having Intervinced so that the Com- 
missary Genl Cannot Comply with the order of the 22d re- 
specting the lessoning the Rations of Meat and paying Money 
in Lieu that the Men may Increase their Vegetables in the 
Time allotted him for that Purpose. The Colls, are Desired 
not to draw for such Money till further Orders and Directions 
be taken in the Matter which will be done Immediately. 


Brigadier for the Day Genl. Heard field officers for the Piquet 

Coll. Douglas Lieutt. 
Coll. Hall and Major Haydon Brigade Major for the Day 

48 Privates for Kingshridge to parade at 6 oClock with Arms 


C S S C D P 
For Fatigue 1 2 1 1 1 42 

For Guard 1 2 1 1 2b 

For Kingshridge 1 12 

Head Quarters July 25 1776. 

Parole Abington Countersign Bedford. 

Alexander Stedman David Woods George Redwell Gideon 
Deraond of Coll Chestons Regiment Thomas Andrews of Coll 
Willys Giles Thrall & Ebenezer strool of Coll. Wards & Seth 
Basset of Coll. Parsons to Work at the Weelwright Shop un- 
der Capn Ford till further orders the Countersign to be De- 
livered by the proper officer to the guard as well as the 
other Guards and Care to be taken in future that the provcst 
martial Guard be properly officered their having been a Com- 
plaint made on that head, Henry Davis of Capn. Johnson 
Company Coll. McDouglas Regt. Tried by a Gen Court Mar- 
tial whereof Coll. Webb was president and found guilty of 
Desertion Sentenced to Receive 20 Lashes. 

Patrick Lyon's of Capt. Curtiss Company and Regr. late 
of Coll. Learned 's tried by the same Court martial and found 
guilty of being in Liquor and found sleeping on his Post was 
Sentenced to receive 30 Lashes the Genl. approves each of 
the above Sentences and orders them to be Executed at the 
Usual Time & Place. It is with Inexpressible Concern the 
Genl. sees Soldiers lighting in the Cause of Liberty and their 
Country Committing (.'rimes most Destructive to the Army 
and which in all Armies are punished with Death. What a 
Shame and Reproach will it be If Soldiers fighting to Enslave 
us for 2d or 3d a Day should be more regular. Watchful and 
sober than Men who arc Contending for every thing that is 
dear & Valuable In Life. .. .William Baker of Capn. John- 
son's Company and Coll. McDougal's Regiment having been 
Sentenced to be Whipt 20 Lashes for absenting himself several 
Days from Cam}) is pardoned by Genl on some favourable 
Circumstances appearing but is to be publiekly repremanded 
at the head of the Regiment. 


The Honble. Continental Congress in Consideration of 
the Sergt. Major, Qr. Master Sergt. Drum & Fife major not 
having Pay adequate to their Service ami hoping it will Ex- 
cite them to Vigilance and [ndustry have men pleased to 
Increase the pay of these officers having no other Appoint- 
ment 3 Dollar a .Month. . . 

Peter Gordon Esqr. is appointed Brigade Major to Genl. 
Heard's Brigade and is to be obeyed & respected Accordy. 


Slolen out of the House of Brigadier Genl. Lord Sterling 
a neat pair of Silver mounted Pockets Pistols Screw Barrel 
with the Xame of S. Hake Engraved on the Lock. Whoever 
will discover the Thief and Pistils shall receive Six Dollars 
reward or Four Dollars for the Pistols only by Conveying 
them to Brigadier Genl. Lord Sterlings Quarters. 

Brigadier for the Day Genl. Heath. - 
Field officers for the Piquet Coll. Ritzma Lieut t. Coll. Clap 
<fc Major Dcy — Brigade Major for the Day Wyllys. 

After Orders 

Those Soldiers who have entered on Board the Row 
Gaily Commanded by Cap.... are to repair Immediately on 
Board and the officers of the Regts. to which they belong to 
are to forward them as soon as possible as the Service is of 
the utmost Importance. 

Head Quarters July 2G 177G 
Parole Cambridge Countersign Darby 

The Genl Court Martial to set to morrow for the Tryal 
of Ensign Bryant now under Arrest for Sending some Sol- 
diers to take away old Iron and other Materials from the 
Ship now fitting for public use. The Qr Master Genl. is to 
have the Rigging Si ores and other Articles belonging to those 
Vessels safely secured in some Ware House or Store — & any 
officer oi- Soldier who shall he found Medling improperly with 
any parts of them may Depend upon being punished very 

A Guard al Harrison's Brewery to he mounted Consist- 
ing of 1 Subn, 1 Sergt. 1 Corp!. & 24 Privates every Evening 
and ('entries to he posted at proper Distances from the Air 
furnace along the Shore till Ihev come opposite to Coll. Bald- 
will f f Quarters — Genl. Green being particularly engaged al 
present Passes Signed by Lieut t. Pledgets Jo be allowed Buf- 

Grand Battery- 
Head Quarters July 27 177G. 
Parole Countersign France. 

Complaints are who are to attend the .Men upon 

Fatigue and remiss. The Genl hopes they will Consider 
of so bad an Example might be to the Men 
and as he believes it proceeds rather from their Inattention 
than Design flatters himself there will be no Occasion to re- 
mind them of their Duty hereafter. 


ficient to enable* persons to Cross the Feme* agreeable to the 
Orders of the 22 Inst. 

II is now Settled that such Regts. as chuse to lessen their 
Allowance of Meat and receive Money instead thereof to be 
laid out by the Qr Master in Vegitables do it upon the follow- 
ing Regulations. Instead of one Pound and an half of .Meat 
each Soldier to draw one Pound and one penny Lawful! Money 
of New England to be allowed for the Difference, to be paid 
to the Colls orders and laid out by the Qr Master for the Pur- 
chase of Vegitables — two Hays Notice to be given to the Com- 
missary Genl. Complaints have been made that some of the 
Soldiers 111 treats the Country people who come to market the 
Gen most possitively forbids such Behaviour and hopes the 
Officers will Exert themselves to prevent it — good policy as 
well as Justice demand that they should have all possible en- 
couragement as the Health of the Soldiers much depends up- 
on Supplies of Vegitables. Those who have been guilty of 
such Practices will do well to Consider what would be our 
Situation at this Season If we drive of the Country People 
and break up the Markets the Healthy will soon be sick and 
the sick must perish for want of Necessaries no favor will be 
shown to any offender hereafter. 

The person who supplies the Camp with Beer has repre- 
sented that he must stop his Business If his Barrels are not re- 
turned the Genl. do actually charge the Qr Master to take 
Care of the Beer Barrels and prevent their being Cut for 
Tubs as hereafter an Acct. will be kept every Regt and the 
different Barrels Charged to such Regts or the Quarter Mas- 
ter If he does not attend to it — The Commissary Genl will de- 
liver Pork — Barrels 1o any of the Regt who will apply to him 
to be cut up for Tubs. 

Brigadier for the Day Genl Spencer. 
Field officers for the Piquit Coll Chester Lieutt Coll Man- 
son and Major Walls. 

Brigade Major Ilenly, Lieutt Coll Brearly officer for 


John Bartley of Capn Moreton Company in the Train 
Artillery tried by a Genl Court Martial whereof Coll. Web]) 
was President for Drunkenesfl absenting himself from Guard 
without Leave threatning to deseri and lake, Man's Life away 
& for abusive Language found guilty and sentenced to receive 
39 Lashes. James Steel of Capn. Pierce's Company Coll Ritz- 
ma's Regiment tried by the above Court martial for sleeping 
on his Post is found Guilty and sentenced to receive 20 Lashes 
— The Genl approves of each of the above Sentences and or- 
ders that they be put. in Execution at the usual Time and 

Brigadier for the Day Genl. Lord Sterling 
Field officers for Piquet Coll Persons Lieutt Coll Clark and 

Major Meed — for main Guard Lieutt Coll. Hearts — 

Brigade Major for the Day Livings! on Major Wells 
Orders being unable to attend Major Hearts Hospital 

to mount this Day 

C S S C D Ps. 
For Fatigue 1 2 1 1 1 42 

Guard 1 2 1 1 26 

Head Quarters July 28th 177G 
Parole Gravesent Countersign Hungary 

William Peck Esqr. who has for some Time past done the 
Duty of Brigade Major to Genl Spencer is appointed to that 
Office and is to be obej^ed and respected accordingly. 

Some»of the Adjutants have of late been very remiss in 
making their Returns by 11 oCloek on Saturday, not sending 
their Detachments properly Officered, or relieving their or- 
derly Sergeants at head Quarters — These Gentlemen will in 
future be pointed out in General Orders and after that be 
put under Arrest If they are not attentive to their Duty. 

The Genl finding the Number of sick increase & being De- 
sirous to have them well accomodated as posible directs 

Barrack Master under the Directions 
of the Col or Commanding Officer of each Regiment fix on 
some House Convenient to the Regt to be Improved as an 
Hospital for the Reception of Patients first taken down Or 
where Disorders do not require special assistance beyond that 
of their own Regimental Surgeons, one of the Surgeons of the 
Hospital will occasionally visit these Hospitals and determine 
when the Nature of the Case requires the Patient to be re- 
moved to the Genl. Hospital which will hereafter kept in dif- 


ferent Houses Contiguous to each Brigade — The Regimental 
Surgeons are to Receive Directions from and be responsible 

to the Hospitals with Conveniences for their Sick — The Regi- 
mentals Juirgeons are also to keep a Register of their Sick and 
make a Weekly Return to the Director and Comissary Gen 
several of the Sick in their Respective Regiments — As the 
Rations Issued for Men in Health are very Improper for those 
who are sick, The following Regulations to take Place When- 
ever a Person is taken Sick he is not to be borne in the Provi- 
sion Return but the Value of his Rations be obtained in suit- 
able Supplies from the Genl Hospital to be drawn by the Sur- 
geon of the Regt who is to Conform to the Rule of Diet estab- 
lished in the Genl Hospital and to account with the Direc- 
tors Genl. The Qrs Master of each Regiment are to apply to 
the Qr Master Genl officer for Slanbuncks for their regimental 
Hospitals & other Articles in his Department. 

The Detachment for Guards to be on the Grand Parade 
every Morning before 8 oClock Gerd Heard and Genl Wards- 
worths Brigades required particulary to attend to this order. 

The fatigue men to be dismised from Work an Hour 
sooner than they have been as the Weather is so very hot and 
the Number reduced from 900 to GOO — This Alteration only to 
Effect the Men Imployed on the works. The full Compli- 
ments to be kept up at the Ship Yards and about the Ship- 

C S S C P 

Major Porter with' 3 3 8 8 6 and 150 Pri- 
vates to parade to morrow morning 6 oClock with Arms on the 
Grande Parade 1 Days Provision to go up to Kingsbridge and 
relieve the Party which went up the 22d Inst to apply to Gvn 
Putnam for Boats and attend to the Tide. 

Brigadier for the Day Genl Heard — Field officers for the 
Piquet Coll Lieutt Coll Arnold and Major Tut tie for Main 
Guards Major Foy — Brigade Major for the Day Peek. 

C S S C D * Ps. 
For Fatigue 1 1 2 1 1 28 

Guard 1 1 1 25 

Kingsbridge 110 6 

Head Quarters July 29 177G 
Parole Jersey Countersign Kingwood 

The Two Companies of Coll Xueomb Regt on long Island 
are to join their Regiment at New York immediately. 


The Chief Enginers finding great Difficulty In Sinking 

the Well at Bayard's J I ill for the want of proper Workmen 
is allowed to Select such from any of the Regt First applying 
to the Coll or Commanding offices and those men to 7>e Ex- 
cused from all other Duty while on this Service. 

The Qr Master Geid has Directed to furnish 12 Quire of 
paper to each Regt for Months to be Distributed as follows 
1 Quire to the Commanding officers of each Regt, 1 Quire to 
each Company & 1 Quire to the Agedents the Remaining to he 
delivered to the Coll as a reserve for Special Occasions Bx- 
clusives of Orderly Books and Blanks returns furnished as 
usual — Some Difficulties arising respecting the men going on 
board the Row Galleys out of the Regt. The Genl directs 
for the future when men are wanted for that Service or of the 
like kind application be made to Genl Rutman who will Call 
upon the Commanding officers of Regts for such Men as are 
fit for that Service having Respects to the Strength of such 
Reg and what it may have furnished heretofore on the like 
Service, And as the Genl flatters himself every officer only 
attend to what may best serve the Genls good he doubts not 
they will encourage their Men to turn out as Volunteers, such 
only being required & that they be Men of approved Fidelity 
and Courage. Col. Baldwin's and Col. Bailey" to be mustered 
next Thursday. The former at 7 oClock in the Morning the 
latter 5 oClock in the afternoon — Their Corps to be off Duty 
one Day previous to being mustered. 

Brigadier for the Day Genl Heath, Field officers for the 
Piquet Read Lieut Coll Wysenfelsc and Major Porter for 
Main guard Major Howell. 

Brigade Major for the Day Wyllys. 

Head Quarters July 30 1776 
Parole Lancaster Countersign Med ford 

The Quarter Master Genl is to provide a Number of Can- 
tiens as Soon as possible and to have the Water in the Several 
works in Casks Examined that their may be A fresh Supply 
if Necessary it is Reported to the Genl that the Pump Water 
in the City is Very unhealthy, the officers and Soldiers are 
therefore Cautioned against the Use 1 of it. And the Quarter 
Master and Comissary Genl are to meet together and iix upon 
Some Mode of Supply of fresh Water for the troops in the 

All the Detachments at Kings Bridge and the Post 

from this Army to Join their Respective Corps here Except 


that at Burdet's ferry and the Carpenters ordered on the 
twenty fourth a field officer 3 Captains 6 Sub 6 Ser, 6 Cor, 
6 drums and fife 150 Privates to Parade to Morow Morning 
at Five oClock in the Grand Parade with Arms and K r o up by 
Water to Relieve the Party Stationed at Burdeth ferry and 
their to take Orders from Gen Miflin and take one Days Pro- 
vision. Baldwin's and Bailey's Rcgt to be Omited out of the 
Detail on Account of their being Mustred on thursday Major 
Reply to Command the Guards ordered the 26 Instant to be 
mounted at Harrisons Brewery to be at Lispenards where A 
Room is provided for them. 
Brig, for the Day Geni Spencer 
field officer for Piquet 
Coll. Huntington 

Leitt. Colli. Latimer & Major Smith 
for Main Guard Leutt. Coll Russel 
Major of Brigade Genley 







for fatigue 











for Kings Bridge 


Coll. Van Cortland to send 1 Orderly Sergent to Head Quar- 
ters & 1 Corp for Gen Heard. 


Head Quarters July 31, 1776 

Parole Norwalk Countersign Oxford. 

Ensign Briant Charged with Embessling Private Proper- 
ty having been tryed by a Gen Court Martial Whereof Coll. 
Well was President is acquited of any fraudilent Intention 
but censsured by the Court for Indiscretion in Permitting 
Some of the Soldiers on taking away old Iron. The Genl ap- 
proves the sentence & orders him to be Discharged from Ar- 
rest. Jabez Parmer & Fredrich Duthagen both of Cap John- 
son's and Col McDougal's Reg tried by the Same Court Mar- 
tial for Desertion and Convicted — Were Sentenced to re- 
ceive Parmer 30 Lashes & Dulhagcn 3!) Lashes — 13 Each 
Day for 3 Days Successively. Joseph Dennis of Capn Beck- 
man's Company and Coll Lashens Regiment tried by the Same 
Court Martial for a Breach of the 5th And 30th Articles of 
War found Guilty of a Breach of the 5th Article Viz; Joining 
in a Meeting and Sadition — Sentenced to receive 13 Lashes 
3 Days Successively and to be Confined for 1 Month — The 
Genl Approves of the above Sentence & orders them to be 
Executed at the Usual Time and place. Dennis to be delivered 


over to the officer of the Guard at the City Hall and Closely 
Confined for one Month. 

It is with astonishment and Concern the Gen finds that 
the Precautions used to prevent the Countersign being made 
known to any not Intitled to it are Defeated by the Ignorance 
of Mis-Conduct of those to whom it is Instructed in Order that 
none may plead Ignorance hereafter — The Officers and Sol- 
diers are to know that the following Rules are established. 

The Adjutant Genl, at 6 oClock P. M., will deliver the 
Parole and Countersign to the Major of Brigade and Adj of 
Artillery they at Retreat beating and not before are to De- 
liver them to the Adjutant of Their respective Brigades. The 
Adjutants are to Deliver them to field officers of their respec- 
tive Reg. If required then to the officers of the Advance 
Guard then to the officers of every other Guard in & About 
the Camp or City and the Genl flatters himself that when the 
Importance & Necessity of Secrecy upon this Head is Con- 
sidered Every officer and Soldier will pride himself in his 
Fidelity, Prudence, and Dissipline. 
Brigadier for the day Genl Lord Stirling. 
Field officer for the Piquet Coll Martin. 
Lieut Coll Reed and Major Bevel. 
For Main Guard Lieutt Coll Sheperd 
Brigade Major for the Day Livingston 
Coll. Van Courtlands. 

C S S C D P 
For Fatigue 1 1 1 17 

For Guard 1 1 1 1 22 

After Orders. 

An addition of 600 Men properly Officered is to be made 
to the Usual Number of Fatigue to morrow from the several 
Brigades As Many Seaman are to be furnished to make up 
this Additional Number as can be readily and Conveniently 
Collected. By order of his Excellency Genl. Washington. 

Head Quarters Augt. 1st, 1776. 
Parole Paris Countersign Reading. 

Coll Jays Regt of Genl Wardsworths Brigade to go over 
to long Island to morrow Morning then to take their orders 
from Genl. Green. It is with great Concern the Gen Under- 
stands that Jealouscs have arisen among the Troops from the 
Different Provinces and Reflections frequently thrown out 
which can only tend to lrctate each other and Injure the noble 



Cause in which we are Engaged and which we ought to sup- 
port with one Hand and one Hart. 

The Genl most Earnestly Intreats the officers & Soldiers 
to Consider the Consequences that they can no way assist our 
Cruel Enemies more Effectually than making Divisions among 
ourselves That the Honour and success of the Army and the 
Safety of our Bleeding Country depends upon Harmony and 
good agreement with each other, That the Provinces are all 
United to oppose the Common Enemy, and all Distinctions 
Sunk in the Name of an American to make this honourable, 
and Preserve the Liberty of our Country ought to be our only 
Emulation and he will be the best Soldier and best Patriot 
who Contributes most to this Glorious work, whatsoever his 
Station, or from what lower part of the Continent he came, 
Let all distinctions of Nations, Countries and Provinces there- 
fore be lost in the Generous Contest — who shall behave with 
the most kindness and good humour to each Other. If there 
are any officers and Soldiers so lost to virtue and a Love to 
his Country as to Continue in such practices after this order. 
The Genl. assurees them and is directed by Congress to De- 
clare to the Whole Army that such persons shall be severely 
punished and Dismissed the service with Disgrace. 
Brigadier for the day Genl Wardsworth 
Field Officer for the Piquet Coll. Ward. , * 

Lieut Coll. Hall and Major Phillips ^ : """ 
For Main Guard Lieutt. Coll Monson 
Brigade Major Gordon. 




For Fatigue 
For Guard 











Parole Salem 

Head Quarters Augs. 2, 1776. 

Countersign Taunton. 

The Colls, of the Several Regts are to be particularly 
Careful that the Damaged Cartridges are Preserved and Bent 
in to Mr. Comissary Chever at the Elabratory as it will be a 
great Publick Saving The Court Martials are often De- 
tained by none attendance of Witnesses all officers and sol- 
diers Notified to Attend as Witnesses at any Court Martial are 
to be puntial and in future any Neglect, of this kind will be 
punished as Disobedianee of Orders; Notwithstanding the 
Great Abusses of Kegimential hospitals Last year the General 
hatli out of Indulganec and Kindness to the troops who 


to like them Permited them once more to be opened with 
a full that the Regt. Surgens will fully Conform to the Rnl( I 
and Ordinances which have been Made and particularly that 
they Act with the Strickest of honour and Candour in their 

Upon the Several Stores, and Accounting with the Direc- 
tor Genl. of the Hospital when required making him Regular 
returns of the Sick, and applying what they receive to their 
patience only — The Colls & field officers of the Several Regt. 
would do well to Visit their Regimental Hospitals frequently, 
and see those regulations observed and in all Cases Except 
Slite and putred Disorders have the sick removed to the Genl. 
Hospitals near the Brigade or the Genl must in Justice brake 
them up again 

Richard Lawrence of Capn Gilberts Company and Coll 
Prescots Regt having Been tried by a Genl Court Martial 
whereof Coll. Webb was President, and Convicted of Deser- 
tion was Sentenced to receive 39 Lashes The Genl approves 
of the above Sentence and orders it to be Executed at the 
Usual Time and place. 

The New Troops a Comming in are upon their Arrival 
are to apply to Capn Felton at the Quarter Master Genl 
store in the Broadway who will give them all Necessary In- 

Brigadier for the Day Genl. Heath 

Field Officers for the Piquet Coll Philip van Courtlandt 
Lieutt Coll Clap & Major Hay den, for main Guard L. Coll. 

Brigadier Major for the Day "Wyllys 


For Fatigue 10 111 and 34 Privates 
Guard 1110 and 22 Do 

Reinforcement for Harrisons Brewery this Evening from 
Coll. Van Courtlandt Regiment one Corporal and five privates 
N. B. The above Reinforcement to parade at Gen Heards 6 
oClock This afternoon. 

Head Quarters Augt. 3, 1776. 

Parole Uxbridge Countersign Virginia. 

That the Troops may have an Opportunity of attending 
Public Worship, as well as take some rest after the Long 
fatigue, they have gone through, the Genl Excuses them from 


fatigue Duty on Sunday (Except at the Ship Yards) or some 
special Duty, untill farther Orders — The Genl. is sorry to 
be Informed that the foolish and Wicked Practices of Cursing 
and Swearing (a Vice heretofore little known in the American 
Army) is growing in fa.shion he hopes the officers will by Ex- 
ample as well as Influence endeavour to Check it and that 
boath they and the Men will reflect that we can have little 
hopes of the Blessing of heaven on our Arms If we Insulted 
by our Impiety and folly, Added to this it is a vice so mean 
and Low without any Temptation that every man of sence 
and Character Detest and Dispise is it. 

Clarkson and Chase under Confinement for Desertion and 
reinlistment into the Artillery from another Corps to return 
to Capt. Berimons Company until Coll. Helmores Regt which 
Claims them come into Camp. 
Brigadier for the Day Genl Spencer 
Field officer for the Piquet Coll. Wyllys 
Lieutt Coll. Brealy and Major Ludlow 
Major of the Brigade Henlv 

C S S C D P. 
For Guard 1 1 1 1 22 

Bergen County Tombstone Inscriptions. 

Old Burial Ground, Mahwah, Bergen Co., N. J., (Bicsell Farm) 

Copied Sept. 18—1910 by John Neafie & W. B. Van Alstyne 
N. Y. City. 

1. Magdalena Karrigh, b. 24 April, 1700. d. 25 Sept, 1791. 

2. John Jawrence, d. 11 Aug. 1804. 

3. Margaret Wanmaher, wife of Andrew Hennion, d. May 3 — 
1798 — aged 24 yrs. 4 mos. 15 ds. 

4. M. G. 1786. 

5. Inscription entirely obliterated. 

6. J. L. 

7. Conrod Brown, d. Dec. 1793. 

8. Leah Fox, b. Mch 30— 1787— d. Jan. 25—1789. 

9. Elias Falu, d. Jany 31 — 1771, aged 83 years. 1 rao. 19 ds. 
v' see J^Totel 

10. Philip Fox, b. Aug. 1709, d. Mch. 5—1790. 

11. Catrin Fishar, d. April 1—1787. 

12. I. B. M. 1767. 

13. Henry Eslor, b. Jan. 24—1749, d. Aug. 28—1798, aged 49 
yrs. 7 mos. 4 ds. 

14. Hannah Buskirk, late wife of Henry Asler, b. Mch 4 — 
1759, d. aged 25 yrs. 4 mos. 24 ds. 

15. 1774 

John Asler, b. 1703. 

15. M. E. 

b. 1709— d. Sept. 25—1787. 

16. "Here lyeth the body of John SufXern, son of John and 
Mary Suffern of New Antrim, was born the First day of February 
A. D. 1776. Departed this Life the 15 of January 1777. Aged 11 
Months And 15 Days." 

17. G. P. 1777. 

18. 1789 

M. D. aged 27 years. 

19. Mary Brown, b. Mch. 12—1777 d. Oct. 2—1793. 

20. P. F. the wife of II. Fox, d. Feb. 10—1791. 

21. M. F. September 24—1786. 


22. L. F. 1781— (dim). 

23. H. W. 

24. W. S. Aug. 20— 1770— (dim). 

25. M. W. Dec. IS— 1770. 

26. P. B. 1745. 
27 L. B. 1795. 

28. Peter Smith, d. Oct— 1834, aged 31 yrs. 9 mos. & 5 days, 
(very dim). 

29. David Hemion, d. Jan. 25 — 1842. aged 57 yrs. 6 mos. 2 ds. 

30. Hannah, wife of David Hemion, d. Nov. 9 — 1855 — aged G4 
yrs. 2 mos. 23 ds. 

31. Jacob D. Fox. d. May 10—1830, aged 29 yrs. 11 mos. 21 ds. 

32. David. D. Fox. b. Jan. 12—1793, d. May 20, 18G9, aged 76 
yrs. 4 mos. 8 ds. 

33. Catharine Storms, wife of David D. Fox, b. 25 Aug. 1804. 
d. 20 Jan. 1827, aged 22 yrs. 4 mos. 26 ds. 

34. Martin Fox. d. Mch. 7—1826, aged 29 yrs. 3 mos. 18 ds. 

35. Stephen Fox. d. Nov. 17—1827, aged 32 yrs. 10 mos. 27 ds. 

36. David Fox. b. Jenry 22—1755. d. April 24, 1800. aged. 45 
years, 3 months, ten days. 

37. Catherine Hemion, widow of David Fox, d. Mch. 17 — 1S31 
— aged, -A years, 11 mos. 23 ds. (stone broken). 

38. SxH. b. 29 Aug. & d. 5 Aug. 1791. 

(was this Stephen Hemmion?) (a literal copy). 

39. Ellen, wife of Stephen Hemmion d. Mch. 19—1814, aged 
91 years. (next stone to No. 38). 

40. Jon. Rush. d. 12 May 1812. 

41. Leah Fox, b. Dec. 24—1790. d. Oct. 13—1809, aged 18 yrs. 
9 mos. nineteen days. 

42. Philip Fox. d. June 23—1807, aged 22 years, 4 mos. 7 ds. 

43. W. Wanmaker, d. Mch. 1-1 — 1797. aged 68 vears & 5 months. 

44. 1783— C. W. 

45. Richard Wanmaker, d. Sept. 24— 182S, aged 78 yrs. 9 mos. 

46. Margaret, wife of Richard Wanmaker, d. Mch. 18 — 1833, 
aged 83 yrs. 2 mos. 2 ds. 

47. 179 — . (Inscription illegible). 

48. N. H. 1765. (very dim.) 

49. Peggy Van Boskirk, b. 12 Aug. 1804, aged 2 yrs. 7 mos. 
16 ds. (Date of decease omitted.) 

50. George Carlough, d. Sept. 2 — 1799. (very dim.) 

51. A. C. or A. G. ove. de 5 April, 1783. (very dim.) 

52. John Wanamaker, d. Mch. 14— 1S68, ae 84 yrs. 8 ds. 

53. Anna, wife of John Wanamaker, d. Mch 8. 1815, aged 
58 yrs. 6 ds. 


54. Josiah, tenth & youngest son of John & Anna Wannainaker, 
d. July 2—1839, aged 9 yrs. 3 mos. 17 ds. 

55. Michael Messenger, b. Moll. 13—1774, d. Aug. 20-1852. 

56. Mary, wife of Michael Messenger, d. Jan. 5 — 1859, aged 
82 yrs. 5 mos. 27 ds. 

57. Henry Fredrick, d. Dec. 1G — 1796, aged 1 yr. 5 mos. 4 ds. 

58. Margan, daughter of J. Carlough, d. Men. 19—1818. 

59. The child of J. Carlough, b. Dec 17— 1806, d. Oct. 12—1809. 

60. Henry Carlough, b. Aug. 1—1807, d. Mch. 9—1808. 

61. A brown stone, with lengthy inscriptions, illegible. 

62. Another brown stone with lengthy inscriptions, illegible. 

63. James Wannainaker, d. Dec. 31 — 18 JO, aged 88 yrs. 9 mos. 
12 ds. 

64. Sarah, wife of James Wannamaker, d. Aug. 25, 1841. aged 
87 yrs. 8 mos. 12 ds. 

65. J no. T. a small stone, very dim & old. 

66. Abraham Frederick, d. April 13—1810, aged 48 years. 
6G. 1776—1801. Inscription illegible. 

67. William Bevans, d. Feb. 9—1845, aged 23 yrs. 3 mos. 11 ds. 

68. Franklin, son of William & Hannah Bevans, d. May 4 — 
1831, aged 7 mos. 23 ds. 

69. John, son of William & Lucinde Bevans, died Aug. 15 — 1843 
aged 5 mos. 21 ds. 

70. Margaret Van Winkle, wife of Coonrad Mausinger, born 
Sep. 4—1737, d. Apr. 18—1812, aged 75 yrs. 7 mos. 14 ds. 

71. Nicholas Maysiger, d. Oct. 9—1804. 

72. Susanna, wife of Nicholas Messenger, d. Jan. 9 — 1843, 
aged 77 yrs. 10 mos. 9 days. 

73. 1789— M. D. aged 27 years. 

74. G. P. 1777. 

75. A grev stone, (inscription illegible.) 

76. I. B. 12 D. x 1782. 

77. James Ausband, d. Oct. 23—1835, aged 1 yr. 9 mos. 23 ds. 

78. Charles, son of Silas & Margaret Osborn, d. Oct. 14 — 
1847, aged 19 vears. 

79. H. Frederick, b. Dec 29— 1729— d. Jany. 30—1790. 

80. Mary Fredrick, b. Dec. 24— 1793, d. Feby. 5—1794. (dim.) 

81. Margaret Frederick, b. Dec. 7—1793, d. Mch. 8—1794. (dim) 

82. P. F. 1785. 

died April 24, aged 57 years. 

83. Christian Wanmaker, b. Feb. 7—1777. d. Oct. 7—1779, 
aged 2 years, 8 months. 

84. Rachel Wanamaker, b. Mch. 22—1789, d. Aug. 21—1793, 
aged 4 years, 5 months. 

About 60 rough stones without marks. 



Inscription No. 0, is probably intended for Elias Valleau, b. 
Dec. 12—1687 per tombstone. 

This old grave yard marks the site of the ancient Ramapo 
Lutheran Church, organized before 1750, and which has long been 

See History of Rockland Co., N. Y., by D. Cole, 1884. Ramapo 
Township, page 297, for additional information. 


Copied November, 1910, by John Neafie & W. B. Van AJstyne, 
New York City. 

1. Leendert Degraw, b. June 22—1793, d. Nov. 10—1794, aged 1 
yr. 4 inos. 18 ds. In Dutch 

2. Leonard Degraw, b. Sept. 5— 1721— d. Men 2—1814, aged 92 yr9. 
5 mos. 25 ds. 

3. Elizabeth, widow of Leonard Degraw, d. Nov. 14 — 1823, aged 
93 yrs, 10 mos. 14 d3. 

4. John Degraw, d. Sept. 5 — 1846, aged 84 years, 2 mos. 8 days. 

5. Maria Duryea, wife of John Degraw, d. Feb. 26 — 1844, aged 78 
yrs. 4 mos. 18 days. 

6. William Degraw, d. July 10 — 1852, aged 86 yrs. 2 mos. 14 ds. 

7. Vroutje Blauvelt, wife of William Degraw, d. Meh. 19—1846, 
aged 77 yrs. 4 mos. 3 ds. 

8. Elizabeth Degraw, wife of Cornelius J. Smith, d. Mch 31—1821— 
aged 19 yrs. 11 mos. 7 ds. 

9. Elizabeth Degraw, widow of John W. Ferdon, d. Nov. 22—1847, 
aged 74 yrs. 4 mos. 29 ds. 

10. Garret Naugel, d. Nov. 20—1818, aged 50 years, 24 days. 

11. Jacub Blauvelt, b. Mch 23—1757, d. Nov. — 1800, aged 43 yrs. 
7 mos. 7 ds. 

11a. Maria Naugle, wife of Jacob Blauvelt, d. Jan. 18 — 1849, aged 
86 yrs. 3 mos. 

12. Elizabeth, dan. of Jacob Blauvelt, died Sept. 23—1810, aged 20 
yrs, 11 mos. 23, ds. 

13. Jacob, son of Jacob I. Blauvelt, died Sep. 24 — 1815, aged 4 mos. 
12 days. 

14. Jacob I. Blauvelt, d. Apr. 21 — 1855, aged 71 ywi. 4 mos. 

15. A rough stone, no marks, very old. 

16. Rachel Blanch, wifo of Jacob I. Blauvelt, d. July 5—1873, aged 
86 yrs. 11 mos. 16 ds. 


17. Cornelius Blauvclt, b. May 12—1815, d. Nov. 3—1843, agod 28 
yrs. 5 mos. 22 ds. 

18. Cornelius Blauvelt, d. Sept. 21—1872, aped 60 yrs. 8 mos. 17 ds. 

19. Maria, wife of Cornelius Blauvelt, died June 15 — 1888, aged 75 
yrs. 1 mo. 4 ds. 

20. Mary Jane, dau. of Cornelius & Maria Blauvelt, d. Dec. 18 — 
1848, aged 2 yrs. 20 ds. 

21. Irena, dau. of Cornelius & Maria Blauvelt, d. Apr. 20 — 18C5, 
aged 15 yrs. 14 ds. 

22. John I. Blauvelt, d. Feb. 7 — 1874, aged 88 yrs. 4 mos. 26 ds. 

23. Catherine, wife of John Blauvelt, died Sept. 29 — 1844, aged 
54 yrs. 10 ds. 

24. Jacob J. Blauvolt, d. Sep. 29—1875, aged 61 yrs. 10 mos. 21 ds. 

25. Ann Moore, wife of Jacob J. Blauvelt, d. Oct. 29—1905, aged 88 
yrs. 10 days. 

26. John H. Blauvelt, d. May 7—1847, aged 1 yr. 3 mos. 14 ds. 

27. John I. Blauvelt, d. Aug. 16 — 1843, aged 27 yrs. 9 mos. 20 ds. 

28. Willie C. son of John & Mary A. Blauvelt, d. Oct. 13—1865, 
aged 6 mos. 4 ds. 

29. Henry Rose, d. Dec. 13—1863, aged 81 yrs. 

30. Richard H. Costner, d. Apr. 8, 1883, aged 71 yrs. 4 mos. 23 ds. 

31. Joseph W. son of Richard & Maria Costner, died Nov. 2 — 1848, 
aged 6 yrs. 1 mo. 2 ds. 

32. Francis H. Ottoh, d. Oct. 1—1850, in the 75th year of his age. 

33. A large brown stone, lettering scaled off. 

34. John, son of Julia Hunger, d. Nov. 16 — 1859, aged 1 yr. 11 

35. 1722 GIB 

I G IB A large grey stone, very broad & thick. 

36. 1762 

I B October 6. A small brown stone. 

37. 117— Mary 

10 A brown stone, almost illegible. 

38. G B 

M A brown stone, almost illegible. 

39. 1748 DEN 5, IS F. G. GESTORVEN, 
GBOREN JANEWA 28, 1748. A small stone. 

40. APRIL 2 IS ANNO 1732 


41. Abraham A. Blauvelt, b. Apr. 24—1726, d. Sept. 5—1812, aged 
86 yrs. 4 mos. 12 ds. 

42. Alche, wife of Abraham Blauvelt, died Mch 28 — 1820, agod 91 
yrs. 9 days. 

43. Martyntio Blauvelt, wife of Garret Domarest, b. Jan. 11, 1755, 
d. Sop 7 — 1784, aged 29 yrs. 7 mos. 27 ds. 


44. Tunis I. Blauvelt, d. Mch 5—1868, aged 74 yrs. 15 ds. 

45. Margaret, wife of Tunis I. Blauvelt, d. Oct. 3, 1842, aged 48 yrs. 
5 raos. 

46. Hellcn, dau of Tunis I. & Margaret Blauvelt, d. Feb. 20—1834, 
aged 6 mos. 11 ds. 

47. Isaac, son of Tunis I. & Margaret Blauvelt, d. Sept. 19 — 1830, 
aged 2 yrs. 1 mo. 6 ds. 

48. Helou Maria, dau. of David & Helon Blauvelt, d. July 6 — 1831, 
aged 3 yrs. 2 mos. 23 ds. 

49. Helen, wife of David I. Blauvelt, died Mch 26 — 1880, aged 80 
yrs. 3 mos. 17 ds. 

50. Rachel Demarest, widow of Isaac J. Blauvelt, d. Sept. 15 — 1S35, 
aged 78 yrs. 5 mos. 4 ds. 

51. A foot stone marked, AC. AB. 1820, (This may belong to No. 

52. Peter Merseles, d. Fob. 19 — 1832, aged 70 years, 1 mo. . 

53. Jano Durie, wife of Peter Merseles, d. Apr. 3, 1834, agod 67 

54. Jacob Merselus, d. Mch. 14 — 1846, in his 82d. year. 

55. Letty Blauvelt, late wife of Jacob Merselus, b. Aug. 4 — 1777, 
d. Apr. 10—1865, aged 87 yrs. 8 mos. 6 ds. 

56. Elizabeth Mercelius, wife of Abraham I. Blauvelt, b. Aug. 13 — 
1787, d. June 3—1874. 

57. A large stone on its face, too heavy to move, foot stone marked 
A. I. B. 

58. Gasy Demarest, widow of James Durie, last the wifo of Abram 
Blauvelt, d. May 1 — 1824, aged 79 yrs. 4 mos. 13 ds. 

59. Hannah Blauvelt, wifo of John Westervelt, d. July 17—1827, 
aged 24 yrs. 29 ds, also 

60. their daughter, Mary Jane, d. Aug. 12 — 1827, aged 2 mos. 
26 ds. 

61. Frederick Blauvelt, d. Nov. 22 — 1S28, aged about 60 years. 

62. Elizabeth, wife of Frederick Blauvelt, d. May 6—1847, in her 
78th year. 

63. Henry I. Haring, d. May 13, 1857, aged 80 yrs. 1 mo. 28 ds. 

64. Sarah Belinda Harris, d. Dec. 31— 1S60, aged 11 mos. 6 ds. 

65. Isaac "VValdron, d. Oct. 25, 1837, aged 57 yrs. 8 mos. 11 ds. 

66. John, son of Anthony & Susan Jackson, d. May 21 — 1S55, aged 
7 vts. 7 mos. 20 ds. 

67. ANO 1768 

JANUARIE DE 7 A brown stone. 


68. Abraham Quackenbush, d. Feb. 27 — 1854, aged 85 yrs. 10 mos. 
14 ds. b. Apr. 13—1768. 


69. Elizabeth Myer, wife of Abram Quackcnbush, d. Men 24—1807, 
aged 37 yrs. 12 ds. 

70. Abraham Myer, d. April 11 — 1780, aped 60 years. 

71. Cathrena Myer, d. Aug. 25 — 1817, aged 83 yrs, 11 mos. 16 ds. 
also her infant daughter, 

72. Cathrena, lying adjoining. 

73. Rebecca Durie, wife of John Myers, died May 2G — 1854, aged 
81 years, 6 mos. 

74. John A. Myers, d. Sept. 19 — 1829, aged 65 years. 23 days. 

75. Nan, wife of Frank, served her time with Tunis and Elizabeth 
Haring, and died Feb. 14 — 1851, aged 43 yrs, 10 mos. , 

76. Augusto Schweldler. Geb. Ficker, Geb. Apr. 4 — 1820 in Grim- 
shayn, Sachsen, Gest. Jan. 25 — 1900, in Eastwood. 

-77. Daniel Blauvelt, d. Feb. 23 — 1820, aged 86 years, 3 mos, 5 ds. 

78. Rachel Blauvelt, b. 16 Apr. 1764, d. Nov. 26, 1811, aged 47 
years, 7 mos. 10 ds. (In Dutch.) 

79. widow of Blauvelt, d. 

1825, aged yrs. 9 mos. 

80. David D. Blauvelt, b. Feb. 11—1768, d. Jan. 7—1849, aged 80 
yrs, 10 mos. 27 ds. 

81. Maria, wife of David D. Blauvelt, died Apr. 25— 1822— aged 
49 yrs. 6 mos. 6 ds. 

82. Abraham D. Blauvelt, b. Jan. 27—1777, died Apr. 8—1864, 
aged 87 yrs. 2 mos. 11 ds. 

83. Margaret Cooper, wife of Abraham D. Blauvelt, b. July 17, 1777, 
d. Jan. 26 — 1851, aged 73 yrs. 9 mos. 9 ds. 

84. Daniel D. Blauvelt, died Mch 20—1873, aged 78 yrs. 6 mos. 
2 ds. 

85. Effey Demarest, wife of Daniel D. Blauvelt, b. Sept. 13—1798, d. 
June 9— 1861— aged 62 yrs, 8 mos. 27 ds. 

86. Harmin Blauvelt, b. May 9—1761, died Dec. 16, 1S52— aged 91 
yrs. 7 mos. 7 ds. 

87. Lisabeth Haring, wife of Blauvelt, lettering scaled, 

foot 6tone marked L. H. 

88. Jacob I. Blauvelt, d. Oct. 22—1846, aged 66 yrs, 2 mos, 8 ds. 

89. Catherine Eckerson, wife of Jacob J. Blauvelt, d. Dec. 13 — 
1856, aged 78 yrs. 7 mos. 27 ds. 

90. Maria Myers, wife of John I. Blauvelt, d. Oct. 8 — 1854, aged 
94 yrs. 2 mos. 6 ds. 

91. Jane Blauvelt, wife of Henry I. Haring, d. June 25 — 1863, aged 
85 yrs, 4 mos. 17 ds. 

92. John Blauvelt, d. Nov. 21—1842, in his 85th year. 

93. Catherine, wife of Jacob Blauvelt, died Dee. 17 — 1854) in her 
70th year. 

94. John Blauvelt, d. Jan. 22— 1S55, aged 52 yrs. 2 mos. 6 ds. 


95. Peter Perry, d. April 15 — 1884, aged 55 yrs. 11 mos. 7 days. 

96. Justin Demarest, d. Nov 1 — 1878, aged 80 yrs. 10 mos. 28 fa 

97. Margaret Haring, wife of Justin Demarest, d. Feb. 14, 1885, 
aged 82 yrs. 4 mos. 11 ds. 

98. Mary Margaret, dau. of Justin & Margaret Demarest, d. Juno 
12 — 1842, aged 13 yrs. 4 mos. 17 ds. 

99. Ann Eliza, dau. of Justin & Margaret Demarest, d. Jan. 5 — 
1848, aged 1 yr. 7 mos. 16 ds. 

100. Rachel Durie, -wife of James Demarest, d. Feb. 25, 18S3, aged 
58 yrs. 11 mos. 

101. Mary, dau. of James & Rnchcl Demarest, d. Aug. 10— 1881, 
aged 25 yrs. 10 mos. 

Children of James & Rachel Demarest 

102. Justin Henry, died Aug. 23 — 1849, aged 1 yr. 11 mos. 11 ds. 

103. Sarah Matilda, d. Jan. 9 — 1S55, aged 4 yrs. 5 mos. 25 ds. 

104. Al Hier Leght Begraaven, het Lichaem van Isaac J. Blanvelt, 
is geboren in het yaer 1754 Maert Side, overleeden 21de December 
in het yaer 1805, oud zynde 51 yeaer, 8 maenden, and 20 dagen. (copied 
in full.) 

105. Anno 1791 den 17 van July is alhior begraaven het lighaem 
van Margrietje Blauvelt, huysvrow van Theunis Helm, oud 84 yaer en 
3 maenden. 17 (H. B.)-93. (copied in full.) 

106. Anno 1791 den 26st van July is Alhier Begraaven het lighaem 
van Theunis Helm, oud 84 yaer en 9 maenden. (H. B.) (copied in 

Many rough stones without marks. 


Copied Nov. 3rd, 1912, by John NeaCe, N. Y. 

1. Samuel Titus, d. Feb. 25—1831, aged 51 yrs. 6 mos. 17 ds. 

2. Joseph Fletcher, 6on of James & Eliza Titus, b. Apr. 13 — 1850, 
d. Sep 20—1850, aged 5 mos. 8 ds. 

3. Garret T. Bering, D. May 25—1849, aged 70 yrs. 4 mos. 1 day. 

4. Cornelius Eckerson, b. Nov. 12—1755, d. Mch 13—1848, aged 92 
yrs, 4 mos. 1 day. 

5. Elizabeth Haring, wife of Cornelius Eckerson. b. Dec. 7 — 1750, 
d. Sep 19—1841, aged 81 yrs. 9 mos. 12 ds. 

6. John Eckerson, b. Mch 1—1785, d. Sep 2—1839, aged 54 yrs. 6 
mos. 1 day. , 


7. Maria Herring, wife of John C. Eckeraon, d. Apr. G — 1875, aged 
83 years, 5 months. 

8. Cornelia, dau. of John & Maria Eckorson, b. Aug. 2G — 1826, d. 
May 29—1848, aged 21 yrs. 9 mos. 3 da. 

9. Frederick Eekerson, d. Nov. 27 — 18G3, aged 48 years, 8 days. 

10. Isaac Craft, 117th N. Y. Vol. Infantry, d. May 23—1886. 

11. Henry Gardinicr, d. Apr. 23 — 1887, aged 85 yrs. 2 mos. 9 ds. 

12. Rachel liming, -wife of Henry Gardinier, b. Feb. 26, 1797 — d. 
Apr. 17—1842, aged 45 yrs. 1 mo. 22 ds. 

13. Eddie, son of Edward & Frcclove Johnson, aged 8 mos. 22 days. 
(no dates.) 

14. Celia Lockwood, wife of Russell Fisk, bor: Warwick, R. I. 
June 24 — 1794 — died at Tappan, N. J. Jan. 31 — lbj4. 

15. Abraham J. Eekerson, b. d. 

16. Caroline E. Smith, wife of Abraham J. Eekerson, b. 1827, d. 

17. J. Blanch Eekerson, d. Dec. 11—1888 aged 22 yrs. 3 mos. 
5 ds. 

18. Margareta Haring, wife of Eekerson, d. Aug. 18 — 
1899 aged 57 yrs. 5 mos. 24 ds. 

19. Meta Catherine Helmken. b. Apr. 16— 1862— d. July 6 — 1S63. 

20. Abraham Eekerson, b. Sep. 6—1770, d. May 10—1847, aged 76 
yrs. 8 mos. 4 days. 

21. Catherine Smith, wife of Abraham Eekerson, d. May 17 — 1842, 
aged 67 yrs. 10 inos. 24 ds. 

22. James A. Eekerson, d. Mch 22 — 1875, aged 68 years, 6 mos. 
23 ds. 

23. Elizabeth Blauvelt, wife of James A. Eekerson, d. Apr. 21 — 
1846, aged 34 yrs. 2 mos. 10 ds. 

24. Jane Wortendyke, wifo of James A. Eekerson, d. Mch 12 — 1883, 
aged 76 yrs. 2 mos. 9 ds. 

25. Garret Eekerson, d. Oct. 19 — 1879, aged 81 yrs. 1 mo. 3 days. 

26. Sophia Bogert, wife of Garret A. Eekerson, b. Sep 28 — 1805, d. 
Dec. 22— 1861— aged 56 yTS. 2 mos. 24 ds. 

27. Hattio S., daughter of John W. & Maria E. Eekerson, d. Dec. 
19—1886, aged 3 yrs. 2 mos. 5 ds. 

28. Our Babe. (A small .marble stouo, no dates.) 

29. Henrietta, dau. of Albert B. & Annie Eekerson, d. Mch 14—1867 
aged 9 yrs. 8 mos. 5 ds. 

30. Peter II. son of Albert B. & Annie Eekerson, d. Mch 28—1867, 
aged 7 yrs. 3 mos. 23 ds. 

31. Francis, child of Albert B. & Annie Eckorson, d. Mch 11— 1S67 
— aged 4 yrs. 6 ds. 

32. Annie, daughter of Albeit B. & Annie Eckorson, d. Mch 10 — 


33. C. E. A small brown stono. 

34. Cornelius Eckerson, b. 21 d. July 28, 1839— 

aged years, 7 days, (scaled.) 

35. Catherine Myers, wife of Cornelius Eckerson, d. June 17 — 1S92, 
aged PO yrs. 10 mos. 19 ds. 

36. Rebecca, daughter of Cornelius and Catharine Ecker.son, d. Feb. 
5 — 1842, aged 15 yrs. 9 mos. 18 ds. 

A number of unmarked graves. 

Minute on the Death of William C. Morton. 

Adopted December 4, 1916. 

Newark, New Jersey, December 4, 19] 6. 

The Board of Trustees of the New Jersey Historical So- 
ciety learned with great sorrow that on November the tenth 
their esteemed and beloved treasurer, William C. Morton, 
suddenly had been removed by death from the midst of a 
busy life. At a special meeting held on November the elev- 
enth expressions of regret at the loss to the board of a good 
friend and a faithful officer in the going of Mr. Morton were 
feelingly uttered. The board desired to go on record as sin- 
cerel} 7 lamenting their loss, and as deeply sympathizing with 
his bereaved wife and family. 

Mr. Morton was elected treasurer of the Society on No- 
vember the twenty-first in the year nineteen hundred, and 
served with peculiar efficiency, combining punctuality with 
reliability, for more than fifteen years. His marked faithful- 
ness and his genial spirit were features of his character that 
won him the confidence and the friendship of his fellow mem- 
bers of the board and of the Society. He had become a mem- 
ber of the Society on May 18, 1893. 

With grateful appreciation of his services and with sin- 
cere sympathy for his family the board through this record 
desires to keep his name in loving remembrance — as mark- 
ing a worthy Christian, a valuable citizen and a manly 

Vol. II NEW SERI] No. 2 



New Jersey Historical Society 


APRIL, 1917 

Library of the Society, West Park Street, C ik, X.J. 

Kutevcd as second class mail uiatl : at the post oflic< ;d Sotuervillc, New Jersey under the 

Act <>i August 24, 



APRIL, 1917 

1. New Light on Famous Controversy in the History of 

Euzabf.thtown, by William J. Magic, 65 

2. Archives of New Jersey, Volume Five, Second Series - 87 

3. "The State or New Jersey," by Joseph S. Frelinghuysen - 88 

4. New Jersey Revolutionary Soldiers Buried in Ohio - 0/ 

5. Revolutionary Pension Records of Morris County (Con- 

tinued) _.-_____ ._q3 

6. Jedidiah Swan's Orderly Book (Continued) - - - 118 

7. Proceedings of the Society: Minutes of the Board of 

Trustees --_--__-__ 124 

8. The Old Style Definite Article "Ye" - 128 

Published quarterly by The New Jersey Historical Society 
Joseph F. Folsom, Editor. 

Sonicrvlllo. N, J. 
PreHH of The Unionist-Gazette 


New Jersey Historical Society 

VOL. II. New Skries No 2 

New Light on Famous Controversy in the 
History of Elizabethtown 

By William J. Magie, Former Chancellor of New Jersey 

The controversy between the Associates of Elizabeth- 
town and the Proprietors of New Jersey over the title to 
the land on which the town was settled may be said to 
have begun in 1670, when the Associates refused to pay the 
quit-rents demanded by the Proprietors, and the last trace 
of it was seen when the Answer of the Associates to the 
Elizabethtown Bill in Chancery was filed in 175 1 . 

Since both of the parties to this long-pending con- 
troversy based their claims in whole or in part upon the 
right of the English King, it will be well to consider primar- 
ily what right the English King had to the soil of New 
Jersey, for no greater title could be acquired under his grant 
or letters patent than such as he rightfully had. It has 
been generally assumed by those who have written on this 
subject that the King had absolute dominion over the soil 
of New Jersey, with the power to vest a complete title in 
his grantees or patentees. During the latter part of the 
controversy the Proprietors made such claim. On the other 
hand many of those who settled in New Jersey asserted 
claims to titles based on titles procured from Indians, which 
they insisted were superior to the Proprietors' rights. Such 
a claim, however, was repudiated by the Associates. They 


insisted that a perfect title could only be created by a grant 
from the Indians under license from the King, confirmed 
by the grant of the King. 

After the feudal system was introduced in England, it 
became a maxim of the law that all lands in England were 
held mediately or immediately from the King. When lands 
were acquired outside of England the doctrine was deemed 
to be applicable but with some limitations. If the foreign 
land had been acquired by conquest, the early view seems 
to have been that the King became possessed of an absolute 
title to all the lands of the conquered nation, upon the 
ground that by his right of conquest he might take the lives 
of the conquered or banish them. This barbarous rule last- 
ed for years, and, after the conquest of Canada, the Acadi- 
ans were despoiled of the lands which they had occupied 
for a generation, and were driven into exile with only such 
property as they could carry with them. 

Lands were, however, deemed to be acquired by what 
was called the right of discovery. If the discovered land 
was uninhabited the complete dominion was recognized as 
being in the King. But if the discovered lands were inhab- 
ited, a more limited right was recognized. 

Discovery under which title could be claimed was of 
lands before unknown to the civilized world and inhabited 
only by uncivilized tribes or heathen. When such discovery 
was made by one of a nation, the reigning potentate of that 
nation claimed the right to forbid and prevent any other 
nation from trading there or from acquiring rights therein, 
and this although it incidentally deprived the inhabitants of 
liberty of action in respect to trade and intercourse. In 
like manner and with as little reason, the King claimed the 
right to license his subjects and others to acquire title to 
lands from the inhabitants and owners. Hut no such 
potentate ever claimed any such power to convey the soil 
of an inhabited country under the right of discovery, so as 
to deprive the owners of their right. It necessarily resulted 

that a complete title under these circumstances could be ac- 

1 i 


quired only by the union of the title of the owner and the 
title of the King by license or grant. 

This was the view taken by the Supreme Court of the 
United States in a case involving title under Indian grants. 

Chief Justice Marshall, in delivering the opinion, used 
the following language : 

"On the discovery of this immense continent the great 
nations of Europe were eager to appropriate to themselves 
so much of it as they could respectively acquire. Its vast 
extent offered an ample field to the ambition and enterprise 
of all ; and the character and religion of its inhabitants af- 
forded an apology for considering them as a people over 
whom the superior genius of Europe might claim an as- 
cendency. The potentates of the Old World found no diffi- 
culty in convincing themselves that they made ample com- 
pensation to the inhabitants of the New, by bestowing on 
them civilization and Christianity in exchange for unlimit- 
ed independence. But, as they were all in pursuit of nearly 
the same object, it was necessary, in order to avoid con- 
flicting settlements and consequent war with each other, 
to establish a principle which all should acknowledge as the 
law by which the right of acquisition, which they all assert- 
ed, should be regulated as between themselves. This prin- 
ciple was that discovery gave title to the governments 
by whose subjects or by whose authority it was made, 
against all other European governments, which title might 
be consummated by possession. 

"The exclusion of all other Europeans necessarily gave 
to the nation making the discovery the sole right of ac- 
quiring the soil from the natives and establishing settle- 
ments upon it. It was a right with which no Europeans 
could interfere. It was a right which all asserted for them- 
selves, and to the assertion of which, by others, all assented. 

"Those relations which were to exist between the dis- 
coverer and the natives were to be regulated by themselves. 
The rights thus acquired being exclusive, no other power 
could interpose between them. 

"In the establishment of these relations the rights of 
the original inhabitants were, in no instance, entirely dis- 
regarded, but were necessarily, to a considerable extent, im- 
paired. They were admitted to be the rightful occupants 
of the soil, with a legal as well as just claim to retain pos- 
session of it, and to use it according to their own discre- 


tion ; but their rights to complete sovereignty as indepen- 
dent nations were necessarily diminished, and their power 
to dispose of the soil at their own will to whomsoever they 
pleased was denied by the original fundamental principle 
that discovery gave exclusive title to those who made it. 

"While the ditlerent nations of Europe respected the 
right of the natives as occupants, they asserted the ultimate 
dominion to be in themselves, and claimed and exercised as 
consequence of this ultimate dominion a power to grant the soil 
while yet in possession of the natives. These grants have 
been understood by all to convey a title to the grantees, 
subject only to the Indian right of occupancy." Johnson v. 
Mcintosh, 8 Wheaton 543. 

In the New York Court of Appeals in a case involving 
an Indian title this language was used : 

''It was a necessary sequence to the claim that the sov- 
ereign had the ultimate title to the soil, that the right to ex- 
tinguish the Indian occupation was exclusively vested in 
the sovereign. The Indians were held to be incapable of alien- 
ating their lands except to the Crown, and all purchases made 
from them without its consent were regarded and treated 
as absolutely void. A grant from the Crown only conveyed 
the fee, subject to the right of Indian occupation, and when 
that was extinguished under the sanction of the Crown the 
possession then attached to the fee, and the title of the 
grantee was thereby perfected." Seneca Nation v. Christie, 
126 N. Y. Reports 122. 

There was reason, therefore, in the assertion of the 
Associates that the right of the King was largely the right 
■of pre-emption. 

History leaves no room for doubt that the sole claim 
of the Crown of England upon lands in North America was 
based upon the right of discovery. The discovery was 
claimed to have been effected by Sebastian Cabot (in the 
reign of Henry the Seventh) who sailed along the coast 
from Florida to latitude 6/°.5' north. Xo conquest had been 
made from the Indian possessors of the lands thus claimed 
by discovery. If the Dutch, who were in possession of 
parts of New York and New Jersey, had any valid claim, 
they had not been conquered or dispossessed in March, 


11664. But England never admitted a rightful possession 
of the Dutch. They made protests and objections to the 
States General of Holland against such possession. The 
! reply of Holland was that the enterprise was not that of the 

Dutch Government, but only that of the Dutch West India 
Company. It is obvious that under the prevailing rule the 
Dutch inhabitants were intruders in a land discovered by 
another power, and, if their intrusion was not supported by 
a license from the King, they were subject to expulsion. 

On March 12, 1664, Charles the Second, then King of 
Great Britain, by letters patent, granted to his brother 
James, then Duke of York, great tracts of land in North 
America, one of which included the whole of New Jersey. 
The grant was in the nature of an ordinary conveyance of 
land described in fee simple, to be holden of the King "as 
of our manor in East Greenwich, in the County of Kent, 
in free and common socage." By the same letters patent 
there was granted to the Duke of York and his heirs, 
deputies, agents, commissioners and assigns absolute power 
to govern all the King's subjects who should adventure 
themselves in the said lands or should thereafter inhabit 
the same. The Duke was also empowered to constitute and 
confirm Governors and officers within said lands, and to or- 
dain and establish orders, laws, directions, instructions, 
forms and ceremonies of government and magistracy for 
the government of said lands. Such Governors and officers 
were to have power to exercise martial law in as simple a 
manner as the lieutenants of counties in England had. The 
Duke was also granted power to admit persons to trade 
within said lands and to have and possess any lands therein 
according to the laws made and established by virtue of the 
letters patent and under such conditions as the Duke should 
appoint. It was further made lawful for the Duke, his heirs 
and assigns, to transport to the said lands any of the King's 
subjects, or any other strangers not prohibited, that would 
become the King's loving subjects, with such things as 
were necessary for the use and defense of the inhabitants 
and the carrying on of trade with the people there. There 


was further granted to the Duke and every Governor or 
officer appointed by him authority of government over the 
inhabitants of the said lands, the right to repel or expel 
therefrom every person who should attempt to inhabit them 
without a special license of the Duke, his heirs and assigns. 
It is obvious that such rights as the King had by virtue 
of discovery in the soil of America were transferred to the 
Duke of York in fee. It is also obvious that the King in- 
tended to endow the Duke and his heirs with some of the 
Royal Prerogatives of Government. When a similar grant 
by James the First was under consideration in the English 
House of Lords, Lord Westbury declared that such a grant 
was surprising and unheard of. He said : 

"There is delegated in terms (whether good or not in 
law is another question), but in terms there is delegated to 
a subject the right of exercising Royal prerogatives, the 
right of dealing out grants of immense territory, and I 
presume the corresponding right of exercising all the pow- 
ers and duties of Government over an extent of land equal 
in dimensions to some Kingdoms." Alexander v. Officers of 
State for Scotland, L. R., I Sc. and Div. App. Cas. 276, 286. 

Notwithstanding such a criticism upon such a grant 
by so eminent a Judge, I suppose that it conceded 
in the examination of the matter that the Duke of York ac- 
quired not only a right to the soil, such as the prevailing 
doctrine permitted the King to have, but also the right that 
the King had to select and license such persons as he chose 
to acquire an Indian title, which, with a grant from the 
Duke, would make a complete title to the lands in New 

The Duke of York, having acquired such rights and 
powers as were conferred upon him by the letters patent 
of March the 12th, 1664, commissioned Richard Nicolls, 
Esquire, to be his Deputy Governor within the lands grant- 
ed, to perform all the powers that were granted by the let- 
ters patent, to be executed by the Duke's deputy, agent or 
assigns. His commission was dated April 2nd, 1664. At 


that time parts of New York and New Jersey were oc- 
cupied by the Dutch settlers under the Dutch West India 
Company. Those settlers did not pretend to have made 
their settlement under the authority of the States General 
of Holland, nor under any license under the King - of Eng- 
land. It is clear that under the right of discovery they 
were trespassers that the King of England might eject. 
The Duke of York, being at that time the Lord High Ad- 
miral of England, sent out four vessels of the King's fleet 
and with them went Nicolls (who was a Colonel in the 
army) and four hundred and fifty soldiers. It is somewhat 
•doubtful who was in command of the fleet, but it was either 
Sir Robert Carr or Col. Nicolls. A commission consisting 
of Sir Robert Carr, Col. Nicolls, Sir George Cartwright and 
Samuel Maverick went along, who were empowered to 
settle boundaries and consider the general welfare of the 

The fleet sailed from Portsmouth in May following 
and arrived in the harbor of New York on the 30th of Au- 
gust. The Dutch Government submitted to the force and 
on September 8th Col. Nicolls and Sir Robert Carr landed 
their force of soldiers and took possession. The Dutch set- 
tlers were not ejected from the lands they occupied or de- 
prived of their liberties. They apparently submitted at once 
to the government established by Col. Nicolls. 

After Col. Nicolls established the English power, he 
issued a proclamation publishing the terms, upon observ- 
ing which the inhabitants of the Provinces of New York 
and New Jersey might acquire property in lands in either 
Province. The proclamation was under his commission 
from the Duke of York and by virtue of the powers and 
authority vested in him by the Duke. It was entitled thus: 
""The conditions for new planters in the territories of His 
Royal Highness, the Duke of York." 

The first condition shows that the necessity of acquir- 
ing an Indian title by purchase from them was recognized, 
for it declares that purchases were to be made from the 
Indian Sachems and recorded before the Governor. Pur- 


chasers were not to pay the Governor for the liberty of 
purchasing. They were to set out a town and inhabit to- 
gether, and no purchaser should at any time contract for 
himself with any Sachem without the consent of his Associ- 
ates or special warrant from the Governor. Purchasers 
were to be free from all manner of assessments or rates for 
five years after the town plot was set out. Thereafter they 
were only to be liable to public rates according to the 
customs of the inhabitants, both English and Dutch. Lands 
thus purchased and possessed should remain to the pur- 
chasers and their heirs as free lands to dispose of at their 
pleasure. Liberty of conscience was thereby allowed in all 
the territories of the Duke, provided such liberty was not 
converted to licentiousness, or the disturbance of others in 
the exercise of the Protestant religion. The several town- 
ships were to have liberty to make their particular laws and 
decide all small cases within themselves. After other mat- 
ters, the proclamation ended by providing that every town- 
ship should have the free choice of their officers, both civil 
and military, and all men that should take the oath of 
allegiance, who were not servants or day laborers, but per- 
mitted to enjoy a town lot, were to be esteemed free men 
of the jurisdiction, who could not forfeit that character 
without due process of law. 

It may be noted in passing how succinctly the main 
features of the Grants and Concessions of the Proprietors 
afterward promulgated are expressed in this proclamation. 
There is the right to acquire an absolute title in land ; the 
right to enjoy liberty of conscience; the right to legislate 
and adjudicate and to choose their own officers and not 
to be deprived of any such privilege except by due process 
of law. 

The date at which this proclamation was published 
does not clearly appear, but, on the 16th of September, 
1664, six men from Jamaica, Long Island, petitioned Col. 
Nicolls to grant them liberty to purchase and settle a 
parcel of land upon the river "called Cull River." This, no 


doubt, was what was then otherwise called Achtercull, and 
which is now called Newark Bay. 

On the 30th of September, 1664, Col. Nicolls, in writ- 
ing, consented to the proposals of the petition and promised 
to give the "Undertakers" all due encouragement in so good 
a work. These "undertakers" were John Bailies (Baily), 
Daniel Denton, Thomas Benydick, John Foster, Nathaniel 
Denton and Luke Watson. 

Pursuant to the authority and license thus given, John 
Baily, Daniel Denton and Luke Watson purchased a tract 
of land and procured a conveyance thereof, dated October 
28, 1664. The grantors named in the deed were Matano, 
Manamowane and Cowescomen, of Staten Island. Of these 
grantors Matano alone executed the deed. There were two 
others who signed the deed by making a mark, but who 
were not apparently the grantors. The lands thereby con- 
veyed were described as follows : "Bounded on the south 
by a river commonly called the Raritons River and on the 
east by the river that parts Staten Island and the Main and 
to run northward up After Cull Bay till we come to the 
first river that sets westward up After Cull Bay aforesaid, 
and to run west into the country twice the length as it is 
broad from the north to the south of the aforementioned 
bounds." The grant was to Baily, Denton and Watson 
with their Associates and the habendum to the same per- 
sons, their associates, executors and assigns. The consider- 
ation was twenty fathoms of trading cloth, two made coats, 
two guns, two kettles, ten bars of lead and twenty hand- 
fuls of powder. The grantees covenated, however, to pay 
therefor 400 fathoms of white wampum after a year from 
the day of entry of the grantees upon the land. 

By a deed dated December 1st, 1664, Col. Nicolls, 
as Governor under the Duke of York, after reciting the 
purchase of Baily, Denton and Watson by the Indian deed, 
confirmed and granted to John Baker, John Ogden, John 
Baily and Luke Watson, their associates, heirs, executors, 
administrators and assigns, the same tract of land, by the 
description contained in the Indian deed. The habendum 


was to the four parties named, subject to the payment to 
the Duke or his assigns, a certain rent "according to the 
customary rate of the country for new plantations." It 
was therein provided that the grantees should settle planta- 
tions on the lands granted with all convenient speed and 
that no other person should have liberty to do so, except 
the grantees should neglect the planting agreed on. It was 
further recited that the persons planting said lands should 
have equal freedom, immunities and privileges with any of 
His Majesty's subjects in any of his colonies in America. 
The grantees and their associates were given liberty to 
purchase of the natives or others who have the propriety 
thereof as far as Snake Hill. The confirming grant by Col. 
Nicholls recites the Indian deed to Baily, Denton and Wat- 
son, but confirms the title to Baily and Watson, and John 
Baker and John Ogden. It is a conceded fact that Baker 
and Ogden had bought from Denton his title. 

According to the recognized doctrine with respect to 
the acquisition of title to lands in countries that had been 
discovered by English subjects, it seems clear that the title 
of Baker and the other Associates was complete. Under a 
license from the representative and deputy of the Duke of 
York, empowered by him to execute the authority conferred 
upon the Duke in determining who should be admitted to 
settle within the Duke's Dominions, they had purchased the 
Indian title to the Elizabethtown tract, they had recorded 
the deed before the Governor, and he had granted and con- 
firmed to them the tract in fee for themselves and their 
Associates. Unless there was some flaw in some of the 
various steps taken, or unless the Duke of York's deputy 
had been deprived in whole or in part of his authority to act, 
the title seems to be unassailable. 

In June, 1664, the Duke of York conveyed New Jer- 
sey to John, Lord Berkeley, and Sir George Carteret. The 
conveyance purported to be by lease and release under the 
Statute of Uses. The lease was dated June 23rd. the release 
June 24th, 1664. This was two months after the commis- 
sion given to Col. Richard Nicolls and after his departure 


with the squadron destined to bring New York into subjec- 
tion. The confirmatory release was of that sort then used 
for the conveyance of lands. It recited the grant to the 
Duke by the King's letters patent, so far as that trans- 
mitted to the Duke the title to lands. No specific considera- 
tion was named therein, but it was declared to be in con- 
sideration of a competent sum of good and lawful money. 
The granting clause granted, bargained, released and con- 
firmed to Berkeley and Carteret the whole of New Jersey, 
declaring that the tract was thereafter to be called New 
Caesarea, or New Jersey, with all the rivers, mines, min- 
erals, woods, fishings, hawking, hunting and fowling and 
all other royalties, profits, commodities and hereditaments 
appertaining to said lands, in as full and ample manner as 
the same had been granted to the Duke of York. The 
habendum was of the said tract with its appurtenances to 
Berkeley and Carteret, their heirs and assigns forever, yield- 
ing therefor to the Duke yearly twenty nobles of royal 
money of England, if the same should be lawfully demanded 
at or in the Inner Temple Hall, London, at the feast of St. 
Michael the Archangel. 

Carteret Commissioned Governor. 

On the ioth day of February, i66-L-'65, Berkeley and 
Carteret commissioned Philip Carteret as Governor over 
the lands thus conveyed to them, with power to nominate 
a Council, consisting of not more than twelve or less than 
six, unless the constituents should choose all or any of such 
Council. On the same day Berkeley and Carteret issued 
what they called the Concessions and Agreements of the 
Lords Proprietors of New Ca?sarea, or New Jersey, to and 
with all and every the adventurers and all such as shall 
settle or plant there. 

As such title to lands as was thus conveyed was all 
that title that the King originally had by right of discovery, 
that was the title alone which Berkley and Carteret ac- 


It is obvious that it would have been impracticable to 
confer title upon purchasers coming to plant or settle in 
New Jersey by actual conveyances from Berkeley and Car- 
teret. The long distance and the slow transmission of let- 
ters and papers seemed to forbid such an attempt. It is 
true that they might have constituted their new Governor 
their attorney in fact to make the necessary conveyances. 
But they did not do so. On the contrary they devised a 
very ingenious scheme which, if their title to the lands in 
New Jersey be considered by itself, lacked legal correctness. 
The scheme which they set out for the general planters and 
purchasers was this : The Governor and Council, with the 
General Assembly (if there was any) were to divide all 
lands and the Governor was to issue a warrant, directing 
the Surveyor-General to lay out such a number of acres 
as the person applying for was entitled to ; the Surveyor- 
General should then certify to the Chief Secretary or Regis- 
ter the location and number of acres laid out, and thereon a 
warrant should issue directing the Chief Secretary to pre- 
pare a grant of such land to the purchaser in fee, yielding, 
however, and paying yearly, on March 25, one-half penny 
of legal money of England for every acre. To this grant 
the Governor was given power to put the seal of said 
Province and to subscribe his name ; the major part of the 
Council were to subscribe their names ; the grant was then 
to be recorded and was declared to be effectual in law for 
the enjoyment of the lands on payment of the rents afore- 
said. It is to be noted that the first payment of rent was 
fixed by the terms of the concession for March 25, 1670. 

Opportunity for Litigation. 

A comparison of the dates above stated discloses the 
opportunity for serious litigation over the title to the lands 
contained in the Indian deed and Nicolls grant. The Duke 
of York had commissioned Col. Nicolls on April 2, 1664, 
and given him authority to settle the tracts which the King 
had granted the Duke. On the 24th day of the succeeding 


June, while Nicolls must have been upon the ocean, the 
Duke executed the lease and release to Berkeley and Car- 
teret; and Nicolls, undoubtedly without any knowledge of 
that grant, in September, 1664, licensed the Indian pur- 
chase, and after the purchase had been made, conhrmed it 
by his grant on December 1, 1664. 

Apparently no effort was made by the Duke to protect 
the interest of any who by virtue of his commission to Col. 
Nicolls had dealt with him and expended money in the 
purchase and settlement of lands in New Jersey ; nor does 
the Duke seem to have made any strenuous effort to give no- 
tice of his transfer of title to Berkeley and Carteret as, by a 
letter from him to Col. Lovelace, afterward Governor of New 
York, dated Nov. 25th, 1672, he stated that he wrote to Col. 
Nicolls signifying his transfer of New Jersey on the 28th 
of November, 1664, which was two days before Col. Nicolls 
confirmed the grant to the Associates. 

Although the Duke of York seemed to ignore the possi- 
bility that purchases might be made, under his instructions 
to Colonel Nicolls, before the latter was notified of the con- 
veyance of New Jersey to Carteret and Berkeley, there is 
strong reason to suppose that the Proprietors considered 
that possibility and provided for it. When the contest be- 
tween them and the Associates was at its height, the Duke 
wrote a letter to Col. Lovelace, then his Deputy in America. 
The latter was dated November 25, 1672, and will be here- 
after noticed. For present purposes it is sufficient to say 
that the Duke commanded Lovelace to aid the Proprietors 
in the contest. On the 15th of May, 1673, Governor Love- 
lace produced the letter before his Executive Council and 
the following entry was made : 

"The Duke's letter dated November 25th read relat- 
ing to New Jersey. 

"A letter from the Lord Berkeley and Sir George Car- 
teret to recommend the affayers of New Jersey to the Gov- 

"Coll. Nicolls Patents to Elizabeth Town and Xevis- 
ans now made void by the Duke. 


"A letter from the Lords Proprietors to Coll. Nicolls 
confirming- his Patents before Captain Philip Carterets 
Arrival being objected the state of the case to be returned 
to His Royal Highness." 

Col. Lovelace and his Letter. 

Colonel Lovelace was a man of intelligence and honor. 
It is evident that he had produced a letter from the Pro- 
prietors to Nicolls before Carteret's arrival, which he con- 
strued as confirming the Associates' title. A thorough 
search has been made in the archives of New York, but the 
letter has not been found. It may be conjectured plausibly 
that it was returned to the Duke as part of the "State of the 
Case." It never appeared in any part of the contest and the 
Associates were doubtless ignorant of it. 

As the primary purpose of my investigation is to dis- 
cover if possible the grounds upon which Baker and his 
Associates resisted for so long a period the claims asserted 
by persons high in authority and strong in influence, both 
with the King and the Duke of York, who soon after be- 
came the King, I refrain at the present from expressing any 
opinion upon the legal aspect of the controversy. To deter- 
mine the motives of the Associates we must discover what 
they did in settling their tract and laying out the founda- 
tion of Elizabethtown on the banks of the Kill von Kull 
and the Elizabeth River. The sources of information are 
meagre. There can be no doubt that the Associates made 
records of the organization and of their successive acts in 
books kept for that purpose. 

If these books were accessible doubtless they would 
give a vivid picture of the birth and growth of the new 
settlement. But, unfortunately, those books have disap- 
peared, and in all probability have been destroyed. We are 
driven to other sources from which inferences may be 
drawn, as to what was done by the Associates in organizing 
and settling the town. 

In 1745, more than eighty years after the Indian Grant 
and Nicolls deed, the Proprietors filed in the Court of 


Chancery of New Jersey the Bill which has obtained the 
name of the Elizabethtown Bill in Chancery. Some four 
or five years afterwards the Associates filed an Answer to 
the Bill which seems to have been put in by all those who 
represented the original purchasers and who claimed rights 
in Elizabethtown under them. Facts stated in the Bill and 
admitted in the Answer may fairly be inferred to be truth- 
ful, and to justify reliance on what is there stated and ad- 
mitted as to the conduct of the Associates. 

Another Source of Information. 

There is another source from which valuable informa- 
tion may be obtained. It seems to have escaped the atten- 
tion of some of the local historians who have dealt with the 
subject, and not to have received from others who knew 
of its existence the attention it deserves. 

After much litigation in the Courts of New Jersey over 
the title and after the discovery of the loss of the books of 
record, a meeting of the Associates, calling themselves 
Freeholders of Elizabethtown, was held on the 2nd of Au- 
gust, 1720, and it was unanimously agreed to open a new 
book, "to be improved to be a book of records for the use 
and behoof of the freeholders of Elizabethtown." At the 
same meeting Samuel Whitehead was chosen as town clerk 
and a committee of seven men was selected, to whom the 
freeholders assembled granted full power to act for them in 
matters touching the settlement of their rights and pro- 
perties claimed by force of grants and purchase under Gov- 
ernor Richard Nicolls. There was entered in the said book 
afterward records of meetings and transactions and a pretty 
full narrative is contained in an affidavit made by Samuel 
Whitehead (who is recited therein as having been more 
than thirty years the clerk of Elizabethtown) of all the 
matters concerning the purchase, the admission of Associ- 
ates with Baker, Ogden, Baily and Watson, the original 
purchasers and the nature of the divisions arranged for by 
the Associates. 


It may be fairly inferred that the Associates were 
advised that something more was necessary for the protec- 
tion of their titles as Associates. There is entered at the 
other end of the book a valuable document dated November 
18, 1729, signed by 113 (of whom only 12 made their mark) 
claiming Associate rights. This document was the work 
undoubtedly of a sound legal mind. It recites the commis- 
sion of Nicolls, his conditions on which purchases of lands 
could be made, his license and the confirmatory deed of 
Nicolls. It names those who became Associates with the 
original grantees and those that were admitted afterward in 
1699. ft sets out tnat tne Associates had, at diverse times, 
met and agreed upon divisions of the lands in question 
among themselves, the surveys of which were entered in 
books kept for that purpose by the town clerk, and that the 
surveys were intended to convey to the persons who had 
obtained them an estate in severalty in fee simple. 

It then avers the loss of those books, so that the bene- 
fit to be derived from the record was frustrated, but that, as 
the original surveys were existing, it was thereby agreed 
that such divisions and surveys, and also such as might 
thereafter be agreed upon, should be perpetuated, and 
should be also entered in this book, and it was declared 
that such entry should be as effectual at law for transfer- 
ring an estate in severalty to the persons who had previous- 
ly or might thereafter obtain surveys as if a partition had 
been made by indenture under the hands and seals of all the 
parties interested, or as if the same had been done in other 
authentic or legal manner. 

It is noteworthy that this document was actually signed 
in the book by many of the original Associates, and by the 
descendants of such. One of the signers was the Rev. 
Jonathan Dickinson. There were wax seals to each of the 
signers except five. As the impressions on the seals differ, 
it is a fair inference that they were signed at different 

After the document the book contains records of the 
meetings of the Associates, and of the appointment of com- 


mittees to protect their interests, particularly to inspect and 
determine the validity of the surveys that should be offered 
for record. Thereafter follow the entry of many surveys, 
and the last record is dated January 25, 1788, and is of a 
survey dated December 3, 1764. 

Decisive Evidence of Acts of the Associates. 

It seems incontestable that this book furnishes im- 
portant and decisive evidence of the acts of the Associates. 
The book is now in the Library of Princeton University. 

From these sources there may be derived, in my judg- 
ment, a fair picture of the acts of the antagonistic parties 
after the execution of Nicolls' confirmatory grant. It is 
conceded on the part of the Proprietors that, very shortly 
after obtaining that grant, the grantees entered upon the 
lands and founded the settlement. Before the summer of 
1665 at least four houses were erected by them, and, it may 
be assumed, were occupied by them and their families. 
These houses, according to tradition, were built along the 
river, probably all on the north side of it and east of the 
present Broad street. Possibly one or more of them might 
have been on the south side of the river. 

About the first of August, 1665, there appeared to these 
settlers Philip Carteret, holding the commission of Lord 
Berkeley and Sir George Carteret, as Governor of New Jer- 
sey. He had arrived in New York on the ship Philip, on 
July 29th, 1665, and there, no doubt, received information 
from Col. Nicolls of the grant that had been made by him 
and of the settlement begun under that grant. It is unlikely 
that he had previously known of Nicolls' grant. At all 
events he proceeded to Elizabethtown Point with his ship. 
lie had brought on that ship a number of proposed settlers, 
some thirty in all, together with provisions and implements 
suitable for use in forming a settlement. 

According to tradition he was met at the landing by 
settlers already there. As the ship was of considerable ton- 
nage it is probable that the landing was at the point. From 


the landing he went, accompanied by the previous settlers,, 
to the place where the houses had been located. Whether 
the story is mythical or not is uncertain, it is improbable 
that he marched from the Point carrying a hoe on his shoul- 
der to indicate that he intended to be a planter in the new land. 

It is most likely that the Associate Settlers for the first 
time ascertained at the landing of Governor Carteret that 
the Duke of York had conveyed New Jersey to Berkeley 
and Carteret. Yet it does not appear that the new Gov- 
ernor asserted any right to dispossess the settlers already 
there and claiming to possess the land under the Indian 
deed and Nicolls' grant. On the contrary the Governor 
settled among them and purchased the rights of John Baily 
in the lands. In order to be able to make such purchase, 
he had to obtain the consent and approbation of the other 
Associates. By Nicolls' grant it was provided that none 
should have liberty to settle thereon without such consent 
and approbation. Doubtless he was duly admitted as an 
Associate, and his name now appears as such in the book 
in the Library at Princeton. 

At some subsequent period the original Associates and 
other new settlers who had been admitted as Associates, 
including Governor Carteret, met and determined to admit 
in the settlement 80 families, with the privilege of extend- 
ing the number to 100 if it afterwards seemed proper. The 
inhabitants took the oath of allegiance, and included therein 
was a stipulation that they were to be true and faithful to 
the Lords Proprietors and the Government of this Province 
of New Jersey. It is to be noted that the government of the 
Province was then claimed to be in the Lords Proprietors. 

The terms for settling the town were these: Each in- 
habitant was to have a home lot in the town of four acres 
and a "pittle," or additional two acres, more or less. There- 
after divisions of the common property were to be made 
from time to time among the Associates. The plan devised 
for such divisions was the surveying, under the direction 
of the Associates, of lots within the purchase and the di- 


vision of the same to individual settlers in proportion to 
their contribution to the cost of the purchase and the set- 
tlement. Those who contributed the least had what is called 
a First Lot Right. Others who contributed more had a 
Second Lot Right, or a Third Lot Right ; the Second Lot 
Right being twice as much, and the Third Lot Right being 
three times as much as a First Lot Right. When surveys 
had been made by the direction of the Associates, a First 
Lot Right man acquired a title in severalty to one lot, a 
Second Lot Right man acquired a title to two lots, and a 
Third Lot Right man acquired a title in severalty to three 
lots. The surveys were returned to the Associates and 
entered in the books of record. 

As the legal title was in the original grantees, this 
scheme for severance of title could only be effective with 
the consent of the original grantees, given by a satisfactory 
instrument. It is possible that such a consent was entered 
in their books of record and signed and sealed by the orig- 
inal grantees. It is interesting to notice that this mode of 
providing for a severance of title resembles that adopted 
by the Lords Proprietors themselves, and provided for in 
the Concessions. But there was this marked difference. The 
Associates' plan provided for a severance among all the 
purchasers from time to time and in different proportions. 

Before 1670 two such divisions were made. By the 
first six acres were set off to First Lot Right men and 
twelve acies and eighteen acres to Second and Third Lot 
Right men, respectively. By the second division twelve 
acres were set off to First Lot Right men and twenty-four 
acres and thirty-six acres to Second and Third Lot Right 
men, respectively. Governor Carteret took part in these 
divisions and accepted the lots thereby alloted to him, and 
he was a Third Lot Right man. No divisions were after- 
ward made until 1699, which was about the time the con- 
troversy began. 

After the arrival of Philip Carteret and those with 
him and their union with the settlers who were already es- 
tablished, the new settlement grew with a rapidity quite 


unusual in those times. Settlers came from Long Island 
and the east and the number allotted by the agreement of 
the Associates was made up. Houses were built and a 
church was erected. None of the settlers appear to have 
been requested to take title under the Proprietors' Conces- 
sions for some years. Titles were taken by Philip Carteret 
under his Third Lot Right and by several of his friends who 
had become Associates. 

The town was made the capital of the government, 
and, on the 30th of May, 1668, the first Legislature met 
here, and, having read an act relating to crimes, which it 
seems had been presented by the Governor and Council, 
they referred the matter to the next session, to be held on 
the third of November of the same year. That meeting was 
held at Elizabethtown and passed several acts. It is prob- 
able that other meetings were held afterward, but none are 
contained in the collection of Learning and Spicer, the next 
meeting reported by them having taken place on the 5th of 
November, 1675. 

The amicable relations between the Governor and the 
settlers were maintained until about the year 1669. The 
Governor and his friends were admitted as Associates, and 
acquired rights according to the Associates' agreements. 
The conduct of the Governor during that time was probably 
the ground upon which, after the death of Sir George Car- 
teret, his widow and others interested charged him with 
having connived at the purchase from Indians. The Gov- 
ernor issued a declaration just before he left for England, 
denying reports tending to indicate that he had been un- 
faithful to the Lords Proprietors of the country. 

The period of good feeling was brought to a close in 
1670. By the concession of the Lords Proprietors, all set- 
tlers were entitled to hold their lands free from rent until 
1670. When that period arrived the Elizabethtown Associ- 
ates were astonished to have the rent of one halfpenny 
an acre demanded of them, as if they had acquired title 
under the Concessions. It was then perceived, probably 


for the first time, that they were to be called on to submit 
to the title of the Proprietors. 

About this time Governor Carteret conveyed to Richard 
Mitchell. a tract of land in the town for a house lot. Mitchell 
had not been admitted as an Associate. The Associates at 
a meeting on June 19th, 1671, determined that Richard 
Mitchell should not enjoy his lot given him by the Governor 
and that some one should go the next morning and pull up 
his fence. This summary mode of enforcing the rights of 
the Associates resulted in a riot, for which several persons 
were afterward indicted and fined. The public became so 
inflamed that courts were resisted, jails were broken open 
and the authority of the Governor contemned. The affairs 
of the Province were in a state of confusion and the Gov- 
ernor and some of his friends went to England in 1672. 

In May, 1673, ms friends returned, bringing the letter 
of the Duke of York to Lovelace, of November 25, 1672, 
and a letter from Charles the Second, bearing date Decem- 
ber 9th, 1672, to Berry, the Deputy Governor and the Coun- 
cil. The Duke's letter is printed on page 31 of Learning 
and Spicer. It declared that his letter to Col. Nicolls, of 
November 25, 1664, required him to aid Berkley and Car- 
teret in the possession of New Jersey. It went on to recite 
that under pretended grants from Col. Nicolls some con- 
tentious persons claimed lands, which claims the Duke 
asserted were posterior to his grant to Berkeley and Car- 
teret; and then directed Governor Lovelace to assist the 
Proprietors in maintaining the possession of New Jersey. 
The King's letter commanded all persons to submit and be 
obedient to the laws and government established by the 
Proprietors under pain of his high displeasure. 

The pressure upon the Associates was so great that 
they yielded so far as to take out warrants for surveys. 
This act, however, did not bind them to the payment of 
rent. Under the Concessions when the surveys were re- 
turned a grant was made, subject to the payment of rent. 
When that was accepted the acceptor became bound. Of 
those who applied for surveys many declined to proceed 


further and never took out the grants, and still resisted the 
payment of rent. 

It was evident to both sides that the question could 
not be settled by any violence short of a revolution. Re- 
course was therefore had, after some years, to the courts. 

In 1693, one Fullerton, claiming under the Proprietors, 
brought an action of ejectment against one Jeoffrey Jones, 
who was one of the Associates and claimed title under 
them. The cause was tried at Perth Amboy in May, 1695, 
and a special verdict was rendered upon which the court 
entered judgment against Jones. 

Under a provision of the Concessions, Jones took an 
appeal to the King in Council and the appeal was heard 
before a committee, one of whom was Chief Justice Holt. 
After hearing argument the judgment was reversed. Un- 
fortunately the ground of reversal does not appear, for no 
reports of the Privy Council were at that time printed. The 
counsel for the Associates was William Nicolls, who made 
an affidavit, a copy of which appears in the Answer in 
Chancery. He asserts that the whole dispute was whether 
Col. Nicolls might not grant license to any subjects of Eng- 
land to purchase lands from the native pagans, and if, upon 
such license and purchase, they should gain a property in 
the lands, and that those questions were decided in the 
affirmative and the judgment was reversed for that reason. 

It may perhaps be doubtful whether the Privy Council 
had declared such a reason for their reversal, because the 
Proprietors began to harass the Associates by a large num- 
ber of actions questioning the title to the Elizabethtown 

It would serve no useful purpose to follow the course 
of litigation. In general the decisions were adverse to 
the Associates. The Judges were appointed by the 
Proprietors and some of them were Proprietors. This 
seemed to the Associates to explain the continual adverse 
decisions. It excited their feeling and induced them to 
unite in a petition to the King. The petition is in Learning 
and Spiccr, page 689, and was signed by sixty-five of the 


Associates. It is not dated, but shows that it was made 
-after the death of Charles II, and after the reversal of 
Fullerton v. Jones. They boldly attack the courts and their 
right to take jurisdiction, and prayed that the King would 
either place the petitioners under the government of New- 
York and grant to the New York courts power to act in 
East Jersey, or appoint indifferent judges to administer jus- 
tice between the Associates and the Proprietors. 
[To be Continued] 

Archives of New Jersey, Volume Five, 
Second Series 

Continuing its work under an appropriation from the State 
the Historical Society has published Volume Five, Second Ser- 
ies, of the Archives, which contains extracts relating to New 
Jersey, mostly from the "New Jersey Gazette," in dates from 
October, 1780, to July, 1782. The period covers the closing 
j"ears of the Revolution, and from the contemporary accounts 
of that historic period thus brought availably together much of 
interest and of value may be gleaned. Local celebrations over 
the surrender of Cornwallis are reported, and many other mat- 
ters of the "War. The proclamation of Governor William Liv- 
ingston appointing December 13, 1781, as a day of thanksgiv- 
ing for the State, is among the documents reported in full. 

The value of newspaper extracts for historical and genealog- 
ical purposes has long been recognized by the Historical So- 
ciety, and the importance of publishing such extracts, espec- 
ially those of early dates taken from rare and unavailable 
papers, has also been so fully recognized that with the present 
publication fourteen volumes have been issued, extending from 
1704 to 1782, with a gap including the years of 1774 and 1775 
still to be filled. The whole life of a people is more or less 
touched by the newspaper, and by no other medium is the at- 
mosphere of the past so well brought back. 

Professor Austin Scott, LL.D., of Rutgers College, one of 
the members of the Society's Committee on Colonial Docu- 
ments, has edited the volume and written the Preface. It con- 
tains 490 pages, including a copious Index. 

" The State of New Jersey " 

[Address delivered by Hon. Joseph S. Frelingrhuyscn, March 17. 1917,. 
before- the Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, at Montclair, in response to the 
toast, "The State of New Jersey"]. 

Mr. Toastmaster and Gentlemen: I feel deeply honored 
in that you have accorded me the distinction of replying to 
this toast, the State of New Jersey. I shall attempt — though 
I shall doubtless fail — to do justice to this inviting theme : 
the Commonwealth of our loves and hopes. 

Of this splendid Commonwealth, we, her sons, are 
everlastingly proud. Yet it has ever seemed to me that we, 
and our forefathers before us, have been almost cruelly 
negligent in our duty in proclaiming to the world the para- 
mount services of the citizens of New Jersey in the forma- 
tion and development of the nation. We have played no 
minor role in empire building, yet we have been unduly 
modest, or criminally remiss, in demanding from our sister 
States a full recognition of our place in the scheme of 
evolutionary development as a nation. 

Unfortunately, we are sandwiched in between two 
great Commonwealths, and two great cities of those Com- 
monwealths. Repeatedly, the achievements of our dis- 
tinguished men have been, in the course of time, obliterated, 
or at least obscured by methods employed by New York 
and Pennsylvania chroniclers, to blazon to the world the 
deeds of their own sons, at the expense of those of New 
Jersey, not one wit less eminent or less forceful factors in 
history-making. This has been our own fault, and from 
henceforth let us refuse to take a back-seat at the behests 
01 as a result of the methods of our neighbors across the 
North and the Delaware rivers. 


First, let us not forget New Jersey was not only 
settled years before Pennsylvania, but the first Europeans 
to locate on our own home soil arrived here at least two 
years prior to the landing of the Pilgrims on Plymouth 
Rock. Do not forget that, men of New Jersey, though we 
have had no Longfcllows, Whittiers, or Lowells to laud in 
verse the beginnings of our dearly loved State. 

It was in 1618, a quarter of a century before William 
Penn was born, that the first European settlers established 
themselves in the wilds of what is now Bergen County. 
These original colonists were members of the little band of 
Dutch pioneers, who had located in what is now New York 
State about four years previously. 

As it was not my good fortune to be born of Irish 
lineage — if I had been consulted in the matter the result 
might have been different — I am proud of the fact that I 
came of the same stock which originally peopled our much- 
beloved State. 

In 1623, five years after the colonization of North Jer- 
sey, another band of Dutch pioneers located in South Jer- 
sey, under the leadership of Captain Cornelius Jacobsen 
Mey, after whom Cape May takes its name. 

The ablest of all of New Jersey's historians, the late 
William Nelson, of Paterson, describes the early Dutch emi- 
grants as "the first settlers of our State, the sturdy pioneers 
who here planted the original banner of civilization, of re- 
ligious and political liberty; who offered free asylum to 
all men and all women without questioning their views; 
who respected every man's religious faith as a matter be- 
tween himself and his God." 

Such were the founders of the Commonwealth, and we 
should ever thank God that from such an inspiration our 
State had its birth. 

Following the Dutch in 1638 — and this, too, was prior 
to the birth of William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania 
— came the Swedes, who settled on both sides of the Del- 
aware, their colony extending from Capes May and Hen- 
lopcn to the point where is now located our State Capitol. 


The Swedes, like the Dutch, were a simple-minded, 
industrious, law-abiding, religious people. Governor Printz, 
who came over in 1643, engaged to keep the new settlement 
safe from foreign and domestic enemies, to preserve amity, 
good neighborhood and reciprocity with foreigners, with 
his own people and with the savages, and, to employ the 
phraseology of that day, ''to render justice without dis- 
tinction so that there may be no injury to any man." 

It was in 1664 that the English assumed jurisdiction 
of the territory now embraced within the limits of New 
Jersey, under the joint control of Lord John Berkeley and 
Sir George Carteret, and from them we derived our first 
Constitution, which embraced this notable clause: 

"That no person qualified as aforesaid within the said 
Province at any time shall be in any ways molested, punish- 
ed, disquieted or called in question for any difference in 
opinion or practice in matters of religious concernments, 
who do not actually disturb the civil peace of the said 
Province : but that all and every such person and persons 
may, from time to time, and at all times, freely and fully 
have and enjoy his and their judgments and consciences 
in matters of religion throughout the said Province, they 
behaving themselves peaceably and quietly, and not using 
their liberty to licentiousness, nor to the civil injury or out- 
ward disturbance of others; any law, statute or clause con- 
tained, or to be contained, usage or custom of this realm of 
England to the contrary thereof in anywise notwithstand- 

Twelve or thirteen years later, in 1677, came the settle- 
ment of the Quakers in South Jersey, or West New Jersey, 
as it was called, at Burlington, who were governed under a 
new Constitution, promulgated in London, before the first 
Colonists sailed. This second historic document contained 
this memorable provision : 

"That no man, nor number of men upon earth, hath 
power or authority to rule over men's conscience's in re- 
ligious matters; therefore it is consented, agreed and or- 


dained, that no person or persons whatsoever, within the 
said Province, at any time or times hereafter shall be any 
ways, upon any pretence whatsoever, called in question, or 
in the least punished or hurt, either in person, estate or 
privilege, for the sake of his opinion, judgment, faith or 
worship towards God, in matters of religion ; but that all 
and every such person and persons may from time to time, 
and at all times, freely and fully have and enjoy his and 
their judgments, and the exercise of their consciences, in 
matters of religious worship throughout all the said Prov- 

Thus, two centuries and a half ago, were laid the 
foundations of civil and religious liberty, which have made 
our Commonwealth notable among the sisterhood of col- 
onies and States, and thus were sown the seeds which have 
ever since brought the fruition of universal freedom of 
thought and speech whereby we are to-day a free and happy 

In all the crises of our history since, as a Province and 
a State, forgetting not their noble heritage, the sons of New 
Jersey have ever been alert, vigilant, patriotic, and on the 
firing line when duty has invoked the intelligent service of 
true Americans. 

New Jersey took the lead when the agitation over the 
Stamp Act began in 1765. New Jersey was at the front 
when the necessities of the situation demanded militancy 
rather than pacifism, in 1774 and 1775. Certain of her 
sons were conspicious in the Continental Congress. In the 
persons of Lord Stirling, of General William Maxwell, of 
General Joseph Reed, of General Philemon Dickinson, etc., 
others of her sons rendered heroic service in the field. With- 
in her borders three of the most splendid victories of the 
Revolution were won. Upon her soil Washington's Army 
was encamped for more than half the period of the entire 

Thus, I say to you, men of New Jersey, we need not 
hang our heads when we hear spoken of the heroic services 
of America's nation-builders in the early days of our West- 


em civilization, or the achievements of the country's states- 
men and soldiers in the later days of stress and trial, for 
among these dominating - figures upon the public stage were 
strong men from our own State, who played major parts 
in the drama of national development. 

When, the war being over, and the citizens of the thir- 
teen infant States found themselves governed, or misgovern- 
ed, by an inadequate, haphazard system of executive and 
legislative control, it was New Jersey which came to the 
front with suggestions eventuating in the Federal Constitu- 
tion of 1787. And it fell to her lot to be the third State to 
ratify that immortal document, being only six days behind 
Pennsylvania and twelve days behind Delaware. 

As upon all other occasions, our sires helped blaze the 
way for a better, ampler, safer form of government, a guide 
for all republics which have since come into being. 

Passing by the three-quarters of a century which inter- 
vened, during which formative period the statesmen of 
this Commonwealth were leaders in thought and action, 
we come to the great crisis of 1861, when destinv forced 
the nation to face the most ominous tragedy in our history. 

And what was New Jersey's part in that amazing 
crisis? Fort Sumter was fired upon April 12, 1861 ; Presi- 
dent Lincoln issued his call for troops April 15. On April 
16, Company A., National Guard, of Trenton, was under 
arms. New Jersey was never a laggard. She had not been 
in 1775. She was not in 1861. 

The State furnished during the war thirty-seven regi- 
ments of infantry, three regiments of cavalry, and one regi- 
ment of artillery: all told, she supplied 76,814 troops. Upon 
every battlefield her soldiers were found. In every emer- 
gency they responded to duty's call bravely and well. Un- 
dying laurels were won by them, for themselves and for 
their native State. 

The most celebrated soldier produced by New Jersey 
during the Civil War was Major General Philip Kearny, 
who was killed by a Confederate bullet. General Winfield 


Scott denominated him : "The bravest man I ever knew, 
and the most perfect soldier." You are all, I know, proud 
of the fact that he was of splendid Irish lineage. Next in 
ability and eminence, among New Jersey's military heroes, 
was Judson Kilpatrick, Major General of Volunteers, who, 
like Kearny, was of Irish ancestry, a fact of which he was 
always proud. 

New Jersey, during her existence as a State, has, from 
her citizenship, made many notable contributions to the 
nation at large: commanding figures upon the public stage. 
First, should be named the present occupant of the White 
House, Woodrow Wilson, the only incumbent of this post 
who was a citizen of New Jersey when chosen. However, 
Grover Cleveland, though a resident of New York when 
elected to the Presidency, was a native of our own State, 
having been born in Essex County. W r e have every right 
to call this heroic character, whose robust Americanism no 
man ever questioned, a son of New Jersey, for he was not 
only born within our borders, but died here and now rests 
in New Jersey soil. 

The third Vice President of the United States, Aaron 
Burr, was a native of New Jersey; and so was the much 
loved Garret A. Hobart, chosen to that high office in 1896, 
with the sainted McKinley. 

Two Vice Presidential nominees have been Jerseymen, 
Theodore Frelinghuysen, who ran on the Whig ticket with 
Henry Clay in 1844 — and who also served six years in the 
United States Senate — and William L. Dayton, the col- 
league of General John C. Fremont on the first Republican 
ticket, in 1856; Dayton also having served nine years in 
the United States Senate. 

Among Cabinet officers have been Frederick T. Fre- 
linghuysen, who was Secretary of State from 1881 to 1SS5, 
and who likewise served in the United States Senate. New 
Jersey has also furnished three Secretaries of the Navy: 
Samuel L. Southard, 1823 to '29; Mahlon Dickcrson, 1834- 
'38; and George M. Robeson, i86<^-'/7. Southard, also for 
a time, served as Secretary of the Treasury ad interim, and 


Secretary of War ad interim ; was Governor of the State in 
i832-'33; a Senator of the United States upon two occasions, 
and at one time President pro tempore of the Senate. Dick- 
erson was also Governor in 1815 to 1817, and served in the 
United States Senate from 1817 to 1833, a longer period 
than any other citizen of the State. 

The most distinguished diplomatic post offered to a 
son of New Jersey was the British mission, tendered to 
Frederick T. Frelinghuysen in 1870, but which he declined. 
William L. Dayton, previously referred to, was Minister 
to France from 1861 to 1864. William Walter Phelps, who 
served several terms in Congress, was Minister to Austria 
from 1881 to 1882. Peter D. Vroom was Minister to Prus- 
sia from 1853 to 1857. Judson Kilpatrick twice represented 
the United States as Minister to Chile, from 1865 to 1870 
and again in 1881. New Jersey's latest contribution to 
diplomacy was Henry Van Dyke, recently Minister to the 

Two Speakers of the National House of Representa- 
tives have come from the State of New Jersey : Jonathan 
Dayton, who presided over the fourth and fifth Congresses, 
and likewise served in the United States Senate from 1799 
to 1805, and William Pennington, who was Speaker of the 
thirty-sixth Congress. 

Three citizens of New Jersey have occupied seats on 
the United States Supreme bench : William Paterson, from 
1793 to 1806; Joseph P. Bradley, from 1870 until his death; 
and Mahlon Pitney, one of the present Justices. 

Some of the nation's most celebrated naval heroes 
have been Jerseymen. Among these was Richard Somers, 
who, in 1804, commanded the "Intrepid," fitted out as a 
bomb vessel, which was sent into the harbor of Tripoli, 
Africa, to destroy the enemy's ships, but which was itself 
destroyed with all on board : this being the most notable 
exploit in the history of the United States Navy aside from 
Hobson's performance at Santiago, Cuba. 

Another famous officer from New Jersey was Captain 


James Lawrence, a native of Burlington, who died as the 
result of wounds in action between his vessel, the "Chesa- 
peake," and the "Shannon/' in 1813, and won everlasting 
fame by his dying injunction, "Don't give up the Ship." 

Still another son of New Jersey, who achieved distinc- 
tion at sea, was Commodore Robert Field Stockton, who 
conquered California in 1846. Later, in 1851 to 1853, he sat 
in the United States Senate, as did his father, Richard 
Stockton, and his son, John Potter Stockton. 

New Jersey has produced numerous men of letters, 
who have won world-wide distinction in the domain of 
literature. Chief among these was the celebrated novelist, 
James Fenimore Cooper, a native of Burlington. 

And what can be said of New Jersey of more recent 
years? How has her influence been exerted in the manifold 
civilizing processes which have made the nation great, pow- 
erful and prosperous beyond comparison? 

Of our Courts of justice we Jerseymen have every right 
to be proud. Throughout the land the term "Jersey jus- 
tice" is employed to symbolize the highest type of efficiency 
in civil jurisprudence. 

In the ennobling cause of education New Jersey has 
always held a front rank in the forward march of events. 
With two Universities which antedate the Revolution, and 
with a common school system which has been a model for 
other commonwealths, we point with pardonable pride to 
our achievements in this field of endeavor. 

In industrial progress no other State, unless it may 
be Pennsylvania, has outstripped us. For our factories, our 
mills and our potteries we are famous throughout the 
world, and our products are found in the marts of every 
nation beneath the sun. 

With a soil whose variety and fertility cannot be ex- 
celled, New Jersey may be denominated one of the richest 
garden-spots of the nation. From the arms of lavish nature 
we receive the choicest of products, which we pour into the 
lap of the expectant world. Our farmers take high rank in 


the ever-widening domain of agriculture by reason of their 
intelligence, industry and progressiveness. 

America was slow to awaken to the necessity for mod- 
ern highways. In this great movement New Jersey blazed 
the way, and set the pace for her sister States. Recogniz- 
ing the need for even a larger measure of progress along 
this line, our State officials are now formulating plans for a 
system of up-to-date highways which will gratify our 
citizens, and win the plaudits of the nation at large. 

New Jersey has likewise been a leader in the higher 
phases of sociological development. She was first to heed 
the outcry for humane legislation for the betterment of the 
condition of the men, women and children who toil. Our 
-workmen's compensation law became a model for other 
States, and our child labor laws have received the approval 
of our humanitarians and publicists. 

What need to proceed further with this catalogue. 
Perhaps I have wearied you already with the recital. 

But, as a Jerseyman, to the manner born, and a lover 
of my native heath, my heart has burned within me. not 
once but many times, because of the failure of Americans 
as a whole to recognize the distinguished services of our 
notable men in all fields of endeavor, and to concede us 
pre-eminence in the sisterhood of States. Let us here highly 
resolve to-night that, henceforth, we owe a duty to our- 
selves and to our Commonwealth to exact that degree of 
recognition to which we of New Jersey are entitled, by 
reason of our merits and our achievements as a free and 
progressive people. 

There is not a fairer State in the Union than New Jer- 
sey. From Colonial days she has stood for the eternal pre- 
cepts of Liberty and Religious freedom. During the Revo- 
lution she was the battleground of the Republic. The 
battlefields of Trenton, Princeton and Monmouth can never 
be effaced from the annals of history. 

When Lincoln called, her sons answered the call and 
her citizens contributed of their treasure and life-blood in 
order that the Union might be preserved. Her coat-of- 


arms reflects her sentiments and emotions. Emblazoned on 
the shield are three ploughshares, showing that she pre- 
fers the acts of peace and agriculture, yet willing to forge 
the ploughshare into a sword to defend the national honor, 
as is expressed on the scroll beneath : "Liberty and Pros- 

New Jersey Revolutionary Soldiers Buried 

in Ohio 

Through the courtesy of Mr. A. S. Abbot the late William 
Nelson received some time ago a list of Revolutionary soldiers 
buried in Hamilton County, Ohio, as inscribed upon the tablet 
placed in the Soldiers' Memorial Building of Cincinnati, by the 
Ohio Society of the Sons of the Revolution. It was dedicated 
on October 19, 1909. Of the 178 names given, New Jersey is 
credited with sixty-nine, more than any other State. Cincin- 
nati was originally settled in 178S, under the name of Losanri- 
ville, by John Cleves Symmes of New Jersey, who led a colony 
of jerseymen and Kentuckians, many of them veterans of the 
War. The New Jersey names are alphabetically as follows : 

John Andrew, Thomas Auton, David Black, John Bon ham, 
Aaron Bonnell, Jacob Broad well, William Brown, Jacob 
Bruen, John Carle, John Charlton, Joshua Davis, Jehial Day, 
Henry Deats, Isaac Drake, Benjamin Engart, Benjamin Flinn, 
Jonas Frazee, Gershon Gard, George Gwinnup, Adrian Hage- 
man, Luther Halsey, John Halsread, James Harmer, James 
Hillyer, Abner Johnson, Thomas Keeler, Oliver Kelley, John 
Kerr, Thomas Lacey, James Lyon, Robert McCullough, Alex. 
Martin, John Meeker, Gershom Norris, John Parker, David 
Pierson, Jonathan Pitman, John Riddle, Bethuel Riggs, Henry 
Rogers, John Rose, Joseph Rose, Joseph Ross, John Schooly, 
Daniel Seward, John Shipman, Elisha Shepherd, William Slay- 
back, Abraham Smith, Oliver Spencer, Nicholas Stevens, Hez- 
ekiah Stites, Jedediah Sturgis, Cornelius R. Sedam, John Cleves 
Symmes, Timothy Symmes, Price Thompson, Henry Tucker, 
John Van Cleve, Abraham Voorhees, David E. Wade, Amos 
Ward, Miles Williams, Israel Wood. 

Supplemental List: Cornelius Little, Oliver Martin, Sam- 
uel Pierson, Charles Stone, John Mercer. 

Summary of Other Names on Taulkt : From Massachusetts, 16; 
New Hampshire, 7; Connecticut, 28; Delaware. 1; South Carolina, 1; 
Maryland, 9; Pennsylvania, 29; Virginia, 15; New York, 3; Total, 109; 
with New Jersey's 69 makes a grand total of 178. 

Revolutionary Pension Records of 
Morris County 

[Continued from Page 32] 


At a Court of General Quarter Sessions held at Morris Town in 
& for the County of Morris on tuesday the twenty fifth day of Sep- 
tember A. D. 1792. 

Present — Samuel Tuthill, William Woodhull, Alexander Carmi- 
chael, John Carle, Esquires. 

Application was made to the Court in behalf of Abigail Carman 
Widow of Moses Carman dec'd for a Certificate to entitle her to a 
Warrant for the half pay of her husband. And the following Vouchers 
were presented to the Court in the words & figures following Viz : 
To all whom it may concern 1 do Certify that Moses Carman dec'd 
was a Soldier enlisted for the War Served as a good Soldier in my 
Company in Col: Spencer's Reg't untill some time in February 1778 
at which time he died while in service at Valley Forge. Given under 
my Hand this 22nd of Scp'r 1792 

Jonas Ward 
Late Cap't of the Sixth Comp. late Col. Spencers Reg't. 

This may Certify that Moses Carman was a Soldier of Col: 
Spencer's Regiment in the Continental service & that he died at Valley 
Forge the beginning of the year 1778 
Morris Town Dec'r 18th 1781 

Jabez Campfield 
Late Surgeon of Said regiment. 

Morris County Hanover Township state of New Jersey this may 
Certify, that we whose names are under written was personally ac- 
quainted with the late Abigail Carman dec'd & that she was the law- 
ful widow of the late Mosses Carman dec'd & that she [has] her 
settlement in this Town 

David Bates 
Stephen Munson 
Freehold [ers] 


State of New Jersey Essex County 

Personally appeared before me Peter Trembly one of the Justices 
of the peace for the said County Joseph Acken of full age & being 
duly sworn deposeth & saith that he well knew Abigail Carman to be 
the Widow of Mosses Carman & that she died December the 2nd or 
there abouts 1783 And this Deponent further saith not 
Sworn before me this 5th day Joseph Acken 

of November 1791 — Feter Trembly Jr. 

Sept'r 25th 1792 Personally appeared before me Hiram Smith 
one of the Justices of the peace, David Bates of full age & made Oath 
that he saw Mosses Carman married lawfully to Abigail Acan some 
years previous to the War between England & America & further this 
deponent saith not. 
Sworn before me the above date David Bates 

Hiram Smith 

The Court having heard & duly considered the Certificates in 
favour of Abigail Carman the widow of Mosses Carman dec'd are 
of Opinion & do adjudge that the said Abigail Carman is entitled to her 
late husbands half pay during the time she remained his widow 


At a Court of General Quarter Sessions held at Morris Town in 
& for the County of Morris on tuesday the twenty fifth day of Sep- 
tember A. D. 1792 

Present — Samuel Tuthill, William Woodhull, Alexander Carmi- 
chael, John Carle, Esquires 

Application was made to the Court in favour of Abigail McMilan 
late widow Abigail Minthorn for the half pay of her deceased husband 

The following Certificate was presented to the Court Viz: I 
Certify that I remember that Philip Minthorn was a Non Commis- 
sioned Officer in the first Jersey Reg't. Enlisted for the War. And 
believe he died a Sergeant in the year 1780 
Morris Town Sept'r 10th 1792 W. D. PI art 

Late L't Col. 1st Jersey Reg't & also of the 2nd 

An Affidavit was also presented to the Court in the Words follow- 
ing Viz: Morris County State of New Jersey Personally appeared 
before me the Subscriber one of the Justices of the peace for said 
County Stephen Day Esq'r & being duly sworn deposeth & saith that 
Abigail Minthorn was the Wife of Philip Minthorn & that she was 
married to said Minthorn in the year 1764 

Enos Ward Js Stephen Day 


Morris County State of New Jersey 

To Whom it may concern 

We the Subscribers do certify that Abigail Minthorn was the 
wife of Philip Minthorn dec'd & Continued to be his law full Widow 
from the day of his death untill the day of her marriage to Charles 
McMillan being the ist day of Sept'r 1783, & that she has a Settle- 
ment in the Township of Morris given under our hands this 24th day 
of Sept'r 1792 

Enos Ward Js 

Morris County State of New Jersey 

Personally appeared me Alex'nd Carmichael one of the Justices 
of the peace for said County W'm Tuttle who deposeth & saith that 
he knew Philip Minthorn to be a sergeant in the ist Jersey Reg't 
Commanded by Col: Mathias Ogden & farther this Deponent saith not 

W'm T utile 
Late Eng'r ist N. Jersey Reg't 
Sworn before me this 26th day of Sept'r 1792 

Alex'nd Carmichael 

The Court having heard & duly considered the Certificates in 
favour of Abigail Minthorn Widow of Philip Minthorn dec'd are of 
Opinion & do adjudge that the said Abigail Minthorn is entitled to her 
late husbands half pay during the time she remained his Widow 


At a Court of General Quarter Sessions of the peace held at 
Morristown in and for the County of Morris on Tuesday the nine- 
teenth day of March A. D. 1793. 

Present — Samuel Tuthill, Alexander Carmichael, Hiram Smith, 
Silas Condict, John J. Faesch, Esquires, Justices 

Application was made to the Court in favor of Sarah Wood widow 
of Isaac Wood deceased for the half pay of her deceased husband. 

The following Affidavits, Certificates and Vouchers were pre- 
sented to the Court. 

This may Certify whom it may concern that I married Isaac Wood 
& Sarah Whittenack in the winter of 1776 & that she has lived a widow 
in my neighborhood ever since his death Witness my hand this 18th 
day of March 1793 

Jon'a Stiles 
Late Justice of the peace 

These are to certify that Isaac Wood a Soldier in Capt'n William 
Piatt's Company of the first New-Jersey Reg't died at or near York- 
town in Virginia on or about the first day of October in the year of 


our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty one As Witness my 
hand this fifth day of January 1793 

Nathan Wilkerson 
Then Lieut'n in the 3rd Jersey regiment 
These may Certify that Isaac Wood a Soldier in Cap t William 
Piatts company of the first New Jersey Regiment and at or near 
Yorktown in Virginia on or about the first day of October in the year 
of our Lord one thousand Seven hundred and eighty one, about the 
time of the investment of the Army under Lord Cornwallis by the 
American & French Armies Given under my hand at New Ark New 
Jersey March 12th 1793 

J. N. Cum ming 
Late Lieut'n Col. Comd'r Jersey Batt'n 
Whereas George Bockover came before me Alexander Carmi- 
chael one of the Justices of the peace for the County of Morris & 
maketh Oath that he saw Isaac Wood enlist as a Soldier during the 
war in Capt'n Piatts' Company near about the year 1778 in the beginning 
of March George Bockover 

Sworn before me this 19th day of March 1793 
Alex'dr Carmichael 

Morris County Ss We John Carle & Alexander Carmichael Esq'rs 
two of the Justices of the Peace in and for the County of Morris do 
certify that Sarah Wood widow of Isaac Wood deceased late a Soldier 
in the Army of the United States, now resides in and is an Inhabitant 
of the County of Morris as we verily believe 
Morristown March 19th 1793 

John Carle 
Alex'dr Carmichael 

The Court having heard the above Certificates and Vouchers and 
duly considered the same are of Oppinion that the said Sarah Wood 
Widow of Isaac Wood deceased is justly entitled to the half pay of 
her deceased husband from the tenth day of October in the year of our 
Lord Seventeen hundred and eighty one to this day and do order the 
Clerk to make out a Certificate accordingly 

Samuel Tuthill 
J. J. Faesch 
Alex'r Carmichael 


At a Court of General Quarter Sessions of the peace held at Morris 
Town in & for the County of Morris on Tuesday the nineteenth day 
of March A. D. 1793 

Present — Samuel Tuthill, Alexander Carmichael, Hiram Smith, 
Silas Condict, John J. Faesch, Esquires, Justices. 


Application was made to the Court in favor of Sarah Frazee 
widow of Henry Frazee — she was late widow of Dan'l Hale dec'd for 
the half pay of Dan'l Hale dec'd her former husband. 

The following Affidavits, Certificates and Vouchers were presented 
to the Court Viz : 

This may certify that the twenty first day of December one thou- 
sand seven hundred & seventy two, I married Daniel Hale unto Sarah 
Lacey of Morris Town & County Certifyed by me 

Tim'y Johnes minister of the Gospel 
To whom it may concern 

This may certify that the third day of December one thousand 
seven hundred & seventy eight, I married Sarah Hale unto Henry 
Frazee of Hanover in the County of Morris Certifyed by me Sept'r 
28 1792 

Aaron Kitchell then Justice Peace 
To whom it may concern 

I do here by Certify that Daniel Hale was an enlisted soldier for 
three years or during the war in Capt'n Silas Howell's Company in the 
first Jersey Regiment in the service of the United States & that said 
Daniel Hale was killed at the battle of Germantown 4th of October 
1777 and that said Daniel Hale was regularly appointed & served as a 
Serjeant in said Company at the time he was killed 

John Howell 

Late Capt'n in the said 1st New Jersey Regiment 
Morris Town 18th, Dec'r 1792 

Morris County Ss. We Samuel Tuthill and Alexander Carmi- 
chael Esq'rs two of the Justices of the Peace in and for the County of 
Morris, do Certify that Sarah Frazee widow of Henry Frazee, and also 
she was the widow of Daniel Hale dec'd late Sergeant in the army of 
the United States as we verily believe, resides & inhabits in the Town- 
ship of Morris, in the said County of Morris. 
dated March 14th 1793 

Sam'l Tuthii.l 
Alexander Carmichael 

The Court having heard and duly considered the said Certificates 
and Vouchers are of Opinion that the said Sarah Frazee widow of 
Henry Frazee deceased and who was the widow of Daniel Hale de- 
ceased is Justly entitled to the half pay of her former deceased hus- 
band Dan'l Hale from the 4th day of October in the year of our Lord 
seventeen hundred & seventy seven untill the third day of December 
seventeen hundred & seventy eight, and do order the Clerk to make out 
a Certificate accordingly. 

Sam'l Tuthill 
J. J. Faesch 
Alex'dr Carmichael 



At a Court of General Quarter Sessions of the peace held at 
Morristown in & for the County of Morris on Tuesday the nineteenth 
day of March AD 1793 

Present — Samuel Tuthill, Alexander Carmichael, Hiram Smith, 
Silas Condict, John J. Faesch, Esquires, Justices 

Application was made to the Court in favour of the Legatees of 
the Widow Sarah Hathaway dee'd for the half pay of her deceased 
husband Joseph Hathaway dee'd 

The following Affidavits Certificates & Vouchers were presented 
to the Court, Viz. 

These may certify that Joseph Hathaway & Sarah Lyon on the 
fifteenth of November one thousand seven hundred and fifty three were 
joined in the holy banns of marriage and were pronounced man & 
wife by Timothy Johnes Minister of the Gospel Morristown 

Extract from my Church Record 
Test: by Timothy Johnes Clk. 
Morristown March 19th 1793 

I here by Certify that Joseph Hathaway Matross in a company of 
Artillery raised by the State of New Jersey, was enlisted by me & died 
in actual Service under my orders some time about the month of August 
in the Campaign one thousand seven hundred & seventy six 

Given under my hand at Morristown this Sixteenth day of March 


Jn'o Doughty 
Capt'n Lieu't of Artillery in 1776 

We the Subscribers two of the Justices of the peace for the County 
of Morris do hereby Certify that Sarah Hathaway was as we verily 
"believe the lawful wife of Joseph Hathaway (who, it is generally re- 
ported, died in the Service of the United States) and that She remained 
the real widow of the said Joseph untill the time of her death In wit- 
ness whereof we have hereunto set our hands 

Alex'dr Carmichael 
Enos Ward, Justice 
Morris County 19th March 1793 

Morris County Ss. Be it remembered that on the 19th day of 
March 1793 before Silas Condict Esq'r one of the Justices of the peace 
for said County personally appeared Joseph Halsey who being duly 
sworn saith that Sarah the widow of Joseph Hathaway dee'd (who as 
general report says died in the Service of the United States) departed 
this life on or about the third day of Feb'y last and that untill the time 


of his death as this deponent verily believes was the real widow of the 
said Joseph Hathaway dec'd and further Saith not 

Joseph Halsey 
Sworn the day above before 
Silas Condict 

The Court having heard and duly considered the said Certificates 
are of opinion that the said Sarah Hathaway was entitled to the half 
pay of her deceased husband Joseph Hathaway from the thirty first 
day of August in the year of our Lord Seventeen hundred and Seventy 
six untill the third day of February in the year of our Lord Seventeen 
hundred and ninety three untill the time of her death and do order the 
Clerk to make out a Certificate accordingly 

Samuel Tuthill 
J. J. Faesch 
Alex'dr Carmichael 


At a Court of General Quarter Sessions of the Peace held at 
Morristown in and for the County of Morris on Tuesday the nine- 
teenth day of March AD 1793 

Present — Samuel Tuthill, Alexander Carmichael, John Carle, David 
Thompson, Hiram Smith, Silas Condict, John J. Faesch, Esquires, 

Application was made to the Court in favor of Hannah Gcnung 
late Hannah Whitehead, widow of Timothy Whitehead for the half 
pay of her deceased husband the said Timothy Whitehead 

The following Affidavits, Certificates and Vouchers were presented 
to the Court Viz 

Morris County Ss — Nathaniel Beach of full age being duly sworn, 
deposeth and saith that in or about December Seventeen hundred and 
Seventy five he was present and Saw Hannah Beach this deponent's 
daughter married to Timothy Whitehead of Mendham in the County of 
Morris by the Reverend Jacob Green of Hanover in the County afore- 
said, that the said Timothy Whitehead was killed in the late war with 
Great Britain, whilst he was out on a tour of duty as a militia man in 
a skirmish at Spanktown against the troops of Great Britain as this 
deponent has been informed, and that the said Hannah remained the 
widow of the said Timothy Whitehead deceased untill about the year 
seventeen hundred and seventy nine when she was married to Benjamin 
Genung as this deponent has been informed. 

Nathaniel Beach 
Sworn the 8th December AD 1792 before me 

Samuel Tuthill Justice of the Peace 


Morris County Ss — James Beach of full age being duly sworn dc- 
poseth and saith that on or about December Seventeen hundred and 
Seventy five he was present and saw Hannah Beach this deponent's 
Sister married to Timothy Whitehead of Mendham, in the County of 
Morris by the Reverend Jacob Green of Hanover in the County afore- 
said — that the said Timothy Whitehead, was killed in the late war with 
Great Britain, whilst he was out on a tour of duty as a militia man in 
a skirmish at Spanktown against the troops of Great Britain as this 
deponent has been informed, and that the said Hannah remained the 
widow of the said Timothy Whitehead deceased until about the year 
Seventeen hundred and Seventy nine when he was present and Saw 
her married unto Benjamin Genung 

James Beach 
Sworn the 18th December AD 1792 before 

Samuel Tuthill Justice of the peace 

Morris County Ss — Ebenezer Tingley of full age being duly Sworn 
deposeth and saith that some time in the month of January Seventeen 
hundred and seventy seven he was out on a tour of duty with Timothy 
Whitehead as militia men under the Command of Col. William Winds 
went with his party to Spanktown to take some field pieces from the 
Enemy of the United States, that they were attacked by a flanking party 
of the British troops & the said Timothy Whitehead was shot down 
about ten feet of this deponent while fighting with the enemy and 
further this deponent saith not 

Ebenezer Tingley 
Sworn the 17th December AD 1792 before me 

Alex'r Carmichael Justice of the Peace 

Morris County Ss — Benjamin Genung of full age being duly Sworn 
deposeth and saith that he was married unto Hannah Whitehead the 
Widow of Timothy Whitehead deceased on the tenth day of May 
Seventeen hundred and Seventy nine by the Reverend Jacob Green of 
Hanover And further this deponent saith not 

Benjamin Genung 
Sworn before me this 19th day of December 1792 

Stephen Jackson Justice 

Morris County Ss — Artemas Day Esq'r of full age being duly 
Sworn deposeth and saith that some time in the month January Seven- 
teen hundred and Seventy Seven he was out upon a tour of duty with 
Timothy Whitehead as Militia men under the Command of Col: 
William Winds who went with his party to Spanktown to take some 
field pieces from the enemy of the United States that were attacked 
by a flanking party of the British troops & the said Timothy White- 


head was Shot down within about ten or twelve feet of this deponent 
while fighting with the enemy— and further this deponent Saith not 

Artemas Day 
Sworn before me this 9th day of February 1793 
Alex'r Carmichael Justice of the peace 

Morris County & Township — To whom it may concern, this may 
certify that Hannah the wife of Benjamin Genung formerly the wife 
of Timothy Whitehead is a lawful resident of this County & in the 
township of Morris 

Enos Ward Justice 
March 12th 1793 

Morris County To whom it may concern, this may certify that I 
verily believe that Hannah the wife of Benjamin Genung was the widow 
of Timothy Whitehead & is now a resident of Morris township 

Abraham Fairchild Justice a peace 


The Court having heard the above Certificates, Affidavits and 
Vouchers and duly considered the same are of opinion that the said 
Hannah Whitehead widow of Timothy Whitehead deceased is entitled 
to the half pay of her said husband Timothy Whitehead deceased from 
the thirty first day of January in the year of our Lord Seventeen 
hundred and Seventy Seven to the tenth day of May in the year of our 
Lord Seventeen hundred and Seventy nine untill She was married to 
Benjamin Genung and do order the Clerk to make out a Certificate 

Sam'l Tutiiill 
J. J. Faesch 
Alex'dr Carmichael 


At a Court of General Quarter Sessions of the peace holden at 
Morris Town in & for the County of Morris on Tuesday the 24th day 
of September AD 1793 

Present — Silas Condict, John Jacob Faesch, David Thompson, John 
Carle, John Starke, Alexander Carmichael, Abraham Fairchild, Esq'rs 

Application was made to the Court in favour of Alicta Camfield 
late widow of Asahel Shipman deceased for the half pay of the said 
Asahel Shipman her deceased husband 

The following Certificates and Vouchers were presented to the 
Court Viz 

We Certify that Asahel Shipman was a soldier in the first Regiment 
of Jersey & died at fort George of the small pox on the sixteenth day 
of July 1776 as witness our hands this fourteenth day of November, 1785 
Silas Howkll late Cap't of s'd Regiment 
William Winds late Col. of s'd Regiment 


These may certify that on the 23d of November 1772 Asahel Ship- 
man & Electa Riggs were joined in holy matrimony and pronounced 
man & wife by Timothy Johnes Pastor of the Church at Morris Town 
New Jersey 

A true Copy from my Church record 

Test. Timothy Johnes 
December 21st 1785 

Hanover July 8th 1793 
This Certifies to all whom it may concern that Mathew Campfield 
& Electa Shipman [were] married Dec'r 1783 by Rev'd Jacob Green 
A true copy from the records of Marriages kept by s'd Mr. Green 

Test. Calven White Pastor of the Church Hanover 

Morris County Ss : We the subscribers two of the overseers of the 
poor and two of the inhabitants of the Township of Hanover do Certify 
that we verily believe that Electa Campfield now the wife of Mathew 
Campfield was really the Wife & widow of Asahel Shipman deceased 
that she is now an Inhabitant of the Township of Hanover & County 
of Morris 

Abraham Fairchild, Timothy Tuthill, 

Overseers of Poor 
Joseph Tuthill, Benjamin Burroughs, 

Inhabitants in Hanover 
Dated September 24th 1793 

The Court having heard the above Certificates and Vouchers [&] 
duly considered the same, are of opinion that the said Electa Camp 
field late widow of the said Asahel Shipman dee'd is entitled to the 
half pay of the said Asahel Shipman dee'd from the sixteenth day of 
July in the year of our Lord Seventeen hundred and Seventy six untill 
the fifteenth day of December in the year of our Lord Seventeen 
hundred and eighty three untill She was married unto the Said Mathew 
Campfield and do order the Clerk to make out a certificate accordingly 

John Carle 
John Starke 
David Thompson 


At a Court of General Quarter Sessions of the Peace holden at 
Morristown in and for the County of Morris on tuesday the Seven- 
teenth day of December AD 1793 

Present — Samuel Tuthill, John Carle, Ellis Cook, Alexander Carmi- 
chael, Jabez Campfield 

Application was made to the Court in favour of Elizabeth Prudden 
late widow of Abel Tompkins dee'd for the half pay of the said Abicl 
Tompkins her deceased husband 


The following Certificates and Vouchers were presented to the 
Court Viz. — 

This may Certify that on the Sixth day of December in the year 
of our Lord Seventeen hundred and sixty four, Abicl Tompkins and 
Elizabeth Bridge were joined in the holy banns of marriage and pro- 
nounced man and wife by me 

Tim'y Johnes 
Pastor of the Church at Morristown 
Morristown Dec'r 19th 1793 

This may Certify that on the Sixteenth day of March in the year 
of our Lord Seventeen hundred and eighty three Benjamin Prudden 
& Elizabeth Tompkins were joined in the holy banns of marriage & 
pronounced man and wife by me 

Tim'y Johnes 
Pastor of the Church at Morristown 
Morristown Dec'r 19th 1793 

State of New Jersey — Somerset County 

Personally appeared before me Henry Southard one of the Justices 
of the peace in & for said County John Ward of lawful age who being 
duly sworn deposeth & saith that he was acquainted with Abel Tomp- 
kins that in the month of January or February in the year 1777 said 
Tompkins was on a tour of duty in the militia in the Service of the 
United States at Morristown guarding the Continental Stores and 
Prisoners under the command of Lieutenant Benjamin Pierson; that 
said Tompkins was taken from the Guard to the hospital to take Care 
of the Continental Soldiers who was sick with the Small Pox; this 
deponent afterwards saw said Tompkins sick in the hospital & the next 
day after he saw him was informed that he was dead & further 
this deponent saith not 

John Ward 
Sworn before me the 7th day of December AD 1793 

Henry Southard 

Morris County Ss. Personally appeared before me Samuel Tuthill 
Esq'r one of the Justices of the Peace in & for the said County of 
Morris Frederick King an Assistant deputy Qu[arter] Master duly 
appointed by Thomas Mifflin Esquire Qua[rter] Master General for the 
purpose of taking care of the sick of the Army of the United States 
that were in and about Morristown in the AD 1777, who being duly 
sworn saith that he employed Abiel Tompkins in January in the year 
aforesaid then a Militia man, to attend in the hospital as a nurse to 
take Care of the Soldiers that were then sick with the small pox — 
that the said Abel Tompkins continued in said hospital as a nurse untill 
he was taken Sick and died in the hospital in February in the year 
aforesaid being effected by the Stinck & malignity of the disorder then 


prevailing in the hospital — three others of the nurses died about the 
same time And further this deponent saith not 

Frederick King 
Sworn 20th December AD 1793 before me 
Sam'l Tuthill 

State of New Jersey Essex County 

Personally appeared before me John Peck one of the Justices of 
said County Joseph Tompkins and being duly sworn, saith that on or 
about the 25th of February 1777 he was at the house of Ralp[hJ Bridge 
in the County of Morris which was then used as a hospital for the 
sick soldiers of the Continental Army — that he there saw and spoke 
with Abel Tompkins who was then tending and nursing said Soldiers 
who were, many of them exceeding bad with the small pox. And 
further saith that he heard s'd Abel Tompkins complain to General 
Green (who Came to the hospital while he was there) that he was not 
relieved the day before as he expected to have been, that he was very 
unwell, much disordered in his head and could scarcely walk — that he 
thought the Scent of the small pox was the Cause of it and believed 
it would kill him — General Green told s'd Tompkins that he could 
not be relieved that day, but must continue tending till the next day 
when he said he should certainly be relieved — And further this de- 
ponent saith that a few days after he heard that s'd Tompkins died 
in the hospital before he was relieved 

Josefh Tompkins 
Sworn before me this third day of December 1793 

John Peck 

State of New Jersey Morris County Ss : 

We the Subscribers two of the Justices of the said County of 
Morris do Certify that we verily believe that Elizabeth Bridge was 
married to and became the wife of Abel Tompkins and that from the 
death of the said Abel Tompkins untill her marriage with Benjamin 
Prudden she was his widow and resided in the township of Morris 
in the County of Morris aforesaid As Witness our hands this sixth 
day of December AD 1793 

Sam'l Tuthill 
Alex'r Carmichael 
Justices of the Peace 

The Court having heard the above certificates & Vouchers & duly 
considered the same are of opinion that the said Elizabeth Prudden 
late widow of the said Abiel Tompkins dee'd is intitled to the half 
pay of the said Abiel Tompkins from the first day of March in the 
Year of our Lord seventeen hundred & seventy seven untill the six- 


teenth day of March in the Year of our Lord seventeen hundred and 
eighty three when she was married to Benjamin Prudden 

Samuel Tuthill 
Jabez Campfield 
Alkx'r Carmichael 


At a Court of General Quarter Session of the Peace holden at 
Morristown in and for the County of Morris the Seventeenth day of 
December Anno Domini 1793 

Present — Samuel Tuttle, John J. Feasch, David Thompson, Jabez 
Canfield, Alexander Carmicle, Ellis Cook, Esquires 

Application was made to the Court by Stephen Ogden of Morris- 

town in Said County for an adjudication in this forum for his half pay 
as an Invalid — the following Vouchers were presented to Court and 
Read Viz 

New Jersey Morris County Be it Remembered that on this day 
personally appeared before me Alexander Carmichael Esquire one of 
Justices of the Peace of Said County Nathaniel Broadwell of full 
age who being duly sworn, disposeth and Saith that some time in 
the year one thousand seven hundred and seventy seven and this 
Deponant apprehends in the month of September of that year that a 
battle was fought between the British and the Americans in late War 
between them, at Second River in the County [of Essex] and State 
aforesaid that during the said Battle this deponent being in the ad- 
vanced Guard under the command of Cap't Daniel Brown found 
Stephen Ogden of Morristown at Head Quarters at Ward Session 
after said Battle confined with a wound it was said he received in said 
Battle with a Bullet entering his left side and that he this Deponent 
saw Doct'r Bern Budd with his instruments cut and take out the Ball 
from the right side of the said Stephen Ogden's Body and that the 
said Stephen Ogden remained at his own house for some time after- 
wards Confined with the said Wound 

Nathaniel Broadwell 
Sworn before me this 14th day of December 1793 

Alexander Carmichael 

State of New Jersey Morris County Be it remembered that on this 
day personnally appeared before me Alexander Carmichael Esq'r one 
of the Justices of the Peace of the said County Benoni Hathaway 
of full age who being duly sworn deposeth and saith that in the month 
of September in the year one thousand seven hundred and seventy 
seven a battle was fought by the British and the Americans near 
second river in the county of Essex and State aforesaid that he this 


deponent acted as one of the Majors of the first Regiment of the 
Morris County Militia in said Battle and that Stephen Ogden be- 
longing to the said Regiment was a Soldier engaged in the same and 
received a dangerous wound with a ball Entering his Side and at that 
time it was thought [he would] die with it And that the said Stephen 
Ogden beh[aved] as a brave good Soldier in said Battle and that 
Gener[al] Winds the Commander in Chief of the Militia in said Battle 
informed him this deponent that he was near to the Said Stephen 
Ogden when he received the said Wound 

Benoni Hathaway 
Sworn before me this 16th day of December 1793 
Alex'dr Carmichael 

New Jersey, Morris County Be it Remembered that on this day 
■ personly appeared before me Alexder Carmichael Esq'r one of the 
Justices of the Peace of the said County Stephen Ogden of full age 
: who being duly sworne deposeth and saith that [he] was a Soldier of 
: the first Regiment of the Morris County Militia in the Battle fought at 
J or near Second River in the County of Essex and state af'd by the 
British and Americans in the month of September one thousand seven 
hundred and seventy seven and that he this Deponent in Said Battle 
received a wound in his left Side with a ball which passed partly thro 
his Body and that Doct'r Bern Budd who attended him extracted the 
said Ball on the right Side that [he] was removed to his house in 
a few days where he was confin'd with said wound for three months 
that he then recoverd so that he could ride about and some times work 
at business which did not require much exertion that he this De- 
ponent expecting he might in time be relieved from the injury he re- 
ceived by said wound has not applied before now for relief but that he 
this Deponent has been unable to work at any hard labour especially 
at mowing ever since he received said wound and is from time to time 
rendered still more incapable of labour and he has Just cause to fear 
he will shortly be totally disabled by the same and that he this De- 
ponent is now forty three years of age has a wife and three Children 
and but a small Farm and dependent alone on his labour for Support 

Stephen Ogden 
Sworn before me this 16th Day December 1793 
Alex'dr Carmichael 

New Jersey, Morris County Be it Remembered that on this day 
personlly appeared before Alexder Carmichael Esquire of the Jus- 
tices of the Peace of Said County Joseph Lindsley of full age Who 
being duly Sworne deposeth and Saith th[at in] September one thou- 
sand seven hundred and se [venty] seven a battle was fought near 
Second River in the County of Essex and State af'd between the 
British and Americans that he this Deponent was dureing the said 


Battle with main body of the Militia about the distance of a mile 
from the place of action which was fought by advanced Party that 
after it was over he saw Stephen Ogden of the County of Morris who 
was in the Said Battle comeing from it on horse back behind another 
and a third Person holding & supporting him on the horse he was 
taken off and carried into a house wounded with a ball in the back 
or side that he this Deponent had conversation with Doct'r Budd the 
Chief Phisition or Surgeon who dressed the wound of the said 
Stephen Ogden and enquired of him the nature of it the Doct'r 
answered that the Ball took him in the side and passed by the back 
bone which he was afraid was fractured but hoped he might recover 
that the said Stephen Ogden was a brave Soldier a true friend to his 
Country and chearfully turned out in the time of an Alarm or other- 
wise in defence of it and that he has frequently heard the Said 
Stephen Ogden complain that he could not work at any kind of 
bending or Stooping business if it did it laid him up for several days 
and that — his — te complaints the [injury] of said wound and his dis- 
ability increase 

Joseph X Lindsley 
Sworn before me this 17 December 1793 
Alexander Carmichael 

The body of Stephen Ogden of Morris Town in the County of 
Morris, having been examined, a scar appeared in his left side, about 
two inches above the hip-bone rather nigher to his back bone than the 
middle of the hip bone, another scar appeared in his right side between 
one and three inches from back bone 

The scars are said to have been the consequence of a Bullet hav- 
ing entered in his left side, and having been extracted from his right 
side and the preasent appearance makes it altogether likely to have 
been the case, Gunshot Wounds allho entirely healed and remain- 
ning so sometimes render the subject in capable of the common ex- 
ercise and exertions of Bodily strength, which those enjoy who have 
received no such Wound 

M'r Ogden has often called upon the subscriber to know, if no 
remedy could be devised to relef him from the pains with which he 
is frequently affected the wound being entirely hcald, I have con- 
stantly informed him that I knew of no medical application that would 
be likely to mend his circumstances These is wit— no doubt, but that 
M'r [Ogden's] bodily ability to procure a livlihood from — labor has 
been rendered much less, that it would have been, had no such wound 
been by him received 

Jabez Canfield Surgeon 
Morristown December 17th 1793 


The Court having heard said Vouchers and duly considered the 
same are of an Opinion that the Said Stephen Ogden is Justly in- 
titled to relief by reason of his preasent disability to git a livlihood 
occationed by the af'd Wound and do therefore adjudge to him the 
sum of two Dollars per Month monthly commencing on the day of 
the date of this order made the twentieth day of December in the 
year of our Lord Seventeen hundred and ninety three 

Samuel Tuttle 
Jabez Canfield 
Ellis Cook 


[At a] Court of General Quarter [Sessions] of the Peace holden 
[at] Morristown in and for the County of Morris on the seventeenth 
Day of December in the year of our Lord Seventeen Hundred and 
Ninety four 

Present — Samuel Tuthill, David Thompson, Ellis Cook, Jabez 
Campfield, Esq'rs 

Application being made to the Court by Abigail Thompson Widow 
of Thomas Thompson Deceased who Died in the Service of the United 
States whilst in the Militia for an adjudication of this Court for her 
late Husbands half pay the following Certificates and Vouchers were 
read Viz 

I Certify that on the first day of December AD 1763 I maried 
Tho's Thompson and Abigail Ross which appears from the records 
of the Church of New Providence which I have kept 

Jonathan Elmer 

A Presbyterian Minister of the Gospel of Christ member of the 
Synod & of the N. York Presbetery 

This may Certify that Abigail Thompson the Widdow of Thomas 
Thompson who Died while in the Militia Service of the United States 
is now and has been since the Death of her said Husband a Citizen 
within the s'd County & township of Morris In testimony of which 
we have set our hands this 23d of Sep't 1794 

Cornelius Ludlow 
Peter Layton 

Morris County, State of N. Jersey This is to Certify that Thomas 
Thompson a Soldier in my Company of Militia Died in the Service 
in the month Jan'y 1777 he then Being in a tour of Duty — as Witness 
my Hand 

Peter Layton Cap't 
1794 Sep't 18th 



We do Certify that [Thomas] Thompson a Soldier [in] the 
[Militia] died at Connecticut [Farms] at the House of Jn'o Thomp- 
son in [the] Month of Jan'y 1777 as Witness our Hands 

Thomas Thomp[son] 
Rachel Thomps[on] 
Hezekiah Thomp[son] 
Sept. 19th 1794 

The Court having examined the [Vouchers] and Considered the 
same do Judge that the s'd Abigail Thorn [pson] is intitled to the half 
pay of her deceased Husband from the Month of Jan'y A. D. Seven- 
teen Hundred and Seventy Seven 

Samuel Tuthill 
David Thompson 
J. J. Faesch 


At a Court of General Quarter Sessions of the Peace holden at 
Morristown in and for the County of Morris on Tuesday the Twenty 
second day of September AD. 1795. 

Present — Samuel Tuthill, Alexander Carmichael, Jabez Camp- 
field, John J. Faesch, Simeon Broadwell, Esq'rs 

On the Application of Mary Porter Widow of David Porter and 
formerly the Widow of Aaron Crane late a Soldier in the Conti- 
nental Army in the Service of the United States for an adjudication 
of this Court for the half pay of her late husband the said Aaron 
Crane during the Term of her Widowhood the following Certificates 
& Vouchers were presented & read Viz't 

I do Certify that Mary Hfathaway] and Aaron Crane, they both 
being inhabitants of M [orris] town were joined in the holy bands of 
Matrimony the 27th Jan'y 1774 

(Test) Tim'y Johnes Minister of the Gospel 
Morristown 31th March 1794 

New Jersey, Morris County Ss. Be it remembered that on the 
28th day of April 1794 before Silas Condict Esq one of the Justices 
of the Peace for the said County, personally appeared Simeon Hath- 
away of full age who being duly sworn saith that he was present and 
saw Aaron Crane an Inhabitant of the said County inlist as a Soldier 
in Capt'n Peter Dickerson's Company in Col. Elias Dayton's Regi- 
ment some time near the end of the year 1776 or the Beginning of the 
year 1777 to serve three years or during the War as a Soldier in the 
American Army and this deponent further saith that some time in the 
Winter Seventeen hundred and Seventy seven the said Aaron Crane 
was taken sick and died at Mount Indepenclance near Ticonderoga, 


that he this deponent Nursed him in his sickness, was present when he 
deceased and Assisted to Bury him And further this deponent saith not 

Simeon X Hathaway 
Sworn the day abovesaid before me 

Silas Condict 

Morris County Ss : Ee it remembered that on the 28th day of 
April 1794 before Silas Condict Esq'r one of the Justices of the peace 
for the said County personally appeared Hannah Hathaway who be- 
ing duly sworn saith that she saw Mary Crane [Widow of] Aaron 
Crane (who died in the Service of the United States) married to David 
Porter on the Sixth day of April Seventeen hundred & eighty and 
further this deponent said not 

Hannah X Hathaway 
Sworn before me the day abovesaid 

Silas Condict 

Morris County Ss : We the Subscribers two of the Inhabitants & 
Freeholders of the Township of Morris in the County of Morris afs'd 
do Certify that we verily believe that Mary Hathaway was married to 
and became the Wife of Aaron Crane & that from the death of the 
said Aaron Crane untill her Marriage with David Porter She [was 
his] Widow & then resided & still doth reside in the County of Morris 

Witness our hands this Seventeenth day of March AD. 1795 

George P. Hard 
Benjamin Freeman 

The Court having heard & examined said Certificates and Vouch- 
ers and duly considered same, are of an opinion that the said Mary 
Porter is intitled to the half pay of her deceased husband the said 
Aaron Crane from the Month of December AD: Seventeen hundred & 
Seventy seven untill the Sixth day of April Ad : Seventeen hundred 
& eighty the time she was married unto the said David Porter. And do 
order the Clerk to make out a Certificate accordingly 

Sam'l Tuthill 
Simeon Broadwf.ll 
Alex'r Car MICHAEL 


At a Court of General [Quarter Sessions] of the Peace holden 
at Morristown in and for the [County] of Morris on the third Tues- 
day in December AD 1795. 

Present— Samuel Tuthill, John De Camp, Jabez Campfield, John 
Doughty, Esq'rs 


Theodosia Ford by Gabriel II. Ford her Attorney presented to 
the Court of General Quarter Sessions of the peace holden at Morris- 
town in and for the County of Morris on Friday the eighteenth day 
of December in the year of our Lord One thousand Seven hundred and 
ninety five her Petition for an allowance of Half pay as Widow of 
[Jacob] Ford Junior deceased late first Colonel of the first regiment 
of foot Militia in the County of Morris aforesaid accompanied with 
the followng Vouchers and Certificates, to wit, 

No. I — The Deputies of the Several Counties of New-Jersey in 
Provincial Congress To Jacob Ford Esq'r. We reposing especial trust 
and confidence in your Patriotism, Valour, Conduct and Fidelity, Do 
by virtue of the power and authority delegated to us by our Con- 
stituents and in pursuance of the directions of the Honorable the 
Continental Congress constitute and appoint you the said Jacob Ford 
Jun'r First Colonel of the first Regiment of Foot Militia in the 
County of Morris — You are therefore to take the said Regiment into 
your charge and Care as Colonel thereof, and duly to exercise both 
Officers and Soldiers of that Regiment in Arms: And as they are 
hereby directed to obey you as their Colonel so you are likewise to 
observe and follow such [orders and directions] from time to time 
as you shall receive from your superior Officers the Provincial Con- 
gress & Committee of Safety. And for your so doing this shall be your 
Commission Dated the twelfth day of January [1776] 
By Order of [the] Congress 

Sam'l Tucker President 

Abra: Clark D. Sec'ry 

No. 2. I, Timothy Johnes Junior do Certify that in the late 
War between the United States of America and Great Britain I was 
Surgeon of the first Regiment of Foot Militia in the County of Morris 
and State of New-Jersey commanded by Jacob Ford Junior who was 
first Colonel of the Regiment And I further Certify that from the 
Beginning of December Seventeen hundred and Seventy six the said 
Colonel Ford was constantly in Service with the said Regiment untill 
he died under my Care as Surgeon aforesaid — that a short time be- 
fore his death towards the end of December the enemy came out in 
force; and he and his regiment was obliged to fall back from the 
Lines and retreat the round [after] the Mud-rounds to Morristown 
where he and his regiment with some continental troops halted a few- 
days when General Maxwell arrived and took command as Bri- 
gadier of the Whole with fresh orders from General Washington 
to March; that the said regiment was paraded and just ready to march, 
and the Colonel (notwithstanding a mortal cold he got on the retreat) 
still attended under Arms in front of the Regiment, when he was 
Struck all at once with a Pleurisy & delirium — he was lifted from his 
horse and borne off the field as the March began. A Small Militia 


Guard and myself as Regimental Surgeon Stayed behind to attend him. 

I accordingly attended [him ] the seventh day when he died 

at Morristown under [my] Care the tenth day of January Seven- 
teen hundred and Seventy Seven. By General Washington's orders 
(who was then in town) Colonel Ford was buried with the Honors of 
War Given under my hand the twenty fifth day of September Seven- 
teen hundred and Ninety three 

Tim'y Johnes late Surgeon 

No. 3. I William Maxwell late a Brigadier General was ordered 
by his Excellency General Washington about the latter end of De- 
cember 1776 to take the command of the Troops at Morristown under 
the Command of General McDougal General Washington informed me 
they would consist of some Continentals with two Regiments of 
Militia or Levies I received the Continentals from General McDougal 
and applied to Colo' Jacob Ford Jun'r for the Troops under his Com- 
mand and while he was collecting some and preparing those he had, 
for Service he was taken Sick doing Duty on the Parade, of which 
Sickness 1 was informed Shortly alter he died. I marched off his 

Troops to the lines of the Enemy under of his other officers, 

and most of them remained there with me during the Winter Given 
under my hand this 23d day of September 1793 

W'm Maxwell late Brig'r General. 

No. 4th. We Samuel Tuthill and John Doughty Esquires two of 
the Justices of the peace of the County of Morris do Certify that in 
our belief Theodosia Ford was the lawful Wife and is the real Widow 
of Jacob Ford Junior of Morristown deceased late first Colonel of 
the first Regiment of Foot militia of the County of Morris And I 

Samuel Tuthill do further Certify that I saw the Parties and 

was an Inhabitant with them of the [same] place untill the death of 
Colonel Ford and am well acquainted with his said Widow As Witness 
our Hands this fourteenth day of December Seventeen hundred and 
ninety five 

Sam'l Tuthill 
Jn'o Doughty 

The Court having heard and examined the Said Vouchers and 
Certificates and duly considered the Same do adjudge that the Said 
Theodosia Ford widow of the Said Colonel Jacob Ford Jun'r dee'd 
is intitlcd to the half pay of her Said late husband from the tenth 
day of January in the year of our Lord Seventeen hundred & Seventy 
Seven at which time he died in Service as aforesaid As Witness our 
hands in open Sessions this eighteenth day of December Seventeen 
hundred and Ninety five 

Jn'o Doughty Jarez Camtfield 

Sam'l Tuthill Jn'o DeCamp 

Jedidiah Swan's Orderly Book 

[Continued from Page 53] 

Head Quarters, Aug't 4, 1776. 
Parole Wiston Countersign Yarmouth 

Passes Signed by the Quarter Master Gen'l, or his Assistant Mr. 
Hughes for persons in the Department to Cross the ferries to be 
Admited as Sufficient, Thomas Herbert of Cap't Wyleys Company in 
Col'l Sergeants Regiment, tried by a Regimental Court Martial and 
Convicted of Theft was Sentenced to Receive Thirty Nine Lashes but 
having appealed to a Gen'l Court Martial whereof Col'l Webb was 
president The sentence of Regimental Court Martial was reversed 
and the person Acquited. 

The Gen'l approves the Acquital and orders him to be Discharged. 
Daniel McGuire of Cap'n Scots Company Col'l Sergeants Reg't, both 
Tried by the Same Court martial and Convicted. McGuire of De- 
sertion, and Enlisting into another Compy. And taking a Second 
Bounty Sentenced to receive 39 Lashes, Samuel Weaver of Deser- 
tion only Sentenced to receive 30 Lashes, William McFrain of Cap't 
Wyllys Company the Above Reg't tried by the Same Court Martial & 
Convicted of Desertion Sentenced to receive 30 Lashes. William Digs 
of Cap't Woods Compy, Col'l Baldwin Reg't tried by the Same Court 
Martial and Convicted of Desertion Sentenced to receive 20 Lashes. 
The Gen'l approves of each of the above Sentences and orders them 
to be put in Execution at the usual Time and place. The Court Martial 
to set tomorrow for the Tryal of Lieut't Hobby of Col'l McDougals 
Regt't now under Arrest for Misconduct in leaving the Vessels under 
his Care at the East River on friday Evening last. Witness to attend. 
All persons are Strictly forbid mcdling with the flat bottom'd Boats, 
without leave from Gen'l Putnam Excepting on some Special business 
and those persons who have any of them are desired to Return them 
safe. The Guards at the Wharfs to attend to this Order. 


Lost one Day last Week a Snuff Box, made of paper Machee lined 
with Tortoise Shell had a female Figure and two Boys Painted on 
the Lid, the painting much Abused, a neat Circle of buried work 
round the Picture. 

Whoever will bring it to the Quarter Master Gen'l Office Shall 
receive four Dollars for their Trouble. 

Brigadier for the Day Gen'l Lord Sterling. 

Field officers for the Piquet Col'l Selleman, Lieut't Col'l Clarke 


and Major Wells, for Main Guard Major Dye, Brigade Major Liv- 

For Fatigue o . . i . . i . . i . . i . . 22 

For Guard 1 . .0. . 1. . 1 . .0. .20 

Head Quarters Aug't 5th, 1776. 
Parole Amboy Countersign Bedford 

The Gcn'l has nothing more at Heart than the Health of the 
Troops, and as the Change of Encampment has been found very 
Salatory by such Regt'ts as have Shifted their Ground It is recom- 
mended to the Several Brig'r Gen'ls to have it more generally adopted 
and the Gen'l once more calls upon the Officers and men Who are 
Quartered in Houses to have them kept Clean and Wholesome. Brig'r 
Scott Informed the Gen'l that some Difficulties had arisen in his 
Brigade on Acct of the first Battalion who had reed some assurances 
from the Commitee of this Convention of this State that they should 
not be removed out of Town, Unless the Army moved Generally. The 
Gen'l at the same time being of Opinion that from the Knowledge of 
the City they can be more Serviceable than any equal Number of Men 
who are Strangers Orders that on Wednesday Gen'l Scotts Brigade 
moves into the City and Gen'l Fellow with his Brigade take their place. 

He also directs that no Officer or Soldier of Gen'l Fellows Brigade 
take up their quarters in any dwelling Houses in or near their Encamp- 
ments Except they are placed their by the Q Master Gen'l. 

The Gen'l cannot dismiss this matter without assuring the first 
Batalion of Gcn'l Scotts Brigade that he will have the ground of their 
Claime particularly enquired into by the Provincial Congress of the 
State of New York as well because they may rest assured that at the 
Same time public faith is preserved with them. He Expects and will 
require that they observe their Engagements to the publick. The 
Arrival of new Troops requiring some Change In the arrangement and 
particularly with Respect to the Alarm Post Major Gen'l Putnam with 
the several Brigadiers are desired to Meet to Morrow at 10 oClock at 
the City Hall to Consider there of and make Report to the Gen. The 
Adjutant Gen'l will attend at the Same Time. 

Brigadier for the Day Gen'l Wardsworth. 

Field officers for the Piquet Col'l McDougal, Lieut't Col'l Wesson 
and Major Mead. 

For Main Guard Major Tuttle. 

Brigade Major Gordon. 

For Fatigue 0. .1. .1. .1. .1. .22 

For Guard 1 . .0. . 1. . 1 . .0. .24 

Head Quarters, Aug't 6th. 1776 
Parole Canterbury Countersign Durham 

One Hundred and fifty Men with a Field Officer 3 Captains 6 
Sub 6 Scrgents 6 Corporals and Six Drums and fifes to proceed to 


Burdits Ferry opposite Mount Washington to relieve the Party now 
there for this purpose to parade tomorrow Morning with Arms on the 
Grand Parade at 7 oClock. Apply to Gen'l Putnam for Boats and 
Attend to the Tide. 

Every Commanding officer of a Regiment or Corps in future is to 
account on Back or at the Bottom of his Return for all the officers and 
Men return'd to be on Command Expressing the place and Service in 
which they are Engaged, 

Notwithstanding the orders Issued and the Interest the Troops 
have in it, Complaints are made of the bad Behaviour of the Troops 
to people at Market, taking and Destroying their things. The Gen'l 
declared for the last time that he will punish such offender most 
Severely and in order that they may be Directed An officer from each 
of the Guards nearest to those where the Country people come is to 
Attend from Sun rise till 12 oClock and he is Strictly Enjoined to 
prevent any abuser of their kind to Seize any offender and send him 
Immediately to the Guard House reporting him also at Head Quar- 
ters. The officers of Guards in future will be Answerable If there are 
any more Complaints unless they Apprehend the offender. A Copy 
of this order to be put up in Every Guard House in the City James Mc- 
Cormick of Cap't Fanningtons Company, Col'l Sergeants Regt't, 
Thomas Williams of Cap't Barne's Company and Same Reg't, Peter 
Burke of Cap't Ledyards Company, John Green of Cap't Johnsons 
Company, both of Col'l McDougals Reg't, all Tryed by a Gen'l Court 
Martial of which Col'l Webb was president and Convicted of Deser- 
tion were sentenced to receive 39 Lashes each. The Gen'l Approves of 
the Sentence and orders them to be put in Execution at the usual time 
and place. 

Hugh Lacey of Cap't Stewards Company of Hylandcrs tried by the 
same Court Martial and found Guilty of Impudence and Disobedience 
to the orders of his Captain, was Sentenced to receive 20 Lashes. The 
Gen'l is pleased to pardon him on Condition that he makes a Suitable 
Acknowledgment of his faults to his Cap't, Hendricks Sent, Jacob 
Lent Chas Lent Peter Brown, Jeremiah Hewson Ornamu's Akeman 
all of Cap't Hyatt's Company and Col'l McDougals Reg't having been 
Confined for some time for Desertion and no Evidence Appearing 
Against them are Ordered to be dismissed for want of prosecution. 

Major Printice to take the Command of the Detachment ordered 
to Berdits Ferry. 

Brigadier for the day Gen'l Heath. 

Field officers for the Piquet Col'l Doughlas, Lieu't Col'l Chandler 
and Major Foy for Main guard Lieu't Col'l Arnold. 

Brigade Major for the Day Wyllys. 

Fatigue 1 . .0. . 1 . . 1 . . 1 . .22 

Guard 0..1..1..1..0..24 

Kingsbridge 5 


Head Quarters Aug't 7th, 1776. 
Parole Essex Countersign Fairfield 

The Order of 23th of July respecting the removal of the Sick 
from the Regimental to the Gen'l Hospital having been Misunderstood 
by some, The General directs That it be taken with the following 
Explanation. The Regimental Surgeons are to send at any time with 
the Usual Ticket any patient to the General Hospital whose care re- 
quires it (Putred and Infectious disorders always Excepted.) When- 
ever the Director General or any Surgeon of the Hospital by his 
Director visits the Regimental Hospitals they are to direct what patients 
are proper to be removed, but it is Expected that when any Surgeon 
Visits the Regimental Hospital he will Consult with the Regimental 
Surgeon, and If they should Differ in Opinion they will refer it to the 
directors Gen'l, who has by the Resolution of Congress a Superinten- 
dency over the Whole. The Gen'l most earnestly recommends to the 
Gentlemen in both departments to Cultivate to their own Honour and 
the good of the Service. A Sub. and 20 Men to be placed at Hobuck 
ferry for Examination of Passengers the Officers to receive his Orders 
from the Adjutant General at Head Quarters. The pay Master having 
received a Supply of Cash the Col'l or Commanding officers of 
Regiments are to apply for their June pay, and make up pay Rolls 
for July and deliver them to their Respective Brigadiers for Examina- 

As many Soldiers discharge their Pieces under a Pretence of 
Ignorance of Gen'l orders, and others having leave to do so from their 
Officers because they cannot draw the charge, the Gen'l directs that 
the Col'ls of the Regiments or Commanding Officer Caused Daily In- 
spection to be made of the State of the Arms and when any are found 
loaded which cannot be drawn they are to Cause such Men to assemble 
on the Regimental parade or some other Convenient place but at the 
same time nearly Retreat-beating and their discharge there pieces no 
alarm will then be given, and the Officers will see there is no un- 
necessary firings. 

It is the Duty of the Col'l and the Reputation of his Regiment 
so much depends upon the good order of his Arms that the Gen'l 
hopes he as well as every other Officer and the Men, will pay Strict 
Attention to it. 

John Tolgraves Wyllys Esq'r is Appointed Brigadier Major to 
Gen'l Wardsworth, Mark Hopkins Esq'r to Gen'l Fellow. They are 
to be Obeyed and respected Accordingly. 

Brigadier for the Day, Gen'l Spencer. 

Field officers for Piquet Col'l Chester, Lieut't Col'l Wells and 
Major Porter. Main Guard Lieut't Col'l Latimer. 

Brigade Major Fish. 

For Fatigue o. . 1 . . 1 . . 1 . . 1 . .22 

For Guard 1 . . 1 . . 1 . . 1 . .0. .25 


Head Quarters, Aug't 8th, 1776 
Parole Greenwich Countersign Kensington 

Passes Signed by the president of the Convention of New-York 
to be Deemed Authentick and Noticed as such by the officers attend- 
ing at the Ferry's as the Movement of the Enemy and Intelligence by 
diserters gives the utmost reason to believe that the great Struggle in 
which we are Contending for every thing dear to us and our Posterity 
is near at Hand. 

The Gen'l most earnestly recommends the Strictest attention to the 
State of the Mens Arms Amunition and flints that If we should be 
Sudenly called to Action nothing of this kind may be to provide. 
And docs most anxiously Exort both officers and Soldiers not to be 
out of their Quarters or Encampments, Especially early in the Morn- 
ing or Time of Flood Tide. 

A Flag in the day time or a Eight at Night in the Fort on Rayards 
Hill, with 3 guns from the Same place — Fired Quick but Distinct — 
is to be Considered as a Sign for the Troops to repair to their Alarm 
posts, and prepare for Action, and that the Alarm may be more 
Effectually given the Drums are Immediately to beat to Arms upon 
the Signal given from Bayards Hill. This Order is not to be Con- 
sidered as Countermanding the fireing Two Guns from fort George 
as formerly Ordered that is also to be done upon an Alarm But the 
flag will not be hoisted at the old Head Quarters in the Broadway. 

Col'l Persons, Col'l Bud, Col'l Huntington, Col'l Webb, Col'l 
Wyllys, Col'l Bailey, Col'l Baldwin, Col'l McDougal, Col'l Ritzma and 
Lieut't Col'l Shipperd to attend at Head Quarters this Evening at 6 

Brigadier for the Day Gen'l Lord Sterling. 

Field ofiicers for the Piquet Col'l Newcomb. Lieut't Col'l Russell 
and Major Repply. 

Main Guard Lieut't Col'l Reed. 

Brigade Major, Livingston. 

Fatigue o. . 1 . . 1 . . 1. . 1 . .21 

Guard 0. .0. .0. . 1 . .0. . 17 

Head Quarters, Aug't 9th, 1776 
Parole . Countersign . 

Cap't Lieutanant Sergeant with the Artillery, with two field to 
Attach himself to Gen'l Ileards Brigade with the Amunition Carts 
as ordered by Col'l Knox. While time will permit he must Manuver 
with the Regiments of the Brigade and practice as much as possible 
the Horses not to be taken away from the Carts, but kept with the 
driver in some Convenient Place Contegious to the Brigade so as to 
be ready at a Moments warning. 

Cap't L't to do the same with Lord Sterlings Brigade. 

Cap't L't Johnson to do the same with Gen'l Spencers Brigade. 


Cap't L't Crane to do the same with Gen'l Heaths Brigade. 

An amunition Cart is provided for each Regiment with Spare 
Cartriges. These Carts are Immediately to join the Several Regi- 
ments to which they belong and keep with them in some Safe place 
near the Regiment. The Quarter Master Gen'l to have the Water 
Casks replinished. 

The Commissary Gen'l to deliver to the Col'l of each Regiment 
Rum in proportion to half a pint to a Man, the Col'l to make a return 
of the Number of his Men. for this purpose and see that it is properly 
delt out by putting it under the Care of very different Officer. As 
there are some Regiments yet Deficient in Arms the Gen'l directs that 
the Col'l or some Commanding officers of Regiments See what good 
Arms there are Belonging to the Sick and put them into the hands 
of those who are well. If there should be a deficiency, they are then 
to apply to the Adjutant Gen'l. The Gen'l officers to be at Head 
Quarters this Evening at 6 oClock precisely. The Gen'l exorts every 
man both officers and Soldiers to be prepared for Action, to have his 
, Arms in the best order, and not to wander from his encampment or 
Quarters, to remember what this Country expects of them, what a few 
brave Men have lately done in S. Carolina against a powerfull fleet and 
army, to acquit themselves like Men and with the Blessing of heaven 
on so just a Cause we Cannot doubt of Success. Col'l Glover and Col'l 
Smallwoods Regiments are to be under the Immediate direction of 
Brig'r General Sullivan untill some further arrangement is Made of 
the Brigade. 

Nicholas Fist Esq'r is appointed Major of Brigade to Gen'l Scott, 
is to be obeyed and respected accordingly. 

Brigadier for the Day Gen'l Scott. 

Field officers for the Piquet Col'l Johnson L't Col'l Sheppard and 
M'r Smith for Main Guard, Major Brooks Brigade Major Fish. 

One Orderly Sergeant for Head Quarters (from Col'l V'n Cort- 

One Orderly Corp'l for Gen'l Heard. 

For Fatigue 0. .0. .O..I..O..I? 

For Guard o. .i. .i. .i. . i. .21 

0..1..1..2..1. .38 

[To be Continued] 

Minutes of the Trustee 

[By resolution of the Board of Trustees of the New Jersey His- 
torical Society, the Minutes of the Board will be published regularly 
hereafter in the Quarterly "Proceedings"]. 

Newark, New Jersey, January 8, 1917. 

The Board of Trustees of the New Jersey Historical Society met 
this afternoon at one o'clock. President Francis J. Swayze presided, 
and there were present also Charles M. Lum, Austin Scott, A. Van- 
Doren Honeyman, J. Lawrence Boggs, James J. Bergen, Edwin R. 
Walker, Frank Bergen, Charles W. Parker, Frederick A. Canfield, 
Miss Altha E. Hatch, and Joseph F. Folsom. Excused, Hiram E. 

The minutes of December 4, 1916, were read and approved. 

The report of the treasurer, J. Lawrence Boggs, was read and 
approved. The balance shown was $514.08. 

The report of the Membership Committee was presented by the 
chairman, Mr. Boggs, and was approved. The following members 
were elected; Life, Charles B. Sanford; Contributing, William S. Baker, 
W. Albert Banister, James A. Cartright, Charles H. Hawkins, and 
William C. Headley, all of Newark, and Hon. Edmund B. Learning of 

The Finance Committee, through Mr. Lum, reported progress on 
basement room. 

The Library Committee, through Frederick A. Canfield, chair- 
man, reported. 

For the Committee on Colonial Documents Dr. Scott reported 
progress with publishing the Archives. The following resolution in- 
cidental to the report was adopted : "That the President, or one of 
the Vice-Presidents, be authorized to certify to any bills to be paid 
by the State of New Jersey." 

The secretary was directed to certify to the above resolution and 
to the fact that a majority of the Board was present. 

The Board authorized the committee to bind 1450 copies of Volume 
28, 2nd Series, at a cost not to exceed 35 cents, provided that the 
binders bind on the credit of the State of New Jersey. 

The Board authorized the expending of $25.00 for preparing index 
for the civil list for the Society of Colonial Wars. 


A proposed gift of a collection of New Jersey Indian arrow heads 
was accepted with thanks from Dr. J. Hervey Buchanan of Plainheld. 

Miss- Hatch announced the mid-winter meeting of the Woman's 
Branch to be at Mount Holly on February 14, 1917, and invited the 
Board to attend. 

The Board elected Mr. W. I. Lincoln Adams of Montclair a trustee 
to serve in the vacancy caused by the election of Dr. Scott to the Vice- 

The Board stood upon its rule not to sell any of the manuscripts 
of the Society after hearing by letter the request of the American Art 
Association representative, Mr. Arthur Swann, on behalf of a client 
who wished to buy letters written by Major George W. Whistler. 

The meeting adjourned. Joseph F. Folsom, Rec. Sec'y. 

Newark, New Jersey, February 5, 191 7. 

The Board of Trustees of the New Jersey Historical Society met 
this afternoon at one o'clock. There were present Francis J. Swayze, 
President, Charles M. Lum, A. Van Doren Honeyman, J. Lawrence 
Boggs, Frank Bergen, Henry G. Atha, Miss Altha E. Hatch, W. I. 
Lincoln Adams, and Joseph F. Folsom. Excused, E. S. Lines. 

The minutes of the meeting of January 8 were read and approved. 

The treasurer, Mr. Boggs, read his report, which was approved. 
The balance shown was $871.13. 

For the Membership Committee Mr. Boggs presented a report 
which was approved. 

The death of the Honorable William J. Magie of Elizabeth, a 
member of this board, among others was reported. 

Edward A. Stokes of Pottersville, having paid the dues of a con- 
tributing member for twenty years, was elected a life member. 

The following Contributing members were elected : Samuel R. 
Baker, Robert Crabb, L. D. H. Gilmour, and John W. Halsey, of 
Newark; Mungo J. Currie of Jersey City; J. Amory Haskell and John 
B. Lunger of New York and William O. Wiley of East Orange. The 
resignation of William A. Baker, a Contributing member, was accepted. 

The report of the Library Committee, read by Mr. Boggs, was 

For the Committee on Colonial Documents Mr. Honeyman reported 
progress in the publishing of Volume 5, Second Series, of Newspaper 

There was appropriated $100 for purchasing at auction sale, Febru- 
ary 8 and 9 in New York, New Jersey items from the library of the 
late Garret D. W. Vroom. 

The bill of Charles A. Shrincr for publishing the Proceedings for 
July, 1916, amounting to $150.33, was ordered paid. 

Various insurance policies, amounting in all to $20,000, were 
ordered renewed for three years. 


The following resolution was passed : 

"Resolved, That the treasurer be and is hereby authorized to open 
a savings bank account in the name of this Society and to deposit in 
such account all Life membership dues received from this time." 

The meeting adjourned. Joseph F. Folsom, Rec. Sec'y. 

Newark, New Jersey, March 5, 1917. 

The Board of Trustees of the New Jersey Historical Society met 
this afternoon at one o'clock. Vice-President Charles M. Lum pre- 
sided, and Frank Bergen, Hiram E. Deats, J. Lawrence Boggs, A. 
Van Doren Honeyman, Austin Scott. Henry G. Atha, Edwin S. Lines, 
Miss Altha E. Hatch, and Joseph F. Folsom were present. Excused : 
Francis J. Swayze, Charles W. Parker. 

The minutes of the meeting of February 5 were read and approved. 

The treasurer, Mr. Boggs, reported with balance of $739.61. Ap- 

For the Membership Committee Mr. Boggs reported as chairman 
and the report was approved. The following were proposed and 
elected as Contributing members: Mrs. Frank W. Bamford. Trenton; 
Roland I. Hopper, Newark; Professor William F. Magic Princeton; 
Henry C. Pitney, Jr., Morristown ; Hon. Bennett Van Syckel, Tren- 
ton ; Ridley Watts, Morristown. Francis L. Minton of New York 
City was elected a Life member. The resignations of Dr. L. Eugene 
Hollister, of Newark, Madison Grant, of New York City, and Orra 
E. Monnette, of Los Angeles, California, were accepted. The death 
of William A. Linn of Hackensack was reported. 

Mr. Honeyman reported for the Library Committee, and the re- 
port was approved. 

For the Committee on Colonial Documents, Dr. Scott reported, and 
the committee was authorized to distribute Volume 5, Second Series, 
of the Archives, according to existing methods, the details as to bind- 
ing to be left to the committee. 

Mr. Boggs, of the Committee on purchasing books at the Vroom 
sale in New York, February 9, reported that $140.50 had been spent, 
of which the Woman's Branch had given fifty, and President Swayze 
twenty-five dollars. Approved. 

Mr. Bergen was requested to prepare a minute on the death of 
trustee, the Honorable ex-Chancellor William J. Magie. 

The Committee on Colonial Documents was authorized to seek an 
appropriation from the State for the continuation of the publishing of 
the New Jersey Archives. 

The following committee on procuring a speaker for the annual 
meeting in October was appointed : Edwin S. Lines, Frank Bergen, 
and Austin Scott. 

The meeting adjourned. Joseth F. Folsom, Rec. Scc'y. 


List of Donors to Library October, 1916, to March, 1917, Inclusive. 

Mr. Frank D. Andrews, pamphlet; Anheuser-Busch Co., pamphlet; 
Mr. Edwin S. Balch, volume; Dr. George S. Bangert, manuscript; Mr. 
Patrick H. Baskervill, two volumes; Mr. Charles Bradley, pamphlets, 
print, and a collection of hank notes, framed; Mrs. C. Jl. Brush, 
volume; Mr. Frederick A. Canfield, volume; Mrs. Charles A. Christian, 
nine volumes; Rev. Herhert G. Coddington, three volumes; Miss Har- 
riet J. Cooper, eighty-nine volumes and two pamphlets ; D. A. R., 
Fort Washington Chapter, volume; D. A. R., National Society, two 
pamphlets and three volumes ; Mrs. C. C Davis, two curios, collec- 
tion of letters, and a copy of the records of the Second Presbyterian 
Church of Mendham, N. J.; Mr. Hiram E. Deats, (Woman's Branch) 
three engravings, Mrs. Laban Dennis (Woman's Branch) one curio; 
Dr. William S. Disbrow, pamphlets; Mr. Arthur G. Doughty, pamph- 
let; Miss Clara B. Eno, five manuscripts; Mr. C. M. Farnum, pamph- 
let and volume; Mr. Morris P. Ferris, pamphlet; Rev. Joseph F. 
Folsom, volume; Mrs. Emma M. Golding, engraving (framed); Ad- 
jutant John M. Gould, pamphlet; Miss Margaret S. Haines, (Wo- 
man's Branch), two pamphlets, four curios, seven portraits, one man- 
uscript; Miss Altha E. Hatch. (Woman's Branch) pamphlet; Garrit 
Haulenbeek estate (through Miss Caroline Y. Haulenbeek) fifteen 
volumes; Mr. James W. Hawes, volume; Mr. Elroy Headley, three 
volumes; Mrs. G. V. D. Hankinson, manuscript; Mr. Alfred M. Hes- 
ton, manuscript and pamphlet; Mrs. Henry J. Hoerner, (Woman's 
Branch) volume and sixteen pamphlets; Holbrook estate, sixty vol- 
umes, five manuscripts, four pamphlets; Mr. A. Van Doren Honeyman,. 
two volumes ; Mr. James H. Hyde, pamphlet ; Mr. Chester N. Jones, 
two volumes; Mr. James Lawrence Kearny, portrait; Mr. Calvin N- 
Kendall, two volumes; Mr. Burnet Landreth, volume: Mr. Marion L. 
Lewis, seven volumes; Bishop Lines, eight pamphlets, one volume; Mr.. 
Edward H. Lum, manuscript; Mr. Richard J. Merrell, pamphlet; 
Metropolitan Life Insurance Co., N. Y., volume; Miss Augusta A. 
Morris, two volumes; Miss Lucy Morris, (Woman's Branch) curio; 
Morristown Trust Co., through Mr. Card, (Woman's Branch) volume; 
Miss Mary B. Morton, four curios; Air. Walter A. Morton, photo- 
graph; Gov. Franklin Murphy, volume; Mr. John Neafie, manuscript; 
New Jersey Society, Order of Founders and Patriots, pamphlet; New- 
ark Public Library, volume; Mr. Walter S. Nichols, volume; Mrs. 
Kate Hamilton Osborne, volume; Hon. Charles W. Parker, map; 
Hon. R. Wayne Parker, two broadsides; Mr. John F. Patterson, 
pamphlet; Mr. William H. Peck, portrait (framed); Mrs. E. Barclay 
Price, six volumes, one pamphlet; Princeton University, volume; Mrs. 
E. G. Putnam. (Woman's Branch) volume; Mr. Edward S. Rankin, 
map and print; Mr. Henry Runyon, volume; Mr. Edward 1.. Kycrson, 
two volumes ; Mr. L. J. Ryerson, volume; St. Andrews Society, N. 


Y., pamphlet; Miss Florence P. San ford, pamphlet; Mrs. E. B. Sat- 
terthwaite, manuscript; Mrs. J. M. Sayre, (Woman's Branch) one 
picture (framed); Miss Dora Smith, (Woman's Branch) volume; 
Mrs. Jacob Smith, (Woman's Branch) curio; Society of Colonial 
Wars, four pamphlets; S. A. R., Massachusetts Society, volume; S. 
A. R., National Society, volume; Air. Jackson W. Sparrow, pamphlet; 
Mrs. Matthias Steelman, pamphlet; Mr. Charles Stephens, daguerreo- 
type; Mr. Samuel M. SutlilT, volume; Dr. Theron Y. Sutphen, two 
volumes and pamphlets; Hon. Francis J. Swayze, pamphlet; Mr. 
Samuel B. Thomas, volume; Mrs. Nelson Todd, picture (framed); 
Rev. J. B. Turner, nine volumes; Mrs. F. A. Westervelt, pamphlet; 
Mr. Edmund B. Weston, volume; Woman's Branch, ten volumes, five 
pamphlets; Woodstown, N. J., National Bank, pamphlet; Rev. M. 
Lloyd Woolsey, rebinding two volumes. 

The Old Style Definite Article "Ye" 

A widespread, popular error is that which supposes our forefathers to have 
utterod the word "ye" where the article "the" was meant. This error is ex- 
hibited whenever an old-fa sliioued concert or singing school is gotten up, and 
the program is printed beginning "Ye Olde Folks Concerte." Modern hurnori-ts 
have printed verses abounding iu the word "ye." Eugene Field, in a very 
tender poem, entitled "Medieval Eventide Song," speaks of "ye garden that 
bloometh farre awaye," but even in medieval times "the" garden, and not 
"ye" garden, would have been the uttered term. 

One may look in vain through the printed books of the past for tho word 
"ye" where "the" was intended. No "ye" for "the" appears in the- Euglish 
Bible printed in 1558, and the old books of the seventeenth and eighteenth cen- 
turies of both England and America all use the word "the," just as it is used 
in present-day printing. The famous Bay Psalm Book, printed in 1640. has 
"the" as the first word of its title, "The Whole Booke of Psalmcs." 

Whence, then, it may be asked, has come this persistent "ye?" There must 
be some reason for its use, however erroneous or misapplied. The answer 
briefly may be stated by saying that "ye" is a corruption of the Anglo-Saxon 
character "thorn," equivalent to "th," and the vowel "e." The combinatioon 
"th" in Anglo-Saxon, as in Greek was one letter, and this character wa^ 
used by writers down to the beginning of the nineteenth century. It appear* 
in manuscripts but not in books, because the printers had no types for "thorn." 
It was used by engravers upon tombstones. After printing became common the 
engravers seem frequently to have used "ye" and "the" at option, sometime* 
using both forms on the sauio tombstone. The "e" was placed either directly 
above the "thorn" or above a line to the right. 

The character "thorn" as originally written differed from "y." but there 
is such a similarity as to have led some people, particularly in the eighteenth 
century, to confuse it with "y," with which tlK>y were more familiar. In this 
manner, the use of "ye" for "the" is explained. 

JOSKPH F. Foi.sou. 

Vol. ii NEW SERIES No. 3 


OK Till' 

New Jersey Historical Society 


JULY, 1917 

Library of the Society, West Park Street, Newark, X.J. 

1 nt. •«,.•< I as S'-.-oimI iM.-iss mail mutter at th< r*os( oilier it I'utcrsou, NVw Jersey, but reintci 
[or entry as sccniid inattvi I Soiuorville, New |ci \.r>. uling. 


JULY, 1917 

1. Xi.u Light on Famous Controversy in the History of 

Eijzabeth, by William J. Magic (Concluded) - - 120. 

2. The Chalice of Queen Anne, by Rev. \V. Northey Jones, 

M. A. - - '"•- ~~- - - - - - 152 

3. Newark Founders Day - 162 

4. Bergen County Tombstone Inscriptions: Van Buskirk 

Burial Ground; Hopper Burial Ground; Old Graveyard 
at New Milford; Voorhis Burial Ground; Garrison Bur- 
ial Ground - - - - - - - - 164 

5. Ji.DiiUAii Swan's Orderly Hook (Continued) - 170 

6. Minutes of Trustees ------- 188 

7. Minute Relating to Death of ex-Chancellor William 

I. Mac.i: ---------- ioj 

Published quarterly by The New Jersey Historical Society at 

Somerville, New Jersey. 

Joseph F. Folsom, Editor. 


New Jersey Historical Society 

VOL. II. tf*w Swmss No 3 

New Light on Famous Controversy in the 
History of Elizabethtown 

By William J. Magie, Former Chancellor of New Jersey 


The Home Government Takes Part 

The unsatisfactory condition of affairs in both East and 
West Jersey began to attract the attention of the home govern- 
ment in the closing years of the Seventeenth century. Com- 
plaints had been strenuously made that the Proprietary gov- 
ernment had been inefficient in providing for the defense of 
the Province against foreign enemies or of the settlers against 
the Indians ; that it had failed to repress the disorders which 
had broken out into lawless violence and might thereafter en- 
danger the very existence of the Colony. Naturally such com- 
plaints led to questioning the wisdom and expediency of Pro- 
prietary governments, whose officers, executive and judicial, 
were appointed by the owners of the Proprietary rights, many 
of whom were non-residents, and all of whom were interested 
pecuniarily in the exploitation of these vast tracts of land yet 
unoccupied. These questions led to an examination of the 
rights of the Proprietors to set up and maintain a Government. 
In April, 1699, the Board of Trade and Plantations represented 
to the King (William III) that a trial be had upon a feigned 


issue in Westminster Hall whereby the Proprietors' claim to- 
the right of Government might be determined. 

Whether the Proprietors, before that time, had begun to 
have doubts as to their right to the Government of New Jersey 
or not, may be questioned. At all events, they had made prop- 
ositions to the English authorities in which, while protesting 
that they had acquired such right, they offered to surrender 
the right to the Crown, retaining their property in the land. 

Board of Trade and Plantations' Report 

These propositions, and others, relating to the state of the 
Provinces were referred to the Board of Trade and Planta- 
tions, which body (one of whom was Matthew Prior, the poet) 
on Oct. 2, 1701, made a detailed report. For my present pur- 
pose it is sufficient to quote the following: 

"Upon all which we humbly represent to your Excellen- 
cies. That not being satisfied that the forementioned grants 
from the Duke of York (the only title upon which the said 
Proprietors claim a right to Government) without any direct 
and immediate authority from the Crown, were or could be of 
any validity to convey that right (which we have been informed 
is a power inalienable from the Person to whom it is granted 
and not to be assigned by him unto any other, much iess di- 
vided, subdivided and conveyed from one to another, as has 
been done in the present case) we did thereupon humbly rep- 
resent to His Majesty, the iSth of April, 1699, that a trial 
might be had in Westminster Hall upon a feigned issue where- 
by their claim to the Right of Government might receive a de- 

The report then proceeded to recommend that the King 
should appoint a Governor over the Provinces and instruct him 
to establish a Government therein. 

Nothing was done upon this recommendation during the 
lifetime of William III, but on April 15, 1702, the Proprietors 
of both Provinces surrendered all rights of the Government of 
New Jersey to Queen Anne, who had come to the Throne on 
the 8th of the preceding March. On April 17th, 1702, Queen 
Anne accepted the surrender. On the 5th of December fol- 
lowing she commissioned Edward Hyde, known as Lord Corn- 


bury, to be Governor of New Jersey, and sent him out with the 
well-known "Instructions," under which he established the 
Royal Government of New Jersey. 

New Actions Brought and Judgments 

The change in the government did not diminish the litiga- 
tion between those claiming under the Proprietors and those 
claiming under the Associates. Many actions were brought 
resulting in judgments sustaining the Proprietors' title. One 
of these is deserving of notice, for it is evident from contem- 
poraneous accounts that the Associates hoped to be able to 
carry it before the King in Council and so to obtain a judicial 
settlement of the vexed question which would determine wheth- 
er the reversal of the judgment in Fullerton v. Jones was upon 
the merits of the respective claims. 

In 1 714 an action of ejectment was brought in the Su- 
preme Court by Edward Vaughn, claiming in the right of 
his wife under a Proprietary title against Joseph Woodruff, 
claiming under the Associates. The issue was tried in 171 6 
at the Bar of the Supreme Court and a special verdict was re- 
turned. Arguments thereon were had at least at two subse- 
quent terms. In May, 1718, the Court directed judgment to 
be entered in favor of Vaughn, the plaintiff. Woodruff prompt- 
ly brought a writ of error thereon to the Governor and Coun- 
cil. The cause was there argued at length in 17 19, and a re- 
hearing was had in August, 1725, but no judgment was ever 
entered thereon. In consequence, Woodruff was unable to ap- 
peal to the King in Council as he had intended to do. I find 
no explanation of this action. The Associates naturally as- 
serted that the Proprietors (some of whom were members of 
the Court) were unwilling to have their claim reviewed by a 
Court which would have settled the question forever. It may 
be inferred that this indication of the purposes of the Proprie- 
tors induced the Associates to make up the Book before men- 
tioned to preserve a record of the various surveys and divi- 
sions previously made and recorded in the lost Books. 

It seems that the judgments supporting the Proprietors'* 
claims were generally entered upon special verdicts. But as 


time passed some juries rendered general verdicts. Thus, in 
the action of Patrick Lithgovv, claiming under the Proprietors 
against John Robinson, et als, claiming under the Associates, 
division of 1699, which was commenced in 1731 and brought 
to trial in 1734, a general verdict was reached for the defend- 
ants. And in another action commenced in 1738, in which 
James Jackson, on the demise of Joseph Halsey, claiming un- 
der the Associates, was plaintiff, and John Vail, one of the 
Proprietors was defendant, and which was brought to trial in 
March, i74i-'2 (the trial lasting forty hours) a general ver- 
dict was rendered for the plaintiff. 

These judgments doubtless encouraged the Associates and 
probably induced the Proprietors to resort to a Court of Equity 
to enjoin the setting up of the Associates' title in the then- 
pending suits and in other suits which might be brought on the 
ground that the Proprietors' title was not only good, but had 
been settled at law. 

Th>: Elizabethtown Bill in Chancery 

This resulted in the filing by the Proprietors of the cele- 
brated Elizabethtown Bill in Chancery, which long ago disap- 
peared from the files, and which we only know from a copy 
printed in New York by James Parker in 1747. It appears 
therefrom that the Bill was filed on April 13, 1745, and that it 
was addressed to the Governor, Lewis Morris, who held lands 
under the Proprietors. If the Proprietors hoped that the in- 
terest of the Governor might render him favorable to their 
claims they must have been disappointed by the death of Gov- 
ernor Morris in May, 1746, and the subsequent appointment of 
Jonathan Belcher, who had no Proprietary interest, but was a 
friend and intimate of the people of Elizabethtown where he 
fixed his residence. 

This celebrated document was evidently the work of intel- 
ligent and experienced lawyers. It was of prodigious length 
and perhaps was amenable to some criticism in respect to some 
of its allegations, but it must be presumed that it made the 
strongest case possible for the Proprietors. 

The Associates were thus attacked in a novel way. Here- 


[ tofore the Proprietors had attacked individuals and challenged 
I their title under the Associates. In the early litigation it would 
seem that the individual defendants stood upon their defense 
with their own means. Gradually it came to be perceived that 
each attack upon individual titles affected the titles of all the 
Associates, and committees were formed to aid the defense. 
Money was raised by sales of parts of the original tract which 
had not been divided and contributed for the expenses, prob- 
ably in violation of the laws against champerty and maintenance 
if those laws were in force in the Provinces. Now the whole 
body of the Associates was attacked, and if the attack should 
prove successful, the title of every individual would be inval- 

The situation was critical. The risk was great, because if 
successful each of the defendants would have been defense- 
less against actions of ejectment, resulting in his ouster from 
the house and lands, built and improved by the toil and priva- 
tion of his ancestor or predecessor in title. It may well be 
conceived that they deliberated long and anxiously. The orig- 
inal eighty Associates had all died or removed. The feelings 
which stirred them to violence, when in 1670 they discovered 
that they had been permitted and encouraged to build up the 
town under their purchase, but were now required to pay per- 
petual tribute to the Proprietors by way of quit-rents, must 
have largely subsided if not totally disappeared. The question 
could be considered dispassionately. If prudence required sub- 
mission it seems clear that the Associates could have cleared 
their lands from the Proprietors' claim by paying the quit- 
rents in arrears and undertaking their future payment. The 
quit-rents were not large, although the arrears were rather for- 

Some circumstances seemed to encourage submission. The 
Proprietors were people of wealth, title and station. While the 
Associates and other sympathizers could generally elect a ma- 
jority of the Lower House, the Council, the Courts and the 
Governorship were usually filled by Proprietors and their sym- 
pathizers. Moreover, the Associates had been long practically 
deprived of competent legal advisers. Many years before, 


when negotiations were going on looking to the making up a 
case for judicial decision, they had bitterly complained that 
every lawyer of reputation and standing at the Bar of the 
Provinces was under retainer by the Proprietors, and had even 
asked the release of one of them so as to enable them to be rep- 

Answer to the Bill 

The deliberations of the Associates resulted in a determi- 
nation to resist the new attack upon their title. They were 
able to secure the services of two young lawyers who had been 
practicing but a few years. As solicitors and counsel they 
drafted an "Answer to the Bill," which was sworn to by over 
400 claimants under the original Associates. This document 
was probably filed shortly after August, 1751. It has also 
disappeared from the files, but is believed to be still in exist- 
ence. Our knowledge of it is obtained from the publication 
in 1752 of a copy, which, although rare, may be found in sev- 
eral public and private libraries. It does not betray any lack 
of ability or experience by its youthful draughtsmen. It takes 
up, one by one, the charges of the Bill, and in concise and vig- 
orous terms presents the defenses of the Associates. 

So far as known, no replication — then a necessity under 
the rules of Chancery pleading — was ever filed, and no attempt 
was ever made to bring the cause to hearing before Governor 
Belcher or any succeeding Governor. The counsel for the 
Proprietors died shortly after the Answer was riled. The stir- 
ring scenes of the French War, in which many of the sons of 
Elizabethtown took an honorable part ; the excitement occa- 
sioned by the passage of the Stamp Act in 1765, and not allayed 
by its repeal in 1766 because of the accompanying assertion of 
a right in Parliament to tax colonies ; the outburst of resistance 
to the duty imposed on tea, followed by armed resistance and 
assertion of independence of Great Britain and the forming 
of a new nation, attracted all the attention of the people; inter 
arma silent leges. So this contest, first raised in 1670, contin- 
ued to the filing of the Answer in 1752, was never judicially 


This resume of historical facts affords the only ground on 
-which we can form some estimate of the motives that actuated 
the Associates in pertinaciously maintaining the contest, which, 
in view of the wealth and influence of the Proprietary party, 
may well be called unequal. 

It is not difficult to conceive the astonishment of the As- 
sociates, on being informed about 1670, that the Proprietors 
claimed that they should take title under the Proprietors 
for the tract which they had bought from the Indians under the 
license and with the approval of Col. Nicolls, the deputy of 
the Duke of York ; and doing so, should bind themselves to pay 
a perpetual quit-rent (which, though small in detail, amounted 
to a large sum in the whole) to the Proprietors. They were 
probably incredulous that the Duke of York, heir to the Crown, 
who had commissioned Col. Nicolls as his deputy, and in- 
structed him to take steps to settle the territory of the Duke, 
would have done anything to interfere with those who, in ig- 
norance, had relied on Governor Nicolls' authority, without 
providing for their protection. When the demands of the 
Proprietors were persisted in, and when the Associates reflected 
that the Governor and Agent of the Proprietors had not 
warned the actual settlers he found there in 1665 that they 
had no title against the Proprietors, but had joined the Asso- 
ciation, contributed to their common fund, had taken part in 
the divisions of their tract and accepted the shares allotted to 
him in such division, the indignation and resentment of the old 
settlers may be easily understood. It doubtless accounts for 
the violence which occurred and the unpopularity of Governor 

Governor Carteret's Conduct 

It is not easy to satisfactorily account for the conduct of 
Governor Carteret in this respect. When he arrived here he 
was only 26 years of age. He was charged with the responsi- 
ble duty of settling New Jersey in the interests of the Proprie- 
tors and on the basis of their Concessions, lie found a settle- 
ment already begun. It may well be that he judged it wise to 
unite with the settlers and build Up the town, relying on the 


Proprietors ratifying his action in case of success. This is the 
motive usually attributed to him. A more perfect explanation 
would appear if we knew that he was cognizant of the letter of 
the Proprietors to Col. Xicolls, before his arrival here, which 
Governor Lovelace produced before his Council in New York, 
and which Lovelace thought had confirmed Nicolls' grants in 
Elizabeth Town and the Navesinks. Even then it would be 
difficult to understand his failure to acquaint the Associates 
of such an important fact. 

However honest were the intentions of Governor Carteret, 
it was inevitable that the Associates should be unable to find 
his conduct consistent with fair dealing. From their point of 
view they had been led, not only by his reticence as to Pro- 
prietors' claims, but by his active co-operation with them, to 
devote some six years to the hard life and labor of pioneers in 
a new land. They had been induced thereby to take their di- 
visions under the Associates, they had felled the woods, built 
their houses, prepared the soil for tillage and contributed to 
the erection of a church. To be told at the end of six years' 
work and struggle that they had no title to the lands they had 
reclaimed, but must take title from the Proprietors, and agree 
to pay annual tribute to them, seemed to be so grossly unfair 
as to arouse a resistance that never wholly disappeared. When 
under pressure of threats from the Duke of York and Charles 
II they yielded and applied for surveys, the larger number of 
them still refused to take the titles which would have fastened 
on them the perpetual burden of annual quit-rents. 

Reversal of Fullerton v. Jones 

Then followed the reversal by the King in Council of the 
judgment of the Proprietary Courts in Fullerton v. Jones. The 
Associates were informed by the Agent who prosecuted the ap- 
peal of Jones that the judgment of reversal was upon the valid- 
ity of the Indian deed and Nicholls' grant and therefore felt 
assured of their titles. 

This assurance of validity of title doubtless induced the in- 
dividual Associates to defend the many actions of ejectment. 
When it was found that the Provincial Courts continually ruled 


in favor of the title of the Proprietors, the same sentiment in- 
duced the holders of the lands to band together for a mutual 
defense; to endeavor to supply the place of their lost records, 
and to make the impassioned appeal to the King against the in- 
justice of being compelled to submit the issues involving the 
validity of the Proprietors' title to the decision of those Judges 
who held their position by appointment of the Proprietors 
whose title would be affected by their decision. 

The same influence no doubt stimulated the desire of the 
Associates to present a case to the King in Council on appeal 
when it could be settled whether the decision in Fullerton v. 
Jones was upon the merits of the controversy or not. When 
their desire was defeated by the failure of the Governor and 
Council to decide the issue presented by the writ of error taken 
in Vaughn v. Woodruff, and when they were further encour- 
aged by two verdicts of juries in favor of the Associates' title, 
it seems apparent that the like motive brought about their un- 
ion in answering the Elizabethtown Bill. 

Claims and Evidence of Title 

It is now my purpose to discover, if possible, whether the 
Associates or the Proprietors had any title to the tract of land 
which was described in the Indian grant to the licensees of Col- 
onel Nicolls and, if so, which of the parties had such title. 

The first question to be determined respects the rights 
which the King of England had acquired upon the continent 
of North America. 

The claim of the King is set forth very fully in the Bill 
in Chancery filed in 1745. The title thus set forth was a title 
by discovery and not a title by conquest. It was based upon 
the discovery by Sebastian Cabot, who, in the time of Henry 
VII (1497) reached the eastern coast of North America, about 
the latitude of Florida, and sailed along the coast to the lati- 
tude 67 }4 degrees north. 

The King of England possessed no rights in the soil of 
the vast country along which Sebastian Cabot sailed, except 
such as the recognized international rule of law gave him. The 
country was inhabited, but the inhabitants were uncivilized 


savages, and, to use the language of the day, pagans. If the 
King had landed troops, made war upon the ignorant natives 
and subdued them, a barbarous rule might have been applied. 
The King might have destroyed the inhabitants and taken the 
land and granted it to whomsoever he should select. But when 
no war had been waged and no conquest had been made, a 
right was recognized by international law in the potentate pre- 
siding over the nation of the original discoverer almost equally 
barbarous. The King or other potentate by such a discovery 
was recognized as having a right to exclude from settling upon 
the discovered territory all other nations and peoples. He had 
a right to license his own subjects or others to enter upon the 
discovered land and to acquire from the inhabitants, by nego- 
tiation and purchase, a title. A purchase by any other than one 
licensed by the King or other potentate of the discoverer was 
deemed to be of no value. The poor natives were thus, with- 
out any fault of their own, deprived of the right to dispose 
of their lands to whomsoever they should select ; in fact it may 
be said that they were compelled by their ignorance to dispose 
of their lands to the licensees of the King; yet the theory was 
that they were to be satisfied by a fair purchase. Of course 
there was no standard of value that could fairly be used be- 
tween the native owners and the proposed settlers in the new 
country. Glittering toys, gaudy coats, and, worst of all, intoxi- 
cating spirits, were, as a rule, the price offered. They cost the 
proposed purchasers little, but satisfied the untrained and un- 
taught savage. 

This was the view taken by Chief Justice Marshall in the 
case to which attention has been already called. The quotation 
made from his opinion establishes, in my judgment, the requi- 
sites of a tide under the discovery of Sebastian Cabot to be : A 
license from the King, or from some other whom the King had 
deputed to grant licenses, and a purchase under the license 
from the native inhabitants. 

To aid in the investigation I have undertaken it will be well 
to fix in mind the claims of each of the parties to this contest. 

The claim of the Proprietors was based upon the deed of 
the Duke of York to Berkeley and Carteret. No other convey- 


ance to them was relied upon, and it was not pretended that 
they or their successors had ever acquired the right, interest 
or title of the Indian possessors of the land included in the 
Elizabethtown tract. 

It may be here observed that the Answer to the Bill in 
Chancery attacks the deed from the Duke of York to Berkeley 
and Carteret. That deed was a familiar form of conveyance 
of title to land in England which grew up after the enactment 
of the Statute of Uses. The old common-law lawyers adhered 
to the notion that no title could be conveyed except by an own- 
er in possession and capable of making livery of seisin. The 
Statute of Uses was conceived to recognize a possession of a. 
constructive nature, and the cunning of the profession then 
discovered that, by making a lease, an owner of land out of 
possession might confer upon the lessee a constructive posses- 
sion, so that the owner might by a release pass an absolute title 
to the lessee. 

The criticism of the Answer upon the deed in question was 
that at the date of the lease and release the Duke of York was 
not in possession of the land conveyed. That must be ad- 
mitted ; such possession as existed was in the Dutch and it was 
adverse to the English title. The argument then was that the 
Duke's lease and release passed no title, because the Statute of 
Uses did not extend to or operate upon titles to lands to which 
the King's right had been obtained only by discovery thereof 
by one of his subjects. 

Looking at the title supposed to be conveyed by the lease 
and release as a title to land, this argument was perhaps not 
without effect, but, in my judgment, it erred because the Duke of 
York had acquired by his letters patent from the King no right 
in the soil of New Jersey: for the King had no such right, and 
therefore could not convey to the Duke any such right. The 
right which the letters patent transferred to the Duke was a 
right to settle the pagan lands, to select such persons as the 
Duke should choose, to make such settlement, and to govern 
them when the settlement was made. 

The power of government involved the selection of the 


settlers, and it was a power pertaining to the Royal prerogative 
and not at all a title to land. 

The claim of the Associates was to a title conferred by 
the Indian possessors under the license by the Duke or his dep- 
uty authorized for that purpose. 

It is clear, by the way, that upon the doctrine of Chief 
Justice Marshall the Proprietors could not have succeeded as 
plaintiffs in any litigation respecting the title to the Elizabeth- 
town tract even if Col. Nicoll's authority did not exist, and the 
title of the Associates were thus shown to be defective. For 
no doctrine is better settled than that a plaintiff in an action 
involving the title to land must succeed entirely upon showing 
a good title in himself. The weakness or non-existence of title 
in the defendant would not entitle the plaintiff to recover unless 
he established such a title in himself. 

If it be assumed that the Indians' deed to the Associates 
was void because made to persons not duly licensed to acquire 
such a title, it remained true that the Indians or the Associates 
had possession and title and that the Proprietors had never ac- 
quired both, either from the Indians or from the Associates. 

The claim of the Associates was primarily based upon the 
license of the English Crown to purchase the Elizabethtown 
tract from the Indians and the subsequent purchase, the deed 
for which was duly recorded in the mariner directed in the 
instructions to Colonel Richard Nicolls. It must be conceded 
that if Col. Richard Nicolls, at the time of giving the license to 
purchase, had authority to do so, the Indians' deed established 
in the grantees an estate in fee which could be sustained in an 
action of ejectment and could afford a complete defense to the 
alleged title of the Proprietors. 

In dealing with this question it is important to ascertain 
the nature of the licensing power claimed by the King in lands 
of uncivilized heathen discovered by one of his subjects. It 
was manifestly either from a branch of the King's power to 
govern his settlements in such lands when they had been made 
or from a power of an analogous nature. Such powers were 
branches of the King's prerogative, which he could exercise by 
himself or by persons appointed for that purpose by him. When 


the King made to the Duke of York the letters patent, he 
placed in his brother's hands the selection of persons to make 
settlements in the tract over which the Duke was given com- 
plete powers of government, and he further authorized the 
Duke to exercise these powers either by himself or by deputy 
appointed by him. 

That Colonel Richard Nicolls was such a deputy there can 
be no question, and that his exercise of the power of selecting 
settlers and authorizing purchases from the Indians was an 
exercise by a deputy of the prerogative power conferred upon 
the principal must be admitted. 

If the power of the deputy had not been superseded on the 
30th day of September, 1664, when his license was signed by 
him, and. on the first day of December, 1664, when his con- 
firmatory grant was made, his acts were final and conclusive. 

The claim of the Proprietors on this subject was that as 
to the whole of the lands in New Jersey Colonel Nicolls was 
deprived of the power to license purchases from the Indians 
on the 22nd and 23rd day of June, 1664, when the Duke of 
York made the deed to Berkeley and Carteret in England. 

The appeal is to the known doctrine that when a principal 
who has given an agent power over the principal's land divests 
himself of property in the land by a conveyance to another, 
the power of the agent is thereby revoked. In my judgment 
this principle is inapplicable according to the doctrines above 
stated respecting title in discovered lands. Neither the King 
nor the Duke of York had any title of any kind and no right 
beyond that of excluding every other nation from settlement 
in the discovered property and of selecting such persons as the 
King desired to settle therein. Consequently the conveyance 
to the Proprietors did nut produce the effect contended for. 

A critical examination of the release also indicates, in my 
judgment, that there was no direct conveyance of the Royal 
Prerogatives which the Duke had been empowered to use by 
the letters patent. It was a mere grant of land with its appur- 
tenances, "in as full and ample manner as the same is granted 
to the said Duke of York by the before-recited letters patent." 
It seems that this language cannot be construed as conveying 


powers of the Royal prerogative, such as the powers of gov- 
ernment, and the included or collateral power of determining 
who should make a settlement and form the community to be 

This conclusion, so far as the powers of government are 
concerned, will perhaps seem strange to those who remember 
that under the Proprietors a government was set up and act- 
ually in operation for 2>7 years and until, upon a threat of a 
proceeding to test the Proprietors' right to govern, the powers 
of government were surrendered to Queen Anne. The gov- 
ernment so set up was undoubtedly a de facto government. All 
those who came over with Philip Carteret were bound to ac- 
cept that government by the terms of the "Grants and Conces- 
sions." The Associates who were already settled here were 
not thus bound but undoubtedly became bound by the oath 
they took recognizing the Proprietors' government. Yet such 
recognition did not, in any respect, affect the title to lands 
claimed by the Indian deed. 

While the conveyance from the Duke of York to Berke- 
ley and Carteret lacked the legal efficiency that its terms indi- 
cated, because the Duke of York had no title to the lands con- 
veyed, yet it may be argued that it could be construed as cre- 
ating in Berkeley and Carteret a power of government and in- 
cidentally a power to select who should be admitted to settle 
and be governed, and that thereby, as to the whole of New 
Jersey, the powers of Col. Richard Nicolls were, inferentially 
at least, revoked. 

The Board of Trade and Plantations in the recommenda- 
tion to the Council to test the right of the Proprietors to a 
government took the position that the Royal Prerogative of 
government over a discovered country, when intrusted to the 
Duke, was incapable of being passed over by him for any part 
of the vast dominion which the King's letters patent had con- 
ferred upon him. 

There can be no doubt that, when an agency is created in- 
volving the exercise of discretion in the person selected, such 
person has no power to transfer to another that exercise of 
discretion which had been conferred upon him as a personal 


duty. The letters patent did, indeed, authorize the Duke to 
select and appoint a deputy who should represent him and 
govern the new territory and the whole of it. Such deputy 
would govern absolutely in the name of the Duke as represent- 
ing the sovereign who had conferred upon him the power of 
government. It seemed to the Board of Trade and Plantations 
not to be capable of being construed as authorizing the Duke 
to subdivide his grant and confer upon each division a power 
of government. As their report said : "To admit that construc- 
tion would permit the Duke to subdivide it in innumerable 
quantities and to grant to each the Royal Prerogative of gov- 
ernment, by which he would thus evade the responsibility which 
the letters patent had imposed upon him." 

Powers of Berkeley and Carteret, and Nicolls 

But if this be considered rather hypercritical, and if there 
can be discovered from the transaction an intent to confer up- 
on Berkeley and Carteret the power of government inclusive 
of the power of selecting the community to be governed, a 
further question is at once raised. It must be conceded that 
on the 24th day of June, 1664, when the Duke's release was ex- 
ecuted, Colonel Richard Nicolls was the Governor and Dep- 
uty of the Duke of York for the whole of the territory, a right 
which the Duke acquired under the letters patent. Did the 
conveyance to Berkeley and Carteret, construed as conferring 
upon them powers of government (part of the Royal Preroga- 
tive) ipso facto deprive Colonel Nicolls, on whom these pow- 
ers had been conferred by the Duke, of any power so con- 
ferred, before the new Governors had appeared in this country 
in person or by duly appointed agents, and had made public 
their accession to the authority conferred upon them? 

To assert the affirmative to this proposition at the time 
when the source of power was 3000 miles distant and the time 
required to transmit intelligence was never less than months, 
would require us to acknowledge that every act done by a Gov- 
ernor in the Colony might be found afterward to have been 
nullified and made of no avail by the action of the Duke in 
England. It is incredible that such was the contemplation of 


the parties. As a matter of fact, in the- change of Governors 
the previous incumbent in practice retained his power until his 
successor appeared in the Colony armed with his commission 
and required the officer he superseded to recognize his au- 

It results that on this construction of the Duke's release 
the powers of Colonel Nicolls were retained by him until Philip 
Carteret arrived with his commisMun under the Proprietors: 
then, upon the theory above stated, the powers of Colonel Ni- 
colls, so far as they affected New Jersey, ceased to exist. But 
this conclusion renders it clear that when Colonel Nicolls li- 
censed the Associates to purchase of the Indians, and when he 
confirmed their purchase, he was without knowledge of the 
conveyance by the Duke in the previous* June, and the pur- 
chasers were equally ignorant 

It seems manifest from all the accounts of the occurrences 
that the knowledge of the Duke's conveyance to Berkeley and 
Carteret did not reach Colonel Nicolls or the public here until 
the summer of 1665, when Philip Carteret's ship arrived. 

Upon this situation I have reached the conclusion, after 
much consideration, that the license from Colonel Nicolls was 
effective and the Indian deed was good, and the power of Ni- 
colls had not, at the time it was exerted, been, in fact, taken 
away from him. This conclusion relates to the situation at the 
time of Carteret's arrival, but this does not settle all the ques- 
tions that were raised in the long controversy. 

Doctrine of Sovereignty over Conquered Territory 

The additional circumstances (hat must be considered be- 
fore a definite opinion can be pronounced upon the legal situ- 
ation are as follows : 

In March, 1671 -'72, England declared war against the 
Dutch; and the existence of war between these nations, it is 
asserted in the Bill in Chancery, was proclaimed in New Jer- 
sey on the 1 6th of July, 1672. In the following year a Dutch 
fleet cruising along the coast of America was informed of 
the defenseless condition of New York. The Dutch comman- 


der made sail for New York and, about the 30th of July, 1673, 
took possession of the City of New York and gradually ex- 
tended the Dutch authority over both the Provinces of New 
York and New Jersey. 

The war came to an end with the Dutch in possession, but 
by the treaty of peace made in February, i673-'74, it was ex- 
pressly stipulated that the country taken from the English was 
to be "restored to its former owners in the same condition as 
it shall be at the time of publishing this peace." 

Upon these circumstances it seems apparent that Charles 
II, then King of England, conceived that he had acquired a 
new right in the country, and that the acquisition was rather 
in the nature of a conquest from the Dutch which gave him the 
power acquired by such conquest. So he made, on June 29, 
1674, a second grant to the Duke of York of the whole tract 
which he had granted to him by the letters patent of March 12, 
1664. Thereupon the Duke of York by lease and release made 
the grant of East Jersey to Sir George Carteret. The lease and 
release were dated the 28th and 29th of July, 1674. 

This arbitrary division of the lands of New Jersey was 
afterwards adopted and made effective by what is called the 
Quintipartite deed, which was dated July 1st, 1676, and was 
made by Sir George Carteret and the assigns of Lord Berkeley 
who, with Sir George Carteret, had been the grantees in the 
Duke's original conveyance in 1664. 

The dividing line between East and West Jersey was left 
in some doubt by the language used in the Duke's grant and 
the Quintipartite deed. It may be possible that the Elizabeth- 
town tract extended so far to the west that portions of it were 
included in West Jersey ; but this is doubtful and it is plain that 
the main and valuable portion was within the boundaries of 
East Jersey. 

The doctrine that the sovereign of a country gained 
rights in the soil of a conquered country because of his right 
to slay and destroy all its inhabitants was not universally ad- 
mitted among the laws of nations. 

Grotius and other writers on the laws of Nations ad- 
mitted some sovereign rights in the conqueror but limited those 



rights to destruction of life and denied them as to the acquisi- 
tion of the property of the conquered, except as it was seized 
in or after a conflict. Whether the rights of a conqueror were 
limited or not it seems to me manifest that the rule did not at 
all apply to the situation of the Colonists in New York and 
New Jersey when the treaty which terminated the war between 
England and Holland was signed and restored to the King 
those colonies. 

The colonies in question were built up and inhabited by 
loyal subjects of the English crown. The English sovereign or 
his alter ego, the Duke of York, owed the colonists protection 
from foreign invasion. That protection was manifestly not 
given them. The result was that they were unable to repel 
the invasion of the Dutch and were forced to yield to them. 
The King did not procure the restoration of these colonies by 
a conquest of the territory, but by means of a treaty which 
put a period to the state of war between England and Holland. 
So the colonies returned to the King by peaceful means. 

But if the King's troops had invaded the colonies and 
driven out the Dutch, it is impossible to conceive that the King 
could have thereby obtained authority to slay all the inhabi- 
tants who had been his loyal subjects, and who, by reason of 
his failure to protect them, had been compelled to submit to 
the Dutch invasion. 

Lacking that power the most arbitrary and extensive of 
claimed rights of the conqueror, he did not by the transfer ac- 
quire any right over the soil of the colonies, and the deed to 
the Duke of York was of no avail to pass to him any right 
over such lands. 

If it were otherwise all colonies would have been at the 
mercy of their King. If they became valuable and populous, 
by withdrawing his protection he might permit them to be in- 
vaded and taken by another nation, and then, having conquered 
the other nation, he might restore himself and withdraw from 
the colonists whom he had neglected the rights which they had 
acquired under him. This is so contrary to reason that no 
such doctrine is discoverable in any of the writers on the sub- 
ject. If the power of destruction of the conquered did not ex- 


ist, the appended power ceased to exist. Cessante ratione ces- 
sat lex. 

For these reasons, in my judgment, the Proprietors were 
unable to rely upon the second conveyance from the Duke of 
York, and the Associates' title acquired under the Indian deed 
was not thereby affected. 

The first of the questions which I have undertaken to decide 
is, I think, to be thus answered : The persistent resistance of 
the Associates to the demands of the Proprietors was due to 
an honest belief in the validity of their title, and that belief 
arose naturally from the circumstances. 

Other Questions Affecting Title 

There are two other questions affecting the Proprietors' 
title which ought to be considered. It is asserted that the orig- 
inal Associates upon the arrival of Governor Carteret took the 
oath of allegiance including a stipulation that they were to be 
true and faithful to the Lords Proprietors and the government 
of the Province. As the Proprietors claimed the government 
and had established it, that oath was a natural sequence of 
their union with Carteret in setting up the new town : but it 
is impossible to conceive that it in any way recognized the 
right of the Proprietors to the soil which was afterward as- 
serted. The right of government and the right to the soil were 
distinct rights and the recognition of the one did not involve 
the recognition of the other. 

It is also asserted that the protesting Associates admitted 
the rights of the Proprietors when many or most of them con- 
sented to take out surveys of their land. 

As has been stated, this was no recognition of the neces- 
sity of a title from the Proprietors and did not bind any of 
them to the payment of the quit-rents demanded by the Pro- 

Extent of Territory Granted 

Among other questions raised by the Bill and Answer in 
Chancery was one affecting the extent of the territory granted 
by the Indians and claimed by the Associates. By the Indian 


deed the line dividing the tract ran up After Cull Bay "till we 
come to the first river which sets westwards up After Cull 
Bay aforesaid," and then to run west into the country. 

The northern boundary of the tract, therefore, depends 
upon the location of the river intended by the description above 
quoted. On the part of the Proprietors it was contended that 
the river intended was what was then called and is yet called 
Bound Creek. On the part of the Associates it was contended 
that the river intended was the Passaic. It is obvious that this 
contention involved the title to a considerable tract as the 
mouth of Bound Creek and the mouth of the Passaic are sep- 
arated by several miles. 

I have reached the conclusion that the Proprietors were 
correct in their contention, and that Bound Creek satisfied the 
description of the Indian deed. 

At the time the Bill in Chancery was filed, it is probable 
that Bound Creek had been somewhat diminished in size by 
the destruction of the forests around its headwaters and the 
consequent erosion from the cultivated land carried into the 

The Associates' answer does not deny that at that time it 
was navigable for small vessels. The Bill had asserted that it 
was so much of a water-way as to be frequently used and, in- 
deed, that a small vessel had been built thereon for the naviga- 
tion of the adjoining waters. The Associates further contended 
that it was not a river but a mere tidal stream, the head of 
which was in a cove, the location of which is still to be ob- 
served. Perhaps it was not, strictly speaking, a river, but a 
stream capable of being used and which was used for driving 
a mill ran into this cove, and from that point to the Bay it was 
rather a tidal river. 

Bound Creek has been so contracted by deposits from the 
adjoining country and by being closed by causeways and rail- 
roads that it is not at this day easily discoverable, but at my 
earliest recollection it was no inconsiderable stream. 

Once, when driving to Newark, I was in company with 
an old man who was born in that neighborhood and lived there 
until he grew up, when he came to Elizabethtown and resided 


there till his death. The road on which we were passing, and 
which was then called the lower road to Newark, deviated from 
the road called the upper road to Newark just south of what 
is now Evergreen Cemetery, and by a circuitous route running 
near what was formerly a station on the Pennsylvania railroad 
called Waverly, it avoided the hills of the upper road, which 
were then quite formidable to heavy traffic. The upper road 
crossed the stream which ran into the cove, but did not strike 
Bound Creek. The lower road crossed Bound Creek by a stone 
bridge and joined the upper road at a spot near the present 
station of the Lehigh Valley Railroad. 

As we were crossing the stone bridge, my old companion 
pointed out to me the decayed and broken down timbers of 
what had formerly been a bulkhead or wharf along Bound 
Creek, and told me that in his youth the farmers used to send 
their produce from that wharf by sloops to New York and ob- 
tained by the return of the vessel what they needed from the 
city. So that even in the close of the Eighteenth century, which 
was about the time when my old companion was a boy, the 
stream was navigable and of some importance. 

It would seem by the use of the word "first" in the de- 
scription of the stream, the grantors intended to indicate one 
river out of more rivers setting westward. The only other 
river that could be claimed to be thus designated was the Pas- 
saic. It is true that the first course of the Passaic from the Bay 
is not in a westward direction, but a little east of north. It main- 
tains that course, however, only for a short distance and then 
turns west. But as Bound Creek was a river in the sense nat- 
urally to be applied to the word as used, the Passaic was not 
the first river setting west. 

As I have mentioned, the location of the boundary between 
Elizabethtown and Newark was always a matter of question 
and doubt. A meeting of the notable people of both settle- 
ments for the purpose of agreeing upon a dividing line was un- 
doubtedly held upon a hill, since called Dividend Hill, which 
was near the head of the cove. It is quite true that the pur- 
pose of the meeting may have been to determine not the line 
of division between lands in respect to their ownership, but 


rather a division with respect to the jurisdiction of each set 
tlement; but I think that inference cannot be fairly drawn. 

The Associates of Elizabethtowrl claimed the power of 
government over the whole tract purchased by them, and to the 
•extent of municipal affairs ; this seems to have been conceded 
to them during the government of Philip Carteret, at least up 
to about 1670; so that in my judgment the selection of Divi- 
dend Hill as a place from which to start the line of division is 
a strong indication that the original purchasers and their con- 
temporaries recognized that as in the line of division, and 
such recognition could not have been if they understood that 
the "river setting westward from the Bay'' was the Passaic, 
and could only be applicable if they believed that river was 
Bound Creek. 

The Herman Tract Purchase 

There was another point made in the Bill of Chancery 
which it may be proper to notice. It was contended that while 
the Dutch were in possession, one Augustine Herman pur- 
chased from the Indians a large tract of land which the Pro- 
prietors claimed included some, if not the whole, of the lands 
claimed by the Associates. 

It is difficult to understand the purpose of the Proprietors 
in making this claim. If Herman's grant was effective it was 
impossible to maintain that the Proprietors had acquired any 
right from the Indians. But, on the doctrine laid down by 
Chief Justice Marshall, it is obvious that the conveyance made 
by the Indians to Herman conveyed no title because he had no 
license from the King of Great Britain to settle upon lands 
within the territory granted to the Duke of York. His title 
could not have been set up against a purchase from the In- 
dians made under a valid license from the King of England 
or his deputies. 

The Answer in Chancery contends that Herman, who re- 
mained in the Provinces after the Dutch had been expelled 
from power, never made any claim under the alleged title, al- 
though he and his children had, for many years, owned and 
possessed other tracts of land within the Provinces. 


But a more effectual objection was made to the effect that 
the alleged conveyance had none of the form or purpose of a 
conveyance of land in that it was not sealed, nor did it contain 
words indicating a conveyance of land in fee, but was merely 
a license to settle given by the Indians. As the Answer asserts 
that the Herman deed was accessible at that time, if this de- 
scription of its purport was correct, it is certain that it could 
play no part in the controversy between the Associates and the 

The Cyclopedia of New Jersey 

The third volume of the ''Cyclopedia of New Jersey/' edited 
by Mary Depue Ogden, and published by the Memorial His- 
tory Company of Newark, has just been received at the library 
of the New Jersey Historical Society. The volume contains 
305 pages, including an index of the names of persons, and is 
a continuation of the truly monumental work purposed. It 
equals in biographical and genealogical value the previously 
published volumes of the set, and excels them in some particu- 
lars, obviously in the richness of the illustrations. Many beau- 
tifully colored full-page coats-of-arms are inserted, and many 
engravings of scenes and houses are added to the usual number 
of portraits found in the other volumes. 

The subjects, to which an unusual amount of attention is 
given (the sketches including a great wealth of genealogical 
material of direct and of collateral lines) are Craig A. Marsh, 
Erastus G. Putnam and Jonathan Ackerman Coles. Many 
other subjects are amply sketched and given the background of 
family and descent. The list is too long to reprint, but an in- 
spection of the index will show how comprehensively the vol- 
ume touches New Jersey biography. 

Among some sketches of interesting New Jersey charac- 
ters of the old times written by Joseph l 7 . Folsom are to be 
found an extensive story of Captain Daniel Bray of Hunter- 
don County ; also of Colonel Charles Stewart, Commissary 
General of the Continental army ; Rev. Orange Scott, hvmnist ; 
Archibald Kennedy; Robert Lettis Hooper; Caspar Wistarj 
and others. 

This line work when completed will make an authoritative 
compendium which all who seek information on the history, 
biography, or genealogy of the State will find necessary to ex- 

The Chalice of Queen Anne 

Historical Address Given in S. Peter's Church, Perth 
Amboy, N. J., on St. Peter's Day, 1917, by the Rev. W. 
Northey Jones, M. A., Rector. 

Dear Friends : We gather here, as is our custom on our 
patron saint's day, to listen to an historical address, and I have- 
chosen as my subject one of our treasures and heir-looms of the 
past and still in use on every Lord's Day, The Chalice of 
Queen Anne. 

"Good Queen Anne" ascended the throne in 1702 and well 
deserves her title of 'Good.' If not one of the greatest of Eng- 
land's sovereigns, she was certainly one of the best and most 
beloved — a woman of unblemished character and a devoted 
Churchwoman. England has had sovereigns who were Church- 
men by accident and could readily change their religion should 
change of residence or matrimony demand, but Anne was a 
Churchwoman from conviction. Had she lived, say two years 
longer, and had not died in 1714, we would have had episco- 
pacy in this country 75 years earlier than we had. 

Queen Anne wished to show her interest in the Church- 
men in the American colonies and give her encouragement to 
that feeble spark of Church life which was under the fostering 
care of the new and first-established of all the English Mis- 
sionary Societies of the world, the Society for the Propagation 
of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, familiarly known as the S. 
P. G. 

She gave communion silver to Trinity Church, New York ; 
S. Peter's, Albany; Christ Church, Philadelphia; S. Peter's, 
Westchester; Christ Church, Rye; S. George's, Hempstead; 
S. Paul's, Wickford, R. I.; S. Mary's, Burlington, N. J.; and 
to our own beloved parish. 


Records of this parish do not begin until 1718, from 
which date we have a continuous record of the proceedings 
of the Vestry. The parish registers before and after that 
date were lost and we have no information from this source 
until after the War of the Revolution ; so we have no knowl- 
edge as to when this communion silver was received. We 
know however that Burlington received her set in 1708 and 
we have a right to presume that ours was received at about the 
same time. 

Let us imagine ourselves present when it is first received 
in Perth Amboy. Amboy had perhaps 75 houses, situated in 
this part of the hamlet where we now are, near the shore and 
back of this spot was the great forest primeval. The town had 
not grown as the first settlers, some of whom were still alive, 
had hoped. They had expected their little village, the capital and 
seaport of the province of New Caesarea, would be the metro- 
polis of the world, but New York was fast outstripping Am- 
boy. The Church, too, had not grown as some of them had 
hoped, and they were without a resident clergyman at this time. 

They were still worshipping in the colonial building which 
was built for a courthouse, and was situated at the foot of High 
Street, near the Long Ferry property. The majority of the 24 
Proprietors of the province of East Jersey were Churchmen 
and they voted to give this building, first designed for govern- 
ment purposes, to the Church as a place of worship. It was 
called S. Peter's and the corner stone of this first building can 
to-day be seen in our east wall. They had fitted up the building, 
glazing the windows and putting in pews, so that it was quite 
comfortable ; but after they had occupied it for 23 years as a 
Church, they were now looking forward to having a larger and 
more churchly edifice and in fact their previous rector, the Rev. 
John Brooke, had collected 200 pounds for this purpose, but he 
had died the previous year and with his death their hope was 
deferred and not realized until 1722. 

Now in the year of grace 1708, the Rev. Edward Vaughan 
of S. John's, Elizabeth, comes over to take S. Peter's under his 
care. The handful of churchmen in Amboy were too poor <uu\ 
too few to support a clergyman, and during all the years from 


the establishment of the parish in 1685 until after the War 
of the Revolution, they were dependent upon outside help. 
After the rectorship of Mr. Perthuck, who came to them in 
1685 and whose services seem to have been confined to Amboy, 
they were dependent upon clergymen who were practically 
circuit-riders, having as many as five or six places or stations 
under their care. This parish was yoked quite often with S. 
John's, Elizabeth ; Christ Church, New Brunswick ; S. James, 
Piscataway ; and S. Andrews, Staten Island. After the organ- 
ization of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in 
1702, that great missionary society sent its clergy over to S. 
Peter's and furnished their stipend until the Revolution and 
even for a little while after that. 

The colonists are happy at this time in the thought that 
Lord Cornbury has been removed from the Governorship. 
Nominally a Churchman as every Governor had to be, he was 
a moral degenerate who had never placed himself inside a 
Church. He had held the Governorship of the united colonies 
of East and West Jersey, the first appointment over the royal 
province, at the same time that he was Governor of New York ; 
but he had never concerned himself with the Jerseys, except to 
persecute some of the righteous men of the colonies and the 
clergy of the Church. The Rev. Mr. Brooke and the Rev. Mr. 
Moore, both of whom had been in charge of S. Peter's, had 
been imprisoned by him. Now he was removed, which was a 
source of joy to the Churchmen of S. Peter's. 

Rev. Mr. Vaughan, of Elizabeth, had arranged for a 
service in Amboy when the new chalice of Queen Anne should 
be used in the service of the Church. How encouraged they 
were that morning when they were gathered together to re- 
ceive the gift of Queen Anne and to receive the sacred sacra- 
ment from that chalice, to know that their good Queen had so 
remembered them and sympathised with them in their hard- 
ships of colonization and their attempts to keep alive true re- 
ligion in this new world. 

Brethren, wc can say as we look back, that Almighty God 
has blessed and kept alive the memory of Anne. Other me- 
morials of the great, the rich, and undeserving, have perished 


from the earth ; but Anne's memorial, like that of Mary who 
broke the box of nard on Jesus' feet, will continue forever, in 
that generations of Americans yet unborn, — members of her 
colonial Churches — will bless "Good Queen Anne" when they 
see that "Anne Regina" engraved on chalice and paten of their 
parish Church. 

This handful of Churchmen, perhaps not more than 15 in 
number, needed this encouragement coming to them. Of their 
number was Thomas Gordon, probably the greatest man in the 
settlement, who in 1702 had become secretary of the 24 Pro- 
prietors and afterward a member of the Provincial Assembly. 
He it was whose body lies at the southeast corner of the church 
w r ith the Latin inscription on the tombstone. He had come over 
with his wife and four children only to be bereaved of them 
all; they had succumbed to the rigors and hardships of colonial 
life. Twenty-five years had passed since then, when in all a 
young man's enthusiasm he had left Pitlochie, Scotland, with 
them and now in middle life he had married again. His love 
and benevolence toward S. Peters at that time have come 
down to us through all the generations, in the endowment of 
land which he gave his Mother Church. 

Then there is George Willocks and his good wife Mar- 
garet, who induced him to bequeath to S. Peter's Church a 
part of this churchyard and his own dwelling as a parsonage 
to S. Peter's Church ; he and his wife are there to receive from 
this chalice. John Barclay is there, whose brother wrote that 
famous controversial book, which was the text-book of the 
Quakers. Barclay's Apologies together with Fox's book of 
Martyrs was in every Quaker home for over a hundred years. 
John, however, is a Churchman and shows his devotion to S. 
Peter's by acting as a clerk of the parish and bequeathing to 
her large grants of land. His name like that of Willocks and 
Gordon is engraved on the tablet of the Church's benefactors 
which is on the east wall behind the pulpit of the Church. 

Perhaps Colonel Morris is present, that ardent Church- 
man who always had family prayer in his home and who 
afterwards became Governor of this State and founder of 
one of the greatest of American families. Thomas Fannar 


has come out to the service. He has become a counselor 
under the Queen's government and is afterwards to become 
Chief Justice. He it was whose memorial stone is on the 
wall of the vestibule of this Church. Captain Elisha Park- 
er is probably of the number. John Harrison, whose name also 
appears in the tablet of the benefactors of the parish, is not 
present in body, though present in spirit, for he is on the fron- 
tier fighting. For as to-day the nations of the old and new world 
are engaged in their momentous struggle, so in that day were 
they engaged ; while the Duke of Marlborough was winning his 
battle against Louis of France, the colonists on this side of the 
water were fighting in the French and Indian War. 

Not one family name of these I have mentioned as having 
first received communion from that chalice, remains in the fair 
town of Perth to-day, but the names of those faithful few bene- 
factors and founders of S. Peter's, though having no living de- 
scendants here, are cherished by us with grateful remembrance 
and the chalice from which they received reminds us when 
we see it of the fellowship of the communion of saints of all 
the ages of which they are a part. 

The representative of Governor Hunter is present and 
reads the message of the Queen, telling of her interest in Perth 
Amboy and her gift to the Church. The Rev. Mr. Vaughan 
expresses the appreciation of the congregation in receiving the 
gift and proceeds to bless and consecrate the holy vessels and 
then in those unfailing words of the divine liturgy as we have 
it to-day, he proceeds to consecrate the holy elements and to ad- 
minister to the assembled Churchmen. 

Another decade passes. It is the 4th of August, 17 18. 
Some of those early settlers at that first communion from the 
Queen Anne chalice have gone to their rest. Now the parish- 
ioners assemble to celebrate the receiving of their charter from 
King George the First and listen to its reading by Robert 
Hunter, Esq., "Captain-General and Governor-in-chief of the 
Province of New Jersey and New York and Vice-Admirall of 
the same," for which privilege granted to them by His Majesty 
the newly constituted corporation "shall pay unto our Receiver 
General of said Province of New Jersey upon the feast day of 


S. Peter the Apostle one pepper corn if the same be legally de- 
manded. " 

We can now see the Rev. Mr. Vaughan in his black- 
gown and tippet and in his heavily powdered wig ministering 
the eucharist from this chalice to the newly appointed vestry ; 
William Eier and John Barclay, wardens ; Thomas Gordon, 
John Rudyard, Robert King and John Stevens, vestrymen ; 
Governor Hunter and his attendants together with the other 
members of the congregation. The Rector is now in resi- 
dence, and has moved from Elizabeth to Amboy, having mar- 
ried a lady of "great affluence" possessing a fortune of 2,000 

Five years more pass by. In this year of grace of 1723, 
the Rev. Mr. Skinner is now rector of S. Peter's. His real 
name is McGregor. He was a Jacobite and after espousing 
the cause of the Pretender in Scotland fled to America after 
the Battle of Preston Pans. We know that his body now lies 
in S. Peter's Churchyard somewhere near the chancel, but in 
what particular spot his grave is, we do not know. Probably 
his tombstone, like that of many others, was destroyed at the 
Revolution. He has under his charge 20 communicants and 
about seventy families. 

The Queen Anne communion silver, chalice, paten and 
flagon, are brought in the new Church, which has just been 
erected. The long-deferred hope of having a more churchly 
edifice, in the midst of a God's Acre where they can place their 
beloved dead, has been realized. The congregation has moved 
from the Long Ferry building to the present site. 

The pulpit is placed on the broad side of the Church in 
the centre of the north and was either two, or three stories 
high and, like other colonial pulpits of the time, the top level 
was for preaching, the middle level was for the reading of the 
lessons, and the lower level was for the clerk (or dark), who 
made the responses when in that Georgian era of indifference 
and Erastianism the people allowed other persons to assume 
their privileges. Above the pulpit over the preacher's head 
was the sounding board, on the top of which a wooden dove 
was carved, a symbol of their belief, that God, the Holy Spirit, 


rested upon the preaching. This wooden ornament can now be 
seen in our present Church above the chancel arch and the 
dove has for many years been the symbol on the seal of our 
parish Church. There was a small communion table placed 
in the east surrounded by a semicircular communion rail. There 
was no recess chancel. 

Half the pews, that is, those on the north side, ran north 
and south, the pulpit being in the middle ; the other half of the 
pews on the south side ran at right angles to these other pews, 
that is east and west ; but all pews faced the pulpit and only a 
few pews on the northwest corner happened to face the altar 
and the reason they did so was because they faced the pulpit 

The new rector after congratulating them on the consum- 
mation of their hopes in erecting the new Church bids them 
contribute to the erecting of a gallery across the south side 
facing the pulpit. He informs them that the Church has rented 
all its pews at about six pounds per annum apiece and that 
there are not enough to go around. The gallery which the 
rector pleaded for was not completed until 1753, when the 
generation that wanted it had passed away. He tells us that 
his congregation during the summer would sometimes number 
150 persons, but in the winter he would not have more than 
60 persons. We ourselves have recollections of primitive 
methods of heating the Church, which may account for this 
difference in the size of the congregation in the winter and the 

Let us look forward another forty years. The Rev. Rob- 
ert Summer McKean is now rector of S. Peter's Church. He 
is the brother of the Governor of Pennsylvania. He is also 
the beloved physician of many for he is a "doctor of physic" as 
well as "a rational divine" as his gravestone at the northeast 
corner of the Church testifies. He was the founder and rirst 
President of the New Jersey Medical Association, as well as 
the worthy missionary of the S. P. G. Lie uplifts the chalice of 
Queen Anne in his hands thus inviting the communicants to 
come forward to the Lord's Table. His Excellency, Governor 
Franklin and Lady Franklin, who have just taken up their 


residence in the Governor's mansion (now the large apartment 
house in Kearm/ A venue), come forward to receive. The worthy 
priest has on a surplice, made by Lady Franklin herself. Per- 
haps Benjamin Franklin, too, was present, to wish his son God- 
speed in his new work of taking up the Governorship. Scat- 
tered here and there among the parishioners and other citizens 
of Perth Amboy, were members of the Assembly and Council 
of this royal province, which was now in session in Perth Am- 
boy. How little could Governor Franklin forsee what was 
coming! Fourteen years pass and that son is estranged from 
his noted father, separated forever from his wife and com- 
pelled to spend the rest of this life in prison, for he had es- 
poused the Royalist cause when the Revolution broke out and 
was deposed from the Governorship. Fie was an able man and 
an upright. He made a capable Governor and was beloved by 
many though a Royalist. He lived too late or, shall we say, 
too soon. 

One more scene and I am done. It is the Sunday before 
Christmas in I//6. That bright scene in the old Church on this 
spot, which we have just recalled, is now changed and the in- 
terior furnishings of the Flouse of God are demolished. Men's 
hearts are sad and full of anxious forebodings as the Rector 
holds the Chalice of Queen Anne in his hands. Underneath his 
black gown, he has on the uniform of a British Chaplain, for 
the Rev. John Preston is not only rector of S. Peter's, but 
Chaplain of his Majesty King George the Third's 26th Regi- 
ment. Perth Amboy has been in British possession since 
Washington's retreat with the patriot forces from New Jersey 
to the south of the Delaware. Six months occupancy of the 
Church as a patriot barracks had well nigh demolished it and 
many of the gravestones of the forefathers of the hamlet had 
been torn up and used to build fires upon. In the midst of this 
ruin, some order was accomplished. Chairs and benches were 
brought in to take the place of the pews which had been de- 
stroyed and everything put in readiness for the celebration of 
the Divine mysteries. 

As the priest lifts the chalice in invitation, twenty com- 
municants only come forward to receive. There were thirty 


enrolled as such on the parish register, so history tells us, 
but the patriotic side claims some of the younger men and 
only those on the King's side are present to-day. Of the 
twenty who received communion, were probably John Smythe, 
Philip Kearny, Michael Kearny, William Hicks, Thomas 
Skinner, Dr. John Lawrence and James Parker. These men 
had recently been arrested by the patriots and afterwards 
released on parole and had now found their way back to Perth 
Amboy. A few British officers and a soldier or two and some 
negro slaves were probably of the number, for always since the 
founding of S. Peter's there have been a few colored commun- 
icants. Here and there in the congregation can be seen a 
Scotch Highlander of His Majesty's 42nd foot, in his tarleton 
and bare knees, an English Grenadier, or a member of the 17th 
Dragoons, all of whom were quartered in the town. Perhaps 
even in the back of the Church could be seen a Hessian with 
his long hair hanging down to his waist with the strands all 
carefully greased together and tied into a pigtail with a ribbon. 

Surely this chalice has been present and witnessed many 
strange scenes in this Church ! From this chalice, or the 
earlier chalice of the Rev. John Talbot, did the Bishop, clergy 
and lay deputies receive the Eucharist, when the first conven- 
tion of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of New 
Jersey met in S. Peter's for its second sitting on the 16th of 
May in 1786. 

Again it was from this chalice and in this church on July 
9, 1788, that Bishop Provoost, the first Bishop of New York, 
received and then proceeded to administer the Precious Blood 
of Christ to a young Irishman named George Hartwell Spieren, 
the Rector Designate of this Church, — a young man of bril- 
liant attainments who, with his other gifts and graces, had 
established a reputation as an accomplished dancer. 

It is pleasing to note in this connection that that wave of 
New England Puritanism which afterward swept over the 
whole country and which considered dancing a device belong- 
ing to the devil only, had not reached the fair town of Perth, 
and that people here could cultivate the art without any 
qualms of conscience. 


Then the young deacon newly ordained, as is the cus- 
tom of the deacons, at the service of ordination, pro- 
ceeded to administer the communion to his new parish- 
ioners from this chalice. Thus was the cup a silent 
witness to that first ordination held in the state of New Jersey. 
Time fails me to speak of any of the scenes that this chalice 
has witnessed in this present edifice since the time of its con- 
secration in 1855 D >' Bishop Odenheimer to the present time. 

Oh Chalice of Queen Anne, what memories, what asso- 
ciations thou dost recall ! What scenes of interest ! What is- 
sues of life thou hast witnessed! What vows, what prayers, 
what consecration and fervor, what repentance and tears hast 
thou seen and what comfort and consolation in all the varying 
conditions of life hast thou bestowed! What strength hast thou 
given, what courage to go on in the battle of life, what peni- 
tence has been sealed in the Precious Blood of Christ which 
came from thee ! Would that we had the power to keep fresh 
in our minds some of those scenes of interest, the devotion of 
some of thy faithful sons and daughters during the two hun- 
dred and nine years that thou hast been in our hands ! Hadst 
thou the power of speech, what mysteries thou couldst reveal, 
how many a person here confirmed has come forward to the 
sanctuary rail to partake from thee in all the unction and fervor 
of a new found love and then, what coldness followed and thou 
sawest them no more ! 

This present war is God's scourge to remind men that they 
cannot always forget heavenly things ; that the Christian man 
cannot continually neglect the worship of the sanctuary and 
fail to take regularly from thee or such as thee without im- 
periling his soul. Would God that more would receive from 
thee, thou who art the rallying point and focus of our faith, 
who art to us the symbol of the communion of saints, the ever 
present token — like Israel's Ark, — of God's presence with us 
and the reminder of His infinite love in shedding His Blood 
for you and me ! And as the years roll by, may thou become 
ever more dear to us — the parishioners of S. Peter's — and be 
to us the sign and source of victory, O Chalice of Queen Anne ! 

Newark's Founders Day (May 21, 1666) 

[The following document signed by Joseph F. Folsom and Frank 
J. Urquhart was adopted as a resolution at a meeting of Newark's 
"Committee of One Hundred" on the date and occasion plainly set 
forth in its text. It fixes as definitely as present knowledge permits 
the date proper for Founders Day for Newark. May 21, 1666, was 
the day the colonists on board their vessel drew up a certain agree- 
ment, and it seems probable they landed the same day and were imme- 
diately warned off by the Indian occupants. Five days later, May 26, 
1666, Governor Philip Carteret wrote letters introducing Captain Treat 
and others to the Sachem Oraton at Hackensack, and requesting him 
to negotiate with the colonists regarding the purchasing of the lands. 
The date of the second landing is not known. Possibly it was the day 
after the negotiations, or Friday, May 27, 1666. — Editor.] 

Newark, New Jersey, May 5, 191 7. 

The Committee of One Hundred on the 250th Anniver- 
sary of Newark, meeting on this date at the home of former 
Governor Franklin Murphy, chairman of the Committee, at the 
corner of Broad street and Clinton avenue, would go on record 
with the following resolution : 

Resolved, That henceforth the date of Founders Day for 
the City of Newark be fixed at the twenty-first day of May, 
the date on which, in 1666, the Mil ford immigrants, in com- 
pany with representatives from Guilford and Branford. drew 
up on board their vessel, somewhere between Elizabethtown 
and Newark, a preliminary agreement to settle the proposed 
town according to a Godly government. 

Probably on that day they attempted to land on the banks 
of the Passaic and were warned off, when partially unloaded, 
by the Indian proprietors. Certain it is that five days later 
Governor Philip Carteret, residing at Elizabethtown, wrote a 
letter to Oraton, the Indian sachem who claimed jurisdiction 
over the land, asking him to receive Robert Treat and others, 
with interpreters, at his residence along the Hackensack, to nc- 


gotiate an agreement to allow the Connecticut people to settle 
the desired tract of land. On the same day, May 26, Carteret 
gave credentials to Captain Adrian Post and Ide Cornelius of 
Bergen to act as interpreters to Captain Treat. The evidence 
shows that at least five days intervened between the signing of 
the agreement and the final landing of the colonists, and it 
seems scarcely probable that, with the means of travel of that 
period, given a council at Hackensack on Thursday, May 
26, the settlement would not have been effected until at the 
earliest Friday, May 27, 1666. 

As it is well-established historically that an attempted 
landing was made, and that, after being driven away by the 
Indians, the colonists returned to get the help of Carteret, it 
seems highly probable that the first landing or founding oc- 
curred on the day the agreement was drawn up, May 21, 1666. 

For this date we have the great advantage of a document 
drawn up by the colonists, the first record entered upon their 
town book by the Newark people, and, for this reason alone, 
others failing of absolute validity, we have good grounds for 
calling the twenty-first day of May "Founders Day,'' and ask- 
ing its recognition annually by the City. 

The seventeenth of May, since 1866, known as Founder's 
Day, is simply an arbitrary date, originally chosen, it is be- 
lieved, because in 1866 it chanced to be the date of the an- 
nual meeting of the New Jersey Historical Society, which body 
had charge of the Two hundredth Anniversary Celebration of 
the City. It was again adopted at our 250th Anniversary with- 
out being called into question as to its rights. 

Joseph F. Folsom, 
Frank J. Urquhart. 

Bergen County Tombstone Inscriptions 

Van Buskirk Burial Ground, Lower Saddle River, Bergen Co., N. J. 
(Adjoining the property of H. P. Kern). 

Copied May 21, 191 1. Verified Nov. 10, 1912. By John Neafie, New 

York City. 

This is near Ramsey station, on the Erie Railway. Mr. Neafie 
wrote (January 4, 1912) : "We stumbled upon the burial place over a 
year and a half ago, and made a copy of tombstone inscriptions. I 
was not satisfied with it, and made another visit a couple of months 
ago and carefully verified all there. I was very glad I went, as I ob- 
tained three additional items. This covers everything to be found 
there. All the Dutch inscriptions are exact copies, as regards spelling, 
etc., and I consider it one of the most valuable acquisitions so far 
found." These Dutch stones were carved wholly in capitals, but in our 
reprint only the usual capitalizations are used, although the various 
periods are retained. 

1. Anno. 1784. den. 2. dag. Mei. is. Adam 

2. Anno . 1789 . den . 3 . dag . Septe . is . overleeden . Maria . Barbara . Grim. 


3. Anno. 1780. is. Edward Crouter 

van May. 

4. 1793, May 9. Deseed. Susanah Bauldivin, aged 17 yrs., six mos., 

and 22 dys. 

5. David Baldwin, d. 18 March, 1827, aged 74 yrs., 2 mos. 

6. In memory of Rachel, wife of David Bal — , departed this life July 

14, , aged ^2 yrs., 7 mos., 8 dys. (Stone in fragments). 

7. Catarina. Smet. (See 

No. 23). 

8. Frederick Van Ryper, died Oct. 1, 1828, aged 45 yrs., 5 mos., 25 


9. Mary Bauldwin, wife of Frederick Van Ryper, died March 28, 

1826, aged 39 yrs., 6 mos. 

10. J. (A fragment, very old). 

11. 1769. den. 4. October. L. B.A.BACH. (Achenbach). 

12. R.H.A.B. (Top broken off). (Ach- 

13. Anno. Johannis Achenbach 

(See No. 27). 


14. Anno. 1802. den. 16. dag. October. is. overleden. Mary Achenbach. 

15. Anno. 1804. dan. 12. s. (next to the above stone; carving nev- 

er finished). 

16. I. A. (A small gray stone). 

17. Anno. 1 802. den. 6. dag. August. is . overleden . George Achenbach. 

(See No. 24.) 
18. Anno. 1801 .den. 11 .dag.Febru — . is. overleden. huisvrou. 
van. George Achenbach. (See No. 25). 

19. George, son of Thomas and Ann Achenbac, died Oct. 3, 1810, aged 

4 yrs., 9 mos., 15 dys. 

20. Anno . 1793 . den . 3-4 . dag . Maij . is . Margritie . Achenbach . overleden . 

(See No. 28.) 

21. Polly, daughter of Rynard Achenbach, d. Aug. 16, 1802, aged 1 

yr., s mos., 16 dys. 

22. Anna Achenbach, wife of John Cole, d. July 21, 1856. aged 73 yrs., 

5 mos. 

23. Catherine Achenbach, wife of George Smith, born May 14, 1771, 

died Feby. 15, 1797, aged 25 yrs., 9 mos., 1 dy. (See No. 7.) 

24. George Achenbach, born Jany. 23, 1739, died August 6, 1802, aged 

63 yrs., 6 mos., 14 dys. (See No. 17.) 

25. Ann Van Buskirk, wife of George Achenbach, born Feby. 27, 

1748, died Feby. II, 1801, aged 52 yrs., 11 mos., 12 dys. (See 
No. 18.) 

26. Mary, daughter of John George Achenbach, born March 24, 1779, 

died Feby. 2, 1793, aged 13 yrs., 10 mos., 8 dys. 

27. John, son of John George Achenbach, born June 12, 1777, died 

Feby. 28, 1793, aged 15 yrs., 8 mos., 16 dys. (See No. 13.) 

28. Margaret, daughter of John George Achenbach, born Feby. 7, 

1775, died May 3, 1793, aged 18 yrs., 2 mos., 26 dys. (See 
No. 20.) 

29. Anno. 1780. den. 17. dag. Decern. is. in .d. ho. spe. Maria. D.V.B.K. 

30. Anno . 1780 . den . 23 . dag . October . is . i . d . hospen. Annatie . T . V . B . K. 

31. A.D. A.V.B.K. 

32. A.D. A.L.V.B.K. 

33. Anno. 1785 . den . 12. dag. Nov . is . overlceden . Catrina . de . huisvrouw. 

34- 1 770 • den . 14 . Octob . A . T . V . B . K . 

35. Anno. 1782. den. 5. dag. Juni. is. davit. A. V. 


36. Anno. 1781 .den. 16. dag. October. is. in. den. heer . ont.slapen. Abra- 

ham . A . Van Boskerk. 
37- Anno. 1781. den. 27. d.Mcrt. is. in. d.h. o.s.p. Gcertie. V. B.K. 

38. Anno . 1776 . den .15. dag. April . is. id. ho. s . pen. Jacobus .A.V.B.K. 

39. (A brown stone, next to the above, inscription entirely gone). 


40. Anno. 1803. October. 27. dag. is. Annatye. V. B.K. overlecden gcbo- 

ren.May.17, 1719- 

41. (A very old stone, practically all marks obliterated). 

42. Thomas A. Vanbuskirk, died Jan. 21, 1803, in the 66th ft. of age. 

43. John A. Vanbuskirk, died Dec. 21, 1815, aged 73 yrs., 8 mos., 22 


44. Abraham T. Van Buskirk, died Feb. 20, 1806, aged 47 yrs., 4 mos., 

10 dys. 

45. Anno . 1793 . den . 24. dag . April . is . overleden. Thomas . C . Van . Bos- 


46. Anno. 1793. den. 22. dag . November . is .Abraham .Van . Boskerk. 

overlecden . ont . 23 . iahr . 5 . m . 10. dage. 

47. Anno .1781. den . 3 . dag. October . is . in . den . heer . ont . slapen . Rachel . 

Van. Boskerk. 

48. Thommas Van Buskirk, died August , aged, — yrs., 7 mos., — 

— dys. (A brown stone, scaling.) 

49. 1778 . den . 1 7 . April . is . Jan . Van . Boskerck . overlede. 

50. Anno. 1795. den. II. dag. sep. is. overleden. Jacobus. P. V. B. K.ont. 


51. J. A. (A small brown stone). 

52. Den. 22. d. Dec. Anno. 1773. i.d.h.o.s.b. L.T.V.B.K. 
(Also nine rough grey stones, without marks, or illegible and three 

rough brown stones without marks). 

Hopper Burial Ground, Waldwick, Bergen Co., N. J. 
Copied June 30, 1912, by John Neafie, New York City. 

1. Abraham A. Quackenbush, d. October 24, 1836, aged 71 yrs., 8 

mos., 23 dys. 

2. Infant child of David & Betsy Myers, d. April 1, 1831. 

3. Ann A. Bogert, wife of Andrew Terhune, d. May 20, 1836, aged 

66 yrs., 11 mos. 

4. Lewis Hopper, d. Mch. 13, 1879, aged 78 yrs., 8 mos., 3 dys. 

5. Maria Salyer, wife of Lewis Hopper, d. May 23, 1846, aged 39 

yrs., 7 mos., 7 dys. 

6. Henry, son of Lewis and Maria Hopper, d. May 19, 1835, aged 1 

yr., 1 mo. 

7. Emily, daughter of Lewis and Maria Hopper, d. Dec. 9, i860, aged 

18 yrs., 14 dys. 

8. John Ackerman, d. May 5, 1847, aged 30 yrs., 2 mos., 12 dys. 

9. Catherine Ackerman, d. Dec. 18, 1848, aged 20 yrs., 3 mos., 18 dys. 

10. Adam L. Ackerman. b. Oct. 17, 1822, d. Aug. 25, 1872, aged 49 

yrs., 10 mos., 8 dys. 

11. Ann, wife of George Micklcr, d. June 30, 1891, aged 72 yrs., 3 

mos., 7 dys. 


12. Maggie, wife of Albert Mickler, died May 24, 1902, aged 42 yrs. 

13. Eliza Storms, wife of Lewis Hopper, d. Jan. 18, 1870, aged 54 yrs., 

4 mos. 

14. Catherine, wife of John L. Storms, died Sept. 27, 1850, aged 31 

yrs., 10 mos., 19 dys. 

15. Andrew J. Storms, d. Sept. 6, 1849, aged 35 years, 8 mos., 6 dys. 

16. Julia, dau. of Lewis and Eliza Hopper, died July 6, 1855, aged 8 

mos., 28 dys. 

17. Leah Ann Stormes, wife of Isaac Van Horn, d. April 3, 1855, aged 

21 yrs., 10 mos. 

18. Sarah Leah, d. Sept. 10, 1852, aged 5 mos., 3 dys. (Next stone to 

the above). 

19. Gitty Fisher, b. May 19, 1814, d. Mch. 17, 1835. 

20. Rachel Jane, daughter of Isaac and Sarah Courties, d. June 30, 

1852, aged 14 yrs., 3 mos., 25 dys. 

21. (A foot stone marked S. L. C.) 

22. Letta Terhune, wife of Henry Christopher, d. Mch. 10, 1849, aged 

53 yrs., 2 mos., 21 dys. 

23. John Terhune, d. Feb. 21, 1844, aged 74 yrs., 5 mos., 27 dys. 

24. Elizabeth, wife of John Terhune, d. Dec. 22, 1840. aged 66 yrs., 4 

mos., 14 dys. 

25. Mary Ann Hopper, wife of Sharrack Rosencrantz, b. Nov. 28, 

1808, d. Aug. 11, 1902. 

26. Henry Hopper, d. May 23, 1856. aged 86 yrs., 5 dys. 

.27. Charity Conklin, wife of Henry Hopper, d. Dec. 2, 1856, aged 81 
yrs., 9 mos. 

28. Jacob H. Hopper, b. Dec. 7, 1802, d. Mch. 5, 1854. 

29. Albert Garrison, b. Mch. 18, 1786, d. Mch. 26, 1846. 
.30. John A. Hopper, b. Oct. 26, 1782, d. Nov. 24, 1862. 

.31. Anna Dcbaun, wife of John A. Hopper, b. May 27, 1793, d. Nov. 8, 

Old Graveyard at New Milford, Bergen Co., N. J. 
Copied Sept. 26, 1909, by John Neahc, New York City. 

1. Henry Van Voorhesen, d. Mch. 6, 1803, aged 72 yrs., 25 dys.* 

2. Wilbreche Laroe, widow of Henry Voorhis, d. June 8, 1816, aged 

76 yrs., 6 mos., 10 dys.t 

3. Lucas Van Voorhis, b. Dec. 26, 1758, d. Sept. 13, 1822, aged 63 

yrs., 8 mos., 18 dys. 

♦There were six different varieties of spelling the Voorhis name. 
This old enclosure prives us the following specimens of quaint Dutch 
names, viz: Wilbrecke, Ouselche, Whelmpy, Nlkansle. 

tNos. 1 and 2 were married Nov. 21, 1756, at Schraalenburgfh. No. 
2 was baptized at Hackensack, Jan. 8, lToS; therefore the age on the 
tombstone is two years too much. Nos. 3, 8, 9. 11, 13, 15 were six of the 
ten children of Nos. 1 and 2 and were baptized at Hackensack or 


4 [Aeltje Acke]rman. [Luca]s Voorhasen aged 55 y — , — h. 

12 dys. t 
Garret Cooper, b. May io, 1761, d. Oct. 16, 1820, aged 59 yrs., 5 

mos., 6 dys. 
J. John Cooper, son of Garret and Hannah Cooper, b. Oct. 7, 

1808, d. Aug. 14, 1819, ae 10 yrs., 10 mos., 7 dys. 
(A small brown stone, all marks gone). 
Hannah Voorhis, widow of John Hopper, b. Dec. 31, 1765, d. Dec. 

17, 1847, ae 81 yrs., 11 mos., 17 dys. 
James H. Voorhis, d. Apr. 3, 1835, aged 62 yrs., 4 mos., 22 dys. 
Mary Dcmarest, wife of James Voorhis, d. Aug. 14, 1849, aged 66 

yrs., 1 mo. 
Henry H. Voorhis, b. Nov. 11, 1777, d. Feb. 20, 1853, aged 75 yrs., 

3 mos., 9 dys. 
Polly Lozier, wife of Henry Voorhis, d. Sept. 1, 1832, aged 51 

yrs., 8 mos., 15 dys. 
Albert H. Voorhis, d. Sep. 15, 1836, aged 75 yrs., 5 mos., 4 dys. 
Elizabeth Ackerman, wife of Albert H. Voorhis, d. Nov. 21, 1812, 

aged 52 yrs., 3 mos., 14 dys. 
Nicholas Van Vorehis, d. Jan. 6, 1834, aged 66 yrs., 6 dys. 
Henry, son of Nikansie Van Voorhies, d. Aug. 26, 1805, aged 3 

yrs., 7 mos., 24 dys. 
Ouselche, dau. of Nicholas and Baleche Voorhis, d. Sep. 8, 1805, 

aged 5 yrs., 9 mos. 
Richard, son of Nicholas and Baleche Vorhis, d. Dec. 31, 1820, 

aged 14 yrs., 4 mos., 2y dys. 
Cornelius, infant son of Henry and Whelmpy Voorhis, d. Sept. 

26, 1847, aged 1 1 mos., 5 dys. 
A small brown stone, no marks. 

Voorhis Burial Ground, Areola, Bergen County, N. J. 

Located on the farm of John T. Cade. Copied Sept. 6, 1914, by John 
Neafie, New York City. 

1. John G. Doremus, d. May 9, 1796, in the 17 year of his age. 

2. Albert Voorhis, d. Mch. 9, 1828, aged 84 yrs., 3 mos., 23 dys. 

3. Mary, wife of Albert Voorhis, d. April 27, 1813, aged 62 yrs., 4 

mos., 3 dys. (Mary Doremus). 

4. John A. Voorhis, d. Jan. 15. 1863, aged 87 yrs., 7 mos., 9 dys. 

5. Rachel Hopper, wife of John A. Voorhis, d. Mch. 31, 1832, aged 

51 yrs., 10 mos., 23 dys. 

6. George Voorhis, b. Feb. 17, 1791, d. Oct. 2, 1871. 

{This stone, beyond question, represents Aeltje Ackerman. wife 
of Lucas Voorhis. She was born Kept. 7. 1759, bnpt. at Schraalen- 
burgh, Sept. 1G; therefore the correct date of her death would be Oct. 
19, 1814. 


7. Sarah Van Bcuren, b. Sept. 7, 1793, d. Mch. 22, 1876. (Wife of 

George Voorhis). 

8. Mary Voorhis, d. Mch. 22, 1850, aged 34 yrs., 3 mos., 4 dys. 

Garrison Burial Ground, Areola, Bergen County, N. J. 

Located on the farm of T. W. Vreeland. Copied Sept. 6, 1914, by John 
Neane, New York City. 

1. John, son of Daniel and Ann Ackerman, d. Jany. 6, 1825, aged 2 

mos., 23 dys. 

2. Jacob, son of Daniel and Ann Ackerman, d. Aug. 10, 1827, aged 

1 yr., 12 dys. 

3. Daniel Ackerman, died March 21, 1831, aged 27 yrs., 5 mos. 

4. Ann Garrison, wife of Daniel Ackerman, d. Sept. 4, 1827, aged 22 

yrs., 10 mos. 

5. Garret J. Van Waggener, d. June 20, 1843, in his 57th yr. 

6. Ann, wife of Garret J. Van Waggener, and daughter of John and 

Maria Garrison, d. Aug. 21, 1843, in her 53d yr. 

7. John Garrison, b. Dec. 24, 1782, d. May 27, 1838, aged 55 yrs., 5 

mos., 3 dys. 

8. Elizabeth Naugle Rutan, widow of John Garrison, died Nov. 24, 

1865, aged 83 yrs., 3 mos., 22 dys. 

John Willcock's Tombstone near Scotch 


In Memory of M r 


deceased Novem'r 

the 22<* 1776 

aged 49 Years. 

The above description was copied on Nov. 7, 1914, by Mr. William 
B. Van Alstync, of Plainficld, from a tombstone at Glenside Park, a 
mile and one-half from Scotch Plains, N. J. It is located on the edge 
of the mountain about a thousand feet north of some bungalos. In 
front of the above stone stands a dogwood tree at least one foot in 
diameter. There arc some fifteen other small headstones and footstones 
in the same spot without inscriptions. The plot is large and has been 
enclosed by a wooden fence. It was then much overgrown. 

Jedidiah Swan's Orderly Book 

[Continued from Page 123] 

Head Quarters, Aug't 10, 1776 
Parole New Castle Countersign Onslow 

Great Complaints are made of the Soldiers taking away the flat 
Bottom Boats which may now be wanted for the most Importance 
purposes the Gen'l forbids any person meddling with them at the place 
where they are now stationed but by order of Gen'l Putnam in Writing 
Or by one of his Aid-de-Camp and the officers of the Main Guard 
is to detach a Sub'r and 30 Men who are to mount Guard over them 
to take further orders of Gen'l Putnam the Gen'l will be obliged to 
every officer and Soldier who seeing them out of their places will bring 
them to their Stationed. 

Brigadier for the Day Gen'l Heard. 

Field officers for the Piquet Col'l Lasher Lieut't Col'l Hall and 
Major Shereman. 

For Main Guard Lieut't Col'l Hardenburgh. 

Brigade Major Gordon. 

For Guard o.. 1.. 1. . 1. .23 

Head Quarters, Aug't II, 1776 
Parole Countersign 

No furlow or Discharge are after this day (or date) to be granted 
to officers or Soldiers without the knowledge or Consent of the Com- 
mander in Chief When an Action is hourly Expected, a Case must be 
very Extraordinary that will warrant an application of this kind. But 
should Such happen the Col'ls are to satisfy their Brigadier first, 
The Brig's if they Concur in it are to apply to Head Quarters from 
Whence only Such passes are to Insue till further Orders. 

The Honourable the Continental Congress have been pleased to 
allow a pay Master to each of the Established Regiments and directed 
the Gen'l to appoint them. He desires the Field officers of each Regi- 
ment to recommend to him Suitable persons, they are to be persons of 
Integrity and Fidelity, Good Accountants and fair writers their pay 
is 26 2-3 of a Dollar per Callendar Month. 

When a prisioner is put under Guard, the officer who sends him 
there is not only to put down the Crime he Stands Charged for but the 
Regiment and Company he Belonged to. And he should always note 
the Witnesses Name to prove the Charge. The Court Martial is to set 


to morrow as a Court of Enquirery on L't Messer of Col'l Lashers 
Regiment for Misbehaviour to his Sup'r officers Joseph Martin of 
Cap't Herds Company in Col'l Sellimans Regiment Tryed by a Gen'l 
Court Martial of which Col'l Wyllys was president for abusing and 
Robbing a Woman in Market is acquited for want of Evidence. Hugh 
Cahager A Transient Person. Nicholas Thief belonging to Col'l 
Nixons Regiment Convicted by the same Court Martial of Stealing 
A Coat, and Several firelocks from Cap't Dixons Men. Sentenced 
to receive 39 Lashes Each. The General Approves the above 
Sentences and orders Martin to be Discharged, and the Sentence 
upon Cahager and Thief to be Executed to Morrow Morning at 
Guard Mounting a Drummer from Each Regiment is to attend. Bri- 
gade to attend the Execution of the Sentence upon Cahagger and 
there he is to be turned out of Camp and taken up, If ever found in 
it again. The Practice of Sentrys Sitting down while on their post 
is so Unsoldierly that the Gen'l is ashamed to see it prevail so much 
in the Army at Nights Especially it is of the most dangerous Con- 
sequence as it Occasions Centinals Sleeping on their posts when Other- 
wise he would be Watchfull. 

The Gen'l requests the officers. Expecially those of Guards and 
Visiting Rounds to Caution the Soldiers Against it, and have all Con- 
venicies for that purpose Removed — officers and Soldiers will be very 
Carefull in Case of Damp Weather to have their Arms kept Dry and 
fit for Action. 

Brigadier for the Day Gen'l Wardsworth. 

Field officers for the Piquet Col'l Maliom L't Col'l Clap and Maj'r 
Wells for Main Guard. 

Major Dey Brigade Major Wyllys. 

For Fatigue 0..0..0..1..15 

For Guard 1 . . 1 . . 1 . . 1 . .22 

5 for Harrisons Brewery 

Head Quarters Aug't 12, 1776 
Parole Countersign 

The business of granting passes proveing burthensom to Mess'rs 
Berrien, Rey, and Willmot three Others are added to them, Viz. 
William Go forth John Campble, and Samuel Coppcrthwaite, any 
passes Signed by either of them are to be allowed. 

The Hon'l Continental Congress have been pleased to appoint the 
following Gentlemen Major General of the United States. 

William Heath Esq'r. 

Joseph Spencer Esq'r. 

John Sullivan Esq'r. 

Nathaniel Green Esq'r. 

And the following Gentlemen Brigadier Generals James Reed 
Esq'r Col'l Alexander McDougal, Col'l John Nison Col'l Samuel 


Holden Parsons Col'l Authur St. Clair Col'l James Clinton they are to 
be respected and Obeyed accordingly. 

Jacob Jones in Cap't Stnrrod Company Col'l McDougals Reg't 
Tryed by a Court Martial Wherof Col'l Wyllys was presidence and 
Convicted for Sleeping on his post Sentenced to receive 30 Stripes. 
The Gen'l approves the Sentence and orders it to be Executed at the 
Usual time and place. 

A Quantity of Spears being arrived the Gen'l officers Commanding 
post when they may be wanted are to make report and Draw for them 
Thro' the Adjutant Gen'l. 

Brigadier for the Day Lord Sterling. 

Field officers lor the Piquet Col'l Selden L't Col'l Jacobs, Major 

For main Guard LieuL't Col'l Brearly. 

Fatigue 0. .0. .1. .1. . 1. . 19 

Guard o. . 1 . . 1 . . 1 . . 1 . .26 

0. .1. .2. .2. .2. .43 

Brigade Major for the Day Henley. 

After Orders Aug't 12, 1776 
That as little Shifting of Reg't and Changes of Alarm posts may 
take place as possible as the time of an attack may be Hourly Ex- 
pected. The Gen'l orders and directs that the following Arangcment 
of the Army in Consequence of the late promotions shall take place 
untill some new Regulation can be made; Viz, that Glovers and Small- 
woods, Miles and Atteys Regiments to Compose one Brigade ; and be 
under the Command of Brigadier Lord Sterling. The Regiments later 
Nixon s, Prescots, Vernams, Littles, and Hands to form another Bri- 
gade and be Commanded by Brigadier Gen'l Nixon. The Regiments 
lately Commanded by Col'l McDougal, Ritzma, Webb, and the Aar- 
tificers, to be another Brigade Commanded by Brigadier Gen'l Mc- 
Dougal. The Regiment Lately Parsons, Huntingtons, Wards, Wyllys, 
to Compose another Brigade under the Command of Brigadier Gen'l 
Parsons. The Regiment lately Clintons, Reeds, Baileys, Baldwins and 
Lernards to be another Brigade, Commanded by Brigadier Gen'l 
Clinton. Sergeants Hutchinsons, and Hichcock's Regiment to be 
added to Gen'l Mifflins Regiments Gen'l Heards whole Brigade is 
to move over to Long Island Col'l Gays Regt't to Join his Brigade 
in New York. 

Col'l Hichcocks Regt't is to relieve the detachment at Burdets 
ferry where it is to remain and receive Orders from Gen'l Mifflin, 
Lord Sterling and the Col'ls of the Regiments in his Brigade are to 
fix on the Brigade parade Convenient to the Several lncampments 

Gen'l McDougal is to do the same with his Col'l. All the other 


Brigades Parade and Alarm posts are to be as last Settled. The 
Brigadier Gen'l James Clinton, Scotts and Fellows are to be under 
the Immediate Command of Major Gen'l Puttnam. The Brigadier 
Mifflin and George Clintons Brigades to be Commanded by Major 
Gen'l Heath. Brigadiers of Parsons and Wardsworth Brigades to be 
under the Command of Major Gen'l Spencer. Brigadiers Lord Sterling 
and McDougals Brigades to be Commanding by Major Gen'l Sullivan 
and be Considered as a Corps De Reserve Brigadiers Nixon and 
Heards Brigade to be Commanded by Major Green untill Gen'l James 
Clinton can Join his Brigade at this Place. Colonel Reed is to Com- 
mand it under this Disposition formed as well as times will allow. 
The United Force of the Officers of every Rank and the Soldiers with 
the Smile of Providence. The Gen'l Hopes to render a favorable 
Acc't to his Country and Posterity of the Enemy whenever they Chuse 
to make the Appeal to the great Arbitor of the Universe. 

Lieut't Col'l Tiler is appointed Col'l of the Regiment late Parsons 
and Major Prentice L't Col'l thereof. L't Col'l Durkee is also ap- 
pointed Col'l of the Reg't late Col'l Arnolds and Major Knox to L't 
Col'l Thereof. 

The Congress have been pleased to appoint Rufus Putnam Esq'r 
Engineer and have given him the Rank of Col'l in the Army. Maj'r 
Henly (for the present) is to do duty as Brigade Major in Gen'l James 
Clintons Brigade Major Box, in Gen'l Nixons, Major Livingston in 
Lord Sterlings and Major Peek in Gen'l Parsons and Richard Piatt 
is to do duty of Brigade Majors in Gen'l McDougals all of which are 
to be considered and Obeyed as Such. 

Head Quarters Aug't 13, 1776 
Parole Countersign 

Thomas Henly and Israel Heath, Esq'rs are appointed Aid De 
Camp to Gen'l Heath, and are to be respected and Obeyed Accordingly. 
The Court Martial to set to Morrow for the Tryal of Lieut't Holcomb 
of Cap't Andersons Company Col'l Johnson's Regiment for Assum- 
ing the Rank of Cap't and Mounting guard as such. The Col'l of the 
Several Regiments or Commanding officers are to send their Quarter 
Masters to the Laboratory for the Aminition Carts to be Attached to 
each Regiment with Spare Amunition, to have it posted in some safe 
and proper place near the Regiment so as to be ready in a Moments 
Warning. The Horses and Driver is also to be kept near the Regi- 

It is the Quarter Masters business to attend to this, and in Case 
of Action to see the Cartriges Delivered as they are Wanted. 

The Enemy's Reinforcement is now Arrived so that an Attack 
Must and will soon be made. The Gen'l therefore again Repeats his 
Request that every officer and Soldier will have his Arms and Amuni- 
tion in good order, and keep within their Quarters and Encampments 


as much as possable, be ready for Action at a Moments Warning, and 
when Called to it. Remember that Liberty, Property, Life, and Honour 
are all at Stake, that upon their Courage and Conduct, rests the hopes 
of their Bleading and Insulted Country, that their Wives, Children, and 
Parents, Expect Safety from them Only, and that we have every rea- 
son to Expect that Heaven will Crown with Success so good a Cause. 
The Enemy will Endeavour to Intimidate us by Shew and Appearance, 
but remember how they have been ripressed on Various Occasions by 
a few Brave Americans, their Cause is bad, their Men is Consious 
of it, and If opposed with firmness, and Coolness at their first onset, 
with our Advantage of works and Knowledge of the Ground the 
Victory is most assourdly ours. Every good Soldier will be Silent 
and attentive — wait for Orders and reserve his fire till he is Sure of 
doing Execution the officers to be particularly careful of this. The 
Col'l and Commanding officers of Regiments are to see their Super- 
numary officers so posted as to keep the Men to their duty and it may 
not be amiss for the Troops to know that If any infamous Rascal in 
time of Action shall attempt to Sculk or hide himself, or Retreat from 
the Enemy without the Orders of his Commanding officer he will 
Instantly be Shot down 2s an Example of Cowardice. On the other 
Hand, The General Sollemnly Promises that he will reward those who 
Distinguish themselves by Brave and Noble Actions, and he desires 
every officer to be attentive to this particular, that Such Men may be 
Afterwards Suitably Noticed Gen'l Green to send for Ten of the flat 
Bottoms Boats which are to be kept under Guard at Long Island. No 
person to Meddle with them but by his Special Order. 37 Men 
(Sailors) are wanted for the Gallies. 80 Men Properly officered and 
used to the Sea are wanted to go up to kingsbridge with the Ships 
and Rafts. 

They are to be furnished Immediately and parade with Blankets, 
and Provision, but without Arms, at Gen'l Putnams at 2 oClock and 
take Orders from him. 

John Gardner of Cap't Trowbridge Company Col'l Huntingtons 
Regiment Tried by a Gen'l Court Martial whereof Col'l Wyllys was 
President and Convicted of Desertion. Ordered to receive 39 Lashes. 
John Morgan of Cap't Johnsons Company Col'l McDougals Regt't 
Tried by the Same Court Martial and Convicted of Sleeping on his 
post Sentenced to receive 30 Lashes Francis Clarridge of Cap't 
Speekmans Company. Col'l Glovers Regt't tried by the Same Court 
Martial Convicted of Desertion and Reinlistment and Sentenced to 
Receive 13 Lashes three Days Successively. The Gen'l Approves Bach 
of the above Sentences and orders them to be Executed at the usual 
Time and place. 

The Court of Enquiry having reported that Lieut't Messieur had 
behaved Unbecoming An officer to one of Superior Rank, the Court 
Directed a Court Martial." Unless he Asked pardon of the officers he 


Affronted but that officer having Represented to the Gen'l that he is 
willing to Pass it over The Gen'l at his Request Orders Lieur/t 
Masser to be Discharged. 

Brigadier for the Day Gen'l Scott. 

Field officers for the Piquet Col'l Huntington L't Col'l Haurlbut. 

Major Hovvel, Main Guard Major Porter. 

Brigade Major Livingston. 

Head Quarters, Aug't 14th, 1776 
Parole America Countersign Liberty 

Alexander, Samuel, and Lewis Morris Esq'rs are appointed Aid 
de Camps to Major Gen'l Sullivan, they are to be obeyed and Re- 
spected Accordingly. The Division of the Army under Major Gen'l 
Putnam and Sullivan having under taken some special Works are to 
be Omited out of the Gen'l Detail of Guards and fatigue for the 
present. The Gen'l Orders Three Days Provision to be Cooked Im- 
mediately, that the Soldiers May have their Canteens filled and be 
ready to Meet the Enemy on the Shortest Notice. Such Col'l of Regi- 
ments as have not sent for their Amunition, Carts, or Drawn Rum 
for the Refreshment of their Men in time of Action as per Order of 
the 9 Instant are to do it Immediately and the Quarter Master must 
Care that it be used properly. The Allowance is to be half a pint per 
Man. The Brigadier Gen'l will please to Recollect that there are a 
Number of Spears at the Laboratory which will be of great use at the 
posts and are wanted to be distributed. 

In case of an Alarm the Men are Immediately to repair to their 
Several Parades when the Roll is to be Called and then Join Battalion 
and March to their respective Alarm posts Absentees will be Con- 
sidered as Cowards and treated as Such. The Gen'l flatters himself 
that every Man's Mind and Arms are now prepared for the Glorious 
Contest upon which so much depends. 

The time is too precious nor does the Gen'l think it Necessary in 
Exorting his brave Country Men and fellow Soldiers to behave like 
Men fitting for every thing that can be Dear — we must resolve to 
Conquer or Die with this Resolution and the Blessing of Heaven Vic- 
tory and Success will Certainly attend us. Their will then be a Glori- 
ous Isue to this Campaign, and the Gen'l will reward his Braves 
Fellow Soldiers with every thing in his power. 

The Whole line is to turn out To Morrow Morning in all points 
ready for Action and Continue till Nine oClock without further Orders. 

William Peck and Charles Witing Esq'rs are Appointed Aid de 
Camp to Major Gen'l Spencer they are to be obeyed and Respected 

Head Quarters Aug't 15, 1776 

Parole Countersign 

William S. Smith Esq'r is appointed Aid de Camp to Gen'l Sullivan 
during the Absence of Major Samuel to be respected and obeyed 


Accordingly Henry Williams of Cap't Parks Comp'y Col'l Shephards 
Regiment, Convicted by a Gen'l Court Martial whereof Col'l Wyllys 
was president of Desertion to receive 30. Lashes. The Gen'l approves 
it and orders it to be Executed at the usual time and place. L't 
Holcomb of Cap't Andersons Company and Col'l Johnson's Reg't, 
tried by the Same Court Martial for Assuming the Rank of Cap't 
and Wearing a Yellow Cockade and Mounting Guard in that Ca- 
pacity. It appearing to be done through Misinformation and want 
of Experience, the Court arc of Opinion he Should be Cautioned by his 
Col'l, and make himself acquainted with his Duty and that he be re- 
leased from this Arrest. The Gen'l approves thereof and orders that 
he be Discharged M'r William Caldwell is appointed pay Master to 
Col'l Baldwins Regt't M'r John Larance to the Regt't late McDougals. 
The Gen'l directs and requests that every officer will see the Men, 
Arms, and Amunition put in Order as it Clears up and for that pur- 
pose have them paraded and Inspected. An Enemy often Presumes 
upon a Neglect at such a Time to make an Attack. M'r Robert Pro- 
vost Jun'r is appointed pay Master to Col'l Ritzma's Regt't. Col'l 
Glovers Regt't to move tomorrow to Greenwich to join Gen'l Fellows 

Head Quarters Aug't 16, 1776 
Parole Enfield Countersign Danverse 

In recommending pay Masters it is to be Observed that no Com- 
missioned officer can be appointed unless he resigns his former Com- 
mission which he is to do in person at Head Quarters. 

Major Livingston and M'r William Blodget are appointed Aid de 
Camps to Major Gen'l Green they are to be respected and obeyed Ac- 

David Uston of Col'l Selliman's Regt't, and Captain Meads Company 
Convicted by a Gen'l Court Martial whereof Col'l Wyllys was Presi- 
dent, for breaking open a Store and Stealing Rum Mollasses and fish 
Sentenced to Receive 39 Lashes. John McAlphen and John Hopper 
of Cap't Smiths Company Col'l Malions Regt't Convicted by the 
Same Court Martial of being Drunken on their Posts Sentenced to 
Receive 30 Lashes Each. The Gen'l Approves of the Above Sentences 
and orders them to be put in Execution at the usual Time and place. 
The Orders of the Tenth Instant respecting Soldiers Abusing Market 
people who have Come in since it is now Repeated That The Gen'l 
will punish Such offenders Severely and he requires of the officers who 
Visits the Guards to see wether the former Order if put in each Guard 
House, and Whether an officer Attends at the Market, Answerable to 
former Orders and report them to their Brigades Cap't Andrew Bill- 
ings to do duty as a Major to Col'l Ritzmas Regiment till further 
Orders Unless orders are Attended to and Executed they are of no 
Consequence And the greatest Disorder will Ensue. The Gen'l there- 


fore requests that the officers would be very Careful not only that the 
Orders may be known to the Men, but they see themselves that they are 
Executed. If every one in his own department would Exert himself 
for this purpose it would have the most happy Effect. The badness of 
the Weather has undoubtedly Prevented an Attack, as the Enemies 
Troops has been Embarked some time. The Gen'l therefore Directs 
that there be Two Days Victuals kept ready dressed by the Troops 
and their Canteens filled with water so that the Men may be prepared. 
Otherwise in Case of an attack they will suffer very much, all Tents 
to be Struck Immediately on the Alarm being given. Namely 2 Guns 
at Fort George, 3 from Bayards or Bunker Hill with a Flag in the Day 
and a Light at Night. The Divisions in the Army or Brigades being 
separate Proving very Inconvenient the Whole are to be brought in 
the Gen'l Detail to Morrow. 

The Brigade Majors to attend at Head Quarters at 6 oClock to 
Settle the Detail, and the Major and Brigadier Gen'l are requested 
to send at the same time a Note of the Number of Men each may want 
for Fatigue or direct the Engineer having the care of their Works 
respecting So to do. 

Major General Greens Orders August 16, 1776 

Col'l Smith is to Appoint an Adjudant, Quarter Master, Sergeant 
Major and Quarter Master Sergeant to his Reg't. 

The General desires that Coll Smith will take care to have the 
Troops in his Reg't not on Duty Exercised Daily in learning the Ne- 
cessary Manoevers and Evolutions. Gen'l Nixon and Gen'l Heard to 
furnish a fatigue party from their Respective Brigades to form the 
Necessary Lines from fort Box to fort Puttnam. The Gin shops and 
others Houses where Liquor have been heretofore retailled within or 
near the Lines Except the Houses at the ferrys are Strictly forbidden 
to Sell any for the future to any of the Soldiers in the Army; and the 
Inhabitants of said Houses Near the Lines are Immediately to move 
out of them, and they are to be apropriated for the use of the Troops. 
If any Soldier in the Army Shall be found disguised in Liquor as has 
been to much the Practice heretofore, The Gen'l is determined to have 
him Punished with the utmost Severity as no Soldier in Such a Situa- 
tion can be either fit for Defence or Attack. The Gen'l Orders that 
no Seller in the Army shall sell to any Soldier more than one Jill of 
Spirits per Day. 

If the Above orders are not Strictly Adhered to, he is determined 
that there shall be no more retailed out at all. 

The Col'ls of the Respective Reg't lately Come in are Immediately 
to make a return to the Gen'l of the Number of Men in each of their 
Respective Regiments and where they arc Quartered. 

Col'l Hitchcocks and Col'l Smiths Reg't are to do duty in Gen'l 
Nixon's Brigade. Col'l V. Brunts and Col'l Gays Reg't to do Duty 
in General Heards Brigade. The Captains in the two Brigades are to 



be Particularly Carefull that the Rolls of their Respective Companies 
arc Called at least Three times a Day and that the Troops do not 
Stray from their Quarters. 

Field officers for the Day Lieut't Col'l Brearly. 

Adjutant Lewis Woodruff. 

Head Quarters, Aug't 17th, 1776. 
Parole . Countersign . 

Benjamin Durant of Cap't Wardsworths Company and Coll. Bai- 
leys Reg't Convicted by a General Court Martial whereof Col'l Wyllys 
was President of Giting Drunk on Guard. Sentenced to receive 30 
Lashes. Patrick Lyon of Cap'n Curtis Company Reg't late Leonards, 
Convicted by the Same Court Martial of Sleeping on his Post Sen- 
tenced to receive 25 Lashes. Benjamin Wallace of Cap't Stewards In- 
dependent Comp'y of New York Forces Convicted by the same Court 
for Desertion and Enlisting again in to another Company. Sentenced 
to Receive 39 Lashes. The Gen. approves of the above Sentence and 
orders them to be put in Execution at the usual Time and place. 

The Gen. Recommends to all Commanding officers and Divisions 
Brigades, and Regiments, in Infering their Several Orders to be Care- 
full they do not Interfere with Gen. Orders which have been or may 
be Issued. And those Gentlemen who have not had an Opportunity 
from their late Arrival in Camp, to know what have been Issued will do 
well to Inform themselves and Especially before any Special order is 
Issued which may have a Gen. Effect. 

The Guard Ordered to Mount at Lispenards Brewery in the Even- 
ing to mount in the day also and march off the Parade with the rest 
of the Guards. 

Head Quarters, Aug. 18, 1776. 
Parole . Countersign 

As Nothing Contributes so much to the good Order and Govern- 
ment of Troops as an Exactness in discipline and a Strict Observances 
of Orders, and as the Enemy is now arranged into different. Divisions, 
Those Divisions formed into Brigades and the Brigades Composed of 
Reg't the Gen'l hopes and Expects that the Several duties of the Army 
will go on with Regularaty Chear fulness and Alacerety as ones Means 
of Accomplishing this he desired that no Reg'ts Brigades or Divisions 
will Interfere with the Dutys of another but walk in their own Proper 
Lines the Coil's, taken care not to Contenince the Orders of their Bri- 
gadiers, the Brigadiers of their Major Gen. 

And the whole pay due attention to the Gen'l orders which can 
only be sit a Side or be dispensed with by Orders of Equal dignity the 
Army under such a Regulation will soon become Respectable in it Self 
and formidable to the Enemy it is an Incombant duty therefore upon 
every officer of every Rank to be Alert and Attentive in the Dis- 


charge of the Several duties an-exced to his office, his Honour, his own 
Personal safety & for ought he knows the Salvation of his Country 
and its dearest Privilages may depend upon his Exertion. 

Particular Cases may and doubtless will happen to render it Neces- 
sary for the good of the Service that a Change of officers Should be 
made from One Brigade to another. But whenever there Appears a 
Cause for this it will be notefied Gen'l or Special Orders the Gen'l 
Cannot quit this Subject as this may Posably be the last Opportunity 
Previous to an Attack without Dressing the Private" Men and Exort- 
ing the Troops in Gen'l to be profounly Silent & Strictly Obedient to 
Orders before they Come to & whilst they are in action as nothing 
Can Contribute more to their Success than a Cool and Deliberate Be- 
haviour nothing add more to the disencouragement of the Enemy, 
than to find new Troops Cool & Determined in there Manner. The 
Gen'l has no doubt but that every good Soldier and all the officers are 
Sufficiently Impressed with the Necessity of Examining the State and 
Condition of the Arms, but his own Anxiety on this Head Compells 
him to remind them of it after every Spell of Wet Weather least we 
should be Caught with Arms unfit for Immediate Service the Reg'ts of 
Militia from Connecticut are to be formed into a Brigade Under the 
Command of Brigadier Gen'l Walcodd Who is hourly Expected and in 
the Mean time to be under the Command of Coll. Himmens the oldest 
Coll. of the Militia, tho the fire Ships which went up the North River 
last Friday were not so Successfull as to destroy Either of the Men 
of War. Yet the Gen'l thanks both the officers and Men for the Spirit 
and Resolution they showed in Grapling the Vessel before they quit the 
fire Ships & as a reward of their Merit Presents each of those who 
Stayed Last on board and are somewhat Burnt with 50 Dollars and 
the Others 40 Dollars Each, had the Enterprize Succeeded so as to 
have destroyed Either of the Ships of War the Gen'l would have been 
generous In proportion to the Service. 

Brigadier Gen'l Scott. 

Field officers for the Piquet Coll. Chester L't Coll. Printice & Ma- 
jor Brooks, for 

Main Guard L't Col'l Stockholm. 

Brigade Major Fish. 

Field officer for the Day Col'l Martin, Adjudant Jones. 

Head Quarters, Aug. 19th, 1776. 

Parole . Countersign . 

John Green of Cap'n Johnsons Comp'y and late Col'l McDougals 
Regiment, Convicted by a Gen'l Court Martial whereof Col'l Wyllys 
Was president of breaking out of his Quarter Guard and being Absent 
2 Days, Ordered to receive 39 Lashes, the Gen'l Approves of the Sen- 
tence and Orders it to be Executed at the Usual Time and Place, 
the Prisoner to be then Returned to his Quarter Guard. The Court 


Martial to set to morrow for the Trial of L't Hobbs of the Reg't 
Late McDougals the Judge Advocate will be Inform'd of the Witnesses 
by Gen'l Puttnam. A Sub'n Guard to go over to mor- to relieve the 
Guard at Hoebuck ferry Coll. Hitchcocks Reg't to move tomorrow to 
Burdets ferry and Relieve the party now there, There to Join Gen'l 
MifRins Brigade and Receive Orders from Major Gen'l Health agreea- 
ble to Gen'l orders of the 12th Instant. Gen'l Puttnam will order 
Boats. The Adjudants of Such Regiments as have lately Come in to 
apply at the Adjudant Gen'l Office for Blanks Returns which they are 
to fill up and bring in at orderly time (viz.) at 11 o'clock every Satur- 

Brigade Orders, Aug, 19, 1776. 
Gen'l Hcards 

The Gen'l is sorry to see so many of the Soldiers Arms black and 
Rusty which is a Disgrace to a Soldier, he request Every Cap'n for 
the future to be particular in Examining the Arms of their respective 
Companies and see that they are kept Clean and in good order & that 
they are well Supply 'd with amunition. 

- Field officer for the Day Col'l Nucomb. 

Adjudant — King. 

Head Quarters, Aug. 20th, 1776. 
Parole . Countersign . 

Nathaniel Mum of Cap'n Peters Company, Col'l Buds Reg't Con- 
victed by a Gen'l Court Martial Whereof Col'l Wyllys was president of 
Desertion & Reenlistment into another Company James Mumford of 
Cap'n Ledyards Comp'y in the late Coll. McDougals Reg't, Convicted 
"by the same Court Martial for the Same Crime. Alexander Moore, 
Serj't in Cap't Conanways Company Coll. Winds Battalion Convicted 
by the same Court Martial of Desertion. Christopher Hosper of the 
Same Comp'y and Battalion Convicted by the same Court Martial of 
the Same Crime Each of the above Persons were Sentenced to receive 
39 Lashes. The Gen'l Approves The Sentences & orders them to be 
Executed at Guard Mounting to morrow Morning at the Usual Place. 
The Troops lately Arrived are Informed it is Contrary to Gen'l Orders 
to fire in Camp, Such fire Locks as are Loaded & the Charge Cannot 
be drawn, are to be Discharged at Retreat beating In a Volley under 
the Inspection of an officer, the officer of Such Troops are Desired and 
required to prevent all other fireing in the Camp as it tends to great 

The Reg't of Militia now under the Command of Col'l Hinman 
from Connecticut are in case of an Alarm to Parade at the Grand Pa- 
rade and there wait for Orders. The officers who are lately Come into 
Camp are also Informed That it has been found Necessary amidst 
such frequent Changes of Troops to Introduce Some Distinction by 
which their Several Ranks may be known (to Wit). Field officers to 


ware a Pink or Red, Cap's White or Bnff the Subaltrans Green. The 
Gen'l flatters himself Every Gentlemen will Conform to the Regulation 
which he has found Infinitely Necessary to Prevent mistakes & Confu- 

The Trial of Lieutenant Hobbe Passed over till to Morrow. 

The Gen'l Court Martial to set on Thursday as a Court of Inquiry 
Into the Conduct of Adjudant Brice of Col'l Small's Battalion Charged 
with Disobedience of Orders and disrespcctfull Behaviour to his Su- 
perior officers. The Gen'l being Informed to his great Surprise that a 
Report prevails and is Industriously Spread far and W r ide, that Lord 
How had made Propositions of Peace Calculated by Disin-ting 
Persons Most Probably to lull us into a fatal Security, his duty 
obliges him to declare that no such offer has been made by Lord How, 
but on the Contrary from the Best Informations he Can procure. 
The Army may Expect an Attack as soon as the Wind and tide may 
prove favourable. 

He hopes therefore Every Mans mind & Arms will be Prepared 
for Action and when Called to it. Shew our Enemies and the Whole 
World that those Men Contending on their own Land are Superior to 
any Merecenarys on Earth. 

The Brigadiers are to See the Spears in the Different Works under 
their Command kept Greased and Clean. Gen'l Sullivan is to take the 
Command on Long Island Untill Gen'l Green's State of Health will 
admit him to Resume it. And Brigadier Lord Sterling is to take 
Charge of Gen'l Sullivans Division till he returns to it again. 

Edward Fillman Esq'r is appointed Assistant Brigade Major to 
Lord Sterling, the Duty of the W r hole Division being too great for one 
officer he is to be obeyed and Respected Accordingly. 

Field officers Lt. Coll. Phillips. 

Adjudant from Coll. Littles Regiment. 

Major Gen'l Sullivans Orders of the 21st of Aug., 1776. 

Five Hundred Men to be on Fatigue to morrow, they are to take 
their Breakfast and be on the Works by 8 oClock leave it at Twelve 
and Begin at 2 and work till half after Six. Nothing Can be more 
Disagreeable to the Gen'l than to Call upon the Men to be so Con- 
stantly on Fatigue, but their own Salvation & the Safety of their 
Country require it, he hopes in 2 or 3 Days more to have the Encamp- 
ment so Sure a^ to Inable Him to Relieve the Men from Fatigue & 
giving them an Opportunity of Resting from their Labor. An Adju- 
dant of the Day to attend at the Gen'l every Morning at 8 oClock, An 
Orderly Serjeant from each Brigade to attend Daily; j Men to be 
Drafted to Row the Gen'l Barge Who are to do no other Duty. The 
Brigade Majors arc Immediately upon Receiving Orders from head 
Quarters to Call at Gen'l Sullivans Quarters for his Orders or Send 
Adjudants to take them Off. 


Col'l Johnson's and Coll. Nucombs Rcgt. are to Consider the Woods 
on the West Side of the Creek as their Alarm post till further Orders 
and to Repair there in Case of an Alarm. I 

Gen'l Nixon will Shew the Ground this Evening at Six oClock to 
the Command- officers of these Regiments. 

Head Quarters, Aug. 21, 1776. 
Parole, Kingsbridge Countersign, Jersey. 

Adjudant Taylor to do the Duly of Brigade Major to Gen'l Mc- 
Dougals Brigade during Major Platts Illness he is to be Obeyed & Re- 
spected Accordingly. Lieut't Hobbe of Cap't Hyats Comp'y Reg't Late 
Gen'l McDougals tried by a Gen'l Court Martial whereof Coll. Wyllys 
was President for Misbehaviour in leaving one of the Hulks in the 
North River, was Acquited and the Complaint Reported Groundless or- 
dered that he be discharged from his Arrest. A Court of Inquiry to set 
on Friday next at Miss Montaunes upon Capt'n McCleave Stanton & 
Tinker, Charged with Backwardness in duty up the North River last 
Week & Misbehaviour 011 Sunday last when the Men of War Came 
down the River Court to Consist of the following persons to meet at 
10 oClock. 

General McDougal, President. 

Coll. Maliom — Major Brooks. 

L't Coll. Shepard — Cap't Peters. 

L't Coll. Wessam — Cap't Vandicke. 

The Judge Advocate to Attend & all witnesses. 50 Men Properly 
officerd to parade every Morning Six oClock at Gen. Puttnams their 
to take orders from him not to bring Arms. They are to be Continued 
every Day till further Orders. 50 Men Also for fatigue to parade 
to Morrow Morning Properly officerd on the Grand parade without 
Arms to take orders from Cap't Post. 10 Men with One Sub'n who 
have been used to the Sea to parade at Gen'l Putnams this Afternoon 
at 2 oClock to prosede to Kingsbridge up the North River with 3 Days 
Provision ; the Like Number also to parade to morrow Morning at 6 
oClock at Gen'l Putnams Quarters to take 3 Days Provision boath Par- 
ties to parade Without Arms. 20 Men with a Sub'n to parade for fa- 
tigue to morrow morning without arms on the grand parade to Pro- 
sede to Bayards Hill & to work upon the Hill to take Orders from 
the Person who has the Direction for Diging the Well. 

Field Officer L't Coll. Munson. 

Adjudant from Coll. Fermans Reg't. 

Aug. 22, 1776 (No Orders this day). 

Head Quarters, Aug. 23, 1776. 

Parole . Countersign . 

The Commissary General is directed to have five days hard bread 
kept baked and ready to be delivered. It the Commissary should ap- 


ply to the Commanding officers of Reg'ts for any Bakers, they are to 
furnish them without waiting for a Special Order. 

The Gen'l was sorry to find that some troops when they were Or- 
dered to March had no provisions notwithstanding the orders that 
have been Issued. The Men must march If the service requires it & 
will suffer very much If not provided The Gen'l therefore directs all 
troops to have two days hard bread & Pork ready by them, and desires 
that the officers will go thro' the Encampment and Quarters and see 
that It be got and kept. 

The Gen'l would be Obliged to any officer to recommend to him 
a Carefull sober person who Understands taking Care of Horses & 
Waiting Occasionally, such person being a soidier will have his pay 
Continued & 20 s p'r Month he must be neat in his person and to be 
depended on for his Sobriety and honesty. 

The officers of the Militia are Informed that 24 Rounds are Allowed 
to a Man & 2 flints that the Cap'ts of each Company should see that the 
Cartridges lit the boar of the Gun. 

In drawing for Ammunition the Commanding officers should upon 
the Regimental parade Examine the state of their Reg'ts and then draw 
for Cartridges & flints. Cap't Felton will assist them in this Business 
& unless in Case of Alarm They are desired not to draw for every 
small Number of Men who may be Coming in The Enemy have now 
landed on Long Island and the hour is fast approaching on Which 
the honour & Success of this Army & the safety of our bleeding 
Country depends. Remember officers and Soldiers that you are free- 
men fighting for the Blessing of Liberty. That slavery will be the por- 
tion of you and your posterity If you do not acquit yourselves like 
men. Remember how your Courage has been despised and Traduced 
by your Cruel Invaders Tho' they have found by dear Experience at 
Boston Charlestown & other places what a few brave Men Contending 
in their own land and in the best of Causes can do against bare hire- 
lings & Mercenaries, be Cool and determined. Do not fire at a Dis- 
tance, but wait for orders from your officers. It is the Gen'ls Express 
orders that If any Man attempt to sculk, lay down or Retreat without 
Orders to be Instantly shot down as an Example he hopes no such 
scoundrel will be found in this Army, but on the Contrary every one 
for himself resolving to Conquer or Die & Trusting to the Smiles of 
heaven upon so just a Cause will behave With bravery & resolution. 
Those who are distinguished for their Gallantry and good Conduct may 
depend upon being Honourably Noteced & sutably rewarded. 

The Brigade Majors are Immediately to Relieve the Guards out 
of the Guards out of the Reg'ts ordered to Long Island from other 
Reg'ts out of the Brigade & forward such Guards to the Reg. 

Major Reabury's Coll. Herman's Major Smith Coll. Cashs. Coll. 
Talcotts. Coll. Baldwins & Major Clark's reg'ts of Connecticut Militia 


to parade this Evening at 5 oClock on the Grand Parade. Major Hen- 
ley will attend them to their alarm Posts & direct them in the Morn- 
ing to the lines. When any of the field officers for Piquet or Main 
Guard are sick or otherwise Incapable of the duty they are Immediate- 
ly to signify it to the Brigade Major. But the Gen'l hopes that Trifling 
Excuses will not be made as there is too much reason to believe has 
been the Case. 

Major Gen. Sullivans Orders. 

The Men not to turn out to their alarm posts this afternoon unless 
an Alarm is given, they are to get Two days provision ready Cooked 
to be at their Alarm posts to morrow morning at 3 oClock With every 
thing in Order for Action. Coll. Miles & Coll. Ramson's reg'ts to take 
possession of the Bedford road this Might Coll. Ramson's Reg't will 
march off at 5 oClock to join Coll. Miles who is now on the spot. Coll 
Littles & Coll. Hitchcocks reg'ts to possess the flat Bush road & Coll. 
Johnson's & Coll. Martins to take possession of the Road next the 
River, all those Reg'ts to be at their posts by 6 oClock & upon their Ar- 
rival the troops now there to return to their Encampments & get Two 
Days provision ready dressed & hold themselves in readiness for Ac- 

The Gen'l will never make a third requisition to the Majors of 
Brigade to attend for Orders. 

Head Quarters, Aug. 24, 1776. 
Parole, Jamaica. Countersign, London. 

The Changing of the Reg'ts Occasions Some Difficulties in the 
Duty the Brigade Majors are to send by the Orderly Sergeants a 
daily return of the Men in their Respective Brigades. 

Gen. Sullivan's Orders 

The Gen. returns his thanks to the brave officers & Soldiers who 
have with so much spirit and intripidity repulsed the Enemy & defeated 
their designs of taking possession of the Wood near our Lines. He is 
now Convinced that the Troops he has the honour to Command will 
not in point of true bravery yield to any troops in the Universe. Their 
Chcarfulness with which they do their Duty and the patience With 
Which they may Endure fatigue Evinces such Exalted Sentiments of 
Freedom & Love of their Country; and gives him the most satisfactory 
evidence that whenever call'd upon they will prove themselves Worthy 
of that freedom for Which they are now Contending. 

Coll. Ramson's Regiment in future to Mount No Guard Except a 
Quarter Guard of twelve Men, but be Considered merely as fatigue 
party to which they are to attend from day to Day. 

The Gen'l is sorry to find that Reg't flying from their post, when 
the times females would have blushed to have betrayed the least signs 
of fear at any thing which this regiment discovered at the time of their 


flight. The officers are requested to see that their men Always keep 
at least two Days provisions by them Ready dressed. The Commis- 
sary to deal out one Jill of Rum to each Man per Day on this Island 
till farther orders. 

Head Quarters, Aug. 25, 1776. 
Parole, Marlborough. Countersign, New Town. 

A Special Court Martial to sit this day at 12 oClock at Mr. Mon- 
tanyes for the Trial of Licut't Coll. Zedwitz Charged with Carrying 
on a Treasonable Correspondence with the Enemy to be Composed of 
a Brigadier General & 12 Field officers. Gcn'l Wadsworth President 
Coll. Smallwood to Command Lord Sterlings Brigade during his Ab- 
sence on Long Island. 

Gen. Sullivans Orders 

The following Arrangement to take place on Long Island till 
further Orders Viz; Coll. Miles two Battalions. Coll. Atlees, Coll. 
Lutz., Major Hays Coll Lashers & Coll. Drakes to be formed into one 
Brigade under the Command of Gen. Lord Sterling. Coll. Hands Pres- 
cots. late Coll. Nixons. Vernons, Hitchcocks. Littles Smith & Ram- 
son's under Gen. Nixons Wyllys Huntingtons Tyler Sylleman's, Ches- 
ter & Gays under Gen'l Persons. Johnson's Van Cortlands, Martins, 
Newcombs & Forman's under the Command of Brigadier Gen'l Heards. 

The Gen's Further Orders that the Brigadiers attend at head 
Quarters to Morrow Morning for his Directions at 8 oClock. 

Brigade Major Box is appointed to Act as Adjutant Gen'l for this 
Department til! further Orders. 

A Brigade Gen'l of the Day to attend the Grand Parade at Guard 
Mounting to Morrow at 10 oClock in the Morning. Every day after- 
wards at Eight, Whose Duty it shall be to see that the Guards are reg- 
ularly made up that they are properly posted & Duty relieved. 

All the Troops in this Department are desired to Wear a Green 
Bow or Branch of Tree in their Hats till farther Orders. 

Brigadier for to Morrow Lord Sterling. 

Brigade Major Livingston. 

Head Quarters, Aug. 30, 1776. 
Parole . Countersign 

All the Commanding officers of Regiments are to Parade on the 
regimental Parade this Evening at 5 oClock to Examine the state of 
their Mens arms & Ammunition. Get them in the best order. All 
damaged Cartridges arc to be Returned & in their place fresh ones 
drawn without further Orders. The Return of Regiments are to be 
made as soon and as Exact as possible. No arguments can be neces- 
sary at such a time as this to Induce all officers to a strict attention 
to their Duty. 

The Constant firing in the Camp notwithstanding repeated Orders 

Major Livingston Charged with having Ordered a Negro to fire on 
Soldier of Coll. Newcombs Reg't is Ordered to be Confined & brought to 
Tryal. But the Gcn'l is sorry to see soldiers defending their Country 
in Time of Eminent danger Rioting and attempting to do themselves 
Justice. The Plunderers of Lord Sterlings house are Ordered to 
Restore to the Quarter Master Gen'l what they have taken in failure 
Whereof they will Certainly be hanged. It is the Gen'l Orders that 
the Remainder of Ltltl & Cachlin's Battalions be Joined by Coll. 
Hands Battalion that Major Hays be also under special Command of 
Coll. Hands that then those Battalions Which Coll. Sheas Coll. Mc- 
Gans, Coll. Hutchinsons Coll. Alleys Coll. Miles & Coll. Wards Reg't 
be Brigaded under Coll. Mifflin those now here march as soon as pos- 


to the Contrary is very Scandalous and seldom a Day passes but some 
person is shot by their friends. Once more the Gen'l Intreats officers 
to prevent it, & calls upon soldiers to forbear this practice, Pieces that 
Cannot be drawn are to be discharged at Retreat beating & not other- 
wise & then by Command of their officers. 

The loss of two General officers by the late action having Oc- 
casioned a Necessary change In the Brigade, 

The Brigade Majors are to attend at 10 oClock to morrow to re- 
ceive a New Arrangement. As the Tents are Wet & the Weather Un- 
favorable the Troops are to remain in the City untill farther orders. 

Those not Supplied with Barracks to apply to Mr. Roebuck Bar- 
rack Master. Officers & men are Charged to see as little Damage as pos- 
sible done to houses where they are Quartered. 

Gcn'l Wadsworth 10 send two Reg'ts from his Brigade to rein- 
force Coll. Sergeants at Hoornshook as soon as possible in Case of an 
Alarm this Evening which may be Expected from the Nearness of the 
Enemy & their Expectation of taking advantage of the late Rains & 
last nights fatigue. The following Disposition is to take place & the 
Reg'ts are to parade Accordingly. Gen'l Mifflin to parade on the grand 
parade & they are then to join the Regiments lately Compossitig Lord 
Sterlings Brigade, and the Whole to parade on the parade lately as- 
signed by him to them. There they are to act under Gen'l Mifflin as a 
reserve Corps. The Regiments of Gen'l Nixons Brigade are to join 
Gen'l Spencers Division who Will assign them their Alarm posts. The 
Jersey Troops to Join Gen'l McDougals Brigade & parade at or near 
his Ground. 

Brigadier for the Day Gen'l Scott. 

Field officers for the Piquet Coll. Ritzema. 

Lieut't Coll. Pitkin Major Starr. 

For Main Guard Major Trenton. 

Brigade Major Herley. 

Head Quarters, Aug. 31, 1776. 
Parole . Countersign . 


sible to Kings Bridge. The Quarter Master will supply Waggons If to 
be Spared. If not to apply to Lieut. Archibald on the North River 
Boat-station-or Ensign Allen on the East River who will Supply Boats. 
A Careful officer with a small guard to attend them. Major Lord will 
supply from Gen'l Walcots Brigade an officer & Six Men to each boat 
to bring the Boats back. Except those that are Ordered to stay Com- 
manding officers of Reg'ts are to take care to have hard bread & pork 
for 2 Days kept by them Constantly. 

The Neglect of former Orders in this respect has Occasioned some 
of the hardships the Troops have lately sustained. If there is any De- 
lay at the Commissarys good officers will Compose & quiet their Men 
& mention by way of letter to the Gen'l. 

The Gen'l acquaints the Army that their Movement from Long 
Island was made by the Unanimous advice of all the Gen'l officers. 

Not from any doubt of the Spirit of the Troops, but because they 
find the Troops were very much fatigued with hard duty & divided in- 
to many Detachments. While the Enemy had Their Main body on the 
Island & Capable of receiving assistance from their shipping. In these 
Circumstances it was thought unsafe to transport the W T hole of our 
army on an Island or to Engage them with a part & Unequal Number 
with Intervening Water. 

Whereas now our Whole Army is Collected together the Enemy 
can Accrue little Assistance from their ships their wrong is and must 
be divided into many bodies & be fatigued with keeping up the Com- 
munication with the ships Whereas ours is Connected and Can act to- 
gether. They must affect a landing under so many Disadvantages, that 
If officers & soldiers are Vigilant and Alert to prevent surprize & act 
with Spirit when they approach there Is little danger of our Success. 

Ebenezar Gray is appointed Brigade Major to Gen'l Parsons. 

Brigadier for the Day — Gen'l Parsons. 

Field officers for the Piquet Coll. Tiler. 

Lieut. Coll. Shipperd. 
Major Hatfield. 

Main Guard Major Brewel. 

Brigade Major Fish. 

[To be Continued] 

Minutes of the Trustees 

Newark, New Jersey, April 2, 1917. 

The Board of Trustees of the New Jersey Historical Society met 
this afternoon at one o'clock. There were present Charles If. Lum, 
Vice-President, who presided, Austin Scott, J. Lawrence Boggs, Fred- 
erick A. Canfield, A. Van Doien Honeyman, Frank Bergen, Charles B. 
Bradley. Charles W. Parker, Miss Altha E. Hatch, and Joseph F. Fol- 
som. Excused: Francis J. Swayze, Hiram E. Deats and W. I. L. 

The minutes of the previous meeting, March 5, were read and ap- 

The treasurer, Mr. Boggs, made a report showing a balance of 
$976.17, which was approved. A bill of Charles A. Shriner, for print- 
ing the October number of the Proceedings, was ordered paid, the 
amount being $171.41. 

The Membership Committee, Mr. Boggs, presented its report. The 
following members were proposed and elected: Life — Madison Grant 
of New York, and Uzal H. McCarter of Newark. Contributing — Miss 
Louise B. Elmer, Springfield; Robert J. Matches. Summit; Edmund 
Roebling, Trenton; Mrs. Harrie Pennington Whitehead, Elizabeth. 
The deaths of Edward Green, East Orange; Oscar B. Mockridge, 
Newark, and Edgar B. Ward, Orange, were reported. 

The Building Committee, Mr. Lum, reported progress with storage 
room down stairs. 

The Library Committee, through Mr. Canfield, reported. It is ap- 
pended as approved. 

The Committee on Colonial Documents reported progress with 
volume V of the Archives, Dr. Scott, the chairman, stating that it 
might be published in two weeks. 

A minute on the death of former trustee. Chancellor William J. 
Magie, prepared by Mr. Bergen, was read and ordered spread upon 
the minutes and a copy sent to the family. This action was taken by a 
rising vote. 

Miss Hatch reported that the Woman's Branch had given $125.00 
for books procured by Dr. Disbrow from the Olds library. A vote 
of thanks was extended the Woman's Branch. 

The Printing Committee, through Mr. Honeyman, reported. The 
future printing of the Proceedings was referred to that committee for 
investigation as to possible lessening of cost. 

The Board directed that in the future the minutes of the Trustees' 
meetings should be printed in the Proceedings. 


The Board directed the Secretary to request the Honorable Rich- 

ard Wayne Parker to send copies of his address on Lafayette, as far as 
possible, to the members of the Society. The meeting adjourned. 

Joseph F. Folsom, 
Recording Secretary. 

Newark, New Jersey, May 7, 191 7. 

The Board of Trustees of the New Jersey Historical Society met 
this afternoon at one o'clock. Vice-President Charles M. Lum pre- 
sided, and the others present were Austin Scott, Frederick A. Can- 
field, A. Van Doren Honeyman, Miss Altha E. Hatch, J. Lawrence 
Boggs and Joseph F. Folsom. Excused: Francis J. Swayze, Charles VV. 
Parker and Hiram E. Deats. 

The minutes of the previous meeting, April 2, were read and ap- 

The treasurer, Mr. Boggs, reported with balance of $800.25. Ap- 

For the Membership Committee, Mr. Boggs, chairman, reported the 
deaths of Mr. Charles E. Gregory, Mrs. D. Willis James and William P. 
Rae. The following on recommendation of the committee were elected 
members of the Society ; Miss Caroline E. Nixon, Trenton ; and William 
S. Disbrow, M. D., of Newark, Life members (Dr. Disbrow having 
paid dues for twenty years previously) ; and William H. Wurts, New 
York City; Mrs. Washington Wilson, Metuchen ; J. W r illard De Yoe, 
Paterson, and John B. Pitney, Morristown, Contributing members. 

The building committee reported on proposed room in the base- 
ment and recommended no alterations. The report was approved. 

Mr. Canfteld reported for the Library Committee, and the report 
as approved is appended. 

For the Committee on Colonial Documents, Dr. Scott reported that 
Volume V of the New Jersey Archives had been published, and that 
the State had granted an appropriation of $3,000 for work next year. 
The matter of publishing with this fund an additional volume of New 
Jersey wills with a sub-title "Abstracts of Wills, Vol. II" (with date of 
the period), to complete or extend Volume XXIII (First Series) of 
the Archives, was left to the discretion of the committee. 

The Editorial Committee was authorized to procure the printing of 
the "Proceedings," beginning with the April number, by The Unionist- 
Gazette of Somerville, N. J., satisfactory estimates having been re- 

Miss Hatch reported progress in the work of the Woman's Branch. 

A letter from George W. Roy, offering a collection of relics to the 
Society, was referred to Messrs. Swayze, Honeyman and Canfield for 

Judge Swayze having stated through a letter that he had a manu- 
script on the Elizabethtown land controversies written by the late 


Chancellor Magie, it was resolved that the manuscript be considered 

for publishing in the "Proceedings." 

A letter from Miss Magie expressing thanks for the minute on the 

death of the Chancellor was read. The meeting adjourned. 

Joseph F. Folsom, 

Recording Secretary. 

Newark, New Jersey, June 4, 1917. 

The Board of Trustees of the New Jersey Historical Society met 
this afternoon at one o'clock. There were present Francis J. Swayze, 
President, Austin Scott, Charles W. Parker, A. Van Doren Honeyman, 
J. Lawrence Boggs, Miss Altha E. Hatch, Edwin R. Walker, Frank 
Bergen, Charles P. Bradley and Joseph F. Folsom. Excused, Hiram 
E. Deats. 

The minutes of the meeting of May 7 were read and approved. 

The treasurer, Mr. Boggs, presented his report showing balance of 
$751.87. The report was approved. 

For the Membership Committee. Mr. Boggs chairman, reported the 
death of Miss Ginevra Freeman, which occurred on May 15, 1917. She 
had been elected a Contributing member on April 6, 1914, and served 
as Historian of the Woman's Branch of the Society. The name of 
Philip H. Hoffman of Morristown was proposed for Life membership, 
he having paid dues for twenty years, and he was unanimously elected. 
The following were elected Contributing members : William J. Backes, 
John J. Geary and John A. Hartpence, all of Trenton. Miss Alice W. 
Hayes and Mrs. L. Cotheal Smith having left legacies were elected 
Patrons of the Society, the amounts having exceeded the required one 
thousand dollars. 

It was authorized that $600 of the capital account of the Society 
be invested in "Liberty Loan" bonds. 

The Library committee. Mr. Canfield chairman, reported. It was 

For the Committee on Colonial Documents, Dr. Scott reported that 
Volume XXIX of the Archives, now partly in type at the office of the 
Paterson "Call," would be published, edited by Dr. Scott, and that 
Volume XXIII, First Series, Archives, (Volume 2), containing "Ab- 
stracts of Wills," would be published, edited by Mr. Honeyman. The 
report was approved and the publishing authorized. 

The Corresponding Secretary, Mr. Honeyman, presented his re- 
port, which was approved. 

Miss Hatch suggested that the Woman's Branch might buy a "Lib- 
erty Lo.W bond, and the Board by vote approved. 

The committee to inquire into the offer of Mr. George Roy of 
Nebraska to present the Society a collection of relics, the committee 
consisting of Messrs. Swayze, Honeyman and Canfield, reported that 
they had offered to accept the collection if given without conditions. 
The action was approved. 


An invitation having been received from the Sussex County His- 
torical Society to attend the dedication of the Hill Memorial Building 
at Newton, the new home of that Society, on Friday next, June 8, 1917, 
was accepted with the hope that some member of the board might at- 
tend, the secretary to write to that effect. 
The meeting adjourned. 

Joseph F. Folsom, 

Recording Secretary. 

List of Donors to Library for April, May and June, 1917. 

Mr. David G. Baird, through Miss Margaret S. Haines (W. B.), 
manuscript; Mr. Thomas W. Raich, volume; Mrs. George Batten (W. 
B.), volume; Bergen County Historical Society, through Mrs. F. A. 
Westervelt (W. B.), photograpli ; Mr. William S. Black, three volumes, 
and three pamphlets; Mr. J. Lawrence Boggs, volume, fourteen pam- 
phlets, two curios, and one lithograph ; Mr. Charles Bradley, two pam- 
phlets ; Mrs. E. S. Campbell, volume; Rev. H. G. Coddington, pam- 
phlet; Mr. F. M. Conkling, photograpli; Connecticut Historical So- 
ciety, three volumes; Hon. Willard W. Cutler, manuscript; Mr. C. B. 
Deacon, early newspaper ; Dr. William S. Disbrow, volume, manuscript, 
four pamphlets, and three curios ; Miss Augusta Drake, manuscript 
and an oil painting; Miss Anna Field, fourteen volumes, two curios; 
Harvard University, volume, pamphlet; Miss Altha E. Hatch (W. B.), 
eight volumes, two historical clippings ; Mr. J. E. Hedenberg, package 
manuscripts; Mrs. George W. Holman, Jr. (W. B.), three autographed 
photographs, one lithograph; Mr. Charles A. Hoppin, volume; Indiana 
Historical Commission, volume ; Mr. Chester N. Jones, two volumes ; 
Mr. Edmund S. Joy, four pamphlets; Mr. Austin B. Keep, volume; Mr. 
Marion Lewis, volume; Mr. Edward H. Lum, volume; Dr. William O. 
McDowell, Senate clippings; Miss Mary McKeen, twelve pamphlets; 
Mr. John S. McMaster, fac-simile of manuscript; Maryland Historical 
Society, two volumes; Mr. Frederick H. Meserve, through Miss Mar- 
garet S. Haines (W. B.), portrait, four photographs, one engraving; 
National Society, D. A. R., two volumes, one pamphlet; Mr. John 
Neafie, five manuscripts; New York State Library, volume; Newark 
Free Public Library, three volumes, one pamphlet; Perry Victory Cen- 
tennial Commission, volume; Mr. James A. Phelps, volume; Mr. J. T. 
Pike, manuscript; Mr. James M. Riley, medal; Mrs. L. Voorhces 
Rodewald, three manuscripts; Royal Historical Society, volume; Mrs. 
Schickhaus, through Dr. Disbrow, print; Miss Dora Smith (W. B.), 
eight volumes; State of New Jersey, volume; Mrs. Chas. S. Thurston, 
three volumes; Mrs. Win. H. Tracy (W. B.), curio; Mr. Clayton L. 
Traver, pamphlet; Dr. Wm. H. Vail, curio; Valley Forge Rev. En- 
campment Commission, pamphlet; Woman's Branch, manuscript, one 
hundred thirty-eight volumes, seventy pamphlets, and binding of forty 

Minute Relating to the Death of Ex-Chan- 
cellor William J. Magie 

On the fifteenth day of January last ex-Chancellor Wil- 
liam J. Magie, a member and trustee of our society for many 
years, passed away at his home in Elizabeth, in the eighty- 
fifth year of his age. 

His career in all of his walks in life was admirable. As 
a citizen he was public spirited and charitable ; as a member 
of the Bar he was industrious and gained success by sound 
learning and straightforward methods of practice. He repre- 
sented Union county in the Senate for a single term with much 
credit, and shortly after was appointed a Justice of the Su- 
preme Court, and subsequently Chief Justice, and afterwards 
Chancellor. This is an honor without precedent in the history 
of our State, and was won by merit alone. 

For nearly twenty-eight years Chancellor Magie served as 
a member of the highest Courts of our State and enriched our 
jurisprudence with many just and sound opinions. Besides he 
was for many years a faithful and helpful member of the board 
of trustees of Princeton University, his alma mater. The rec- 
ord of his long and noble life is an inspiration and a precious 
heritage; therefore be it — 

Resolved, That this minute be recorded and a copy sent 
to his family. 


No. 4 


OK Tin-: 

Hew Jersey Historical 






OCTOBER, 1917 



:, X.J. 

Kntercd as second class mutter Annual is, l«»17. at the posl office at Sotnerville, New Jersey, 
under the Act <>i August :i, I'-i:. 


OCTOBER, 1917. 

1. The Lenni Lenafe or Delaware Indians, by Edwin Robert 

Walker -- 193 

2. Proceedings of the Society: Minutes, 219; Report of the 

Board of Trustees, 220; Report of the Corresponding Secre- 
tary, 221; Report of the Woman's Branch. 225; Report of 
the Membership Committee, 229; Report 01 the Library 
Committee, 232; Report of the Treasurer, 234. 

3. Minutes of the Trustees - 237 

4. Index to Volume II. New Series - 241 

Published quarterly by The New Jersey Historical Society at 

Somerville, New Jersey. 

Joseph F. Folsom, Editor. 



New Jersey Historical Society 


The Lenni Lenape or Delaware Indians 

An Address by Edwin Robert Walker Before the New 
Jersey Historical Society at Newark, October 31ST, 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : 

In commencing this address I shall take the liberty of 
paraphrasing the opening of Sir Walter Scott's charming 
novel "Ivanhoe," and say: 

In that pleasant district of North America formerly known 
as Nova Caesarea or New Jersey, and latterly as New Jersey, 
there extended in ancient times a large forest covering the 
greater part of the beautiful hills and plains which lie between 
the Atlantic Ocean and the river Delaware. The remains of 
this extensive wood are to be seen at this day in the desidious 
trees of the northern and the ever verdant pines of the south- 
ern section of our state. Here haunted of yore the stag and 
the doe, here were fought several of the most desperate bat- 
tles of the War of the Revolution, and here also flourished in 
ancient times those bands of roving savages whose deeds have 
been rendered so popular in American story. 

These aborigines are familiarly known to us as the Del- 
aware Indians. They were known to themselves as the Lenni 
Lenape. I shall call them indifferently "Lenape" and "Del- 

The name bestowed upon New Jersey by the Indians was 


"Shejachbi," (pronounced as if spelled "Sha-ak-bee.") They 
claimed the whole area comprising New Jersey. Their great 
chief Tecdyescung stated at the conference at Easton, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1757, that their lands reached eastward from 
river to sea. 

When I was a boy I presumed that the word ''Delaware" 
was an Indian name, evolved by the savages themselves and by 
them bestowed upon the river and bay. I was well grown up 
before I learned that the word was originally three words 
"De La Warr," and that it was the name of an ancient Eng- 
lish family ennobled in the time of Edward II, who reigned 
from 1307 to 1327. The particular scion of that ancient house 
for whom the Delaware River and Bay and the State of Del- 
aware were named, was Thomas West, Lord De La Warr, 
born July 9, 1557. He succeeded his father in the peerage in 
1602 and interested himself in the plans for the colonization of 
Virginia ; became a member of the Council of Virginia in 1609, 
and the next year was appointed governor and captain general 
for life. He sailed for Virginia in March, 1610, arriving at 
Jamestown in June following with additional emigrants and 
supplies, just in time to forestall the abandonment of the col- 
ony. He returned to England in 161 1 and sailed again for 
Virginia in 1618, but died on the voyage. 

It was from the lordly title of this distinguished nobleman 
and adventurer that we get our present name "Delaware." 
It is undoubtedly of Norman origin, that is, "De La Warr" is. 

I cannot claim anything original for this address. Much 
has been written about the Indians and I have read much of 
what has been written. What follows has, of course, been 
drawn from the sources of information in works upon the 
Indians to be found in most of the extensive libraries. 

The word Lenni Lenape is not pronounced as it is spelled, 
— that is, the last word is not. That, phonetically, would be 
Len-apee, but it is to be pronounced as though spelled Len-au- 
pay, — Lenape. The river known to us as the Delaware they 
called the Lenape Wihittuck, meaning river or stream of the 

The Lenape were divided into three sub-tribes, ( 1 ) the 


Minsi (2) the Unami and (3) the Unalachtigo. "Minsi means 
people of the stony country, or mountaineers; "Unami, the 
people down the river, and "Unalachtigo," people who live 
near the ocean. The three sub-tribes had each its totemic 
animal from which it claimed a mystical descent. The Minsi 
had the wolf, the Unami the turtle and the Unalachtigo the 

Whence came the Indians? Rafmesque, in "The Ameri- 
can Nations," says that the annals of the Lenni Lenape con- 
tain an account of creation, telling of Kitanitowill, a God, the 
first and eternal being, who caused the earth, water, sun, moon 
and stars. This legend also tells of a bad spirit, Makimani, 
although the theory about an Indian satan seems not to be 
accepted by some historians, — and it seems that such a being 
was not believed in by the Lenape when the white men first 
went among them. 

These annals of the Lenni Lenape given by Rafmesque tell 
also of a flood and the passage of the Indians and their 
settlement in America. From whence they passed does not 
appear, and doubtless this mystery is destined to remain for- 
ever unsolved. 

In 1822 Rafmesque procured in Kentucky a record pic- 
tured on wood giving some of the legends of the Lenape In- 
dians. This record is called the Walam Olum or Red Score. 
The original is not in existence so far as is known, but a 
manuscript copy made by Rafinesque in 1833 is preserved. The 
first accurate reproduction of this, figures and text, was pub- 
lished in 1885 in "The Lenape and their Legends," with com- 
plete text and symbols of the Walam Olum, by Dr. Daniel 
G. Brinton, of Philadelphia. 

Dr. Brinton thus summarizes the narrative of the Walam 
Olum : 

"At some remote period the ancestors of the Lenape 
dwelt probably in Labrador. They journeyed south and west 
to the St. Lawrence, near Lake Ontario. Next they dwelt for 
some generations in the pine and hemlock regions of New 
York, fighting often with the Snake people and the Talega, 
agricultural nations, living in fortified towns in Ohio and 


Indiana. They drove out the former but the latter remained 
in the Upper Ohio and its branches. The Lenape, now set- 
tled on the streams in Indiana, wished to remove to the East 
to join the Mohegans and others of their kin who had moved 
there directly from northern New York. So they united with 
the Hurons to drive out the Talega from the Upper Ohio, 
which was not fully accomplished for many centuries, some 
Cherokees lingering there as late as 1730." 

The Indians almost universally believed the dry land they 
knew to be a part of a great island surrounded by waters 
whose limits were unknown and beyond which was the home of 
the Light and Sun. The Delawares believed that the whole 
was supported by a fabled turtle, whose movements caused 
earthquakes, and who had been their first preserver ; their 
legend in that respect being as follows : Back in the far dis- 
tant past there was a great overflow of water, submerging the 
earth, and but few people survived. They took refuge on the 
back of a turtle. Presently a loon flew by, which they asked 
to dive and bring up the land. Trying, but failing in the im- 
mediate vicinity, he tried afar off and returned with a small 
quantity of earth in his bill. The turtle, guided by the loon, 
swam to the place where the earth was found and the survivors 
there settled and repeopled the land. 

It will probably be a matter of some surprise to most of 
you to learn that there is authority for believing that New 
Jersey was a wilderness, uninhabited by human beings until 
the year 1396, when King Wolomenap (Hollow Man) led his 
people into the Delaware Valley where they settled and over- 
ran New Jersey. 

The Reverend Mr. Beatty, in his mission from New York 
in 1766, to the western Indians, received from a person whom 
he credited, the following tradition, which he had from some 
old men among the Delaware tribe: That of old time their 
people were divided by a river, and one part tarried behind ; 
that they knew not for a certainty how they first came to this 
continent, but gave this account: that a king of their na- 
tion, when they formerly lived far to the west, left his kingdom 
to his two sons; that the one son making war upon the other, 


the latter thereupon determined to depart, and seek some 
new habitation ; accordingly he set out accompanied by a num- 
ber of people, and after wandering to and fro for the space 
of forty years, they at length came to the Delaware where 
they settled three hundred and seventy years before, that is, 
before 1766, which goes back to 1396. The way they kept 
account of this was by putting a black bead of wampum every 
year on a belt which they used for that purpose. Rafinescque 
gives a list of Lenape Kings and says their annals tell of 
Wolomenap (Hollow Man), the 77th, and that he was king 
at the falls of the Delaware (Trenton) ; the first one there, 
according to the legend. 

The earliest white travelers in this part of the country 
looked upon the natives as simply savages and little different 
from the wild beasts about them, and did not trouble them- 
selves to study their institutions or traditions, and that has 
been done in comparatively recent times. 

The Indians found here by the first explorers and trav- 
elers were splendid physical specimens, well built and strong, 
with broad shoulders and small waists, dark eyes, white teeth, 
coarse black hair, of which the men left but a single tuft on 
the top of the head to accommodate an enemy's scalping 
knife. There were few that were crippled or deformed. 

History tells us of at least one Indian who was not 
straight, — of stature, I mean, — and that was Billy Bowlegs, a 
Seminole chief, who fought in the Florida wars. But he was 
not a Jersey Indian. 

The Indians had a habit of anointing their bodies with 
oil and the fat of beasts and fishes which they claimed pro- 
tected their skins from the fierce rays of the summer sun 
and the penetrating cold of winter. 

As they lived mainly by hunting and fishing, their habi- 
tations, which were called ''wigwams," were temporary struc- 
tures which could easily be removed when occasion required. 
They generally slept on skin or leaves spread on the bare 
ground, and some had crude board floors, which inspired Roger 
Williams to indict these lines : 


"God gives them sleep on ground 
or straw, 

On sedge mats or on board, 
When English beds of softest down 
Sometimes no sleep afford." 

From these humble lodgings no one was ever turned 
away and the generous hospitality of the Indians was noticed 
with admiration by travelers. The Indian's dinner gen- 
erally consisted of meat and vegetables, cooked in the same 
vessel, which was rarely, if ever, cleansed. His breakfast gen- 
erally consisted of maize, that is, Indian corn, pounded in a 
mortar till crushed and then boiled. This was his ach-poan, 
whence comes the name ''corn-pone," which we all know, and, 
I may say, all like. Their thirst was quenched by drinking 
the broth of boiled meat, or by drafts of pure water. They 
had no intoxicating liquors until the advent of the white man. 
Their only stimulant was tobacco, which they smoked in pipes 
manufactured by themselves. They had no cigars, and the 
festive cigarette was entirely unknown to them, in fact was 
then unknown to everybody. 

The Lenape did not depend solely on the trophies of the 
chase for their subsistence. They were, to a comparatively 
large extent, engaged in agriculture and raised a variety of 
edible plants, corn, beans, sweet potatoes and squashes, among 
them. A hardy variety of tobacco was also cultivated. 

The art of the potter was not unknown to the Delawares, 
and their skill in bead work and feather mantles, and dressing 
animal skins, excited admiration. Their weapons were mostly 
of stone, but there was considerable native copper used for 
arrow heads, and also for pipes and ornaments. They had 
paints and dyes made from vegetables and minerals found in 
their neighborhood. 

In making a canoe they would fell a tree by means of 
their stone axes or by burning into the trunk at the base and 
would hollow out the trunk by fire, or in later times, would 
make a framework and cover it with bark and thus make a ves- 
sel large enough to carry a dozen or more men and to bear a 


thousand pounds or more of freight, and yet it would be so 
light that two or three men could carry it. 

Although they were usually clad only in the skins of ani- 
mals they had learned to make a coarse cloth from the fiber of 
nettles and other plants which they twisted and wove with 
their fingers. They made rope, purses and bags in the same 
way, and had needles made of small bones and wooden splints, 
with which they were quite dexterous. Like all primitive peo- 
ple the Indians were very fond of ornaments and adorned 
themselves with shells and beads and other articles skillfully 
and decoratively fashioned by themselves. The white beads 
made by the Indians were called "wampum'" and the blue, 
purple or violet ones "suckanhoch." They were made of 
shells and other suitable materials. Used first merely for 
ornamentation, this wampum came to be so much in demand 
that it assumed the character of currency, and it was so used 
by the white settlers as well as the Indians as neither had any 
other kind of money. Some white men tried to make wampum 
but their crude product was promptly rejected as counterfeit. 

As the straight-limbed and erect Indians had no intoxi- 
cating liquors, pimpled noses were not to be found among 
them. Nor did they use profane language, so far as I have 
been able to learn. What a contrast between them and some 
of their white brethren ! The late W. Clark Russell, in one 
of his inimitable sea stories, thus describes the English cap- 
tain of a vessel: "His face was purple with grog blossoms, 
his legs were bent like the tines of a pitch-fork and he was 
charged to the throat with a fo-castle vocabulary," which is, 
as you may have heard, redolent of profanity. 

The Indians were never very numerous in New Jersey, 
at least not after the advent of the white settlers. It has been 
estimated that in 1648 there were in the various tribes about 
2,000 warriors all told, which would make a total population 
of about 8,000. After this time they disappeared rapidly. In 
1 72 1 they were said to be few and friendly, — the fewer the 
more friendly, doubtless. 

Kalm, a Swedish traveler, who spent some time here in 
1747, observed that the disappearance of the native population 


was principally due to two agencies, — smallpox and brandy. 
It will be remembered, I believe, by everyone, that intoxicating 
liquors were sold to the Indians by the whites even in defi- 
ance of colonial statutes forbidding it. The practice of vio- 
lating excise laws, which we have every reason to believe still 
goes on, appears, therefore, to be of ancient origin and to be 
founded upon considerable historic precedent. 

The cupidity of the early settlers led them to sell liquor 
to the Indians and countless evils ensued. One day in 1643, 
at Pavonia in this state, an Indian who had become intoxi- 
cated through the Dutch plying him with liquor, was asked if he 
could make good use of his bow and arrow. For an answer 
he aimed at a Dutchman thatching a house and shot him 
dead. An Englishman had been killed a few days before by 
some Indians of the Achter Col village. The whites were 
exasperated and demanded the surrender of the murderers, 
which. was refused, being contrary to Indian custom. Some 
of the whites trespassed on the Indians' cornfields, and when 
resisted shot three of the savages dead. A war seemed im- 
minent, and in alarm many of the Indians fled for protection 
to the neighborhood of the Fort on Manhattan Island. The 
Dutch took advantage of this opportunity, and on the night of 
February 25, 1643, one party slaughtered their unsuspecting 
guests on the Island, while another party came to Pavonia 
and attacked the Indian village there, when the women and 
children were all asleep. The ferocity displayed by the whites 
on this occasion was never exceeded by the Indians. I will 
spare you any detailed account of the horrible tragedy, and 
will only add that as the result of the night's butchery about 
eighty Indians were killed and thirty made prisoners. Eleven 
tribes arose to avenge this cruel slaughter, but were no match 
for the well-armed whites, and a thousand Indians were slain. 
Peace was concluded at a conference, April 22, 1643, Oratamy, 
sachem of the Indians living at Achinheshacky (Ach-in-hcsk- 
acky), who declared himself commissioned by the Indians, an- 
swering for them. Yet, more trouble followed, but in 1645 
another treaty was made between the whites and the Indians, 
Oratamy making his mark thereto. In 1649 a number of lead- 


ing Indians made further propositions for a lasting peace, the 
principal speaker being Pennckeck (the chief behind the Col), 
in the neighborhood of Cummipaw, — probably a considerable 
village of the Hackensacks. Chief Oratamy was present but 
said nothing. However, his superiority was recognized by 
the gift of some tobacco and a gun, while the members of the 
tribe received only small presents. 

During the ten years from 1645 t0 1655, there were oc- 
casional encounters between Indians and whites, ten to four- 
teen of the latter being killed in that period in the vicinity 
of New Amsterdam. 

The whites were constantly encroaching on the natives 
everywhere, and in the neighborhood of Pavonia a considera- 
ble settlement of Dutch had grown up. The Indians became 
restive as they saw their lands slipping away from them, and 
finally seem to have planned the extirpation of the invaders. 
Very early on the morning of September 15, 1655, sixty-four 
canoes, filled with five hundred armed Indians, landed on 
Manhattan Island, and the warriors speedily scattered through 
the village. Many altercations occurred between them and the 
Dutch during the day. Toward evening they were joined by 
two hundred more Indians. Three Dutchmen and as many 
Indians were killed. The Indians then crossed over to Pa- 
vonia and to Staten Island, and in the course of three days 
destroyed buildings and cattle, killed about fifty whites and 
carried of! eighty men, women and children into captivity. It 
was the last expiring effort of the natives near New York to 
check the resistless advance of the Swannekins, as they called 
the Dutch. 

For a time the Indians believed they had the advantage, 
and proceeded to profit by it with great shrewdness. They 
brought some of their prisoners to Pavonia and treated with 
the whites for their ransom, demanding cloth, powder, lead, 
wampum, knives, hatchets, pipes and other supplies. Chief 
Pennekeck finally sent fourteen of his prisoners over to the 
Dutch authorities and asked for powder and lead in return ; 
he got what he wanted and two Indian prisoners besides. The 
negotiations continued, until Pennekeck had secured an ample 


supply of ammunition, and the Dutch had received most of 
their people back again. To the credit of the Indians it 
should be said that no complaint was made of the treatment 
of their captives. 

The authorities of New Netherlands were greatly dis- 
turbed by the brief but destructive war just mentioned, and 
as a precaution against the recurrence of such an event advised 
the erection of a block-house of logs, in sight of the Indians, 
near Achinheshaky. Affairs seem to have gone smoothly be- 
tween the Dutch and the Hackensacks thereafter. 

When the English conquered New Netherlands in 1664, 
they were careful to cultivate the friendship of the Hacken- 
sack chief, and Governor Philip Carteret wrote two letters in 
1666 to Oraton, as he called him, in relation to the proposed 
purchase of the site of Newark. The chief was very old at 
this time and unable to travel from Hackensack to Newark to 
attend the conference between the whites and the natives. And 
so there passed from view that striking figure in the Indian 
history of New Jersey. It is said that he was prudent and 
sagacious in council, prompt, energetic and decisive in war, as 
the Dutch found to their cost when they recklessly provoked 
him to vengenance. 

The few glimpses we are afforded of this Indian chieftain 
clearly show him to have been a notable man among men in 
his day, and that he was recognized as such not only by the 
aborigines of New Jersey, but by the Dutch rulers with whom 
he came in contact. Mr. Nelson says that the name of such 
a man is surely worthy of commemoration, even two centuries 
after his spirit has joined his kindred in the happy hunting 
ground of his race. He was unaware, or had forgotten, that 
there is a public hall in Newark called "Oraton Hall" in honor 
of the great chief. 

The names, number and position of all the New Jersey 
tribes have not been ascertained, but it is known that about 
1650 the tribe occupying the area around the Falls of the Del- 
aware, quaintly written "vc fTalles of ye De La Ware," where 
Trenton now stands, was named "Sanhican." Their chief was 
Mosilian, who commanded about 200 braves at the falls. An 


artificial stream of considerable beauty, parallelling the Dela- 
ware River and running along the southwesterly boundary of 
the city, built originally to supply water power to mills, but 
now disused for that purpose, has been named Sanhican 

The Sanhicans were noted for the manufacture of stone 
implements, making beautiful lance and arrow heads of quartz 
and jasper. There are several vocabularies of their dialect 

Each tribe had a sachem or head chief. After the death 
and burial of one, the subordinate chiefs, called sagamores, met 
with the councillors and people, the new sachem being agreed 
upon, they prepared the speeches and necessary belts. They 
then marched to the town where the candidate was and one of 
the chiefs declared him to be the sachem in place of the de- 
ceased. The common chiefs were chosen for their personal 
merit, — their bravery, wisdom or eloquence, and the office was 
not hereditary. When one was elected a sachem or chief, his 
name was taken from him and a new one bestowed at the time 
of his installation. He could be deposed at any time by the 
council of his tribe and his office was vacated by removal to 
another locality. 

The council of each tribe was composed of the sachem 
and other chiefs, experienced warriors or aged and respected 
heads of families, elected by the tribe. The executive functions 
of the government were performed by the sachems and chiefs, 
who were also members of the council, which was legislature 
and court combined. Here matters concerning the welfare of 
the tribe were discussed and offences against the good order 
of the tribe were considered ; crimes committed against indi- 
viduals were not regarded as sins, and they were settled be- 
tween the persons and families concerned, upon the principle 
lex talionis. 

There are exceptions to all rules, and the rule of the In- 
dians that they would not revenge wrongs upon individuals but 
would leave their kin to do so, seems sometimes to have been 
departed from, as will appear from the following: In 1671 
two Dutchmen were murdered on Matinicunk (now Burling- 


ton) Island in the river Delaware, by Indians, because Tash- 
iowycan, whose sister was dead, said that he would requite 
her by killing Christians, which he and another Indian pro- 
ceeded to do. This was reported to, and considered by, the 
whites in council, who were informed that two sagamores of 
the nation of the murderers promised their assistance to bring 
them in or have them knocked in the head. This scheme of 
vengeance was carried out, and two Indians sent by the 
sachems to take the murderers, came upon Tachiowycan's wig- 
wam in the night and one of them shot him dead, and they 
carried his body to New Castle where it was hung in chains. 
The other murderer, hearing the shot, bolted into the woods 
and was never caught. 

Each tribe had its totem, generally an animal, which was 
a sort of heraldic device like the coat of arms of an armor- 
bearing family. Each totem of the Lenape recognized a 
chieftain, a sachem. These were "peace chiefs/' They could 
neither go to war themselves nor send or receive the war belt. 
War was declared by the people at the instigation of "war cap- 
tains, " valorous "braves,'' who had distinguished themselves 
by personal prowess, and especially by success in forays against 
an enemy. 

Every Indian boy was trained in the craft of field, wood 
and water. They were early taught to use the bow and ar- 
row, to fish with hook and line, — hooks of bone and lines of 
hemp, — to spear fish with a forked pole and to trap them by 
means of a brush net. As the boy grew older he learned to 
wield the stone hatchet, known to the whites as a "tommy- 
hawk." He was now expected to distinguish himself in the 
hunt, especially in the killing of deer, the noblest game of man, 
— white or red. 

We are told that the Indians were wonderful archers. 
Presumably most of them were, and probably some of them 
were not. I suppose they had their William Tells and Sir 
Walter Tyrrels. 

We all remember the legend of William Tcll's great feat 
in archery in 1307 when an Austrian bailiff demanded hom- 
age of him which Tell refused, and for which he was sen- 


tenced to death, but was given the chance of ransoming him- 
self by shooting an apple from off his son's head at very long 
range, a feat which he triumphantly performed. 

The misadventure of Sir Walter Tyrrel was, that on August 
2d, in the year noo, William II, surnamed Rufus or the Red 
Rover (from the color of his hair), was hunting in the New 
Forest accompanied by Sir Walter Tyrrel, a French gentleman. 
A stag suddenly started up and Tyrrel let fly at him an arrow 
which struck a tree, and, glancing off, hit the King in the 
breast, killing him instantly. Sir Walter immediately put spurs 
to his horse, gained the channel coast and embarked for 
France, where he joined the Crusades as a voluntary penance 
for his involuntary crime. There is a fine old English ballad 
commemorating this regicidal tragedy, the refrain of which is: 
"Instead of a royal stag that day a King of England fell." 

When a mere boy the Indian would be permitted to sit 
at the council fire and hear discoursed, by the sages of his 
tribe, the affairs of state. When old enough to go on the 
war-path he was taught the war-whoop, kowamo, and how to 
hurl the war-club, and to use the tomahawk. 

The Indians were fairly accurate in the computation of 
time. The Lenape did not have a fixed beginning to their year, 
but reckoned from one seeding time to another, or from when 
the corn was ripe. They had a word "grachtin" for year and 
counted their ages and the sequence of events by yearly peri- 
ods. The records of their people, preserving the memory of 
events, myths and fables, were kept on marked sticks. At 
first they were marked with fire, but latterly they were painted, 
the colors as well as the figures having certain meanings. 

The character of the Delawares was estimated very differ- 
ently. The missionaries were severe upon them. One said 
they were unspeakably indolent and slothful, had little or no 
ambition, not one in a thousand had the spirit of a man. 
Another spoke of their alleged bravery with the utmost con- 
tempt, and characterized them as the most ordinary and the 
vilest of savages. Yet, still another missionary wrote that he 
did not belive that there were any people on the earth more 
attached to their relatives and friends than were the Indians. 


For more than forty years after the founding of Pennsyl- 
vania there was not a murder of a settler committd by an 
Indian. And General William H. Harrison wrote that a long 
and intimate knowledge of the Delawares, in peace and war, as 
friends and enemies, had left upon his mind the most favorable 
impressions of their character for bravery, generosity, and 
fidelity to their engagements. 

The religious beliefs of the Delawares resembled closely 
those of the other Indian nations. They were the worship of 
Light, especially in its concrete manifestations of fire and sun; 
of the four winds, as the rain bringers ; and of the Totemic 
animals. The idea of a bad spirit, a devil, appears to have 
been wholly unknown to the Indians until instilled into their 
minds by the whites, as already remarked. They had a gen- 
eral belief in the soul or spiritual part of man. Their doc- 
trine was that after death the soul went South where it would 
enjoy a happy life for a certain time and would then return and 
be born again into the world. 

An important class among the Indians were those who 
were by the whites called "medicine men," who were really the 
native priests. They were of two schools, one devoting them- 
selves to divination, the other to healing. The title of the 
former among the Delawares was "powwow," meaning 
dreamer. They claimed the power of dreaming truthfully of 
the future, and were the interpreters of the dreams of others. 
Of course they were fakirs, though palpably so only to them- 
selves and not at all to their followers. The other school of 
the priestly class was called "medeu," meaning conjurer. Some 
of them professed great austerity of life, had no fixed abode, 
exorcised sickness and officiated at funeral rites. 

When the white settlers first came to New Jersey the 
Lenape had not reached the stage of progress where the 
office of priest had been separated from that of physician. Nor 
ws the "profession" at all exclusive. Anyone was eligible to 
enter it. The Lenape were tolerant of the religious beliefs of 
others, although some of the medicine men tried to incite 
their dupes to massacre certain missionaries. The Grand 
Council of the Delawares in 1775 decreed religious liberty. 


When the missionaries came among the Indians these 
shrewd and able medicine men, "powwow" and "medeu," ac- 
customed to practice upon the credulity of the unsuspecting 
red-skin, foresaw that the new faith would destroy their power 
and incidentally curtail their revenues, and therefore they vig- 
orously attacked the gospel teachings, and often the self-sac- 
rificing missionaries to the Indians were compelled to com- 
plain of the evil influence exerted by these false prophets upon 
the aborigines. 

The principal sacred ceremony of the Indians was the 
dance and accompanying song. This was called the "kanti 
kanti," meaning to sing. From this noisy rite the white set- 
tlers coined the word "cantico," which still survives and is a 
word with us. 

The early English occupants of America gave little atten- 
tion to the Indian language beyond an acquisition of what was 
indispensable to trading with the natives. Dr. Brinton 
declares that William Penn professed to have ac- 
quired a mastery of it, but says that from the specimens Penn 
gives it is evident that all he studied was the traders' jargon, 
which was about a near pure Lenape as pigeon English is to 
Macaulay's periods. 

In the Lenape language, which contains two slightly dif- 
ferent dialects, all words are derived from simple monosyllabic 
roots, by means of affixes and suffixes, and they do not come 
within our grammatical category as nouns, adjectives, verbs and 
other parts of speech, but are indifferent themes, and to this 
there appear to be few exceptions. The genius of the language 
is holophrastic, that is, its effort is to express the relationship 
of several ideas by combining them in one word. This is an 
example : "popochpoalimawoawoll" (po-poch-po-al-i-ma-wo-a- 
woll), meaning "they beat them" and "wunshillawoawoll" 
(wun-shill-a-wo-woll), meaning "they killed them." 

During the War of the Revolution the Delawares were 
first neutral and then partisans of the Americans and thus 
prevented attack by hostile Indians on the Jersey towns and 

The Delawares were passionately fond of their ancestral 


traditions and their forefathers, and cherished the belief that 
they were the wisest and bravest of men. They loved to 
rehearse their genealogies. They were so skilled at it that 
they could repeat the chief and collateral lines with the utmost 

The Indians were all passionately fond of games and were 
mostly inveterate gamblers, yet, according to authority, they 
cultivated among themselves a most scrupulous honesty, 
always kept their promises, insulted no one, were hospitable to 
strangers and faithful to their friends even unto death. 

On the subject of the Indians' devotion to gambling the 
following may be pardoned. Bret Harte, in one of his humor- 
ous and purposely ungrammatical wild western poems, speaking 
of his friend Bill Nye's visit to a mining camp, said : 

"For the camp has gone wild 
On this lottery game, 
And has even beguiled 
'Injin Dick' by the same." 

and, later on, 

"When Nye next met my view 
Injin Dick was his mate ; 
And the two around town was a-lying 
In a frightfully dissolute state." 

and, continuing, 

"Which the war dance they had 
Round a tree at the Bend 
Was a sight that was sad ; 
And it seemed that the end 
Would not justify the proceeding 
As I quiet remarked to a friend." 

The Indians never forgot and rarely forgave an injury. 
They imitated the wild beasts in their cruelty and ferocity in 


wreaking vengeance on a foe. Their crude idea of justice 
included an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, and so on. By 
their unwritten code the thief was compelled to restore the 
stolen article or its value, and for a second offense he was 
stripped of all his goods. When one killed another it was left 
to the dead Indian's relatives to slay the offender, but unless 
this was done within twenty- four hours, it was usual to accept 
a pecuniary recompense, payable in wampum. 

The simple savage, living in close contact with nature, sees 
only health as the normal condition of man. When the form, 
once animated and vigorous, lay still and cold, it was an 
unfathomable mystery to him, and, according to Dr. Brinton, 
in all the Indian tribes, there was no notion of natural death. 
No Indian "died," he was always "killed. " Death in the 
course of nature was unknown to the Indians. When one died 
by disease they supposed he had been killed by sorcery, or 
some unknown venomous creature. 

The Indians' dread of death would lead them to speak of 
it by circumlocution or euphemism, as "You are about to see 
your grandfathers," or, as among the whites, "If anything 
should happen." They had a vague belief that the spirit of the 
dead haunted their earthly homes, which Philip Freneau has 
thus apostrophized: 

"By midnight moons, o'er moistening dews, 
In vestments for the chase arrayed, 
The hunter still the deer pursues, 
The hunter and the deer, a shade." 

A very important feature of conference with the Indians 
was an exchange of presents. The wily savages saw no sense 
in giving away valuables unless they received presents of equal 
value in return, and if their gifts were not reciprocated they 
quietly took them back, whence we get the phrase "Indian 
giver," which we learn in childhood to call the playmate who 
gives us an apple or a stick of candy and later takes it back. 

The conferences between the colonists and the Indians 
were attended with much formality and ceremony. At a con- 


ference held at Easton, Pennsylvania, October 16th, 1758, 
there were present the governors of New Jersey and Pennsyl- 
vania, gentlemen of their councils, Indians and interpreters. 

Governor Francis Bernard of New Jersey spoke to the 
Indians, and said : 
"Brethren of all the confederated nations: 

As you proposed your questions concerning Teedyescung 
separately, I think proper to give you a separate answer 

1 know not who made Teedyuscung so great a man ; nor 
do I know that he is any greater than a chief of the Delaware 
Indians settled at Wyomink. The title of king could not be 
given him by an English governor ; for we know very well 
that there is no such person among the Indians, as what we 
call a king. And if we call him so, we mean no more than 
sachem or chief. I observe in his treaties which he has held 
with the governor of Pennsylvania (which I have perused 
since our last meeting) that he says he was a woman, till you 
made him a man, by putting a tomahawk into his hand ; and 
through all of those treaties, especially in the last, held at this 
town, he calls you his uncles, and professes that he is depen- 
dent on you ; and I know not that anything has since happened 
to alter his relation to you. I therefore consider him still to 
be your nephew. 

I am obliged to you for your kind promises, to return 
the captives which have been taken from us. I hope you 
will not only do so, but will also engage such of our allies 
and nephews, as have taken captives from us, to do the same. 
That you may be mindful of this I give you this belt." 

After the governor had done speaking, and his answers 
were interpreted in the united nations and Delaware languages, 
the Indian chiefs were asked if they had anything to say. On 
which Tagashata arose, and made a speech to his cousins the 
Delaware and Minisink Indians, directing his discourse to 
Teedyescung, and said : 

You may remember all that passed at this council-fire. 


The governors who sit there have put you in mind of what 
was agreed upon last year: They both put you in mind of 
this promise, and desire you will perform it: You have prom- 
ised it, and must perform it. We your uncles promised to 
return the prisoners. We your uncles, have promised to 
return all the English prisoners among us, and therefore we 
expect that you our cousins and nephews will do the same. As 
soon as you come home, we desire that you will search care- 
fully in your towns for all the prisoners among you that have 
been taken out of every province, and cause them to be deliv- 
ered up to your brethren. You know that it is an article of 
this peace that was made between you and your brethren: 
In conformity of which you received a large peace belt ; of 
which belt we desire you to give an account, and let us know 
what is become of it, and how far you have proceeded in it." 

After this was interpreted in the Delaware language, it 
was observed that there were no Minisink Indians present; 
the governors therefore desired that Mr. Peters and Mr. Read 
woud procure a meting of the chiefs of the united nations, 
Delawares and Minisinks, and cause the speech of Tagashata 
to be interpreted to the Minisinks in the presence of their 

A word about the title to lands in New Jersey will be of 
interest. After the English conquest of New Netherlands in 
1664, King Charles II granted to his brother James, Duke of 
York, afterwards James II, certain territory including New 
Jersey; and the Duke of York, in the same year granted New 
Jersey to Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret, in 
recognition of, and in reward for, valiant services performed 
by those noblemen for the unfortunate Charles I, father of 
the Duke. It is certainly unfortunate for anyone to have his 
head chopped off or be otherwise executed, and it is in that 
sense alone I use the word "unfortunate" with reference to the 
perfidious King. The tribunal that tried Charles I pronounced 
him a traitor, murderer and public enemy. And I agree en- 
tirely with the declaration of that illustrious martyr to liberty, 
Colonel Algernon Sidney, who, speaking of the execution of 


Charles I, said it was the "justest and bravest action that was 
ever done in England or anywhere else." 

Lord Berkeley granted and conveyed his undivided one- 
half interest in New Jersey to John Fenwick, who conveyed 
the same to William Penn, Gawn Lawry and Nicholas Lucas, 
but in which Edward Byllynge claimed to have an equitable 
interest by reason of matters that are immaterial to this story. 
In this situation and on July I, 1676, Sir George Carteret, 
William Penn, Gawn Lawry, Nicholas Lucas and Edward 
Byllynge, five persons, made the famous quintipartitc deed 
dividing the province into East and West Jersey, whereby Sir 
George Carteret became the owner in severalty of East Jer- 
sey, and Penn, Lawry and Lucas of West Jersey, subject to the 
same trust for Byllynge as the same was subject (not disclosing 
what it was). 

William Penn acquired this interest in New Jersey before 
he obtained any in Pennsylvania, and several years before he 
visited America the first time. Sir George Carteret, owner of 
East Jersey, pledged himself to purchase lands from the In- 
dians from time to time as required by the settlers ; and Penn, 
the dominant owner of West Jersey, found the practice of 
acquiring title from the Indians an old and established custom, 
and followed it. In 1682 the legislature passed an act in which 
it was provided that no person should buy lands from the 
Indians without a written authorization of the Province, the 
grant to be to the proprietors who would reimburse the pur- 
chasers. In practice, however, the deeds always appear to 
have been made to the purchaser, who bought of the proprie- 
tors on presentation of the deeds to them. The actual title to 
the soil was derived from the King of England who claimed 
it by right of discovery and conquest. The Indian title was a 
possessory one, that of an occupant only, and was not of the 
fee, and "fee" means the absolute ownership. Taking deeds 
from the Indians, therefore, was a sort of buying one's peace 
in the possession and occupancy of the soil in which the grantee 
had the fee. The Indians had no ownership in "severalty," 
which means that they did not own lots or tracts whereon they 
dwelt themselves or which were in possession of their ten- 


ants, but the ownership of the land, such as it was, was com- 
mon to the tribe. 

Perhaps you would be interested in knowing the contents 
of an Indian deed. I shall insert one in this paper. It ap- 
pears by recital and covenant in it that the Indian grantors 
claimed that they were the only true, sole and proper owners 
of the land conveyed. The deed was made by certain Indian 
sachems to certain of the council of proprietors of West Jer- 
sey. It is recorded in Liber AAA of Deeds in the office of 
the secretary of state, at page 434, etc., and is taken from the 
record verbatim ct literatum, as follows: 

"To all person to whome these presents shall Come we 
Caponohkamhcon Chekanthakainan Kelelaman Hokontoman 
all Indian Sachemas and the onely sole and proper owners of 
the tract of Land hereafter described and by these presents 
bargained and sould send Greetings Know ye that we the said 
Indian Sachemas for and in consideration of fivety fathom of 
Wampum thirty blew matchcotes thirty Red mattchcotes Eight 
inglish cotes twenty white blankets twenty stroudwaters thirty 
shirts fourty pare of Sotckings twenty one Kettles Tenn 
Gunns Twenty Hoes Twenty Hatchets fivety knives thirty 
Tobacko Boxes thirty Tobacko tongs thirty Lookeing glasses 
one Pound of Read Lead one rundlett of Gun Powder fourty 
barrs of Lead one pound of Beads one hundred tobacco pipes 
five hundred fishookes five hundred Needles one hundred and 
fivety awles sixty flints twnety paire of Scissors and fiveteen 
Gallons of Rum to us in hand paid by Mahlon Stacy Samuell 
Jennnigs Thomas Gardiner George Deacon Christopher 
Wetherell John Wills John Hugg Jun Isaac Sharp and John 
Reading all of them members of the Councill of Proprietors 
for the time being within the westerne division of the Province 
of New Jersey The Receipt of all which said goods above men- 
tioned We the said Sachemas doe hereby acknowledge and 
therewith to be fully contented satisfied and paid have granted 
bargained and sold aliened EnfocfFed Released and confirmed 
and by these presents doe fully freely and absolutely Grant 
Bargaine and sell Alyene enfoetTc Release and confirme unto 
the said Mahlon Stacy Samuell Jennings Thomas Gardiner 


George Deacon Christopher Wetherill John Wills John Hugg 
Isaac Sharpe and John Reading and to ther heires and As- 
signes forever all that tract or parccll of Land Situate above 
the falls of Delawar and lying and being within the Westerne 
division of the province of New Jersey aforesaid being Limit- 
ted and bounded in manner following That is to say Begining 
at the River Dellawar at the mouth of a westarne brooke 
called Laokolong as from thence along the old Indian pur- 
chase line which was formerly made by Adlord Bowde to the 
white oake tree standing by the side of an Indian Road Lead- 
ing from Arhelomonsing unto Neshaning or Coponockons wig- 
wam and so from the said corner along by A line of marked 
trees North and by East or thereabouts along by the bounds of 
Hoyhams land untill it meet with a branch of Rariton River 
called Neshaning and so down the same unto the mouth of a 
brooke or Runn called Peescutchola and so along the Norther- 
most branch of the same along by the bounds of Nymhainmans 
alias Squahikkons land unto an Indian Towne called Toque- 
menching and from thence along the Indian Road Leading to 
Sheroppees plantation called Asinkoweerkong North and by 
west or thereabouts by trees markt along the road and from 
Sheroppees plantation along a line of marked trees North 
west and by North to a runn on the back side of Ohoeming and 
so downc the same untill it empties it selfe into a branch of 
Rariatn River called Caponanlong and so up the said brooke by 
the bounds of aquatoons land untill it devides it selfe into 
two branches and soe from the said forks by a line of marked 
trees south west and west south west by the land of Chekan- 
•shakaman untill it meet with a brooke called the upper Nesh- 
asakowerk and soe downe the same to the mouth thereof 
-emptieing it selfe into Dellawar river and so downe the said 
River to the mouth of Loakolong being the place of first be- 
ginning togeather with all and Singular the Mines Minerals 
Woods Waters Fowleings Fishings Huntings and all other 
Royalties franchises powers profitts Commodities Heredita- 
ments and appurtenances whatsoever to the said tract of land 
belonging or in any wise appertaining and all estate Right 
title interest use possession propertie Claime and demand 


whatsoever of us the said Indian sachamas of in and to the 
said granted land and premisses and every part thereof with 
apurtenances full and free liberty at all times hereafter soe 
the above said Indian Sacchamas our heires successors and 
Subjects to hunt fish and fowle uppon the unimproved land 
within the above described tract of land Ahvayes excepted Re- 
served and foreprised To have and to hold the above described 
tract of land and granted premisses and every part thereof with 
the appurtenances unto the said Mahlon Stacy Samuell Jen- 
nings Thomas Gardiner George Deacon Christopher Whether- 
ell John Wills John Hugg Isaac Sharpe and John Reading 
there heires and assignes forever to the onely proper use and 
behoofe of themselves and the rest of the english proprietors 
within the said westerne division of the Province aforesaid 
who have subscribed and are concerned in and shall contribute 
their respective proportions towards this present purchasers to 
their severall and respective heires and assignes forever more 
And We the said Indian Sachemas for ourselves our heires 
and successors severally and respectively doe covenant prom- 
ise and grant with the said English proprietors above men- 
tioned and their heires and assignes severally and respectively 
by these presents that we are the onely true sole and proper 
owners of the abovesaid tract of land and granted premisses 
and now have good right full power law full and absolute 
authority to grant bargains and sell the same in manner above- 
said and also that the same premisses is and are free & cleare 
of and from all and all other former Gifts Grants Rargaine 
Sales and all other incumbrances whatsoever made done or 
at any time preceeding this date committed or suffered by us 
the above Indian Sachemas or by any others whatsoever with 
or by our Consent knowledge or procurement and we the 
said Indian Sachemas for ourselves our heirs and successors 
severally and respectively all the above described tract of land 
and granted premisses with every part thereof with the appur- 
tenances unto the said english Proprietors and their heires 
and assignes severally and respecitvelv against us the said 
Indian Sachemas and our heires and successors severally and 
respectively and against all other Indian or Indians whatsoever 


Claimeing or pretending to Claime any right Title or interest 
of in or to the same shall and will warrant and forever defend 
by these presents in witness whereof We have hereunto fixed 
our hands and seales this eleaventh day of November Anno 
Dom 1703: 

Coponakonkikon : X his marke (L. S.). 

Hurkanntaman: X his marke (L. S.) 

Chekanshakaman : X his marke (L. S.). 

Kelalaman: X his marke (L. S.)." 

Each nation had its boundaries, the lands within which 
were subdivided between the tribes. These boundaries were 
generally marked by mountains, rivers and lakes, and en- 
croachments on their lands by neighboring tribes were resented 
as a sort of poaching on their hunting and fishing domains. 
There were, however, Indian paths which were common high- 
ways through the territory of the various tribes, which, later, 
in numerous instances, were widened into public roads, many 
of which exist unto this day. The Indians freely traveled 
by these paths from the ocean to the interior, especially to the 
ancient council fires at Easton, Pennsylvania. 

By 1757 the Delawares had become comparatively few 
and a conference was held at Crosswicks with the view of set- 
tling matters in difference between them and the inhabitants 
•of the colony, and the legislature appointed commissioners 
with power to inquire into the matter. Another conference 
was held at Crosswicks in 1758, at which Teedyescung, King 
-of the Delawares, was present with a large number of Indians, 
and progress was made. The Delawares asked that a tract 
•of land in Burlington county be bought for their occupancy 
for which they agreed to release all their rights to lands 
in New Jersey. The legislature appropriated £1600 to carry 
that project into effect and a tract of land of about 3,000 
acres was purchased for the purpose. This place was called 
""Brotherton" and about 200 Indians located on it. In 1822 
the remnant of the Delawares removed from New Jersey, the 
legislature appropriating some $3,500 for the purchase of 
their new homes and transportation to them. In 1832 an 


appropriation of $2,000, asked for by the Dclawares, was 
made in final extinguishment of all Indian claims in New 
Jersey which arose out of the reservation to them of certain 
hunting and fishing rights in the treaty of 1758. In acknowl- 
edgment of the benefaction of New Jersey to the Dela- 
wares in 1822 their representative, Bartholomew S. Calvin, 
himself an Indian, wrote a letter to the legislature in which 
he said: "Not a drop of our blood have you spilled in bat- 
tle — not an acre of our land have you taken but by our con- 
sent. They place the character of New Jersey in bold relief, 
a bright example to those states within whose territorial lim- 
its our brethren still remain. Nothing save benison can fall 
upon her from the lips of a Lenno Lenape." 

This was the valedictory of the Lenape in New Jersey; 
and the haunts that knew them formerly knew them no more. 

As "along the banks of the sacred Nile, Isis no longer 
wandering weeps, searching for the dead Osiris," so along the 
banks of the historic Delaware, the Indian maiden no longer 
watches, waiting the return of her dusky lover from the war- 
path or the chase. As "the divine fires of Persia and of the 
Aztecs, have died out in the ashes of the past, and there is 
none to rekindle, and none to feed the holy flames," so the 
camp fires of the Indians in New Jersey have flickered and 
expired, never to be relighted, never again to send a gleam 
athwart the nocturnal skies. 

Lord Campbell concludes the introduction to his monu- 
mental work, the "Lives of the Lord Chancellors of England," 
by quoting from Lord Chief Justice Crewe, and says: 

"Time hath its revolutions ; there must be a period and 
an end to all temporal things — finis rcrum — an end of names 
and dignities, and whatever is terrene — for where is Bohun? 
Where is Mowbray? Where is Mortimer? Nay, which is 
more and most of all, where is PLANTAGENET? They are 
entombed in the urns and sepulchres of mortality !" 

And I ask: Where are the Lenni Lenape? 

Teedyescung, Oraton, Mosilian and the other sachems and 
sagamores of old Schejachbi (New Jersey) have long since 
gone to the happy hunting ground, and the remnant of their 


tribes is on a reservation in the far West, perishing as a type 
and destined to become extinct as a people. 

The Indians have gone from New Jersey, never, never to 
return. But we shall not forget them ! While pictures are 
painted ; while books are printed ; while children perennially 
play Indians all around us, we shall ever be vividly reminded of 
those bands of roving savages whose deeds have been rendered 
so popular in American story. 

Reminiscences of the War of 1812 

In the January number of the present volume appeared some rem- 
iniscences of the War of 1812 related in a letter by Horace Holden. 
A letter written by Arthur N. Gifford of 54 Broadway, New York, to 
Dr. Joseph Smith Dodd, of Bloomficld, his classmate at Princeton, 
shown by Edward W. Dodd, contains reminiscences of the War. 

Dating his letter September 3, 1814, and addressing his friend as 
"My dear Smith," the writer first touches on some personal matters 
and the proceeds : 

"As for our classmate Pennington I have not heard from him since 
he left New Ark. I saw him in New York last fall & found him 
considerably altered. He was then quite the big man, quite the 
Beau, as great a change as you mentioned ! I congratulate you upon 
the late splendid victory achieved by the gallant crew of the U. S. 
Wasp. On the ocean we seem invincible, & our naval superiority is 
more firmly established than ever. Even in the British Channel 
does our Striped bunting fly & triumphantly too, Briton must rue the 
day when 'Liberty walked like a God on the Wave.' 

"Our army too have demonstrated that under able commanders 
they can pluck the laurels of the followers of Wellington to adorn 
their own Brows. The battles of Chippeway, Bridgewater & Erie, 
have established their character & have convinced their stubborn foes 
of the justness of the fact. 

"If you intend studying Physicks, the fall will be the time to com- 
mence as the Lectures in the College of Physicians and Surgeons 
in this City then begin their respective courses. What has become 
of Amzi? I suppose he is studying law. We are under apprehension 
of an attack from the British, but do not fear them as the forces in 
New York are all embodied & the circumjacent country has sent a 
large force of militia who must be daily increasing in discipline, and in 
subordination. Besides we have the heroic Decatur whose name is 
'an host,' with one thousand tars who will act as artillerists if the 
occasion should require. Write me often. I may take a ride to 
Caldwell if I can leave the city." 

Proceedings of the Society, 1917 


The meeting was called to order by the President. Francis J. 
Swayze, and the invocation was offered by the recording secretary. 

The minutes of the last annual meeting, October 25. 1916, were 
read and were approved. 

The report of the treasurer, J. Lawrence Boggs, was read by 
Frank Bergen. The balances were $521.49 in the Merchants National 
Bank, and 63.79 in the Security Savings Bank, a total of $585.28. The 
report was approved. 

The corresponding secretary, A. Van Doren Honeyman, presented 
his report and it was approved as appended to these minutes. 

The president appointed a committee on the nomination of trustees 
as follows, Laban Dennis, M. D.. and Messrs. Elias Vosseler and 
Frank Bergen. 

The annual report of the board of trustees was read by Charles 
M. Lum, and was approved as appended. 

The report of the membership committee was read by Dr. Austin 
Scott. It was approved and is appended. 

The report of the library committee was read by Charles M. 
Parker. It was approved as appended. Following the report the 
librarian, Joseph F. Folsom made a verbal report. 

The Woman's Branch through the President, Miss Altha E. Hatch, 
presented its report. It was approved and is appended. 

The nominating committee returned and presented the following 
names for trustees for 3 years, Edwin S. Lines, Wallace M. Scudder, 
James J. Bergen, Frank Bergen and William M. Johnson, and the name 
of Philip V. R. Van Wyck to serve one year in the vacancy caused by 
the death of Chancellor William J. Magie. There were no other nom- 
inations and the secretary was on motion instructed to cast a ballot 
for the election of the nominees, following which they were declared 

Mr. Vosseler made some interesting comment upon Hunterdon 
County history and presented a framed photograph of Washington's 
Headquarters, at Washington Summit near Flcmington. erected in 1723 
or earlier. For this a vote of thanks was given Mr. Vosseler. 

A recess was taken for luncheon and a social hour, after which 


the meeting reconvened at two o'clock when a paper on "The Lenni 
Lenape" was read by the Honorable Edwin Robert Walker, Chancellor 
of the State of New Jersey. For this valuable and interesting essay 
the Chancellor was given a vote of thanks and was elected a life 
member of the Society. The meeting then adjourned. 

Joseph F. Folsom, 
Recording Secretary. 


October 31, 1917. 

The Board has regularly met during the past year and has at- 
tended faithfully to all matters committed to its charge. The interest 
manifested generally by the members of the board shown by regular 
attendance at the meetings, and a readiness to perform any duty how- 
ever time-sacrificing, has been unremitting. But duty is not the sole 
motive — there is a real pleasure in serving the interests of a Society 
so honored and so useful. 

Death has called since our last annual meeting three members of 
our board. William C. Morton, treasurer for fifteen years, deceased 
November 10, 1916, then Chancellor William J. Magic on January 
I 5> I 9 I / 7 » and then George R. Howe, long a vice-president, and for a 
while acting president, on June 9, 1917. Their memory is a golden 
heritage. Their achievements are an inspiration calling us to per- 
severe, "we feebly struggle, they in glory shine." 

"And when the strife is fierce, the warfare long, 
Steals on the ear the distant triumph-song, 
And hearts are brave again, and arms are strong. — Alleluia !" 

Three volumes this year have been added to our publications. 
Archives Volumes XXVIII, First Series and V, Second Series, both 
containing extracts related to New Jersey from colonial newspapers, 
have been published under the auspices of the Committee on Colonial 
Documents, and both edited by Dr. Austin Scott. Volume IX of 
our Collections, containing New Jerey Biographical and Genealogical 
Notes, compiled by the late William Nelson has been published under 
the editorial supervision of our corresponding secretary, Mr. Honey- 

Volume XXIX of the Archives shortly will be issued. 

The proceedings of the Society are up to date, the October num- 
ber, being held for the proceedings of this meeting, is to be issued 
during November. 

The trustees urge upon the members of the Society a zealous inter- 
est in furthering all the objects and ideals of our organization. The 
rescuing of material in danger of being destroyed, its presentation to 


the Society for preservation, and the popularizing of our work, are 
features of our reasonable service. To this should be added the prac- 
tical service of securing members. 

Before this representative gathering of the members of our Society 
the board would acknowledge with sincere gratitude the splendid work 
of the Woman's Branch — its unfailing devotion to our common pur- 
poses and a practical application of that devotion in many resultful 

Respectfully for the Trustees, 

Joseph F. Folsom, 
Recording Secretary. 


The work of your Corresponding Secretary during the past year 
has been somewhat more onerous than heretofore, owing to neces- 
sary duties connected with some of the publications of the Society. 
In the matter of correspondence more letters have been written than 
last year, although fewer received. There have been 202 letters 
written and about 125 received. Of the incoming letters many of 
them contained the customary questions concerning the genealogical 
forbears of the writers, scarcely any being upon historical topics. It 
is becoming increasingly evident that the majority of seekers for in- 
formation from our Society's extensive library desire to secure facts 
concerning their ancestors in New Jersey, some because of their gen- 
eral interest in the subject, but quite as many in order to join, if pos- 
sible, one of the numerous patriotic societies which are keeping alive 
memories of the Colonial and Revolutionary wars. 

I am sure the members are gratified that two more volumes of 
the "New Jersey Archives" have been printed during the past year, 
Vol. 5 of the Second Series having been issued last Spring, and Vol. 
29 of the First Series having been completed the present week: also 
Vol. 9 of our "Collections." The newspaper extracts relating 
to matters in New Jersey have now been completed from the year 
1704 to July, 1782, with the exception of the year 1775. The next 
volume to be published, we hope, in 191S, is to be the second volume of 
"New Jersey Wills." 

I regret to say that, owing to various causes, the volume to be 
known as the "New Jersey Civil List," which the New Jersey Society 
of Colonial Wars has offered to print and publish for us, has not pro- 
gressed further than that our Assistant Librarian has made large addi- 
tions to the MSS. originally prepared under the direction of the late 
Corresponding Secretary, Mr. Nelson. 

As to the correspondence previously mentioned. I do not find many 
of the inquiring letters of such general interest that space should be 


taken here for them in the brief resume to follow. Those which I 
have selected to note are : 

Some interesting letters were received from Mr. E. Alfred Jones, 
of London, Editor of "The Biographical Dictionary of the American 
Loyalists," etc., concerning Captain Bartholomew Thatcher, who was 
born in England in 1738, but eventually settled in Kingwood, Hunter- 
don county, where he became a member of the Society of Friends, and 
where he was buried in 1813. The inquiry was as to whether Captain 
Thatcher really became a member of the Quaker Society, and if there 
were other traces of him at Kingwood. Through the assistance of one 
of our Society's officers, Mr. Hiram E. Deats, the inquiries of Mr. 
Jones and some facts respecting Captain Thatcher's children baptized at 
Kingwood were transmitted. 

In this connection I should like to say that an immense amount of 
genealogical data concerning many old Hunterdon county families has 
been gathered together by Mr. Deats through a long period of years, 
and not the least valuable of these records, which is a complete list 
of the recorded marriages in Hunterdon county for the past 125 years, 
has been in course of publication for something like a year past in 
almost every issue of the "Hunterdon Democrat." When completed a 
few copies will be found in book form, the original type being pre- 
served for that purpose. If this same plan could be carried out in 
every county of the State the result would be a valuable contribution 
to those seeking genealogical information. 

The Editor of the "Magazine of History," published at Tarry- 
town, N. Y., desired to know if our Society had any extended sketch 
of Brig.-Gen. William Winds, who figured conspicuously in the Rev- 
olution. He was informed that, in the "Proceedings of our Society 
for 1853, (Vol. 7 of the First Series), there was a full biographical 
sketch published of general winds, by the Rev. Joseph F. Tuttle, being 
an address delivered by him before this Society. Which reminds me to 
say that, in the not distant future, our Society should have and should 
publish a complete index to our valuable "Proceedings," and "Collec- 
tions" now embracing over 40 volumes, and especially to the extended 
addresses and papers presented therein. 

One inquiry, relating probably to Rhode Island rather than to New 
Jersey, was as to who were the "Connihasset Partners." A Thomas 
Ensign was said to have been one of these "partners" in 1646. The 
slight search I could give the matter was not rewarded with success. 
Mr. C. L. Brokaw, a banker of Kansas City, Kansas, wrote that 
he had in his possession "a straight bladed, two-edged sword, which 
was picked up on the Wyckoff farm near Freehold, after some Hes- 
sian soldiers had raided the pasture and driven off the cattle. In the 
groove near the hilt on the blade were the letters in plain Roman, 
spaced about an inch apart, "I N I N I." He wished to ascertain if 


these letters indicated a British or Hession make of sword and for 
what they stood. In reply I referred him to the Adjutant-General's 
office, Trenton, but have never heard whether he received the informa- 
tion sought or not. 

Miss Augusta Drake, of Elizabeth, wrote that she desired to pre- 
sent to the Society a portrait of the late General J. Madison Drake, her 
father, painted by the late Julian Scott, in 1886, and also a rough MSS. 
of a history of all the New Jersey Regiments "in Wars," also written 
by her father, but, owing to his last illness, not published. 

Mr. Richard Johnson Duval, of Annapolis, Maryland, made inquir- 
ies concerning the ancestry of Major William Douglas, of Hacken- 
sack, who married, December 21, 1759, Catherine Van Tile, nee Van 
Buskirk, of Staten Island. Major Douglas was commissioned such 
about 1758, serving in the Regiment of Col. Peter Schuyler. Their 
daughter, Nancy Douglas, married Col. Charles Simms, of the Second 
Virginia Regiment, while he was with Washington at Valley Forge. 
Major Douglas became a Loyalist and removed to Shelbourne, Nova 

The usual number of letters was received asking for the names 
and some particulars of one or another of the children of Abraham 
Clark, of Elizabeth, signer of the Declaration of Independence. There 
are many piecemeal notes concerning this man and his family scattered 
throughout our volumes of "Proceedings," but I am hoping that some 
descendant before long will furnish, so that we may publish, a lull 
single statement about Abraham Clark's family, and thus satisfy his 
numerous supposed descendants. 

One correspondent wished to know the ancestry of Captain John 
Berry, a native of England, who "came to Bergen about the year 1669 
from Christ Church parish, Island of Barbadoes." Pie became wealthy, 
was a member of the Governor's Council for a number of years, said 
to have been at one time Acting-Governor, a Member of the Colonial 
Assembly, and Captain and Major in the English militia, etc. 

In my previous report mention was made of a Captain J. W. 
Zabriskie, killed in the Mexican war, an article concerning whom 
appeared last year in the "Daily Journal" of Jacksonville, Illinois, writ- 
ten by a member of the Illinois State Historical Society and forwarded 
for preservation among our newspaper clippings. When it was received 
I was unable to identify this Captain Zabriskie. Our valued member, 
ex-Senator William M. Johnson, of Hackensack. became interested in 
the matter, and states that Capt. Zabriskie's body was brought to 
Hackensack, where it was buried in the churchyard of the First Re- 
formed church, "with remarkable military honors," an account of 
which appeared in a pamphlet which Mr. Johnson has in possession. 
The body seems to have had a military escort, was first taken to the 
City Hall in New York where there was a military parade, and at 
Hackensack there were a number of orations. Such honors would 


indicate events in his life not appearing in the usual history of the 
Mexican War. 

Mr. William T. Loper, of Millville, wrote that "four miles below 
Millville, on a little bluff known as Spring Garden, is located an old 
burial ground. The Maurice river has eaten into the bluff exposing the 
bones. This ground is now covered with a grove of trees probably not 
over a hundred years old. An old history of Cumberland county 
locates an old burial ground of the early Swede settlers who came 
here early in the seventeenth century." His inquiry was: "Have you 
any information as to whether this is a Swedish or Indian burial 
ground?" Our reply was that, inasmuch as Elmer, in his "History of 
Cumberland County," to which Mr. Loper probably referred, mentions 
the Swedish church and graveyard on the east side of Maurice river, 
and says that at the time he wrote his history (about fifty years ago) 
a few stones were still standing in the yard, this would seem to solve 
the question. 

Rev. Dr. William H. Roberts, of Philadelphia, solicited informa- 
tion as to whether the somewhat noted Surveyor-General of New Jer- 
sey, at the time of the first settlement of the State, Robert Vauqucllin 
(pronounced Vauclain), of Woodbridge, whose name with its aliases 
has appeared in at least seventy-three different spellings, returned from 
New Jersey to Fiance, and, if so, when and whether he had children. 
As his will of September 5, 1673, was probated in 1698, and by such 
will his wife Jeane was made sole heiress and executrix of his real and 
personal estate, it would appear that he did not return to France, and 
that he probably had no children. 

Miss Gertrude A. Tultle, of Morristown, wrote that her father 
was engaged in writing in his lifetime, and had nearly finished, a history 
of Bottle Hill and Madison, and desired to know whether the name 
of the mountain between Morristown and Bernardsville was properly 
Kimball or Kemble mountain. Inasmuch as before the Revolution 
the hill, as we should now call it, was part of a tract owned by a Peter 
Kemble, and is referred to as a "favorable position near Mr. Kemble's" 
in one of General Greene's Revolutionary letters, the reply was that 
Kemble was no doubt the proper spelling, and Kimball, as written by 
various local historians, was a corruption. In ' "Historical Morris- 
town," published in 1905, it is referred to as "Kemble Hill." 

Mention should be made of the kindness with which Dr. Calvin 
N. Kendall, of our State Board of Education, has treated our Society. 
He has continued to donate to us whatever royalty he receives as 
copyright on his "History of the United States." 

Such portion of the correspondence received or sent during the 
year as may be considered of any permanent interest, will be filed in the 
course of a week in the Library of the Society. 

A. Van Doren Honeyman, 
Oct. 31, 191 7. Corresponding Secretary. 



October 31st, 1917. 

Again it is my privilege to present to the New Jersey Historical 
Society a report of the work of the Woman's Branch, which has gone 
steadily on throughout the year, nine regular meetings having been 
held, with a good average attendance. 

The work of each committee has been well done and the Historical 
Society's collection has been, thereby, enriched to a considerable extent. 

Our membership has been increased by the addition of two patrons, 
one life member, and thirty-nine contributing and associate members. 

We have lost by resignation sixteen of our members, and by death 
seventeen, three of whom were members of our Board and two of 
them officers. Miss Ginevra Freeman, a charter member and our His- 
torian for a number of years died a few days after our Annual meet- 
ing in May. Miss Sarah F. Condict, also a charter member and at 
one time our Recording Secretary died in July, and in September we 
lost our Recording Secretary, Mrs. Washington Wilson, who was a 
recent but devoted member of our Board. It is with sorrow that we 
record these deaths, for each did her part well and will be greatly 
missed by us all. 

At our Annual meeting in May our Treasurer reported expendi- 
tures for the year amounting to $614.17 and a balance in the treasury 
of $817.36. 

During the year we have collected by gift and purchase 175 books, 
136 pamphlets, 63 manuscripts, and 33 pictures, curios, maps, etc. The 
larger part of the books and pamphlets purchased were obtained 
through Dr. William S. Disbrow. The manuscripts were bought at the 
Vroom sale in New York, in February. Forty of the books and 
pamphlets purchased through Dr. Disbrow have been credited to the 
bequest of Miss L. Cotheal Smith and among them are many New 
Jersey imprints and other rare and interesting items, some of which 
formed a part of the circulating library kept by Benjamin Olds, an 
early Newark printer whose portrait has recently been presented to us 
by Mrs. Horace Olds. Benjamin Olds began publishing in 1818, or 
earlier and lived until 18S1. Among the rarest of the books and 
pamphlets credited to Miss Smith's bequest are: — "The Acts passed 
by the First Session of the First Congress in Wilmington, in 1790," 
"A narrative of the Captivity of Ethan Allen," published in Albany, 
in 1814, "The Charter of Incorporation of the Trustees of the College 
of New Jersey," and a "Sermon on the death of King George," 
preached by Joseph Scwall in Boston, in 1727. At the Vroom sale the 
Woman's Branch purchased a copy of New Jersey Session Laws for 
1799, a copy of the laws of that session having been lacking in the 



Society's set. We also secured several pamphlets of interest and 
thirty-eight manuscripts including autographs of Alexander Hamilton, 
William Patterson, Richard Howell, and other distinguished men. 

Our collection of the portraits of the Presidents of the United 
States is now complete, although we still lack the signatures of several 
of them, and we also lack both portraits and signatures of many of 
our Vice-Presidents, as well as those of Governors of New Jersey, 
any of which we would be glad to receive. 

Mr. Chas. Tomlin of Cape May County has sent us 2200 tombstone 
inscriptions from that County, which we have had bound. The Cran- 
bury inscriptions, given us by Miss Ginevra Freeman have been copied 
in the Middlesex County book, and Mr. F. Worth Gardner has pre- 
sented about 2,000 inscriptions from Woodbridge, Middlesex County, 
which we expect to bind soon. Thus we have kept up our record of 
securing at least two volumes of inscriptions a year. 

We have sent a number of our periodicals to the binder, among 
them "The Essex Institute Historical Collections." "The Maryland His- 
torical Magazine," two volumes ; "The New Jersey Historical Society's 
Proceedings," two volumes ; "The New Jersey Law Journal," thirty-one 
volumes, and the "New York Genealogical Record." 

Some of the rarest of the Society's files of newspapers have 
been bound by the American Antiquarian Society, namely : — "The 
Newark Spectator," printed in Newark in 1808-09 an d forgotten for 
two or three generations; "The Newark Messenger," printed in 1817-18, 
"The Palladium of Liberty," printed in Morristown in 1814-15, and 
"The New Jersey Freeman," printed in Boonton in 1844. Other news- 
papers bound during the year include the "Somerset Argus," "The 
Somerset Unionist," "The Princeton Standard," "The Newark Daily 
Courier," and the "Wantage Recorder." At our June meeting it was 
decided to bind some of our more recent newspapers, beginning with 
the first year of the war, and during the summer we bound "The New- 
ark Sunday Call," from July 1, 1914 to June 30, 1917, twelve volumes. 
We are preparing and will soon have ready for the binders the "New- 
ark Evening News" from January 1, 1914 to June 30, 1917. 

We are issuing a new list of members of the Woman's Branch, 
which will soon be ready for distribution. 

We have bought another filing case like one purchased a year ago, 
thus providing room for the proper care of small prints and medium 
sized pictures and broad-sides, so that now, practically all of our pic- 
tures not hung upon the walls, have been put in folders, and arranged 
alphabetically in these cases. There are more than a thousand of these 
pictures, most of which are New Jersey views and we hope to add con- 
siderably to this collection, now that we have it in order. 

We arc glad to report that the condition of our treasury permitted 


us to add a little to the income of the Society, by the purchase, in June, 
of a Liberty Bond. 

The mid-winter meeting was held in February in Mount Holly, in 
the old Friends' Meeting House, a splendid address being given by Dr. 
Rose, on Benjamin Franklin. The committee in charge, with Mrs. Paul 
as chairman, showed wonderful ability in arranging and carrying out 
the plans for the day, which were delightfully successful in every 
detail, and those who attended will never forget the hospitality of 
Mount Holly and the pleasure of the day spent there. 

We held our Annual meeting in May with an address on "The 
House of Dreams," by Rev. Henry R. Rose, whose treatment of the 
subject was both unique and delightful. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Altha E. Hatch, 



"The Records of the East Jersey Proprietors at Perth Amboy, N. 
J," a paper read at Annual meeting of the Woman's Branch of the 
New Jersey Historical Society, May, 1916, by Hon. Adrian Lyon, 
member and Registrar of the Board of Proprietors of East Jersey. 
"Some Phases of Newark's History," a paper read at Annual meeting 
of the Woman's Branch of the New Jersey Historical Society, May, 
1916, by Mrs. Sydney N. Ogden ; "Old Bergen," by Daniel Van Winkle 
■ — "In Memoriam Henry C. Pitney." "Who's Who in America, 1914- 
15"; "Records of Officers and men of New Jersey in Wars from 1791- 
1815," presented by Mrs. Charles W. Parker; "Picture of Interior of 
old Meeting House at Parsippany, New Jersey," presented by Miss 
Maria D. Green; Collections of Pamphlets, presented by Miss Altha 
E. Hatch; "Portrait of Judge David A. Depue," presented by his 
daughter, Mrs. Sydney N. Ogden; "A Piece of the original frame 
of the first Meeting House in Orange, N. J., erected by the Mountain 
Society in 1716" — Corner Stone was laid August 2nd, 1669, with offi- 
cers names. This building is now devoted to Fire Department pur- 
poses by the town of Orange, presented by Miss Ginevra Freeman; 
"An Authentic narrative of the loss of the American Brig "Commerce," 
wrecked on northern coast of Africa, in August, 1815," by James 
Riley, printed and published by the author in 1817, presented by Miss 
Ginevra Freeman; "Oil Portrait of Henry Clay," presented by Mrs. 
Arthur H. Mackie; "Model of a field-carriage, gun and horses," made 
by Nelson Wright during the Civil War," presented by his grand- 
son, Nelson Wright Mackie; "Package of Genealogical Clippings," 
presented by Miss Dora Smith; "A Volume of Miscellaneous Ameri- 
can Newspapers, 1793 to 1805," presented by Mrs. E. P. Cartright; 


"Cross-stitch and bead pin-cushion, made by Harriet Newell Morris, 
of Montclair, New Jersey, in the '70's," presented by her niece, Miss 
Lucy Newell Morris; "Picture of House occupied by Gen. Anthony 
Wayne during the winter of 1771-72, at Rattle Hill (now Madison), 
New Jersey," presented by Mrs. J. M. Sayre ; "Engravings of Martin 
Van Peuren, Millard Fillmore and Zachery Taylor," presented by Mr. 
Hiram E. Deats ; "An old Caster, given to Rev. D. W. Poor, D. D., in 
May, i860, by Chosen Few Lodge, No. 10, A. P. A.", presented by 
Mrs. Labau Dennis; "Collection of Perth Amboy Historic Houses," 
presented by Mrs. Charles W. Parker?; "Tombstone Inscriptions from 
the old Presbyterian Church Yard, at Mctuchen, New Jersey," "In- 
scriptions from Durham family burying-ground, near Stelton, New 
Jersey," presented by Mr. and Mrs. John J. De Mott; "Newspaper 
clipping of a report by Mrs. A. A. Westervelt describing a dug-out 
canoe, site of wampum factory and an early historic pottery of Bergen 
County, N. J.," presented by Mrs. Westervelt; Pamphlet on "The 
Founding of the Friendly Institution of Burlington, N. J., 1796-1896," 
presented by Miss M. S. Haines; Picture — "Capture of Hankow, 
China, by Revolutionists in 191 1," presented by Mrs. George H. Hol- 
man, Jr.; "Gavel — from floor timber of Olive's Old Mill — The first mill 
in West Jersey — built in 1680," presented by Miss Margaret S. Haines; 
part of the old Sycamore tree, to which the ship "Shield," the first 
vessel bearing settlers, as far up the Delaware River, as Burlington, 
was moored on the night of her arrival in the tenth month (0. s.) 1678. 
The wood was obtained through the courtesy of Mr. Henry B. Grubb, 
owner of the ground on which the tree still stands, presented by Miss 
Margaret S. Haines ; Portrait of Ex-Governor, James F. Fielder, 
through Miss Margaret S. Haines ; "Old Silver thimble bought in New 
York City in 1816, by Miss Margaret Cole, born in 1800, daughter of 
Gilbert Cole, of Rockland County, New York," presented by her niece, 
Sarah Cole Smith ; "Three volumes containing genealogical pages 
from the Boston Evening Transcript" and a Scrap-book containing 
genealogical items published in the Hartford Times, presented by Mrs. 
E. Barclay Price; One number of "Architecture." containing picture 
and drawings of main doorway of old Ford Mansion, now Wash- 
ington's Headquarters at Morristown, N. J., also interior details of the 
Dean's house, at Princeton. N. J., presented by Miss Altha E. Hatch; 
Tombstone Inscriptions from a private burying ground at Denville, 
N. J., presented by Dr. William S. Disbrow; Newspaper clipping of 
Stephen Girard's residence at Mount Holly, New Jersey, presented by 
Mr. Wm. O. Slaughter; "Bits of Local History of Mt. Holly, N. J.'\ 
written and presented by Miss Ellen C. Curtiss. Centennial Anni- 
versary of the Friends Meeting House of Med ford. New Jersey, 
through Miss Margaret S. Haines; Ten and Fifty Dollar Bank Notes 
of Confederate Money, presented by Miss Margaret S. Haines; Direc- 


tory of the National Society of the D. A. R., 191 1, presented by Mrs. 
H. J. Hoerncr; Portraits of Charles \V. Fairbanks, Adlai E. Steven- 
son, Chester A. Arthur, Levi P. Morton, James Buchanan and James 
S. Sherman, presented by Miss Margaret S. Haines; Portraits of 
John W. Griggs, J. Franklin Fort, and Theodore Roosevelt, with 
signature, taken in Washington 1907, through Mrs. George W. Hol- 
man, Jr; Transcript from a book kept at Martha Furnace, recording 
daily events covering a period from March 30th, 1808, to the end of 
April, 1815, presented by Mr. David G. Baird; Old Sugar-bowl from 
the family of Mrs. Wm. H. Tracy (Hankinson family) about 100 
years old, presented by Mrs. William H. Tracy; Passport given to Rev. 
Father Joseph M. Flynn by Thomas F. Bayard, Secretary of State, 
presented by Hon. Willard W. Cutler; Photograph of a red pottery 
pie-plate bearing a medallion of Washington and thirteen stars. Made 
by George Wolkiel, so far as known, the first "historic" potter in New 
Jersey. He was born in 1805 in Pennsylvania, settled on the Hacken- 
sack River near New Bridge, Bergen County, in 1830, and died in 1867. 
He did a large business in all branches of pottery until i860 or '61. His 
work shows fine form and beautiful glazes. A large collection of his 
pottery has been found and is on exhibition in the rooms of the Ber- 
gen County Historical Society, presented by the Bergen County His- 
torical Society; Tombstone inscriptions of the Old Dutch Church 
burying-ground, Totowa, N. 1. — The Zabriskie-Hopper burial-ground — 
Lower Paramus, Bergen County — Old burial ground at Clarkstown, 
N. J. — Methodist burial ground at Belleville and Coeyman burial 
ground, Newark, presented by Mr. John Neafie ; National Geographic 
Magazine, Jan. to Dec, 1916, presented by Miss Mary McKeen ; Por- 
trait of Seth Boyden, the inventor, presented by Dr. William S. Dis- 
brow ; Records of the towns of North and South Hempstead, Long 
Island, presented by Miss Dora Smith; A number of Morristown and 
Morris County Directories and other books, presented by Miss Aliha 
E. Hatch; One volume, presented by Mrs. Edward S. Campbell; 
Portrait of Benjamin Olds, an early Newark printer, presented by 
Mrs. Horace Olds ; "North American Review," presented by Mrs. 
Moody B. Smith. 


October 31, 1917. 
During the year wc have lost three members of our Board of 
Trustees by death: William C. Morton, who for more than fifteen 
years was our most careful and efficient treasurer, and to whom we 
were deeply indebted for the sacrifice of his time and thought; Ex- 
Chanccllor William J. Magic, a most highly honored member of the 
Board, and George R. Howe, to whose genial presence and great 



energy we owed much. These and many others whose loss we most 
deeply regret have gone from us since our last meeting. The names 
of those who have died are as follows : 

Honorary Members Elected Died 

Admiral George Dewey, U. S. Navy 1808 Jan. 17, 1917 

Life Members Elected Died 

Joseph D. Bedle, Jersey City 1005 Sept. 20, 1917 

Hon. Asa French, South Braintree, Mass 1806 June 23, 1903 

Charles E. Gregory, New York City 1865 Apr. 1, 1917 

George R. Howe, East Orange 1892 June 9, 191 7 

Mrs. D. Willis James, Madison 1913 Apr. 28, 1916 

Emory McClintock, Bay Head 1891 July 10, 1916 

Oscar B. Mockridge, Newark 1895 Mar. 11, 1917 

William G. Morton, Newark 1893 Nov. 10, 1916 

Nathaniel Nilcs, Madison 1891 June 29, 1917 

Cortlandt Parker, Jr., Newark 1901 Aug. 18, 1917 

Mrs. Samuel H. Pennington, Newark 1895 Dec. 7, 1916 

Henry L. Pierson, Long Island 1890 June 2, 1916 

Mrs. Matthias Plum, Madison 1896 Sept. 13, 1917 

William T. Rae, Newark 1897 Apr. 6. 1917 

Warren N. Trusdell, Newark 1890 Sept. 27, 1917 

Alanson A. Vance, Morristown 1896 Jan. 22, 1917 

Edgar B. Ward, Orange 1903 Mar. 17, 1917 

Contributing Members 

Hon. John S. Applegate, Red Bank 191 1 Nov. 10, 1916 

Miss S. F. Condict, Orange 1916 June 27, 1917 

Miss Ginevra Freeman, Orange 1914 May 15, 1917 

Edward Green, East Orange 1907 Mar. 11, 1917 

George H. Hartford, Orange 1907 Aug. 29, 1917 

Miss Mary B. Jenkins, Boonton 1901 Dec. 13, 1916 

William A. Linn, Hackensack 1907 Feb. 23, 1917 

Hon. William J. Magie. Elizabeth 1910 Jan. 15, 1917 

David Magie, M. D.. Princeton 1914 Oct. 3. 1916 

Rev. Ezckiel W. Mundy, Litt. D., Syracuse, N. Y..1906 June 6, 1916 

Dr. A. M. Stackhouse, Moorestown 1908 Oct. 12, 1916 

William P. Tuttle, Madison 1894 Nov. 29, 1916 

We are happy in having added to our number during the year the 
following new members : 

Life Members Elected 

Dr. William S. Dishrow, Newark May 7, 1917 

Madison Grant, New York City Apr. 2, 1917 

Philip H. HotTman, Morristown June 4, 1917 

Uzal H. McCartcr, Newark Apr. 2, 1917 

Francis L. Minton, New York City Mar. 5, 1917 



Jacob L. Newman, Newark Dec. 

Miss Caroline E. Nixon, Trenton May 

Charles H. Sanford, Freehold Jan. 

Edward A. Stokes, Pottersville, N. Y Feb. 

Contributing Members 

William J. Backes, Trenton June 

Samuel R. Baker, Newark Feb. 

William S. Baker, Newark Jan. 

Mrs. Frank W. Bamford, Trenton Mar. 

Dr. George S. Bangert, East Orange Dec. 

W. Albert Banister, Newark Jan. 

Miss Beatrix Budell, Westficld Oct. 

John J. Cleary, Trenton June 

John F. Conroy, Newark July 

James A. Cortright, Newark Jan. 

Robert Crabb, Newark Feb. 

Mungo J. Currie, Jersey City Feb. 

Miss Louise B. Elmer. Springfield Apr. 

Edwin C. Feigenspan, Newark July 

Edward B. Fulper, Trenton Dec. 

Hon. Walter P. Gardner, Jersey City Dec. 

L. D. H. Gilmour, Newark Feb. 

John W. Halsey, Newark Feb. 

John A. Hartpence, Trenton June 

J. Amory Haskell, Red Bank Feb. 

Charles H. Hawkins, Newark Jan. 

Will C. Headley, Newark Jan. 

Roland I. Hopper, Newark Mar. 

Hon. Merritt Lane, Jersey City Dec. 

Hon. Edmund B. Learning, Camden Jan. 

Edward H. Lewis, Philadelphia, Pa Dec. 

John B. Lunger, New York City Feb. 

Prof. William F. Magie, Princeton Mar. 

Robert J. Matches, Summit Apr. 

Henry C. Pitney, Jr., Morristown Mar. 

Prof. William Kelly Prentice, Princeton Oct. 

Rev. John H. Raven, D. D., New Brunswick July 

Edmund Roebling, Trenton Apr. 

Hiram Smith, Morristown Dec. 

Hon. Bennet Van Syckel, Trenton Mar. 

Ridley Watts, Morristown Mar. 

William O. Wiley, East Orange Feb. 

Mrs. Harrie Pennington Whitehead, Elizabeth Apr. 

Mrs. Washington Wilson, Mctuchen May 

William H. Wurts, New York City May 

4, 1 

























































































We have enrolled upon our list of Patrons the names of Miss 
Alice W. Hays and Miss L. Cothcal Smith, both of whom left bequests 
amounting to more than one thousand dollars, to the Society. 


William A. Baker, Newark. 

Ward Campbell, Morristown. 

J. Willard DeYoe, Paterson. 

Dr. L. Eugene Hollister, Newark. 

Frank L. Humphreys, Morristown. 

Mrs. Helen Hartley Jenkins, Morristown. 

Norman S. Kenyon, Glen Ridge. 

Orra E. Monnette, Los Angeles, Cal. 

John Ballantinc Pitney, Morristown. 

Dr. S. C. C. Watkins, Montclair. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. Lawrence Boggs, 
Chairman Membership Committee. 


October 31, 1917. 

The attendance of the past year has been considerably smaller 
than during the last three years, a fact which we have attributed to the 
preoccupation of all classes of our people with the anxieties and activ 
ities incident to the war. The number of readers and visitors for the 
year is 4.U7- 

Between five and six hundred letters have been received during 
the year, most of them from persons desiring some kind of historical, 
genealogical, or bibliographical information. To these inquirers we 
have given such help as we could, answering all questions which could 
be readily answered, and referring such queries as could not be 
answered without considerable research to persons competent to under- 
take such researches. 

We have also received a smaller number of accessions than usual, 
the total number shown by our records being 1,304. This number 
includes 762 books, 390 pamphlets, 88 manuscripts, and 64 pictures, 
curios, and miscellaneous gifts. Among those who have given a con- 
siderable number of books are Mrs. Charles A. Christian, Dr. J. Ack- 
erman Coles, Miss Harriet J. Cooper, Dr. William S. Disbrow, the 
Holbrook estate, Rev. Herbert Barber Howe, the Lewis Historical 
Publishing company, Mrs. E. Barclay Price, and Miss Dora Smith. 

During the year we have filled in another gap in our set of Votes 
and Proceedings of the General Assembly of the State of New Jersey. 
A copy of the Votes and Proceedings for the year 1792 was purchased 


at the Vroom sale last spring. This rare item was the gift of our 
president, Justice Francis J. Swayzc. Other rare pamphlets as well 
as fifty-three early New Jersey manuscripts were also purchased at this 
sale. Among the manuscripts of special interest received during the 
year are : 

"The Usurper, Joseph Bonaparte," by A. M. Heston, a work upon 
which the author spent many years. 

"New Jersey in the Civil War," a history written by Gen. J. Madi- 
son Drake not long before his death, and never published. This man- 
uscript was presented to the society by his daughter, Miss Augusta 

An essay in the handwriting of Jonathan Edwards. 

A transcript from a book kept at Martha Furnace, 1808-1815, pre- 
sented by Mr. D. G. Beard. 

Inscriptions from six cemeteries, copied and presented by Mr. John 

The genealogies received during the year are those of the fol- 
lowing families: Baskerville, Bliss, Budd, Corbett, Dayton, Derby, 
Goble, Hamilton, Hawes, Lum, Messenger and Hendrickson, Perry, 
Plumb, Ryerson, Robeson. Shearer-Akers, SutlirT, Talbot, and Willard. 
About seven hundred volumes have been catalogued, and our unframed 
New Jersey prints, more than one thousand in number, have been put 
in folders, classified, and arranged alphabetically. 

An unusually large amount of binding has been done by the 
Woman's Branch. Twenty-two volumes of New Jersey newspapers 
were bound, a few of the oldest and rarest being bound for us by the 
American Antiquarian Society. Other binding done includes an almost 
complete set of the thirty-nine volumes of the New Jersey Law Jour- 
nal, as well as many other books and periodicals. 

Like other libraries, we are receiving a great deal of war literature, 
all of which we are carefully preserving. We are also collecting such 
war posters as we can obtain. We hope too, to bind several New 
Jersey newspapers covering the period of the war. 

Major W. I. Lincoln Adams has recently given to us a canister top, 
a fragment of a shell, and balls of various sizes, all of which were 
dug up on Governor's Island in excavating for the new Government 
Arsenal building. These relics are supposed to date back to the Rev- 
olution. They are interesting also, because of their connection with 
the present. We hope our members will feel assured of our apprecia- 
tion of any help that may be given us in obtaining historical material 
relating to the present as well as to past times. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Frederick A. Canfield, 



For the Year Ending Sept. 30, 1917. 



Balance in Merchants National Bank, Oct. 1, 1916 $642 41 

Less amount due Capital Account 92 31 $550 10 

Received from 

Dues 2,10500 

Rents 1,939 04 

Subscriptions and donations 87 00 

Interest on bank balances 20 83 

Income from investments : 

Hadfield — F. M. Tichenor Memorial Fund 20 00 

Ingleton Donation 15000 

L. Cotheal Smith Bequest 80 00 

David A. Haynes Fund 452 50 

General investments 380 00 

Refund from State of New Jersey 190 36 

Telephone calls 5 60 

Insurance premiums refunded 26 45 

Book and Publishing Account: 

Sale of Proceedings, Collections, etc 219 16 

$6,226 04 


Telephone $42 70 

Repairs 16 25 

Light 38 89 

Supplies and furniture 56 76 

Rent Safe Deposit Box 15 00 

Coal 232 18 

Insurance premiums 846 74 

Taxes 920 63 

Salaries 1,989 50 

Postage 47 00 

Printing and Stationery 52 61 

Books and MSS. purchased at Vroom Sale 140 50 

Woman's Branch income from L. Cotheal Smith Bequest... 05 89 

Annual Luncheon 166 20 

Expenses of Corresponding Secretary 15 35 

Sundries 103 00 

Book and Publishing Account : 

Printing July and October, 1916 and January, April and July, 

1917 Proceedings 681 12 


Books Purchased 12 05 

Printing and binding, etc. Coll. Vol. 9 232 18 

Sept. 30, 1917, balance in Merchants National Bank 521 49 

$6,226 04 


Balance to credit of account October 1, 1916 $9231 

Received Life Membership fees 500 00 

Received Royalty from sale of Dr. Kendall's history 71 48 

Received Woman's Branch account purchase Liberty Bond.. 100 00 

$7C>3 79 


Amount invested in 3 1-2 per cent. Liberty Bonds $700 00 

Sept. 30, 1917. Balance in Security Savings Bank 63 79 

$763 79 



Par Value 
City of Newark, N. J. Water bonds 4%. Due 

1922 $6,500 00 

The United N. J. Railroad and Canal Co. Gcnl. 

Mortgage 4%. Due 1029 3,00000 

West Shore Railroad Co. First Mortgage 4%. 

Due 2361 1,00000 

U. S. Liberty Bonds 3 y 2 % 700 00 

$11,200 00 

David A. Hayes Fund. 

Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. Prior Lien 3^%. 

Due 1925 $2,000 00 

New York Telephone Co. First and General 

Mortgage 4'/%. Due Nov. I, 1939 4.50000 

The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fee Railway Co. 

General Mortgage 4%- Due 1095 2,00000 

Allegheny Valley Railway Co. General Mortgage 

4%. Due 1942 2,000 00 

$10,500 00 


L. Cotheal Smith Legacy. 

The United N. J. Railroad and Canal Co. Gen- 
eral Mortgage 4%. Due 1944 $2,000 00 

$2,000 00 

Hadfield-F. M. Tichenor Memorial Fund. 

City of Newark, N. J. Water bonds 4%. Due 

1922 $500 00 

$500 00 

Mary A. Ingelton Donation. 

Bond and Mortgage 5%. G. F. Eberhard on 

Property No. 83 Arlington St., Newark, N. J $3,000 00 

$3,000 00 

Young Bequest. 

City of Newark, N. J. Water Bond 4%. Due 

1922 $500 00 

$27,700 00 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. Lawrence Boggs, 
October 31, 1917. Treasurer. 

This certifies that we have audited the foregoing accounts folios 
41-42-43 from Oct. 1, 1916 to Oct. 1, 1917. The proofs of balances in 
Banks to the credit of The New Jersey Historical Society and find 
them to be correct; that the balance to the credit of the Society is 
as follows : 

Cash in Merchants National Bank $521 49 

Cash in Security Savings Banks 63 79 

Charles W. Parker, 
Frank Bergen, 

Auditing Committee. 

Minutes of the Trustees 


Newark, New Jersey, July 2, 1917. 

The board of trustees of the New Jersey Historical Society met 
this afternoon at one o'clock. There were present Charles M. Lum, 
who presided, Edwin S. Lines, Frank Bergen, Frederick A. Canfieid, 
J. Lawrence Boggs, Miss Altha E. Hatch, A. Van Doren Honeyman 
and Joseph F. Folsom. Excused Francis J. Swayze, Hiram E. Deats 
and Charles W. Farker. 

The report of the treasurer, Mr. Boggs, was read and approved. 
A balance of $662.58 was shown. 

The report of the chairman of the committee on library, Mr. Can- 
field, was presented, and was approved as appended. 

The membership committee report, by the chairman, Mr. Boggs, 
was presented. The names of Messrs. John F. Conroy and Edwin C. 
Feigenspan, of Newark, and of Rev. John H. Raven, D. D., of New 
Brunswick, were presented for election as contributing members, and 
they were duly elected. The report was approved. 

The finance committee, through Mr. Lum, presented a verbal report 
of progress. 

The corresponding secretary, Mr. Honeyman, presented his report. 
It was approved and is appended. 

The board decided the treasury was not in a condition to warrant 
the purchasing of the Stockton collection of genealogical cards, and 
voted accordingly. 

The librarian was authorized to arrange for the vacation of Miss 
Johnson and of Miss McAllister. 

It was ordered that the treasurer pay the bill for the Proceedings 
when the same should be properly approved. 

It was decided that no meeting of the board be held in August, 
unless specially called by the President. 

The committee on the speaker for the annual meeting presented a 
verbal report of progress. 

The board approved the election of the following officers of the 
Woman's Branch at the annual meeting, May 9, last: President, Miss 
Altha E. Hatch; First Vice-President, Mrs. George Battin ; Second 
Vice-President, Mrs. Charles W. Parker; Third Vice-President, Mrs. 
Henry S. White; Recording Secretary, Mrs. Washington Wilson; 
Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Ilarrie Pennington Whitehead; Treas- 


urer, Mrs. Arthur H. MacKie ; II : ;torian, Miss Ginevra Freeman; 
Auditor, Mrs. Ruth E. Fairchild. 

The meeting adjourned to meet the first Monday of September. 

Joseph F. Folsom, 
Recording Secretary. 

Newark, New Jersey, September 10, 1917. 

The board of trustees of the New Jersey Historical Society met 
this afternoon at one o'clock. The President, Francis J. Swayze, occu- 
pied the chair, and there were also present Charles M. Lum, Frederick 
A. Canfield, A. Van Doren Honeyman, Frank Bergen, James J. Bergen, 
Edwin R. Walker, Edwin S. Lines, Miss Altha E. Hatch, Hiram E. 
Deats and Joseph F. Folsom. Excused J. Lawrence Boggs and W. I. 
L. Adams. 

The minutes of previous meetings, June 4, and July 2, were read 
and approved. 

The report of the membership committee was read by the Presi- 
dent. The resignatons of Helen Hartley Jenkins, of Morrstown, and 
Norman S. Kenyon, of Glen Rdgc, were accepted with regret. Deaths of 
Richard F. Goodman, elected a life member January 28, 1806, died 
about 1914, and Cortlandt Parker, Jr., elected a life member July 5, 
1901, died August 18, 1917, were announced. The report was approved. 

The library committee through Mr. Canfield, Chairman, reported. 

For the committee on Colonial Documents, Mr. Honeyman reported 
progress. The preparation of material for the Archives, Vol. 23 
(Vol. II), Early Wills, was left to the discretion of the committee with 
power to incur expense. 

The bill for the printing of the Proceedings for July, amounting to 
$104.98, was ordered paid. 

Mr. Lewis Bamberger was thanked for his kind offer to aid in the 
purchase of the Stockton Collection of genealogical cards, made 
through Miss Johnson. 

Mr. J. Ackerman Coles was thanked for a donation consisting of 
twenty volumes entitled "Great Events by Famous Historians." 

The Society of First Settlers of the Passaic Valley was granted the 
use on September 29, of our rooms. 

The committee on the speaker for the annual meeting, October 31, 
reported that Chancellor Edwin R. Walker had consented to make 
the address. 

Mr. Folsom was appointed a committee of one on the securing of 
funds for the purchase of the Stockton collection. 

The meeting adjourned. 

Joseph F. Folsom, 
Recording Secretary. 



Mr. Maxcy Applegatc, pamphlet; Mr. Alexander Archibald, vol- 
ume; Mr. P. H. Baskcrvill, volume; Mr. James M. Beck, volume; 
Mr. Charles Bradley, manuscript; Mr. Isaac Cherry, volume; Dr. J. 
Ackerman Coles, 20 volumes ; Committee of One Hundred, seven 
badges; Mr. William J. Conkling, manuscript; Hon. Willard W. Cut- 
ler, volume; Dr. William S. Disbrow, seventy volumes, Civil War 
envelopes ; Prof. W. Macneile Dixon, two volumes ; Mr. David Harris, 
comfort kit carried during Civil War; Mr. John P. Hutchinson, 
pamphlet; Dr. Calvin N. Kendall, volume; Bishop Edwin S. Lines, 
five pamphlets; Mr. D. McCregor, George II, 1750 Coin; Mr. Smith 
Moery, two volumes ; Newark Public Library, four volumes ; Mrs. 
Anne A. Olds, cannon-ball ; Hon. Charles W. Parker, Chip from old 
black walnut tree in small park near Trinity church, cut down .August 
*5> *9 l 7, three volumes; Hon. R. Wayne Parker, volume; Mr. J. T. 
Pike, manuscript; Mrs. E. Barclay Price, (W. B.), two volumes; Rev. 
John H. Raven, pamphlet; Dr. William Satterer, twelve photographs, 
Civil War period ; Miss Dora Smith, (W. B.) twenty-eight pamphlets ; 
Mr. William A. Smith, volume; Mr. J. Cummings Vail, package of 
manuscripts; Mrs. Cyrus Walker, volume; Mr. Benjamin C. White, 
package of manuscripts; Mr. Joseph White, volume. 

A Valuable Historical Manuscript 

Our Corresponding Secretary has presented to the New Jersey 
Historical Society the very extensive manuscript written by his brother, 
the late Dr. John C. Honeyman, giving the complete history of the 
Lutheran church at New Germantown, Hunterdon county, including 
a very large amount of data concerning the neighboring early Lutheran 
churches in Somerset and Hunterdon counties, especially of St. Paul's 
church at Pluckemin. 

The Lutheran church at New Germantown was organized in 1756, 
but the historian begins with the earlier Lutheran settlers in the Rari- 
tan Valley, so that the religious organizations of that denomination are 
really treated from 1715. The manuscript is most minute in detail as 
to every pastorate at New Germantown and Pluckemin, and covers 
over seven hundred typewritten pages. The work was considered 
too voluminous for the local church to print, and so the matter has 
been deposited with our Society, where it may be referred to by any- 
one interested. 


Abbot, Mr. A. S.. 97 
Abeel, Gustavus, 11, 12, 17 
Acadians, 66 
Acan, Abigail, 99 
Achenbac, Ann, 165 

Georre, 165 

Thcmas, 165 
Achenbaeh, , 164 

Ann Van Buskirk, 165 

Anna, see Cole, Anna, 165 

An tie, 165 

Catherine, see Smith Catherine, 

Georre, 165 

Johannis. 164 

John, 165 

John George, 165 

L. B., 164 

Margaret, 165 

Margritie, 165 

Mary, 165 

Polly, 165 

Rynard, 165 
Acbinhe^hacky, 200 
Achter Col village, 200 
Aciitcr Kol, 73 
Acken, Joseph, 99 
Ackerman, Adam L., 166 

Aeltje, 168 

Ann, see Garrison, 

Ann, 169 

Catherine, 166 

Daniel, 169 

Elizabeth, see Voorhis, 

Elizabeth, 168 

Jacob, J 6 9 

John, 166 

John, 169 
Adams, W. L. L., 125. 1S8, 233, 238 
Akeman, Ornamu, 120 
Akers family, 233 
Alexander, Kitty, 2 
Allen, Ethan, "A narrative of the 

Captivity of," 225 
Amsterdam, Classis of. 8, 9 
Anderson, Capt., 40, 173 
Andrew, John, 97 
Andrews, Frank D., donor, 127 

Thomas. 43 
Anheuser-Busch Co., donor, 127 
Anne, Queen. 130 
"Answer to the Bill," 13 
Applegate, John 8., 230 

Maxcy, donor, 239 
Aquatoons, 214 
Archibald. Lieut., 187 

Alexander, donor, 239 
Archives, vol. 5, 87; vol. 23, 221, 

Areola, Bergen Co.. tombstone in- 
scriptions. 168, uy 
Arhelomonsing. 214 
Arnett. Sarah Howell. 33 
Arnold, Lieut. Col., 47. 120, 173 
Arthur, Chester A., 229 

Asinkoweerkong, 214 
Asler, Hannah Buskirk, 54 

John, 54 
Associates of Elizab'thtown, 150 
Atha, Henry G., ID, 126 
Atlee, Col.. 185 
Ausband, James, 5 6 
Auton, Thorn. is, 97 
Backes, William J.. 190. 231 
Bailey, Col., 40, 122, 178 
Bailies, John, 73 
Baird, David G.. donor, 191, 229 
Baker, John, 73 

Samuel K., 125 

William, 38 

William A., 125, 232 

William S.. 124. 231 

Bal , Rachel, 1C4 

Balch. Edwin S., donor, 127 

Thomas W., donor, 191 
Baldwin, Col., 41, US, 183 

David, 164 

Jesse, 29 
Ball, Ezekiel, 36 

Joshua, 31, 32 
Ballantine, Robert F., 14 

Mrs. Robert F., 14 
Ballard. Sergt., 38 
Bamberger, Lev/is. 238 
Bamford. Mrs. Frank W., 
Bangert, Dr. George S. 

127. 231 
Banister, W., Albert, 124, 231 
Barclay, John, 155 
Barclay's Apologies, 155 
Barne, Capt., 120 
Bartley, John. 4S 
Baskervill, Patrick H. 

127, 239 
Baskerville family, 233 
Baskingridge, 2 
Basset, Seth. 43 
Bateman, Ephraim. 26 
Bates. David, 30, 32, 98 
Batten, Mrs. George, donor, 191, 

Bauldivin, Susanah. 164 
Bauldwin. Mary, see Van Rypcr, 

Mary. 164 
Bay Psalm Book. 128 
Bayard. Thomas F.. 229 
Bayard's Hill. 48. 122, 177 
Beach, Hannah, 104 

James. 105 

Nathaniel. 104 
Beatty. Rev., 196 
Beck, James M., donor, 239 
Bookman. Capt., 49 
Bedford road. 184 
Bod!e. Joseph D., 230 

Belcher, Jonathan, 132 
"Bellephoron," 21 

Belleville. Dutch Church of. 10 
Belleville. Methodist burial- 
ground, L'l'O 
Bcnjamine. Samuel. 36 

126. 231 




Bennett, Asahel If., 33 
Asahel P., 34 

Elisha, 33 
Eliaa, 33 
Elaie, 33 

Ensign, 33 
Frederick, 33 

Helen, 33 

Minnie M., 33 

Nancy, 33 

Olivia, 33 

Sally Maria. 33 
Benydick. Thomas, 73 
Bergen, Church of. 7 
Bergen, Classla of. 10, 11, 13, 

16. 17 
Bergen County, N. J.. 89 
Bergen County Historical So- 
ciety, donor, 101 
Bergen county tombstone in- 
scriptions, 54, 1C4 
Bergen, Frank, 10, 124, 126, 188, 
100. 210, 237 

James J.. 19, 124, 219 
Bergen, South Classis cf, 16. 17 
Berkeley, Lord John, 74. L>0, 211 
Bernard, Gov. Francis, 210 
Berrien, John, 38 

11, 171 
Berry, Capt. John, 223 

Deputy Governor, 85 
Bevans, Franklin, 56 

Hannah, 56 

John. 56 

Lucinde, 56 

William, 56 
Bible, English, 128 
Billow, John. 40 
Bill in Chancery, 137 
"Billings, Capt. Andrew, 176 
"Bishop, Rev. Dr. George S., IS 
Bissell farm, Mahwah, tombstone 

inscriptions, 54 
Black David, 97 

William S., donor, 191 
"Blanch, Rachel, see Blauvelt, 

Rachel 57 
"Blancke, Mr., 15 
"Blauvelt, Abiaham, 53 

Abraham D., 60 

Abraham I., 59 

Alehe. 58 

Ann Moore, 58 

Catherine, 58, 60 

Catherine Eckerson, 60 

•Cornelius. 58 

Daniel, 60 

Daniel D., 60 

David, 59 

David D., 60 

David I.. 59 

Effey Demarest, 60 

Elizabeth. 57. 59 

Elizabeth, see Eckerson, Eliza- 
beth, 62 

Elizabeth Mercelius, 59 

Frederick, 59 

Gasv Demarest, 59 

Hannah, see Wcstervelt, Han- 
nah. 59 

Harm in. 60 

Helen. 59 

Hrllen. 59 

Helon. 59 

Helon Maria, 59 

Irena, 58 

Isaac, 59 

Isaac J.. 59, 61 

Jacob, 60 

Jacob I., 57. 60 

Jacob J., 58, 60 

Jaeub, 57 

Jam-, see Raring, Jane, 60 

John, 58 

John, 60 

John H.. 58 

John I., 58. 60 

Letty. see Mcrs'lus. Letty, 59 

Llsabetb Haring, 60 

Margaret, 50 

Margaret Cooper, 60 

Margrietje, 61 

Maria, 5 8. 60 

Maria Myers, 60 

Maria Naugle, 57 

Martlntie, 58 

Martyntie, see Demarest, Mar- 

tyntie, 58 
Mary A., 58 
Mary Jane. 58 
Rachel. 60 
Rachel Blanch 57 
Rachel Demarest, 59 
Tunis I., 59 
Vroutje, see Degraw, Vroutje, 

Willie C. 58 
Bliss family, 2 II 
Block House, Paulus Hook, 2 
Blodget, William, 176 
Blodgets. Lieut., 44 
Board of Trade and Plantations, 

Bockover, George. 101 
Bogardus, Rev. Everardus, 8 
Bogert, Ann A., see Terhune, Ann 
A., 166 
Sophia, see Eckerson Sophia, 
Boggs, J. Lawrence. 10. 124. 125, 
126, 188, 189, 190, 191, donor, 
219. 236 
Bonham, John, 97 
Bonnel, Moses. 36 
Bonnell, Aaron, 97 
Borows. David, 36 
Bottle Hill. 224 
Bound Creek. 14S 
Bounty land. 20 
Bowde, Adlord. 214 
Bowlegs, Billy, Seminole chief, 

Bowlsby, George, 32 

Susanna, 31 
Box, Major, 173 
Boyden. Seth. portrait. 229 
Bradley, Charles, donor, 127, 191, 
Charles B., 19, 127. 188, 190 
Joseph P.. 13. 94 
Bradly. Cornelius, 41 
Branford. Conn.. 162 
Brant. Susanna. 32 

William. 36 
Bray, Capt.. Dantol. 41. 151 
Broarlv. Col., 172 

Lieut. Col.. 45 
Brett, Rev. Cornelius. 12 
Browel. Major. 187 
Price, Adjutant. 182 
Bridge. Elizabeth. 108 
Ralph, 109 



Brinton, Daniel G., author of 
"The Lenape and their Le- 
gends," 195 
Proadbury, Hezekiah, 36 
Broadwell, Jacob, 97 

Nathaniel. 110 
Broeck, Rev. Albertus T., 15 

Rev. John Y., 18 
Brokaw. Mr. C. L.. 222 

Rev. Isaac P., 15 
Brookdale, N. J., 11 
Brooke, Rev. John. 153 
Brooks, Major, 123, 179 
Protherton, 216 
Brown, Conrod, 54 

Capt. Daniel, no 

Mary 54 

Peter, 120 

William. 97 
Pruen, Jacob, 97 
Brush, Mrs C. H. f donor, 127 
Pryant, Ensign, 44 
Buchanan, Dr. J. Hervey, 125 

James, 229 
Pud, Col., 122. 180 

Joshua, T.6 
Pudd, Dr. Bern, 110 

Family. 233 
Pudcll. Miss Beatrix, 231 
Puel. Major, 41 
Bunker Hill. 177 
Burdits Ferry. 49, 120, 172 
Burke, Peter, 120 
Burlington, 90 
Burlington, Friendly Institution 

of, 228 
Burlington Island, Matinicunk, 

Burr Aaron, 93 
Burroughs, Benjamin, 107 
Buskirk, Hannah, see Asler, Han- 
nah, 54 
Byllynge, Edward, 212 
Cabot, Sebastian, 68, 137 
Cachlin, Col.. 186 
Cahager, Hugh, 171 
Caldwell, 218 
Caldwell, Rev. James, 2 

William. 176 
Camfield. Alicta. 106 
Campbell. Mrs. Edward S., donor, 
191, 229 

Elihu, 36 

Lord. 217 

Ward. 232 
Campble, John. 171 
Campfield, Jabez, 98, 107 

Mathew, 107 
Canficld, Frederick A.. 19, 124, 

127. 188, 189. 190, 233, 237 
Cape Henlopen, 89 
Cape May, 89 
Card, Mr., donor, 127 
Carle, John. 28, 31, 98 
Carlough, George. 55 

Henry, 56 

J. t 06 

J., child of. 66 

Margan, 56 
Carman, Abigail. 98 

Moses. 98 
Carmlcael. Alexander, 27, 31, 98 
Carna, Nicholas. 41 
Carr, Sir Robert, 71 
Carrington, Lieut. Col.. 2 

Carteret. Sir George. 74. 90 

Capt. Philip. 78 

Gov. Philip. 135. 162, 202 
CartriKlU, Mrs. K. P., donor, 227 

James A., 1 _'4 
Cartwright. Sir George, 71 
Cary, James. 41 
Cash. Col.. 183 
Chalice of Queen Anne, 152 
Chandler, Lieut. Col.. 120 
Chapman. Rev. John L., 12 
Charlei the Second, 0'j, 211 
Charlton, John. k j1 
Chatham paper. 3 
Chekanshakaman. 214, 216 
Cherokees, 196 
Cherry, Isaac, donor. 239 
"Chesapeake," ship. 95 
Chester, Col.. 45. 121, 179 
Cheston. Col., 43 
Chosen Few Lodge, 228 
Christ church, New Brunswick. 

Christ church, Philadelphia. 152 
Christ church. Rye, 152 
Christie v. Seneca nation, 68 
Christian, Mrs. Charles A., donor, 

127, 232 
Christopher. Henrv. 167 

Letta Terhune, 167 
Church, Dutch. 7 
Church, oldest in New Jersey, 7 
Cincinnati. Ohio. X. J. Rev. sol- 
diers buried in, 97 
Claggits, Capt., 41 
Clap. Col., 44 

Lieut. Col.. 171 
Clark. Col.. 46 

Major, 183 

Abraham 116. 223 

Penjamin, 36 

John. 36 

Norris. 36 

William. 14 
Clarke, Lieut. Col., 118 
Clarkson. George, 37 
Clarkstown, Old burial-ground, 

Clarridge, Francis. 174 
Classis of Newark, 16 
Clay, Henry. 93 
Cleary, John J.. 190. 231 
Cleveland. Grover. 93 
Clinton. Col. James. 172 
Clintonvllle. now Irvington, 12 
Clinton Avenue Church, Newark, 

Coddington, Rev. Herbert 0._ 

donor, 127. 191 
Coeyman burial-ground. 229 
Coens. Henricus, 11 
Coetus, formation of. 9 
Cole. Anna Achcnbach. 165 

Gilbert. 228 

John, 1C5 

Miss Margaret. 228 
Coles. Jonathan Arkerman. 151 

J. Ackerman, donor, 232, 238, 
Collections, Index to, 222 
Colfax. Brigadier General, Wil- 
liam. 20. 22. 23. 24. 25 
Colonial Documents, Committee 

on. 87 
Colonial Wars, New Jersey So- 
ciety, 221 



Committee of one hundred, New- 
ark, donor, 23 L« 

Committees, N\ J. Historical So- 
ciety, 19 

Conanwav, Capt., 180 

Condiet, Miss Sarah P., 225, 230 
Silas, 28, 31. 100 

Condit. Rev, Charles B. f 15 

Conference, 9 

Conklin, Charity, see Hopper, 
Charity. 167 

Conklinpr. P. M.. donor, 191 
William J., donor, 239 

Connecticut Farms. 2 

Connecticut Historical Society, 
donor, 191 

Connecticut Militia, 183 

Connlhasset Partners, 222 

Conroy, John P., 231. 232 

Constitution, Federal, 92 

Continentals, 1 

Cook, Bills, 107 

Cooper, Garret, 168 

Hannah, see Voorhis, Hannah, 

Hi«S Harriet J., donor, 127, 232 

J. John, 168 

James Fenimore a native of 
Burlington, 95 

John 37 

Margaret, see Blauvelt, Mar- 
garet, 60 

William 34 
Coponakonkikon, 21C 
Copotiockons, 214 
Copperthwaite, Samuei, 171 
Corhett family, 23 3 
Cornbury, Lord, 131, 154 
Cornelius, Ide., 163 
Cornwallis, 87 
"Corn-pone," 198 
Cortright, James A., 231 
Costner, Joseph W., 58 

Maria. 58 

Richard IT., 58 
Council of Proprietors, 213 
Council of Virginia, 194 
Court of General Quarter Ses- 
sions 27 
Courties, Isaac. 167 

Rachel Jane, 167 

Sarah. 167 
Coventry. 5 
Covert. Peter, 36 
Cowescomen, 73 
Cox. Capt.. 28 
Crabb, Robert. 125, 231 
Craft. Isaac. 62 
Craig. Lieut. John, 36 
Crane, Capt. Lieut., 123 

Aaron. 114 

Mrs. Eliza A., 14 

Mary, 115 
Crane's point. 31 
Crewe. Lord Chief Justice, 217 
Croll, Sebastian, 7 
Crosswicks. 216 
Crouter, Edward, 164 
Cull River, 72 
Cumintng. J. N., 101 
Cummlnpaw. 201 
Currle, Mungo J.. 125, 231 
Curtis. Capt., 17S 
Curtis:-, Capt., 43 

Miss Ellon C. donor. 228 
Cutler. Willard W., donor, 191, 
229. 239 

Daniel, John. 36 

Daughters of the American Rev- 
olution, Fort Washington 
chapter, donor, 127 
Daughters of the American Rev- 
olution, National Society, 
donor, 127, 191 
Davis. Mrs. C. C, donor, 127 

Rev. E. E., 12 

Henry, 43 

John, 37 

Jonathan, 1 

Joshua, 97 
Day. Artemas, 1054 

Jehial. 97 

Stephen, 99 
Dayton. Col. Elias, 28, 114 

Jonathan, 94 

William L., 93 

Family, 233 
Deacon, C. B., donor, 191 

George, 213 
Deats, Jienry, 97 

Hiram E., 19, 12 4. 126, 127, 188, 
189, 222. 228. 237 
Debaum, Anna, see Hopper, Anna, 

Deboe, John, 28 

De Camp, John. 115 

Deeds. George M., 36 

Liber AAA. 213 
Definite article, 'To," 128 
De Gramo, Jonas, 36 
Degraw, Elizabeth, see Ferdon, 
Elizabeth, 57 

Elizabeth see Smith. Elizabeth, 

John. 5 7 

Leendert, 57 

Leonard. 57 

Maria Duryea, 57 

Vroutje Blauvelt, 57 

William, 57 
Delaware Falls of the, 197 
Delaware Indians, 193 
Delaware river, 8 
Delaware*, Grand Council of the 

in 1775, 206 
Delawares. religious beliefs. 206 
De La Warr, Thomas West, Lord, 

Demarest, Ann Eliza, 61 

Effey, see Blauvelt, Effey, 60 

Garret, 58 

Gasy, see Blauvelt. Gasy, 59 

Gasy, see Durle. Gasy, 59 

Dr. James. 13 

James, 61 

Justin. 61 

Justin Henry, 62 

Margaret Harlng 61 

Martyntio Blauvelt, 58 

Mary, 61 

Mary, see Voorhis, Mary, 168 

Mary Margaret. 61 

Rachel, see Blauvelt, Rachel, 

Rachel Durle. 61 

Sarah Matilda, 61 
Domond, Gideon. 43 
De Mott, John J., donor. 228 

Mrs. John J., donor, 228 
Denman, Andrew. 36 
Dennis, Joseph. 19 

Laban. 219 

Mrs. Lai an. donor. 127. 228 



Denton, Daniel. 73 

Nathaniel. 73 
Denville, Tombstone inscriptions 

from 228 
Depue, David A.. 227 
Derby family. 2 1 3 
Dewey, Admiral George, 230 
De Yoe, J. Wlllard, 1!?'J. 232 
Dickenson. Mahlon, 93 

Capt. Peter, iu 

Jonathan. 80 
General Philemon 91 
Diss, William, 118 
Disbrow, William S., 19, donor, 
189, 127. l'JO. 191, 225, 28, 230, 
32 39 
Dividend Hill, 149 
Dixon. Capt., 171 

W. Macneile, donor, 239 
Dodd, Amzi, 20. 21b 
Edward V,'.. 20, 218 
General John. 23 
Dr. Joseph Smith. 218 
Doremus, John G. 168 

Mary see Voorhis, Mary, 168 
Doughlas, Col., 120 
Douglas, Nancy. 223 

Major William, 223 
Douglass, Sergt. George, 37 
Doughty, Arthur G., donor, 127 

John, 103, 115 
Drake, Lieut. Col., 41 

Miss Augusta, 191, 223, 233 

Isaac, 97 

Geti. J. Madison, portrait of, 

Gen. J. Madison, author of 
"New Jersey in the Civil 
War," 233 
Drentin, Major, 38 
Dubois, Rev. H., 13 
Dunham, Nathanel, 38 
Durant, Benajmin, 178 
Durham family tombstone in- 
scriptions. 228 
Durie, Gasy Demarest, 59 
Jane, see Mersel^s. Jane. 59 
Rachel, see Demarest, Rachel, 

Rebecca, see Myers, Rebecca, 
Durkee, Lieut. Col.. 173 
Duryea, Maria, see Degraw, Ma- 
ria, 57 
Duryee. Rev. Joseph R., 14 
Miss Mary, 14 
Peter S.. 14 
Prof. William R.. 14 
Dutch, The. claims, 6S 
Dutch churches. 7 
Dutch West India Co.. 8, 71 
Duthagen. Fredrich. 49 
Duval. Richard Johnson. 223 
Dye. Major. 119 

East Orange church (Dutch), 18 
East Orange. Hyde Park, 18 
Easton, Pa., Indian conference at, 

Eckerson. Abraham, 62 
Abraham J.. 62 
Albert R. 62 
Annie. 62 

Caroline E. Smith. 62 
Catherine, see Blauvelt. Cath- 
erine. 60 
Catherine Smith. 62 
Catherine Myers, 63 

Cornelia. 62 

Con.elius. 63 

Cornelius, 61 

Elisabeth Blauvelt. 62 

Elisabeth Haling, 61 
Eckerson farm, tombstone in- 
scriptions. 60 
Eckerson, Francis, 62 

Frederick, 62 

Garret. •;_' 

Hattie S., 62 

Henrietta. 62 

J. Blanch, 62 

James A., SI 

Jane Wortendyke. 62 

John, 61 

John C, 62 

John W.. 62 

Margarets Haring. 62 

Maria E., C2 

Maria Herring. 62 

Peter II., 62 

Rebecca, 63 

Sophia Bogert, 62 
Edward II. 194 

Edwards, Rev. Jonathan, 9, 233 
Eier, William, 157 
Elizabeth River. 78 
Elizabethtown, 3, 162 
Eliz.-ibethtown, Associates of, 65 
Elizabethtown Bill in Chancery, 

65, 132 
Elizabethtown, Freeholders of, 78 
Elizabethtown, New Light on 
famous controversey in the 
history of, 65 
Elizabethtown Point, 81 
Elmer. Rev. Jonathan, 26, 113 

L. Q., 224 

.Miss Louise B., 188. 231 
Elstone William. 36 
Embden, 8 

Engart. Benjamin. 97 
Eno, Miss Clara B., donor, 127 
Ensign. Sally. 34 

Thomas, 222 
Episcopal church, 8 
Eslor. Henry. 54 
Evergreen Cemetery. 149 
Faesch. John J.. 100 
Fairbanks. Charles W.. 229 
Fairchild. Abraham. 106 

Mrs. Ruth E., 238 
Fairlie. Major James. 23 
Falu, Elias. 54; see note, 57 
Fannington, Capt.. 120 
Farmar. Thomas. 155 
Farnum, C. M.. donor. 127 
Federal Constitution, 92 
Fellow, General. 119 176 
Feigenspan. Edwin C, 231, 237 
Felton. Capt., 183 
Fencibles. Sea. 23 
Ferdon. Elizabeth Degraw. 57 

John W.. 57 
Ferman. Col.. 1S2 
Ferris. Morris P.. donor. 127 
Field. Brigade Major, 37 

Miss Anna, donor. 191 
Eugene, quoted. 12S 
Fielder. James P., 22S 
Fish. Major. 121. 179 

Fishar, Catrln, 54 

Fisher. Gittv. 1 f. 7 

Flsk. Cells Lock wood. 62 

Russell. 62 
Fist. Nicholas, 123 



Fllrin, Benjamin. 97 
Flynn, Rev. Joseph M.. 229 

Folsom, Joseph F., author, "The 
Old Style Definite Article 
'Ye,' " 128 

Joseph F.. 19. 124. 125. 126, 
donor, 127, 151, 102. 188, 189, 
190. 219 
Ford. Capt.. 43 

Colonel. 117 

Gabriel H., 116 

Jacob. 115 

TheodoBla, 116 
Ford mansion, 228 
Fordham. Heights of, 5 
Fort, J. Franklin, 229 
Fort Box, 177 
Fort George, 177 
Fort Greene. 21 
Fort Moultrie, 35 
Fort ruttnam, 177 
Fort Sumter. 92 
Foster, John, 73 
Founder's day, Newark, 162 
Fox, Catherine Hemion, 55 

Catherine Storms, 55 

David. 55 

H., 5 4 

Jacob D., 55 

Leah, 54, 55 

Martin, 55 

Philip, 54 

Stephen, 55 
Fox's book of Martyrs 155 
Foy, Major. 4 7, 120 
Franklin. Benjamin, 159. 227 

Governor William, 15S 

Lady, 158 
Franklin-Nutley, church of, 11 
Frazee, Henry, 102 

Jonas, 97 

Sarah. 102 
Frazy, Benjamin, 36 

Josiah. 36 
Frederick, Abraham, 56 

H., 56 

Henry. 56 

Margaret, 56 

Mary, 5 6 
Freeman, Benjamin, 115 

Charles. 36 
Freeman, Miss Ginevra, 190, 225, 

227. 230. 238 
Frelinghuvsen, Fred K., 14 

Frederick T.. 14, 93 

Col. John. 24 

Rev. John, 9 

Hon. Joseph S.. author of "The 
State of New Jersey." ad- 
dress delivered Mar. 17, 1917 

Col. Theodore, 24 

Theodore, 93 

Theodorus Jacobus, 8 
Fremont. Gen. John C, 93 
French. Asa. 230 
Freneau. Philip, quoted. 209 
Friendly Institution of Burling- 
ton. 22 8 
Frtestland. East. 9 
Fullar. Lieut. Josiah. 14 
Fullerton v. Jones. 86. 131, 136 
Fulper. Edward B.. 231 
Fulton. Cant., 38 
Gard. Gcrshon. 97 
Gardiner. Thomas, 213 
Qardinier. Henry. 62 

Rachel Harlng. 62 

Gardner. F. Worth donor. 226 
John. 174 

Waiter r.. 231 

Garrison, Albert. 16? 

Ann. see Van Wegener, Ann, 

Ann Ackerman. 169 

Elizabeth Nauyle Kutan, 169 

John, 169 

-Maria. 169 
Gay, Col.. 177 

Genley, Brigade Major, 49 
Gcnsler, H. J.. 26 
Genung. Benjamin, 104 

Hannah, lu4 
George, Fort, 122 
Gesner, Rev. Oscar, 15 
Gifford, Arthur X., 218 
Gilbert. Capt., 52 
Giles. Rev. W. Warren. 18 
Gilman, James, 36 
Gilmour. L. D. H., 125. 231 
Girtanner. Rev. Carl, 13 
Glenside Tark, US 
Glover, Col.. 123. 174 
Goble family. 233 
Goforth, William. 171 
Golding, Mrs. Emrna M., donoi, 

Goodman. Richard F., 238 
Gordon, Brierade Major, 43 

Duke of. 2 

Major, 119. 170 

Lieut. Col. Cosmo. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 

Peter, 44 

Thomas. 155 
Gould, Jacob, 28 

Adjt. John M., donor, 127 
Grant, Madison. 126. 188, 230 
Gray, Ebenezar, 1S7 

John, 36 

Corp. Riehardsons, 36 

Samuel, 36 
Green, General, 109 

Edware. 1S8, 230 

Rev. Jacob. 30. 104 

John. 120. 179 

Miss Maria D., donor, 227 

Gen. Nathaniel. 44. 171. 224 

Person. 27 
Greenwich. 176 
Gregorv, Charles E.. 1S9. 230 
Griggs, John \V.. 223 
Grim. Adam. 164 

Maria Barbara. 164 
Grimes. Daniel. 38 
Grover. Joseph. 29, 32 

Stephen. 20 
Grubb, Henry B., donor, 228 
Guilford. Conn.. 162 
Gwinnup. George. 97 
Hackensaek, First Reformed 

Church. 223 
Hackensacks. 201 
Hageman. Adrian. 97 
Haidenburgh. Capt.. 41 
Haines. Miss Margaret S., donor, 

127. 191. 22S 
Hale. Daniel. 101 

Sarah. 102 
Hall. Col.. 43. 51. 170 
Halsey. John W.. 125. 231 

Joseph. 103. 132 

Luther. 97 
Halsread, John. 97 



Hamilton, J,ieut. Col., Alexander, 
Alexander. 226 
Hamilton County, Ohio. N. J. 
Revolutionary soldiers buri- 
ed in, L>7 
Hamilton family, 233 
Hamnor, Rev. J. G., Jr., 11 
Hands, Col., 41 
Hankinson family, 229 

Mrs. G. V. D., donor, 127 
Hard, George P.. 115 
Harden'uuigh, Ei^ut. Col.. 170 
Having-, Elisabeth, see Eckerson, 
Elizabeth, 61 
Henry I., 59, 60 
Jane Blauvelt, 60 
Margaret, see Deraarest, Mar- 
garet. 61 
Margaieta, see Eckerton, Mar- 

gareta, 62 
Rachel, see Gardinier, Rachel, 
Harmer, James, 07 
Harring, Eisabeth, see Blauvelt, 

Eisabeth, 6>) 
Harrington Park, tombstone in- 
scriptions, 57 
Harris, David donor, 239 

Sarah Belinda, 59 
Harrison, John. 156 

Gen. William H., 206 
Harrison's Brewery, 44 
Hart, Rev. Charles E., "The Re- 
formed Protestant Dutch 
Church In Newark," 7-19 
W. D., 99 
Harte, Bret, quoted, 208 
Hartford, George H., 230 
Hartpence, John A., 190, 231 
Haskell. J. Amory, 125, 231 
Hatch, Miss Altha E., 19, 124, 125, 
126, 127, 1SS, 189, 190, 19L 
donor, 219, 227 
Hatfield. Major, 187 
Hathaway, tenoni, 110 
Joseph, 103 
Mary, 114 
Sarah, 103 
Simeon, 114 
Haulenbeek, Caroline Y.. 127 

Garrit, estate of. donor, 127 
Haurlbut, Bieut. Col., 175 
Hawes, Edmond his ancestors 
and his descendants, Book 
notice, 34 
Family, 233 

James William, donor, 34, 127 
Hawkins. Charles H., 124, 231 

John, 36 
Haydon, Major, 43. 52 
Hayes, Miss Alice W.. 190 
Hays, Major, 185 
Hayward, John. 32 
Headley, Elroy, donor. 127 

William C, 124. 231 
Heard, G«n. Nathaniel, 41, 123 
Hearts, Lieut. Col.. 46 
Heath. Gen.. 39, 120 
Israel. 173 
S. R. W.. 14 
William. 171 
Hedenberg, J. E.. donor, 191 
Helm. Theunla, 61 
Helmken, Meta Catherine. 62 
Hem Ion. Catherine, see Fox, 
Catherine, 55 

David 55 

H a u u . . h , II 
Hemmion, Ellen. 55 

Stephen, 55 
Hempstead, E. I., Records re- 
ceived, 829 
Hendrick, CapL, 120 
Hendrickson family, 233 
Henley. Br 1 grade Major, 172 
Henly. Brigade Major. 40 

Thomas. 173 
He union, Andrew, 54 

Margaret, E i 
Henry the Seventh, 68 
Herbert, Thomas, 118 
Herd, Capt., 171 
Hering, Garret T.. 61 
Herman, Col., 183 

Augrustine, 150 

Herman Tract purchase. 150 
Herring, Maria, see Eckerson, 

Maria, 62 

Hessians, l 

Heston, A. M., author of "The 
Usurper, Joseph Bonaparte," 
Alfred M., donor, 127 

Hetfield Jos., 36 

Hewson, Jeremiah, 120 

Heyck, Jan, 7 

Hichcocks, Col.. 172 

Hicks, Samuel. 36 
William, 160 

Hide?. Cant.. 37 

High. Benjamin, 36 

Hill Memorial Building, Newton, 

Hlllyer, James, 97 

Hinman, Col., 180 

Hobart, Garret A. 93 

Hobbe, Lieut., 1S2 

Hobbs, Bieut., 180 

Hobby, Bieut., 118 

Hobuck ferry. 121 

Hoebnck ferry, 180 

Hoerner, Mrs. Henry J., donor, 
127. 229 

Hoff. William. 36 

Hoffman, Philip H.. 230 

Holbrook estate, donor, 127. 232 

Holcomb. Bieut.. 173 

Holden, Major Horace, Reminis- 
cences of the War of IS 12, 20 
Levi, 20 

Holland. Reformed Protestant 
church of, 8 

Hollanders. 7 

Hollister, Dr. b. Eugene, 126, 232 

Holman. Mrs. George W., Jr., 

donor. 191, 228 
Holt, Chief Justice. 86 
Honevman. A. Van Dorcn. 19. 124, 

126. 127. 188. 189. 190, 219 
Dr. John C. 239 
Hooper. Robert Lettls, 151 
Hoops. Brigade Major, 38 
Hoornshook. 186 
Hopkins, Mark. 121 
Hopper. Anna Debaum. 167 

Charity Conklln, 167 

Eliza Storms. 167 
Emily, 166 
Henry, 166. 167 
J.. cob H., 167 
John. 176 
John A.. 167 
Julia. 167 



Lewis, 166 

Maria Salyer, 166 

Mary Ann, see Rosencrantz, 
Mary Ann, 167 

Rachel, see Voorhis, John A., 

Roland I., 126. 231 
Hoppin, Charles A., donor, 191 
Hosper, Christopher, 180 
Howard, John. 32 
Howe, George R., 220, 223, 230 

Rev. Herbert Barber, donor, 
Howell, Major, 40, 175 

John, 102 

Joseph, 28. 20 

Richard. 226 

Capt. Silas, 102 
Hoyhams, 214 
Hubble, David, 36 
Hugg, John, Jr., 213 
Hulst, Rev. Geo. D., 18 
Humphreys, Frank L., 232 
Hunger, John, 58 

Julia, 58 
Hunter, Governor Robert, 156 
Hunterdon County, marriages, 222 
Hunterdon Democrat, 222 
Huntington. Col., 49, 122. 174 
Hurd, General, 30 
Hutchinson, John P., donor, 239 
Huyck, Jan, 7 
Hyatt, Capt., 120, 182 
Hyde, James H., donor 127 
"Indian giver," 209 
Indian grants, 67 
Indiana Historical Commission, 

donor, 191 
"Intrepid," ship, 94 
Irving, Rev. Dr., David O., 35 
Irvington church, 12 
Jackson, Anthony, 59 

James, 132 

John. 59 

Susan, 59 
Jacksonville. 111., Daily Journal, 

Jacobs, Lieut. Col.. 52, 172 
James, Duke of York, 69, 211 

Mrs. D. Willis, 189. 230 
Jenkins, Mrs. Helen Hartley, 232, 

Miss Mary B.. 230 
Jennigs. Samuell. 213 
Jersey Blues, 1, 25 
Jersey City, encampment at, 22, 

Jersey troops, 24 
Jewell, George, 36 
Johnes. Timothy. 31, 102 
Johnson, Abner, 97 

Eddie. 62 

Edward. 62 

Freelove. 62 

William M.. 219. 223 
Johnson v. Mcintosh, 68 
Johnston, James, 37 
Jones Chester X., donor, 127, 191 

E. Alfred. 222 

Jacob, 172 

JeofTrey, 86 

Thomas. 36 

Rev. W. Xorthey, author of 
"Chalice of Queen Anne," 152 
Jov, Edmund S.. donor. 191 
Kalm. Peter, 199 
"Kantl kanti." 207 

Karrigh, Magdalena, 54 
Kearny. Major Gen. Philip, 92 

Jamei Lawrence, donor, 127 

'dlchael. 160 

Philip, 16u 
Keeler, Thomas. 97 
Keep. Austin P.. donor. 191 
Kelley, Oliver, 97 
Kemble Hill, 224 
Kendall, Calvin X., donor, 127. 

224 239 
Kennedy, Archibald, 151 
Kenyon, Norman S., 232, 238 
Kerr, John. 97 

Kilbourn, Lieut. Captain, 20, 22 
Kill von Kull. 78 
Kilpatrick, Judson, 93 
Kimball mountain, 224 
King. Frederick, 108 

Robert, 157 
Kings Bridge, 36. 174 
King's College, 9 
Kitchell. Aaron, 2t>, 102 
Knox, Col., 122 
Knyphausen, Gen.. 1, 3 
Krol, Sebastian. 7 
Lacey. John, 102 

Hugh. 120 

Sarah, 102 

Thomas, li 7 
Lambert, Jos., 36 
Land titles in Xew Jersey, see 
Magie. William J., "Xew 
Light on famous coiv.rover- 
eey." 65 
Landreth. Burnet, donor. 127 
Lands, Xew Jersey, title to, 211 
Lane, Merritt. 231 
Lansdale. Rev. J. T.. 18 
Larance. John. 176 
Laroe, Wilbreche, see Voorhis, 

W r ilbreche, 167 
Latimer, Lieut. Col.. 49. 121 
Lawrence. Sergt. Abraham, 36 

Capt. James. 95 

Dr. John, 160 

John. 54 

Richard. 52 
Lawry. Gawn, 212 
Layton. Peter. 113 
Learning. Hon. Edmund E., 124, 

Learning & Spicer. 86 
Ledyard. Capt.. 120. 180 
Lee. Gen.. Guard. 38 

Light. Horse Harry, 2 

Rev. T. J.. 12 
Lehigh Valley Railroad, station 

of, 149 
Lehlbach, Rev. F.. 13 
Lenape language. 207 
Lenape Wlhittuck, 194 
Lenni Lenape, or Delaware In- 
dians. An Address by Edwin 
R. Walker. 199 
Lent. Charles. 120 

Jacob 120 
Leonard, David. 30 

Patrick. 41 

Phebe. 30. 31 
Lewis. Commodore Jacob. 22 

Edward }{.. 231 
Lewis Historical Publishing Com- 
pany, donor, 232 
Lewis. Mr. Marion L., donor, 127. 

Liberty Hall, 2 



Liberty Loan bonds. 190 
Library committee, annual re- 
port. 232 
Lincoln, President, 92 
Linden church. 15 
Linden, Reformed church of. 17 
Lindsley, Joseph, 111 
Llndsly.. John, 29 
Lines. ?:dwin S.. 19, 126, 127, 219, 

Linn,' William A.. 126. 230 
Llspcnard's Brewery, 173 
Lit h grow, Patrick, 132 
Litteil, David. 30 
Little. Col., 1*2 

Cornelius. 97 

David. 36 

Corp. William, 36 
Livingston. Brigade Major, 41, 
119, 173 

John H.. 9 

Manor of, 9 

Robert. 9, 10 

Susan. 3 

Gov. William. 2. 87 
Lockwood, Celia, see Fisk, Celia, 

Lor?- Ferrv. 153 
Long: Island. Battle of. 35 
Long: Island. Landing- of the ene- 
my on. 183 
Loper. William T.. 224 
Losantivillo. Ohio. 97 
Lovelace. Col.. 77 

Governor. 1?6 
Lower Paramus. Zabriskie-Hop- 

per burial-cround. 229 
Lower Saddle River, Berg-en Co., 

tombstone inscriptions, 164 
Lozier. Polly, see Voorhis. Polly, 

Lucas. Nicholas, 212 
Ludlow. Major. 53 

Cornelius. 113 
Lum. Charles M.. 19, 124, 126, 188, 
189. 219 

Kdward H.. donor, 127, 191 
Lum familv, 233 

Squire 30. 31 
Lunger, John P.. 125. 231 
Lutheran Church of Somerset 

County, 239 
Lutz. Col., 185 
Lyon, Lieut.. 40 

Adrian, donor, 227 

Henry. 29. 30 

James, 97 

Martha. 29 

Patrick. 3. 178 

Sarah. 103 
Lyons Genealogical Company, 34 
McAlphen. John. 176 
Macauley. Rev. /John Matroffin, 15 
McCarter. T'zal H., 188. 2: , .0 
McClinchie. Rev. Uriah. 12 
McClintock. Emory, 230 
McCormick. James, 120 
McCullough. Robert. 97 
McDonald. Abigail A.. 34 

Matthew, 86 
McDougal. Col. Alexander. 37, 

118. 171 
McDowell. William O.. donor. 191 
McFrain. William. 118 
McGregor. David, donor, 239 
McGulre. Daniel. 118 
Mackay, Rev. Doneld S.. 13 

McKean, Rev. Robert Summer, 

McIO'-n. Miss Mary, donor, 191. 

2 29 
MacKie, Mrs. Arthur H., donor. 
227. H I 
Nelson Wrirht. donor, 227 
McMannus. Henry. 36 
MoMaster. John S.. donor. 191 
M.Milan. Abigail. 99 

Charles. 100 
Madison. 224. 22S 
Magic. David. 230 
Henrietta Miss. 190 
Prof. William EL, 126 
William J.. 819, 220, 229, 230, 

William J., author of "New 
Light on Famous Contro- 
versy in the History of Ells- 
abethtown," 19, 65, 126, 123, 
William J., minute relating to 
the death of. 192 
Mahwah, tombstone inscriptions, 

Maliom. Col.. 171 
Manning. Kphraim, 31 
Manson. Lieut. Col., 45 
Marconier, Oak Tree, N. J.. IS 
Marsh. Craig A.. 151 
Marshall. Chief Justice. 138 
Martha Furnace, Records of, 222, 

Martin, Col., 179 

Alexander, 97 

Rev. Daniel Hoffman, 15 

Col. Ephraim, 30 

John. 31. 32 

Joseph, 171 

Oliver, 97 

Susanna 32 
Maryland Historical Society, don- 
or, 191 
Matches, Robert J.. 188. 231 
Matinicunk. now Burlington Is- 
land. 203 
Maurice river. 224 
Mausinger. Ooonrad. 56 

Margaret Van Winkle, 56 
Maverick. Samuel. 71 
Maxfleld. Nathaniel, 36 

Samuel. 36 
Maxwell, General William, 91, 

Maysiger, Nicholas. 56 
Mead. Major, 119, 172 
Medeu. 206 
Med ford. X. J.. 228 
Medicine men. 206 
Meed. Major. 46 
Meeker. Benjamin, 36 

John. 97 
Metralopolensis. Rev. Johannes. 8 
Mellen. Rev. Henry Merle. 15 
Memorial History Company, of 

Newark. 151 
Mercelius. Elizabeth, see Blau- 

velt. Elizabeth. 59 
Mercer. John. 7 
Merrell, Richard J., donor. 127 
Merseles. Jane Durlo. 69 

Peter. 59 
Merselus. Jacob. 59 

Letty Blauvelt, 59 
Meserve, Frederick H. donor, 191 



Messenger family, 233 

Mary, 56 

Michael. 56 

Nicholas 56 

Susanna, 56 
Metropolitan Life Insurance Co., 

donor, 127 
Metuchen, 228 

Mey, Capt. Cornelius Jacobsen. «9 
Michaelius, Rev. Johannes, 7, 8 
Mickler, Albert, 167 

Ann. 166 

George, 166 

Magpie, 167 
Mid-winter meeting at Mount 

Hollv. 125 
Mifflin. Gen., 172 

Thomas. 108 
Milford. Conn., immigrants, 162 
Miller, Sergt. Jacob, 36 

John A.. 13 
Mills, Sergt. Henry, 36 
Millville, old burial-ground near, 

Minisink Indians, 210 
Minsi, 195 
Minthorn, Abigail, 99 

Philip, 99 
Minton. Francis L., 126. 230 
Minutes of Trustees, 124, 188, 237 
Mockridge, Oscar B.. 1SS, 230 
Monmouth, Battlefield of. '.'6 
Monnette, Orra E., 126, 232 
Monson, Lieut. Col., 51 
Montclair Heights, X. J., Church 

of, 18 
Moore, Kev. Mr., 154 

Alexander, 180 

Ann, see Blauvelt, Ann, 58 
More, Jonathan, 36 

Thomas, 36 
Morey. Smith, donor, 239 
Moreton, Capt., 46 
Morgan, John. 17 1 
Morrinus, David, 2S 
Morris. Capt., 41 

Colonel. 155 

Alexander. 175 

Miss Augusta A., donor, 127 

Miss Harriet Newell, donor, 228 

Gov. Lewis, 132. 175 

Miss Lucy Newell, donor, 127, 

Samuel, 175 
Morris County, N. J.. Revolution- 
ary Pension records. 27-32. 98 
Morrison. Capt. Isaac, 29 
Morristown Trust Co.. donor. 127 
Morristov n, Washington's Head- 
quarters. 228 
Morton, Levi P., 229 

Miss Mary B., donor. 127 

Walter A., donor. 127 

William C. 220, 230 

William C, Minute on the death 
of. 64 
Mosilian. 202. 217 
Mount Holly. Mid-winter meeting 

at. 125. 227 
Mount Holly, Stephen Girard's 

residence. 22S 
Mount Washington, 120 
Mum. Nathaniel. ISO 
Mumford, James. ISO 
Mundy. Kev. Esekiel \\\, 230 
Munson, Stephen. 98 

Murphy, Gov. Franklin, donor, 

127. 161 
Myer. Abraham. 60 

Elisabeth, Bee Quackenbush. 
Elisabeth, SO 
Myers. Betsey, 166 

Catherine, see Eckerson, Cath- 
erine. 63 
David. 166 

infant of David and Betsey, 166 
John A.. 60 

Maria, see Blauvelt, Maria, 60 

Rebecca Durie. 6o 
National Guard. Company A., 92 
Naugel, Garret, 57 

Naugie, Maria, see Blauvelt. Ma- 
ria. 57 

Nav. sinks. 136 

Nealie, John, donor, 127 
John donor. 191, 229 
John. :»4 

Tombstone inscriptions on Bissell 
fai m, Mahwah, 54 

Tombstone inscriptions, Harring- 
ton Park, 5 

Tombstone inscriptions, Eckerson 
farm. Old Tappan, 51 

Neilson. soldier 1812. '■?, 

Nelson, William, author of, "A 
Red Rose — Springfield, 1780 
— And After." 1-6 
William. 89. 97, 220 

Neshaning. 214 

Neshasakowerk. 214 

Nether wood -Plainfield, 18 

Neversink, Highlands of. 22, 77 

Nevisans (Navesink), 7'< 

New Amsterdam, 201 

New Brunswick. 9 

New Castle. 20 4 

New Gcrmantown Lutheran 
Church. 239 

New Jersey Archives, 87. 189, 220, 

New Jersey Civil List. 221 

New Jersey. Coat-of-arms, 97 

New Jersey Freeman, 226 

New Jersey Gazette. 87 

New Jersey Historical Society, 
250th anniversary of Newark, 

New Jersey Historical Society, 
Minutes of trustees, 124. 18S. 

New Jersey land title, see Magie. 
William J.. "New Light on 
Famous Controversy," >*> r > 

New Jersey Law Journal. 2_\~> 

New Jersev Medical Association. 

New Jersey, oldest church in. 7 

New Jersey. Proprietors of. 65 

New Jersev Rev. Soldiers buried 
in Ohio. 97 

New Jersey Session Laws. 225 

New Jersey. State of. Address de- 
livered by Hon. Joseph s. 
Frolintrhuys.n. Mar. 17. 1917, 

New Milford. Berftetl Co.. tomb- 
stone inscriptions, 167 

New Netherlands, 7 

New Providence, Records of the 
church or. LI 3 

New York Ave. Church. Newark. 



New York Collegiate church, 10 

New York Gazette, 3 

New York Observer. 20 

New York Slate Library, donor, 

Newark Bay, 73 
Newark, Class la of. 16 
Newark, Coeyman burial-ground, 

Newark's Committee of One Hun- 
dred. 1G2 
Newark Daily Courier, 226 
Newark Evening News, 226 
Newark First Presbyterian 

Church. 7, 11 
Newark F o u r t h Presbyterian 

Church. 11 
Newark Free Public Library, 

donor. 127. 191 239 
Newark Messenger, 226 
Newark Refoimed Dutch Church, 

Newark. 250th anniversary, 163 
Newark Spectator, 220 
Newark Sunday Call, 226 
Newcomb Col., 122 
Newman, Jacob L.. 231 
Nicolls, Col., 71, 135 
Nichols, Walter S.. donor, 127 
Nicolls, William, 86 
Niles, Nathaniel, 230 
Nison, Col. John, 171 
Nixon, Miss Caroline L\, 189, 231 

Col., 171 
Norris, Gershom. 97 
Nutley-Franklin, 11 
North Church. Newark, 13 
North Holland, Synod of, S 
Nova Caesarea, 75, 193 
Nucomb. Col., 47 
Nymhainmans. 214 
Odenheimer, Bishop, 161 
Ogden. John, 73 
Iff., 29 
Mary Depue, ed Cyclopedia of 

New Jersey, 151 
Col. Mathias, 100 
Stephen. 110 

Mr:;. Sydney X.. donor. 227 
Ohio, New Jersey Revolutionary 

soldiers buried in, 97 
Ohoemimr. 214 
"Old Sow," 1 

Old Tappan, tombstone inscrip- 
tions, 60 
Olds. Mrs. Anne A., donor. 239 
Benjamin, 225 
Mrs. Horace, donor, 229 
Olive's Old Mill. 228 
Oranpre. First Meeting House at, 

Orange First Pres. church, 18 
Oratamy. sachem, 200 
Oraton Hall. 13, 202 
Oraton. sachem. 162. 202 
Order of Founders and Patriots. 

New Jersey society, donor, 

Orderly book of Jedidiah Swan, 

35, 118, 170 
Osborn. Charles, 56 
Margaret 56 
Silas. 5 6 
Osborne. Mrs. Kate Hamilton, 

donor. 127 
Ottoh. Francis H.. 58 
Paramus, Lower, 229 

Park. Cant., 176 

Parker. Charles W.. 19. 124. 126. 
127. 188. 189. 190. 219, donor. 

«>3 y 

Mrs. Charles W., donor, 227, 

Cortlandt. Jr.. 230. 238 

('apt. Ellsha, 156 

J:nnes. 132, 160 

John. 97 

K. Wayne, donor, 127. 189. 239 
Parmer. Jabc-z. 49 
Parsippany, -'■' 
Parsippanv, Old Meeting House 

at. 227 
Parson, Col.. 13 

Parsons, Col. Samuel Holden, 172 
Passaic, Classis of, 17 
Passaic river. 162 
Paterson "Call." 190 
Paterson. William, 94 
Patterson, John F., donor, 127 

William. 226 
Patty, Hannah W.. 34 
Paul'. Mrs. Alice R. O.. 227 
Paulus Hook, 2 
Pavonia. l' 1 " 1 
Perk. Brigade Major, 37 

John. 20, 109 

William, 46. 175 

William II.. donor. 127 
Peek, Major, 173 
Penn. William, 89. 212 
Pennekeck. chief. 201 
Pennington, Mrs. Samuel H., 230 

Gov. William S., 22. 21S 
Pension Records. Revolutionary, 

of Morris county. 27, 98 
Perrv, Peter. 61 

Family. 233 . „ 

Perry Victory Centennial Com- 
mission, donor. 191 
Persons. Col., 46. 122 
Perth Ambov. historic houses. 2_8 
Perth Amboy, St. Peter's church. 

Peter. Oapt., ISO 
Phelps. James A., donor, 191 

William Walter. 94 
Phillips. Lieut. Col., 1S2 

Major. 51 
Piatt. Capt. William. 100 
Pierce. Capt.. 46 
Pierson. Lieut. Benjamin, 108 

David. '.'7 

Henrv L.. 230 

Samuel. 97 
Pike. J. T.. donor. 191. 239 
Pioneers. Dutch. 89 
Pitlochie. Scotland. 155 

itman, Jonathan. 97 
itnev. Henry C. 227 
Henry C. Jr.. 126. 231 

...iry „ 

John B.. 1S9 

John Ballantine, 232 

Mahlon. 94 
Plainfield German church. 18 
Plainfleld Trinity church, is 
Piatt. Major, 182 

Richard. 173 
PlUCkemin Lutheran Church. 239 
Plum. Mrs. Matthias. 230 
Plumb family. 233 
PolhemUfl, Lev. Abraham, 13 

Rev. Hyer, 14 

James. 1 t 
Poor. Rev. D. W.. 228 



Porter, Major, 47, 121, 175 

David. 114 

Mary, 114 
Post, Capt. Adrian, 163 
Powwow, 206 
Prentice, Major. 173 

William Kelly, 231 
Prescot, Col., 52 
Preston, Rev. John. 159 
Preston Pans, Battle of. 157 
Price, Mrs. EC Barclay, donor, 127, 

228, 232. 23'.' 
Prince. Capt. Christopher, 25 
Princeton, Bauieiieid of. 96 
Princeton, Dean's hou?e. 228 
Princeton Standard, 226 
Princeton University, donor, 127 
Princeton University, Library of, 

Printice, Major. 120 

Eicut. Col.. 179 
Printz, Governor. 90 
Prior. Matthew, 130 
Proceedings, Index to. 222 
Proceedings of the Society for 

1 fi 1 7 . 219 
Proprietors, Grams and Conces- 
sions of, 72 
Protestant Episcopal church, 
First convention in N. J., 160 
Provoost, Bishop, 160 
Provost, Robert, 176 
Prudden, Benjamin, 108 

Elizabeth, 107 
Putnam. Erastus G., 151 

Mrs. E. G.. donor, 127 

General Israel, 39, 118. 170 

Rufus. 173 
Quackenbush, Abraham, 59 

Abraham A., 166 

Elizabeth Myer, 60 
Quakers, Settlement of in South 

Jersey, 90 
Queen Anne communion silver, 

Queen's College, 9. 10 
Quintipartite deed. 145, 212 
Rae. William P.. 1S9 

William T.. 230 
Ralph. Henry. 36 
Ralston. Rev. Edward S., 18 
Ramson, Col.. 184 
Randolph. John 25 
Rankin. Edward S.. donor, 127 
Raritan. Classis of. 18 
Raven. Rev. John H., 231, 237, 239 
Ray, John, Jr.. 38 
Raymond. Rev. Andrew Van Vran- 

ken. 18 
Reabury, Major. 183 
Reading. John. 213 
Red Rover. 205 
Red well. George, 43 
Reed. Coll.. 37 

Brigadier Gen. James. 171 

George. 36 

General Joseph, 91 
Reformed Protestant Dutch Church, 

Repply. Major. 122 
Revolutionary Pension Records of 

Morris county. 27. 98 
Richards. Miss Elizabeth. 15 
Richardson. Ernest C. 19 
Ricketts, Soldier. 1812, 23 

Riddle. John. 97 

Prof. Matthew B., 12 
Riggs. Bethuel. 97 

Flecta, 107 
Riker, Joseph M., 19 
Rilev, James M.. donor, 191 
Ritzma. Col.. 122. 17»i 
Ritzman. Col., 41 
Roberts. William H., 224 
Robeson. Georye M., 93 

family. 233 
Robinson, John, 132 
Rodev.ald, Mrs. E. Voorhees, donor, 

Rodgers, Nathaniel. 36 
Roebling. Edmund. 1^8, 231 
Roebuck, Mr., Barrack Master, 18C 
Rogers, Henry, :•? 
Roosevelt, Theodore. 229 
Rose, Rev. Henry, M 

Rev. Henry E., "The House of 

Dreams," 227 
Jonn. 97 
Joseph, 97 
Red, 1 
Rosencrantz. Mary Ann Hopper, 
Sharrack, 167 
Ross. Abigail. 113 

Joseph, 97 
Roy. George. 190 

George W., 189 
Royal Government of New Jersey, 

Royal Historical Society, donor. 

Rudyard. John. 157 
Rufus. 205 

Runyon, Henry, donor, 127 
Rush. Jon.. i>5 
Russell. Lieut. Col., 41, 122 
Rutan, Elizabeth Xaugle, see Gar- 
rison, Elisabeth, 169 
Rutgers College. 7 
Rufman, Gen., 48 
Ryerson, Edward L., donor, 127 
L. J., donor, 127 
family. 233 
Sailors Snug Harbor, 25 
St. Andrews Society, donor. 127 
St. Andrews church, Staten Island, 

St. Clair. Col. Arthur. 172 

Maj. Gen., 2 
St. George's church, Hempstead, 

St. James' church, Piscataway. 154 
St. John's church. Elizabeth. 153 
St. Mary's church, Burlington, 152 
St. Patrick. Friendly Sons. of. 88 
St. Paul's church. Wickford, R 1., 

St. Peter's church, Albany, 152 

church. Berth Ainboy. L52-161 
Salyer. Maria, see Hopper, Maria. 

Samuel. Major. 175 
Sanders. Abraham, 36 

John. 36 
Sandy Hook. Encampment at. 22 
Saniord. Charles B., 124. SSI 

MISS Florence 1'., donor, 128 
"Sanhican." 202 
Sanhlcan Creek. 203 
Satterer, William, donor, 239 



Satterthwaite, Mrs. E. B., donor, 

Sawyer, Robert, 37 
Sayre, Mrs. J. If., donor, 128 
Schenck, Rev. Cornelius, 18 

Rev. Harold \V\. 11 

Lighthouse Keeper, 23 
Schiokhaus, Mrs., donor, 131 
Schooly, Join), '.'7 
Schuyler, Col. Peter. 223 
Schweldler, August**, 60 
Scotland, Reformed church of, 8 
Scot, Capt., 118 
Scott. General 119 

Austin, 19, 87, 124, 126, 188, 189, 
190, 219, 220 

Rev. James, 12 

Joseph Warren, 23 

Rev. Orange, 151 

General Winhetd. 92 
Scudder, Gen. David, 36 

Renjamin, 36 

Wallace M., 19, 219 
Sealy. Major, 31 

Second River, Battle at, 110, 111 
Sedam, Cornelius K., 97 
Selden, Col. 172 
Selleman, Col., 118, 171 
Seminole chief, 197 
Senators, U. B., 2 6 
Seneca Nation, 68 
Serenbetz, Rev. Francis M., 13 
Sergeants. Col.. 118 
Sewal), Rev. Joseph, 225 
Seward, Daniel. 97 
"Shannon," ship. \)5 
Sharp, Isaac, 213 
Shaw, Capt., 38 
Shearer-Akers family, 233 
"Shejachbi," 194 
Shepherd, Elisha, 97 
Sherman, James S.. 229 
Shereman, Major, 37, 170 
Sheroppees, 214 
Shibe, Rev. Charles F., 18 
"Shield," ship, Relic of Sycamore 
tree to which it was moored, 
Shipman, Asahel, 100 

Electa. 107 

John. 97 
Shipperd. Lieut. Col., 122 
Short Hills. 1 

Shriner, Charles A.. 125. 188 
Sichenard, Leonard, 37 
Sidney, Col. Algernon. 211 
Simms, Col. Charles. 223 
Skinner, Rev. Mr., 157 

Thomas. 160 
Slaughter, William O., donor, 228 
Slavback. William. 97 
Smallwoods, Col.. 123 
Smet, Catarina. 164 
Smith. Major. 40 

Abraham. 97 

Caroline E., see Eckerson, Caro- 
line, 62 

Catherine, see Eckerson, Cath- 
erine. 62 

Catherine Achenbach, 165 

Cornelius J.. 57 

Miss Dora, donor, 128. 191. 227. 
232, 239 

Elizabeth Pegraw, 57 

George, 165 

Hiram, 30. 31, 32. 100, 231 

Mrs. Jacob, donor. 128 

John. 36 

Miss L. Cotheal, 190. 225 

Mrs. Moody B.. donor, 219 

Peter. 55 

Sarah Cole, donor. 2 28 

Thomas, 36 

William A., donor. 239 

William S.. 175 
Smythe. John, 100 
Snake Hill. X. J.. 73 
Snake people. 195 
Snuff box. 118 

Society for the Propagation of the 

Gospel in Foreign Parts, 152 

Society of Colonial Wars, Civil list, 

Society of Colonial Wars, donor, 

Society of Descendants of the First 
Settlers of the Passaic Valley, 
Somers, Richard. 94 
Somorset Argus, 226 
Somerset Unionist. 220 
Sons of the American Revolution, 

Mass. Society, donor, 128 
Southard. Henry, 108 

Samuel L., 93 
Spank town. N. J.. 104 
Sparrow, Jackson W.. donor. 128 
Speekman. Capt.. 174 
Spencer. Gen.. 37. 121 

Spencer, Joseph. 171 

Col. Oliver. 2",. 97 
Spieren, Georire Hartwell, 160 
Spring Garden. 224 
Springfield, 1780. 1-6 
Squire, Daniel, 36 
Stackhouse. A. M.. 230 
Stacy. Mahlon, 113 
Stamp Act. 91. 134 
Stanberry. Reeompenee. 35 
Starke. John, 106 
Starr. Major. 180 
Stedman, Alexander, 43 
Sieel. James. 4 6 
Steelman, Mrs. Matthias, donor, 

Stephens, Charles, donor, 128 
Sterling, Gen. Lord, 118 
Stevens. John, 157 

Nicholas, :i7 
Stevenson. Adlai E.. 229 
Steward, Capt., 120. 178 
Stewart, Col. Charles, 151 

Rev. Charles H.. 13 
Stiles. Jonathan, 100 
Stirling. Karl of, 2. 37. 91 
Stites. Hezekiah. 97 
Stockholm. Lieut. Col.. 179 
Stockton. Abigail Arnett. 33 

Stockton. Benjamin, 34 

Benjamin P.. 34 

Benjamin Brearlcy, 33 

Bonnet, 34 

Caroline. .'5 4 
Caroline B.. 34 
collection. 238 
Edwin. 33 
Hannah White. 33 
Henry Hollock. 33 
Henry K.. 34 
Isaae Arnett. 33 
John Potter, 95 
Mary Hatfield. 33 



Rebecca, 33 

Richard. 95 

Commodore Robert Field. 95 

Sarah, 33 

Sarah Brearley, 33 

Sarah II.. 34 

Susannah Aenett. 33 

Thomas. 33 
Stoke3. Edward A., 125, 231 
Stone. Charles, 97 
Stone House Plains, N. J.. 11 
Stormes. Leah Ann, see Van Horn, 

Leah, 167 
Storms. Andrew J.. 167 

see Catherine Fox, Catherine. 55 

Catherine, 167 

Eliza, see Hopper, Eliza, 167 

John L., 167 
Stout, Rev. Royal A.. 18 
Stoutenburgh. Lieut. Col., 37 
Strool. Ebenezer, 43 
Stryker, Rev. Peter. 11 
Sturgis. Jedediah. 97 
Sturrod, Capt.. 172 
"Suckanhoch," 199 
Suffern, John, 5 4 

John, Sr., 54 

Mary. 54 
Sugar house. 31 
Sullivan. Brigadier Gen., 123 

General, 31 

John, 171 
Sussex County Historical Society. 
Newton. Dedication of Hill 
Memorial building, 191 
Sutliff family, 233 

Samuel M„ donor, 128 
Sutphen, Dr. Theron Y., donor, 128 
Swan. Jeddidiah, Orderly book, 35, 

118. 170 
Swannekins. 201 
Sway/.e. Francis J., 219. 233 

Francis J., 124, 128. donor. 188 
Swedes. New Jersey. 89 
Sword found on Wyckoff farm, 222 
Symmes. John Cleves, 97 

Timothy, 97 
Talbot. Rev. John, 160 

family. 233 
Talcott. Col., 183 

Tappan, Old, tombstone inscrip- 
tions. 61 
Taylor. Rev. B. G.. 11 

Rev. Hutchins, 34 

Rev. William. J. R., 14, 16 
Teedyescung, 194, 210 
Terhune, Andrew, 166 

Ann A. Roger t. 166 

Rev. Edward Payson, 12 

Elizabeth, 167 

John. 167 

Letta. see Christopher, Letta. 
Thatcher, Capt Bartholomew, 222 
Thelfey, David. 36 
Thezot. John. 36 
Thief. Nicholas. 171 
Third Reformed church, Newark. 

Thomas. Lieut. Col. Frederick, 1, 4, 
5. 6 

Samuel P.. 128 

Abigail. 113 
David. 31. 104 

Heseklah, 114 

John. 114 

Price. 97 

Rachel. 114 

Thomas. 113 
Thorp, Lawrence, 36 
Thrall. Giles, 43 

Thurston, Mrs. Charles S.. donor, 

Ser*t. David. 36 
Tiler. Li.-ut. Col.. 173 
Tinglcv, Ebeneser, 105 
Titus. Eliza. 61 

James, *>i 

Joseph Fletcher. 61 

Samuel. 61 
Todd. Mrs. Nelson, donor. 128 
Tombstone inscriptions, Bergen Co., 
51-56, 161-169 

Bisseii farm, Mawah, 54 

Harrington Park. 57. Eckerson 
farm. Old Tappan, 61 

Van Burkirk burial ground. Low- 
er Saddle River. 164 

Hopper burial ground. "Waldwlck, 

Old Graveyard, New Mil ford. 167 

Voorhis burial ground, Areola, 

Garrison burial ground. Areola, 
Tomkiu, Martha. 30 
Tomlin. Charles, donor. 226 
Tompkins. Abiel, 107 

Elizabeth, 108 

Joseph, 109 
Totawa. Old Dutch Church. Tomb- 
stone inscriptions from burial 
ground. 229 
Tracv, J. Evarts, 238 

Mrs. Wm. H.. donor, 191. 229 
Traver. Clayton L.. donor, 191 
Treasurer, report of, 234 
Treat. Capt. Robert. 162 
Treelease. Martha, 29, 30 
Treelease, Richard. 29 
Trembly. Peter, 99 
Trenton. Major, 186 

Battlefield of. !>6 

National Guard, Company A., 92 
Trinity church, New York. 152 
Trinity church, Plainfield, 18 
Trinity Reformed church, Newark. 

Trousdale. Rev. Otis M., 12 
Trowbridge. Capt., 17 1 
Trusdell, Warren N\. 230 
Trustees' Minutes. 124, 188, 237 
Tucker. Henry, 97 

Joshua, 3fi 

Samuel. 116 
Turkev, Gun-boat, 22 
Turner, Jarzel. 27 

Rev. J. P.. donor. 128 

Sarah. 27 
Tuthill. Joseph. 107 

Samuel. 27. 28, 98 

Timothy, 107 

Tuttle. Major. 37. 119 
M 1 S ( Intrude. 224 

Rev. Joseph P., 222 

William. 100 

William P.. 230 
Tyrrel. Sir Walter, 205 
Unami. 195 
Union Academy, tl 
Union College. 18 



Unionist-Gazette, Somerville. 189 
U. S. Congress, "Acts of the First 

Con Kress,' 225 
University Place church. New York, 

Urquhart. Frank J.. 162 
Uston, David, 176 
VaiJ. J. Cummings, donor, 239 

John, 132 

Wm. H., donor, 191 
Vallentine, Samuel, 36 
Valley Forge Rev. Encampment 

Commission, donor, 191 
Van Alstyne, \V. 15., 54 

Tombstone inscriptions on Bis- 
sell farm, Mahwuh, 54 

Harrington Park, 57 

Glenside Park. 100 
Van Beuren. Sarah, see Voorhis, 

Sarah, 161) 
Van Boskerck, Jan.. 1G6 
V. Boskcrk, A., 165 

Abraham, 166 

Abraham A., 165 

Rachel, 166 

Thomus C 106 
Van Boskirk. Peggy, 55 

Abraham T., 166 

Ann, see Achenbach, Ann, 165 

Annatye. 166 

Catherine. 223, 165 

Jacobus A.. 165 

Jacobus P., 166 
Vanbuskirk. John A., 166 

Thomas A.. 166 
Van Busktrk, Thomas. 166 
Van Buskirk. see also Buskirk 
Van T>yke. Henry, 94 
Van Cleve, John. 97 
Van Horn, Isaac. 167 

Eeah Ann Storms, 167 

Sarah Ecah. 167 
Van Ness, Judge William W., 23 
Van Raalte. Rev. A. C, 15 
Van Rvper, Frederick, 164 

Mary Bauldwin, 164 
Van Syckel, Hon. Bennett, 126, 

Van Tile, Catherine, *23 
Van Voorhesen. Henry. 1G7 
Van Voorhies. Henry, 16S 

Nikansie. 168 
Van Voorhis, Lucas. 167 
Van Vorehis, Nicholas, 168 
Van Vranken. Rev. Francis V.. 1 2 
Van Waggener. Ann Garrison, 169 

Garret J.. 169 
Van Winkle, Daniel, donor, 227 

Margaret, see Mausinger, Mar- 
garet. 5 6 
Van Wyck. Philip V. R., 219 
Vance, Alanson A.. 230 

Rev. James I.. 13 
Vanduyn. Abraham. 28 
Varick. Capt. John V. B.. 21. 22 
Vaughan. Rev. Edward, 153 
Vaughn. Edward. 131 
Vaughn v. Woodruff. 137 
Vauquellln, Robert. 224 
Vehslage. Rev. Henry, 12 
Voorhasen, Lucas, 168 
Voorhees. Abraham, 97 
Voorhies. Cornelius. 27 
Voorhis. Albert. 168 

Albert H.. 168 

Baleche, 168 

Cornelius, 168 

Elizabeth Ackerman. 168 

George, 169 

Hannah Cooper. 168 

Henry, 167 

Henry. 168 
Henry H.. 168 
James H.. 168 
John a.. 168 

Mary, 169 

Mary Demarest, l^S 

Mary Doremus, 168 

Nicholas. 168 

Ouseleho. 168 

Polly Eozier. 168 

Rachel Hopper, 168 

Sarah Van Beuren, 169 

Whelmpy, 16S 

Wllbreche Earoe. 167 
Vorhis, Richard, 168 
Vosseier. Ellas, 213 
Vrelandt. Jarr.cs. S6 
Vrooin, Garr.-i D. W.. 125 

Peter D.. 94 
Vroora sale. 833 
Wade. David E., 97 

Margaret. 30 
Wadsworth. Gen.. 38 
Walam Olum. 196 
Waldron, Rev. Charles E., 11 

Isaac. 59 
Waldwick. Bergen Co.. tombstone 

inscriptions, 166 
Walker. Mrs. Cvrus. donor. 2X9 

Edwin Robert. 19, 124. 190. 220 

Edwin Robert, author of "The 
Lenni Eenape or Delaware In- 
dians." 193 
Wall. Hon. Garret D.. 23 
Wallace, Benjamin. 17S 
"Wampum." 10 
Wanamaker. Anna, 55 

Wanamaker, John, 55 

Rachel. 56 

Margaret, see Hennion, Margar- 
et. 54 

Christian. 5« 

Margaret, 55 

Richard, 55 

W., 55 

James, 56 

Josiah, 56 

Sarah. 56 
Wantage Recorder. 22G 
War of 1812, 218 
War of 1S12, Reminiscences of, 

20, 21S 
Ward. Amos. 97 

Edgar B., 1S8, 230 

Enos, 99 

John, 108 

Capt. Jonas. 27 

Jonas, 98 

Phebe, 30 

Session, Headquarters at. N. J., 
Wanlsworth. General. 121. 171 
Washington's Headquarters near 

Flemlngton, 219 
Washington Summit, near Fleming- 
ton. 219 
Washington's Life Guard. 22 

Waters, Rev. David. 13 
Watklns, s. C. Q . 232 
Watson. Luke, 7:< 
Watts, Ridley, 126, 231 



Waverly, 149 

Wayne, Gen. Anthony, 228 

Weaver, Samuel, 118 

Webb, Col., 37. 118, 122 

Wellen, John, 40 

Wells. Lieut. Col.. 121 

Major, 46, 111', 171 

Rev. Ransford, 11 
Wenlsh. Rev. John. 13 
Wessam, Col., 182 
Wessard. Col., 37 
Wesson, Lieut. Col., 119 
West, Thomas, Lord De La Warr, 

West New Jersev, 90 
Westbury, Lord, 70 
Westervelt, Mrs. Francis A., 33, 
128, 191, 228 

Hannah Blauvelt, 59 

John, 59 

Mary Jane, 59 
Westminster Hall, 130 
Weston, Edmund B., donor, 128 
Wetherell, Christopher, 213 
Wheaton, f>8 

Whistler, Major George W., 125 
White, Benjamin C, donor, 239 

Calvin. 107 

Mrs. Henry S., 237 

Joseph, donor, 239 
Whitehead. Hannah. 104 

Mrs. Harrie Pennington, 188, 
231, 239 

Justice, 36 

Samuel, 78 

Timothy, 104 
Whitfield, Rev. George, 9 
Whittenack, Sarah, 100 
Wiley, William O.. 125, 231 
Willard family, 233 
Wilkerson, Nathan, 101 
Willcocks, John, 169 
William II. 205 
William III, 129 
Williams, Corp. Ebenezer, 36 

David. 36 

Ensign John. 36 

Henry, 176 

Miles. 97 

Roger, 197 
Williamson, Rev. Mr., 12 
Williamson. Soldier, 1812, 23 
Willis. Henry, 36 
Willmot, Mr., 171 
Williams, Thomas. 120 
Willmot, Henry, 38 
Wlllocks, George, 155 

Margaret, 155 
Wills, Lieut. Col.. 40 

John. 213 
Willaon. Lieut. Col., 38 
Wilson. James. 2>> 

Orson. 14 

Mrs. Washington, 189, 225, 231, 

Wood row. 93 
Winds. General. Ill 

Brig.-Gen. William. 222 

Col. William, 106. 180 

Wistar, Caspar. 161 
Witing, Charles. 175 
Wolkiel. George, potter. 229 
Wolomenap, King (Hollow Kan), 

Woman's Branch. New Jersey 
Historical Society, donor, ISS, 
Woman's Branch. Report of. 225 
Wood. Isaac. 100 

Israel, 97 
Sarah, 100 
Woodbridpe. 226 
Wood hull, William, 28, 98 
Woodruff, John, 36 

Joseph. 131 

Lewis. 178 

Lieut. Samuel, 36 

William. 36 
Woods. Capt., 118 

David. 43 
Woodside, Christ church. 15 
Woodstown, National Bank, donor, 

Woolsey, Rev. M. Lloyd, donor. 125 
Worden, Samuel, 28 
Wordun. Elizabeth. 28. 29 
Wortendyke. Jane, see Eckerson, 

Jane, 62 
Wright, Nelson, 227 
Wurts, William H. 189, 231 
Wvckoff farm, Sword found on, 222 
Wyleys, Capt., 118 
Wylly, Coll.. 37, 171 
Wvllvs. John Tolgraves, 121 
Wyomink. 210 
Wysenfelse. Lieut. Col.. 4 8 
Yale college. 9 
"Ye." definite article. 128 
York. Duke of. 6'J. 130 
Young. Elizabeth, 2 8 
Zabriskie, Capt. J. W.. 223 
Zabriskie - Hopper burial - ground, 

Zedwitz, Lieut. Col., 185 

2662 X 



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